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Set-DedupVolume

Windows Server 2012 R2 and Windows 8.1

Updated: October 17, 2013

Applies To: Windows 8.1, Windows PowerShell 4.0, Windows Server 2012 R2

Set-DedupVolume

Changes data deduplication settings on one or more volumes.

Syntax

Parameter Set: Query (cdxml)
Set-DedupVolume [-Volume] <String[]> [-AsJob] [-ChunkRedundancyThreshold <UInt32> ] [-CimSession <CimSession[]> ] [-ExcludeFileType <String[]> ] [-ExcludeFileTypeDefault <String[]> ] [-ExcludeFolder <String[]> ] [-MinimumFileAgeDays <UInt32> ] [-MinimumFileSize <UInt32> ] [-NoCompress <Boolean> ] [-NoCompressionFileType <String[]> ] [-OptimizeInUseFiles] [-OptimizePartialFiles] [-PassThru] [-ThrottleLimit <Int32> ] [-Verify <Boolean> ] [ <CommonParameters>]

Parameter Set: InputObject (cdxml)
Set-DedupVolume -InputObject <CimInstance[]> [-AsJob] [-ChunkRedundancyThreshold <UInt32> ] [-CimSession <CimSession[]> ] [-ExcludeFileType <String[]> ] [-ExcludeFileTypeDefault <String[]> ] [-ExcludeFolder <String[]> ] [-MinimumFileAgeDays <UInt32> ] [-MinimumFileSize <UInt32> ] [-NoCompress <Boolean> ] [-NoCompressionFileType <String[]> ] [-OptimizeInUseFiles] [-OptimizePartialFiles] [-PassThru] [-ThrottleLimit <Int32> ] [-Verify <Boolean> ] [ <CommonParameters>]




Detailed Description

The Set-DedupVolume cmdlet changes data deduplication settings on one or more volumes.

Parameters

-AsJob

Runs the cmdlet as a background job. Use this parameter to run commands that take a long time to complete. The cmdlet immediately returns an object that represents the job and then displays the command prompt. You can continue to work in the session while the job completes. To manage the job, use the *-Job cmdlets. To get the job results, use the Receive-Job cmdlet. For more information about Windows PowerShell® background jobs, see about_Jobs.


Aliases

none

Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

false

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-ChunkRedundancyThreshold<UInt32>

Specifies the number of identical chunks of data that the deduplication engine encounters before the server creates a redundant copy of the data chunk. This increases the reliability of the server by adding redundancy to the most referenced chunks of data.

Deduplication detects corruptions and the deduplication scrubbing job restores the corrupted chunks from a redundant copy, if it is available. The default value is 100. The minimum value that you can set is 20. A low value for the ChunkRedundancyThreshold parameter reduces the effectiveness of data deduplication by creating more redundant copies of a chunk, and consumes more memory and disk space.


Aliases

none

Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

false

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-CimSession<CimSession[]>

Runs the cmdlet in a remote session or on a remote computer. Enter a computer name or a session object, such as the output of a New-CimSession or Get-CimSession cmdlet. The default is the current session on the local computer.


Aliases

Session

Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

false

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-ExcludeFileType<String[]>

Specifies an array of extension types that the deduplication engine excludes from data deduplication and optimization. Specify comma-separated values that are not preceded with a period (.). When you change this setting, you override the existing values.


Aliases

none

Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

false

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-ExcludeFileTypeDefault<String[]>

Specifies an array of file extension types, as strings, that the server does not optimize.

The Enable-DedupVolume cmdlet modifies this behavior, depending on the value of the UsageType parameter. If you use the current parameter to modify this behavior, and then run Enable-DedupVolume again, that cmdlet overrides your changes.


Aliases

none

Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

false

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-ExcludeFolder<String[]>

Specifies an array of names of root folders under which all files are skipped during data deduplication. Full paths are accepted, however mount points are ignored since the mount point can change after configuration. When you change this setting, you override the existing values.


Aliases

none

Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

false

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-InputObject<CimInstance[]>

Specifies the input to this cmdlet. You can use this parameter, or you can pipe the input to this cmdlet.


Aliases

none

Required?

true

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

True (ByValue)

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-MinimumFileAgeDays<UInt32>

Specifies a number of days. The deduplication engine optimizes files that users have not accessed in the number of days that you specify. If the last access time is not available, then the deduplication engine uses the last modified time.


Aliases

MinimumFileAge

Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

false

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-MinimumFileSize<UInt32>

Specifies the minimum size threshold, in bytes, for files that are optimized. The deduplication engine does not optimize files that do not meet the minimum threshold.


Aliases

none

Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

false

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-NoCompress<Boolean>

Indicates whether or not the server compresses data after deduplication. Compression uses more processor cycles but provides additional space savings.


Aliases

none

Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

false

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-NoCompressionFileType<String[]>

Specifies an array of file types that the deduplication engine excludes from compression. These file types are deduplicated but not compressed, typically because the file format is already compressed. Specify comma-separated values that are not preceded with a period (.). When you change this setting, you override the existing values.


Aliases

none

Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

Video files, previously compressed files, all Microsoft Office 2007 files. These include, but are not limited to: aac|aif|aiff|asf|asx|au|avi|flac|jpeg|m3u|mid|midi|mov|mp1|mp2|mp3|mp4|mpa|mpe|mpeg|mpeg2|mpeg3|mpg|ogg|qt|qtw|ram|rm|rmi|rmvb|snd|swf|vob|wav|wax|wma|wmv|wvx|accdb|accde|accdr|accdt|docm|docx|dotm|dotx|pptm|potm|potx|ppam|ppsx|pptx|sldx|sldm|thmx|xlsx|xlsm|xltx|xltm|xlsb|xlam|xll|ace|arc|arj|bhx|b2|cab|gz|gzip|hpk|hqx|jar|lha|lzh|lzx|pak|pit|rar|sea|sit|sqz|tgz|uu|uue|z|zip|zoo

Accept Pipeline Input?

false

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-OptimizeInUseFiles

Indicates that the server attempts to optimize currently open files. After specifying this parameter, the server may wait up to 15 mines before it attempts to optimize open files.

Enable-DedupVolume modifies this behavior, depending on the value of the UsageType parameter. If you use the current parameter to modify this behavior, and then run Enable-DedupVolume again, that cmdlet overrides your changes.


Aliases

none

Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

True (ByPropertyName)

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-OptimizePartialFiles

Indicates that the server optimizes all files, including portions of files that are old enough, according to the value of the MinimumFileAgeDays parameter.

Enable-DedupVolume modifies this behavior, depending on the value of the UsageType parameter. If you use the current parameter to modify this behavior, and then run Enable-DedupVolume again, that cmdlet overrides your changes.


Aliases

none

Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

True (ByPropertyName)

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-PassThru

Returns an object representing the item with which you are working. By default, this cmdlet does not generate any output.


Aliases

none

Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

false

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-ThrottleLimit<Int32>

Specifies the maximum number of concurrent operations that can be established to run the cmdlet. If this parameter is omitted or a value of 0 is entered, then Windows PowerShell® calculates an optimum throttle limit for the cmdlet based on the number of CIM cmdlets that are running on the computer. The throttle limit applies only to the current cmdlet, not to the session or to the computer.


Aliases

none

Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

false

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-Verify<Boolean>

Indicates whether or not the deduplication engine performs a byte-for-byte verification for each duplicate chunk that optimization creates, rather than relying on a cryptographically strong hash. We do not recommend that you use this parameter. Setting this parameter to $True can degrade optimization performance.


Aliases

none

Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

False

Accept Pipeline Input?

false

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-Volume<String[]>

Specifies an array of system volumes. Specify one or more volume IDs, drive letters (such as D:), or volume GUID pathnames (using the form \\?\Volume{{GUID}}\). Separate multiple volumes with a comma.


Aliases

Path,Name

Required?

true

Position?

1

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

True (ByPropertyName)

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

<CommonParameters>

This cmdlet supports the common parameters: -Verbose, -Debug, -ErrorAction, -ErrorVariable, -OutBuffer, and -OutVariable. For more information, see    about_CommonParameters.

Inputs

The input type is the type of the objects that you can pipe to the cmdlet.

  • System.String[]
  • Microsoft.Management.Infrastructure.CimInstance#

    The Microsoft.Management.Infrastructure.CimInstance object is a wrapper class that displays Windows Management Instrumentation (WMI) objects. The path after the pound sign (#) provides the namespace and class name for the underlying WMI object.


Outputs

The output type is the type of the objects that the cmdlet emits.

  • Microsoft.Management.Infrastructure.CimInstance

    The Microsoft.Management.Infrastructure.CimInstance object is a wrapper class that displays Windows Management Instrumentation (WMI) objects. The path after the pound sign (#) provides the namespace and class name for the underlying WMI object.


  • Microsoft.Management.Infrastructure.CimInstance#ROOT/Microsoft/Windows/Deduplication/MSFT_DedupVolume

Examples

Example 1: Set the exclude folders on a volume

This command sets the root folders under which all files are skipped during data deduplication. The ExcludeFolder parameter specifies that the data deduplication engine processes the files in all of the folders on volume F: except for files in the Temp folder and the SQL folder.


PS C:\> Set-DedupVolume –Volume F: -ExcludeFolder F:\temp,F:\SQL

Example 2: Set the minimum file age on a volume

This command sets the number of days since users have accessed a file before the deduplication engine optimizes the file. The MinimumFileAgeDays parameter specifies that the data deduplication engine processes the files in all of the folders on volume E: that were not accessed in the last 10 days.


PS C:\> Set-DedupVolume -Volume E: –MinimumFileAgeDays 10

Example 3: Set the chunk redundancy threshold on a volume

This command sets the number of identical chunks of data that the deduplication engine encounters during deduplication before the server creates a redundant copy of the data chunk. The MinimumFileAgeDays parameter specifies that the data deduplication engine processes the files in all of the folders on volume D: that were not accessed in the last 15 days. The ChunkRedundancyThreshold parameter specifies that if the data deduplication engine discovers 50 chunks of identical data, it makes one redundant copy as a safeguard.


PS C:\> Set-DedupVolume –Volume D: -MinimumFileAgeDays 15 –ChunkRedundancyThreshold 50

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