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Transfer the global catalog to the Destination Server for Windows SBS 2011 Essentials migration

Published: March 10, 2011

Updated: May 12, 2011

Applies To: Windows Small Business Server 2011 Essentials

To ensure that the Destination Server is the global catalog for the network, transfer the global catalog from the Source Server as follows:

  1. Transfer the global catalog to the Destination Server.

  2. Enable the UPnP beacon for the Destination Server.

  3. Verify the health of the domain controller.

  4. Reconfigure DNS for the local network adapter.

Transfer the global catalog to the Destination Server

To transfer the global catalog, create a new global catalog on the Destination Server, and then remove the existing global catalog on the Source Server.

To create a new global catalog on the Destination Server

  1. On the Destination Server, click Start, point to Administrative Tools, and then click Active Directory Sites and Services.

  2. In the Active Directory Sites and Services console tree, double-click Sites, and then double-click Default-First-Site-Name.

  3. Expand the Servers folder, click the name of the Destination Server, right-click NTDS Settings, and then click Properties.

  4. On the General tab, select the Global catalog option if it is not already selected, and then click OK.

  5. Restart the Destination Server.

noteNote
Allow sufficient time for the account and the schema information to replicate to the Destination Server before you remove the global catalog from the Source Server.

Before continuing, verify that replication completed successfully, as follows:

  1. Click Start, click Administrative Tools, and then click Active Directory Users and Computers.

  2. Expand the node <domain>.local, where <domain> is the Source Server domain, and then select the Domain Controllers node. The Destination Server should appear in this node with GC in the DC Type column.

    noteNote
    You can perform additional verification by using the tools listed in the section Verify the health of the domain controller .

noteNote
Event 1119 might be logged in the Directory Services log in Event Viewer stating that the Destination Server is now advertising itself as a global catalog server.

To remove the global catalog from the Source Server

  1. On the Source Server, click Start, click Administrative Tools, and then click Active Directory Sites and Services.

  2. In the console tree, double-click Sites, and then double-click Default-First-Site-Name.

  3. Double-click Servers, click the name of the Source Server, right-click NTDS Settings, and then click Properties.

  4. On the General tab, clear the Global catalog option, and click OK.

  5. Restart the Source Server.

Enable the UPnP beacon for the Destination Server

The UPnP beacon is used to advertise the location of the Destination Server to the client computers. To enable Launchpad to find the Destination Server, perform the following steps to enable and start the necessary services.

  1. On the Destination Server, click Start, click Administrative Tools, and then click Services.

  2. On the console, find the following services:

    • SSDP Discovery

    • UPNP Device Host

    • Windows Server UPNP Device Service

  3. If any of the previously listed services are disabled, enable each disabled service as follows:

    1. Right-click the service name, click Properties, change the Startup type to Automatic, and then click OK.

    2. Right-click the service name, and click Start.

    noteNote
    If a service already has an Automatic startup type, but it is not running, right-click the service name, and click Start.

Verify the health of the domain controller

Before proceeding with migration, you should ensure that the domain controller and Windows SBS 2011 Essentials network are healthy.

The following table lists the tools that you can use to diagnose issues on your Destination Server and network, and in the domain:

 

Tool Description

Netdiag

Helps isolate networking and connectivity issues. For more information and to download, see Netdiag.

Dcdiag.exe

Analyzes the state of domain controllers in a forest or enterprise, and reports issues to assist you in troubleshooting. For more information and to download, see Dcdiag.

Repadmin.exe

Assists you in diagnosing replication issues between domain controllers. This tool requires command-line parameters to run. For more information and to download, see Repadmin.

You should correct all the issues that these tools report before you proceed with the migration.

Reconfigure DNS for the local network adapter

On the Destination Server, change the Domain Name System (DNS) settings so that the Destination Server uses itself as the DNS server.

To reconfigure DNS for the local network adapter

  1. In the notification area, click the network icon, and then click Network and Sharing Center.

  2. Click Change adapter settings.

  3. Right-click the name of the network card, and then click Properties.

  4. Select Internet Protocol Version 4 (TCP/IPv4), and then click Properties.

  5. Click Use the following DNS server addresses. For Preferred DNS server, type 127.0.0.1.

  6. Click OK to save your settings.

To turn off DNS on the Source Server

  1. On the Source Server, click Start, click All Programs, and then click Services.

  2. In the list of services, right-click DNS Server, and then click Stop.

  3. Right-click DNS Server, and click Properties.

  4. Change the Startup type to Disabled.

  5. Click OK to save your settings.

To set the DNS on the Source Server to point to the Destination Server

  1. On the Source Server, click the network icon in the notification area, and then click Network and Sharing Center.

  2. Click Change adapter settings.

  3. Right-click the name of the network card, and then click Properties.

  4. Select Internet Protocol Version 4 (TCP/IPv4), and then click Properties.

  5. Click Use the following DNS server addresses. For Preferred DNS server, type <IPAddress> where <IPAddress> is the IP address of the Destination Server.

  6. Click OK to save your settings.

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