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Overview of System Center 2012 - Virtual Machine Manager

Updated: April 11, 2014

Applies To: System Center 2012 - Virtual Machine Manager, System Center 2012 R2 Virtual Machine Manager, System Center 2012 SP1 - Virtual Machine Manager

Virtual Machine Manager (VMM) is a management solution for the virtualized data center. You can use it to configure and manage your virtualization host, networking, and storage resources in order to create and deploy virtual machines and services to private clouds that you have created.

Deploying VMM

A deployment of VMM consists of the following.

 

Name Description

VMM management server

The computer on which the VMM service runs. It processes commands and controls communications with the VMM database, the library server, and virtual machine hosts.

VMM database

A Microsoft SQL Server database that stores VMM configuration information such as virtual machine and service templates, and profiles.

VMM console

The program that you can use to connect to a VMM management server in order to centrally view and manage physical and virtual resources, such as virtual machine hosts, virtual machines, services, and library resources.

VMM library and VMM library server

The catalog of resources (for example, virtual hard disks, templates, and profiles) that are used to deploy virtual machines and services.

A library server hosts shared folders that are used to store file-based resources in the VMM library.

VMM command shell

The Windows PowerShell–based command shell that makes available the cmdlets that perform all functions in VMM.

VMM Self-Service Portal (optional)

noteNote
As of System Center 2012 Service Pack 1 (SP1), the VMM Self-Service Portal has been removed.

A website that users who are assigned to a self-service user role can use to deploy and manage their own virtual machines in private clouds.

For information about deploying VMM, see Deploying System Center 2012 - Virtual Machine Manager.

Configuring security for VMM

You can perform the following tasks to configure security in VMM.

 

Task Description For more information

Configure Run As accounts

Create Run As accounts to provide the necessary credentials for performing operations in VMM.

Configuring Run As Accounts in VMM

Create user roles

Create self-service users, delegated administrators, and read-only administrators to ensure that users can perform the appropriate actions on the appropriate resources in VMM.

Creating User Roles in VMM

Review ports and protocols

Review ports and protocols, and as appropriate, modify ports that VMM uses for communication and file transfers between the VMM components.

Ports and Protocols for VMM

Configuring fabric resources in VMM

The following resources in VMM are referred to as ‘fabric’, and you must configure them before you can deploy virtual machines and services to a private cloud or to virtual machine hosts. You can use VMM to configure and manage the following fabric resources.

 

Resource Description For more information

Virtual machine hosts

Microsoft Hyper-V Server or Hyper-V in Windows Server, Citrix XenServer, and VMware ESX hosts and host clusters on which you will deploy virtual machines and services.

You can create host groups to organize your hosts based on physical site location, resource allocation, or other criteria.

Adding and Managing Hyper-V Hosts and Scale-Out File Servers in VMM

Managing Citrix XenServer Overview

Managing VMware ESX Hosts Overview

Creating Host Groups in VMM

Networking

Networking resources, such as logical networks, IP address pools, and load balancers that are used to deploy virtual machines and services.

Configuring Networking in VMM

Storage

Storage resources, such as storage classifications, logical units, and storage pools that are made available to Hyper-V hosts and host clusters.

Configuring Storage in VMM

Library servers and library shares

A catalog of resources (for example, virtual hard disks, templates, and profiles) that are used to deploy virtual machines and services.

Configuring the VMM Library

Deploying virtual machines and services in VMM

After you configure your hosts and your networking, storage, and library resources, you can perform the following tasks to deploy virtual machines and services in VMM.

In VMM, a service is a set of virtual machines that are configured and deployed together and are managed as a single entity. An example is the deployment of a multiple-tier line-of-business application.

 

Task Description For more information

Create private clouds

Combine hosts and networking, storage, and library resources to create a private cloud.

Creating a Private Cloud in VMM Overview

Configure self-service

Create a self-service user role that can create, deploy, and use virtual machines and services in one or more private clouds.

Configuring Self-Service in VMM

Create sequenced applications

Use Microsoft Server Application Virtualization (Server App-V) to sequence applications that VMM will deploy.

Microsoft Server Application Virtualization

Create profiles

Create profiles (hardware profiles, guest operating system profiles, application profiles, and SQL Server profiles) that will be used in a template to deploy virtual machines.

For example, an application profile provides instructions for installing applications such as Server App-V applications, Web Deploy applications, and SQL Server data-tier applications (DACs), and for running scripts during the deployment of a virtual machine.

You can use hardware profiles and guest operating system profiles when you deploy virtual machines through a virtual machine template or a service template. You can use application profiles and SQL Server profiles only when you deploy virtual machines through a service template.

Creating Profiles and Templates in VMM

Create virtual machine templates

Create virtual machine templates that can be used to create new virtual machines and to configure tiers in VMM services.

How to Create a Virtual Machine Template

Create service templates

Use the Service Template Designer to create service templates that can be used to deploy services.

Creating Service Templates in VMM

Deploy virtual machines

Deploy virtual machines to private clouds or hosts by using virtual machine templates.

Creating and Deploying Virtual Machines in VMM

Deploy services

Deploy services to private clouds or hosts by using a service template.

Creating and Deploying Services in VMM

Scale out a service

Add more virtual machines to a deployed service.

Scaling Out a Service in VMM

Update a service

Make changes to a deployed service.

Updating a Service in VMM

Support tenants by using VMM with Windows Azure Pack

Use VMM with Windows Azure Pack to enable tenants to deploy preconfigured virtual machines.

Creating Virtual Machine Role Templates by Using VMM and Windows Azure Pack

Scalability

The different elements in a VMM deployment can scale as described in the following table.

 

VMM element In System Center 2012 – Virtual Machine Manager In System Center 2012 SP1 In System Center 2012 R2

Virtual machine hosts

400

1,000

1,000

Virtual machines

8,000

25,000

25,000

User roles

300

1,000

1,000

Concurrent jobs

250

250

250

Concurrent clients

(such as VMM consoles and Windows PowerShell sessions)

50

50

50

Job history records

2 Millions

5 Millions

5 Millions

Tenants

1,000

1,000

Managing the VMM environment

You can perform the following tasks to manage the servers, virtual machines, and services in your VMM environment.

 

Task Description For more information

Manage update compliance of servers (for example, Hyper-V hosts and library servers)

Scan servers (for example, Hyper-V hosts and library servers) for update compliance, view update compliance status, and perform update remediation by using a Windows Server Update Services (WSUS) server.

Managing Fabric Updates in VMM

Monitor the health and performance of virtual machines and their hosts and provide reports

Use Operations Manager with VMM and enable Performance and Resource Optimization (PRO).

Configuring Operations Manager Integration with VMM

Perform common maintenance tasks such as backing up the VMM database

Perform common maintenance tasks, such as using maintenance mode to prepare to take a host offline, or backing up and restoring the SQL Server database that VMM uses.

Performing Maintenance Tasks in VMM

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For additional resources, see Information and Support for System Center 2012.

Tip: Use this query to find online documentation in the TechNet Library for System Center 2012. For instructions and examples, see Search the System Center 2012 Documentation Library.
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