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Demote and remove the Source Server from the new Windows SBS 2011 Essentials network

Published: March 10, 2011

Updated: May 12, 2011

Applies To: Windows Small Business Server 2011 Essentials

After you finish installing Windows SBS 2011 Essentials and you complete the tasks in the Migration Wizard, you must perform the following tasks:

  1. Prepare your organization for the removal of the last server running Exchange Server 2003.

  2. Uninstall Exchange Server 2003.

  3. Disconnect printers that are directly connected to the Source Server.

  4. Demote the Source Server.

  5. Move the DHCP role from the Source Server to the router.

  6. Remove and repurpose the Source Server.

Prepare your organization for the removal of the last server running Exchange Server 2003

noteNote
Complete the following tasks prior to uninstalling Exchange Server 2003. For detailed instructions about how to complete these steps, see How to Remove the Last Legacy Exchange Server from an Organization.

  1. Move all mailboxes.

  2. Move all contents from the public folders.

  3. Move the Offline Address Book Generation Process.

  4. Remove the public folder mailbox and stores.

  5. Verify that you can send and receive email to and from the Internet.

  6. Delete the routing group connectors.

  7. Delete or reconfigure the Mailbox Manager policies.

  8. Move the public folder hierarchy.

  9. Delete the domain Recipient Update Services.

  10. Delete the Enterprise Recipient Update Service.

Uninstall Exchange Server 2003

ImportantImportant
If you add user accounts after you move mailboxes to the Destination Server and before you uninstall Exchange Server 2003 from the Source Server, the mailboxes are added on the Source Server. This is by design. You must move the mailboxes to the Destination Server for all user accounts that are added during this time. Repeat the instructions in Move Exchange Server mailboxes and settings for Windows SBS 2011 Essentials migration before you uninstall Exchange Server 2003.

You must uninstall Exchange Server 2003 from the Source Server before you demote it. This removes all references in AD DS to Exchange Server on the Source Server. You must have your Exchange Server 2003 media to remove Exchange Server 2003.

ImportantImportant
To remove Exchange Server 2003 from the Source Server, follow the instructions in How to remove Exchange Server 2003 from your computer.

Disconnect printers that are directly connected to the Source Server

Before you demote the Source Server, physically disconnect any printers that are directly connected to the Source Server and are shared through the Source Server. Ensure that no Active Directory objects remain for the printers that were directly connected to the Source Server. The printers can then be directly connected to the Destination Server and shared from Windows SBS 2011 Essentials.

Demote the Source Server

Before you demote the Source Server from the role of the AD DS domain controller to the role of a domain member server, ensure that Group Policy settings are applied to all client computers, as described in the following procedure.

ImportantImportant
The Source Server and the Destination Server must be connected to the network while the Group Policy changes are updated on the client computers.

To force a Group Policy update on a client computer

  1. Log on to the client computer as an administrator.

  2. Open a Command Prompt window as an administrator. For more information, see To open a Command Prompt window as an Administrator.

  3. At the command prompt, type gpupdate /force, and then press ENTER.

  4. The process may require you to log off and log on again to finish. Click Yes to confirm.

To demote the Source Server

  1. On the Source Server, click Start, click Run, type dcpromo, and then click OK.

  2. Click Next twice.

    noteNote
    Do not select This server is the last domain controller in the domain.

  3. Type a password for the new Administrator account on the server, and then click Next.

  4. In the Summary dialog box, you are informed that AD DS will be removed from the computer and that the server will become a member of the domain. Click Next.

  5. Click Finish. The Source Server restarts.

  6. After the Source Server restarts, add the Source Server as a member of a workgroup before you disconnect it from the network.

After you add the Source Server as a member of a workgroup and disconnect it from the network, you must remove it from AD DS on the Destination Server.

To remove the Source Server from Active Directory

  1. On the Destination Server, click Start, click Administrative Tools, and then click Active Directory Users and Computers.

  2. In the User Account Control window, click Continue if prompted.

  3. In the Active Directory Users and Computers navigation pane, expand the domain name, and then expand Computers.

  4. Right-click the Source Server name if it still exists in the list of servers, click Delete, and then click Yes.

  5. Verify that the Source Server is not listed, and then close Active Directory Users and Computers.

Move the DHCP Server role from the Source Server to the router

noteNote
If you already performed this task before you started the migration process, continue with the section Remove and repurpose the Source Server.

If your Source Server is running the DHCP role, perform the following steps to move the DHCP role to the router.

To move the DHCP role from the Source Server to the router

  1. Turn off the DHCP service on the Source Server, as follows:

    1. On the Source Server, Click Start, click Administrative Tools, and then click Services.

    2. In the list of currently running services, right-click the Windows Server, and then click Properties.

    3. For Start type, select Disabled.

    4. Stop the service.

  2. Turn on the DHCP Role on your router

    1. Follow the instructions in your router documentation to turn on the DHCP role on the router.

    2. To ensure that IP addresses issued by the Source Server remain the same, follow the instructions in your router documentation to configure the DHCP range on the router to be the same as the DHCP range on the Source Server.

    ImportantImportant
    If you have not set up a static IP or DHCP reservations on the router for the Destination Server, and the DHCP range is not the same as the Source Server, it is possible that the router will issue a new IP address for Destination Server. If this happens, reset the port forwarding rules of the router to forward to the new IP address of the Destination Server.

Remove and repurpose the Source Server

Turn off the Source Server and disconnect it from the network. We recommend that you do not reformat the Source Server for at least one week to ensure that all the necessary data migrated to the Destination Server. After you have verified that all the data has migrated, you can reinstall this server on the network as a secondary server for other tasks, if required.

noteNote
After you demote and remove the Source Server, restart the Destination Server.

After you demote the Source Server, it is not in a healthy state. If you want to repurpose the Source Server, the simplest way is to reformat it, install a server operating system, and then set it up for use as an additional server.

Next topic: Delete the old folder redirection Group Policy object for Windows SBS 2011 Essentials migration

Previous topic: Move settings and data to the Destination Server for Windows SBS 2011 Essentials migration

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