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New-NetIPAddress

Windows Server 2012 R2 and Windows 8.1

Updated: October 17, 2013

Applies To: Windows 8.1, Windows PowerShell 4.0, Windows Server 2012 R2

New-NetIPAddress

Creates and configures an IP address.

Syntax

Parameter Set: ByInterfaceAlias
New-NetIPAddress [-IPAddress] <String> -InterfaceAlias <String> [-AddressFamily <AddressFamily> ] [-AsJob] [-CimSession <CimSession[]> ] [-DefaultGateway <String> ] [-PolicyStore <String> ] [-PreferredLifetime <TimeSpan> ] [-PrefixLength <Byte> ] [-SkipAsSource <Boolean> ] [-ThrottleLimit <Int32> ] [-Type <Type> ] [-ValidLifetime <TimeSpan> ] [-Confirm] [-WhatIf] [ <CommonParameters>]

Parameter Set: ByInterfaceIndex
New-NetIPAddress [-IPAddress] <String> -InterfaceIndex <UInt32> [-AddressFamily <AddressFamily> ] [-AsJob] [-CimSession <CimSession[]> ] [-DefaultGateway <String> ] [-PolicyStore <String> ] [-PreferredLifetime <TimeSpan> ] [-PrefixLength <Byte> ] [-SkipAsSource <Boolean> ] [-ThrottleLimit <Int32> ] [-Type <Type> ] [-ValidLifetime <TimeSpan> ] [-Confirm] [-WhatIf] [ <CommonParameters>]




Detailed Description

The New-NetIPAddress cmdlet creates and configures an IP address. To create a specific IP address object, specify either an IPv4 address or an IPv6 address, and an interface index or interface alias. We recommend that you define the prefix length, also known as a subnet mask, and a default gateway.

If you run this cmdlet to add an IP address to an interface on which DHCP is already enabled, then DHCP is automatically disabled.

Parameters

-AddressFamily<AddressFamily>

Specifies an IP address family. The cmdlet creates an IP address for the family. If you do not specify this parameter, the property is automatically generated. The acceptable values for this parameter are: 

-- IPv4
-- IPv6


Aliases

none

Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

false

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-AsJob

Runs the cmdlet as a background job. Use this parameter to run commands that take a long time to complete. The cmdlet immediately returns an object that represents the job and then displays the command prompt. You can continue to work in the session while the job completes. To manage the job, use the *-Job cmdlets. To get the job results, use the Receive-Job cmdlet. For more information about Windows PowerShell® background jobs, see about_Jobs.


Aliases

none

Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

false

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-CimSession<CimSession[]>

Runs the cmdlet in a remote session or on a remote computer. Enter a computer name or a session object, such as the output of a New-CimSession or Get-CimSession cmdlet. The default is the current session on the local computer.


Aliases

Session

Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

false

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-DefaultGateway<String>

Specifies the IPv4 address or IPv6 address of the default gateway for the host. Default gateways provide a default route for TCP/IP hosts to use when communicating with other hosts on remote networks.


Aliases

none

Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

false

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-InterfaceAlias<String>

Specifies an alias of a network interface. The cmdlet creates an IP address for the alias.


Aliases

ifAlias

Required?

true

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

True (ByPropertyName)

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-InterfaceIndex<UInt32>

Specifies an index of a network interface. The cmdlet creates an IP address for the index.


Aliases

ifIndex

Required?

true

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

True (ByPropertyName)

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-IPAddress<String>

Specifies the IPv4 or IPv6 address to create.


Aliases

LocalAddress

Required?

true

Position?

1

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

True (ByPropertyName)

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-PolicyStore<String>

Specifies a PolicyStore value. The acceptable values for this parameter are: 

-- ActiveStore. The IP address information is valid.
-- PersistentStore. The computer saves IP address information across restarts. When the computer restarts, it copies the saved settings to the ActiveStore.

The default value is ActiveStore. Specify ActiveStore only.

If you do not specify this parameter, the default entries are created in both the ActiveStore and the PersistentStore.


Aliases

none

Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

false

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-PreferredLifetime<TimeSpan>

Specifies a preferred lifetime, as a TimeSpan object, for an IP address. To obtain a TimeSpan object, use the New-TimeSpan cmdlet.


Aliases

none

Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

Infinite

Accept Pipeline Input?

false

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-PrefixLength<Byte>

Specifies a prefix length. This parameter defines the local subnet size, and is also known as a subnet mask.


Aliases

none

Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

false

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-SkipAsSource<Boolean>

Indicates whether an address is a primary IP address. This parameter identifies the primary IP address for outgoing traffic in a multiple IP address scenario. If this parameter is set to True, the addresses are not used for outgoing traffic and are not registered in DNS.


Aliases

none

Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

false

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-ThrottleLimit<Int32>

Specifies the maximum number of concurrent operations that can be established to run the cmdlet. If this parameter is omitted or a value of 0 is entered, then Windows PowerShell® calculates an optimum throttle limit for the cmdlet based on the number of CIM cmdlets that are running on the computer. The throttle limit applies only to the current cmdlet, not to the session or to the computer.


Aliases

none

Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

false

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-Type<Type>

Specifies an IP address type. The acceptable values for this parameter are: 

-- Unicast
-- Anycast

The default value is Unicast.


Aliases

none

Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

false

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-ValidLifetime<TimeSpan>

Specifies a valid lifetime value, as a TimeSpan object, for an IP address. To obtain a TimeSpan object, use the New-TimeSpan cmdlet.


Aliases

none

Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

false

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-Confirm

Prompts you for confirmation before running the cmdlet.


Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

false

Accept Pipeline Input?

false

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-WhatIf

Shows what would happen if the cmdlet runs. The cmdlet is not run.


Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

false

Accept Pipeline Input?

false

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

<CommonParameters>

This cmdlet supports the common parameters: -Verbose, -Debug, -ErrorAction, -ErrorVariable, -OutBuffer, and -OutVariable. For more information, see    about_CommonParameters.

Inputs

The input type is the type of the objects that you can pipe to the cmdlet.

  • None

Outputs

The output type is the type of the objects that the cmdlet emits.

  • Microsoft.Management.Infrastructure.CimInstance#root\StandardCimv2\MSFT_NetIPAddress

    The Microsoft.Management.Infrastructure.CimInstance object is a wrapper class that displays Windows Management Instrumentation (WMI) objects. The path after the pound sign (#) provides the namespace and class name for the underlying WMI object.


Examples

Example 1: Add an IPv4 address

The first command adds a new IPv4 address to the network interface at index 12. The PrefixLength parameter specifies the subnet mask for the IP address. In this example, the PrefixLength of 24 equals a subnet mask of 255.255.255.0. When you add an IPv4 address, the address specified for the Default Gateway must be in the same subnet as the IPv4 address that you add.


 

PS C:\> New-NetIPAddress –InterfaceIndex 12 –IPAddress 192.168.0.1 -PrefixLength 24 -DefaultGateway 192.168.0.5

 

The second command removes the IPv4 address. To remove the IPv4 address, use the Remove-NetIPAddress cmdlet.


PS C:\> Remove-NetIPAddress –IPAddress 192.168.0.1 -DefaultGateway 192.168.0.5

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