Components and Topologies for Mediation Server
Topic Last Modified: 2011-04-12
This topic describes the components on which the Mediation Server is dependent and the topologies in which the Mediation Server can be deployed
The Mediation Server has the following dependencies:
- Registrar. Required. The Registrar is the next hop for signaling in the Mediation Server’s interactions with the Lync Server 2010 network. Note that Mediation Server can be collocated on a Front End Server along with the Registrar, in addition to being installed in a stand-alone pool consisting only of Mediation Servers. The Registrar is collocated with a Mediation Server and PSTN gateway on a Survivable Branch Appliance.
- Monitoring Server. Optional but highly recommended. The Monitoring Server allows the Mediation Server to record quality metrics associated with its media sessions.
- Edge Server. Required for external user support. The Edge Server allows the Mediation Server to interact with users who are located behind a NAT or firewall.
The Lync Server 2010 Mediation Server is by default collocated with an instance of the Lync Server Registrar on a Standard Edition server, a Front End Server in a Front End pool, or Survivable Branch Appliance. All Mediation Servers in a Front End pool must be configured identically.
Where performance is an issue, it may be preferable to deploy one or more Mediation Servers in a dedicated stand-alone pool. Or, if you are deploying SIP trunking, we recommend that you deploy a stand-alone Mediation Server pool.
If you deploy Direct SIP connections to a qualified PSTN gateway that supports media bypass and DNS load balancing, a stand-alone Mediation Server pool is not necessary. A stand-alone Mediation Server pool is not necessary because qualified gateways are capable of DNS load balancing to a pool of Mediation Servers and they can receive traffic from any Mediation Server in a pool.
We also recommend that you collocate the Mediation Server on a Front End pool when you have deployed IP-PBXs or connect to an Internet Telephony Server Provider’s Session Border Controller (SBC), as long as any of the following conditions are met:
The IP-PBX or SBC is configured to receive traffic from any Mediation Server in the pool and can route traffic uniformly to all Mediation Servers in the pool.
The IP-PBX does not support media bypass, but the Front End pool that is hosting the Mediation Server can handle voice transcoding for calls to which media bypass does not apply.
You can use the Microsoft Lync Server 2010, Planning Tool to evaluate whether the Front End pool where you want to collocate the Mediation Server can handle the load. If your environment cannot meet these requirements, then you must deploy a stand-alone Mediation Server pool.
For details about which topology to deploy, see Deployment Guidelines for Mediation Server.
The following figure shows a simple topology consisting of two sites connected by a WAN link. Mediation Server is collocated with the Registrar on a Front End pool at Site 1. The Mediation Servers at Site 1 controls both the PSTN gateway at Site 1 and the gateway at Site 2. In this topology, media bypass is enabled globally to use site and region information, and the trunks to each PSTN gateway (GW1 and GW2) have bypass enabled.
The next figure shows a simple topology where the Mediation Server is collocated with the Registrar on Front End pool at Site 1 and has a Direct SIP connection to the IP-PBX at Site 1. In this figure, the Mediation Server also controls a PSTN gateway at Site 2. Assume that Microsoft Lync 2010 users exist at both Sites 1 and 2. Also assume that the IP-PBX has an associated media processor that must be traversed by all media originating from Lync Server endpoints before being sent to media endpoints controlled by the IP-PBX. In this topology, media bypass is enabled globally to use site and region information, and the trunks to the PBX and PSTN gateway have media bypass enabled.
The last figure in this topic shows a topology where the Mediation Server is connected to the SBC of an Internet Telephony Service Provider. For details about SIP trunking topologies, see SIP Trunking.