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Repair-Volume

Windows Server 2012 R2 and Windows 8.1

Updated: June 4, 2014

Applies To: Windows 8.1, Windows PowerShell 4.0, Windows Server 2012 R2

Repair-Volume

Performs repairs on a volume.

Syntax

Parameter Set: ByDriveLetter
Repair-Volume [-DriveLetter] <Char[]> [-AsJob] [-CimSession <CimSession[]> ] [-OfflineScanAndFix] [-Scan] [-SpotFix] [-ThrottleLimit <Int32> ] [-Confirm] [-WhatIf] [ <CommonParameters>]

Parameter Set: ById
Repair-Volume -ObjectId <String[]> [-AsJob] [-CimSession <CimSession[]> ] [-OfflineScanAndFix] [-Scan] [-SpotFix] [-ThrottleLimit <Int32> ] [-Confirm] [-WhatIf] [ <CommonParameters>]

Parameter Set: ByLabel
Repair-Volume -FileSystemLabel <String[]> [-AsJob] [-CimSession <CimSession[]> ] [-OfflineScanAndFix] [-Scan] [-SpotFix] [-ThrottleLimit <Int32> ] [-Confirm] [-WhatIf] [ <CommonParameters>]

Parameter Set: ByPaths
Repair-Volume -Path <String[]> [-AsJob] [-CimSession <CimSession[]> ] [-OfflineScanAndFix] [-Scan] [-SpotFix] [-ThrottleLimit <Int32> ] [-Confirm] [-WhatIf] [ <CommonParameters>]

Parameter Set: InputObject (cdxml)
Repair-Volume -InputObject <CimInstance[]> [-AsJob] [-CimSession <CimSession[]> ] [-OfflineScanAndFix] [-Scan] [-SpotFix] [-ThrottleLimit <Int32> ] [-Confirm] [-WhatIf] [ <CommonParameters>]




Detailed Description

The Repair-Volume cmdlet performs repairs on a volume. The following repair actions are available:

OfflineScanAndFix: Takes the volume offline to scan the volume and fix any errors found (equivalent to chkdsk /f).

Scan: Scans the volume without attempting to repair it; all detected corruptions are added to the $corrupt system file (equivalent to chkdsk /scan).

SpotFix: Takes the volume briefly offline and then fixes only issues that are logged in the $corrupt file (equivalent to chkdsk /spotfix).

Parameters

-AsJob

Runs the cmdlet as a background job. Use this parameter to run commands that take a long time to complete. The cmdlet immediately returns an object that represents the job and then displays the command prompt. You can continue to work in the session while the job completes. To manage the job, use the *-Job cmdlets. To get the job results, use the Receive-Job cmdlet. For more information about Windows PowerShell® background jobs, see about_Jobs.


Aliases

none

Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

false

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-CimSession<CimSession[]>

Runs the cmdlet in a remote session or on a remote computer. Enter a computer name or a session object, such as the output of a New-CimSession or Get-CimSession cmdlet. The default is the current session on the local computer.


Aliases

Session

Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

false

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-DriveLetter<Char[]>

Specifies a letter used to identify a drive or volume in the system.


Aliases

none

Required?

true

Position?

1

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

True (ByPropertyName)

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-FileSystemLabel<String[]>

Specifies the volume to scan based on the file system label (the volume name).


Aliases

none

Required?

true

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

True (ByPropertyName)

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-InputObject<CimInstance[]>

Specifies the input to this cmdlet. You can use this parameter, or you can pipe the input to this cmdlet.


Aliases

none

Required?

true

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

True (ByValue)

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-ObjectId<String[]>

Specifies an ID representing the object. The ID is not globally unique.


Aliases

Id

Required?

true

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

True (ByPropertyName)

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-OfflineScanAndFix

Performs and offline scan and fix of any errors found in the file system.


Aliases

none

Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

false

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-Path<String[]>

Contains valid path information.


Aliases

none

Required?

true

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

True (ByPropertyName)

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-Scan

Scans the volume.


Aliases

none

Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

false

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-SpotFix

Takes the volume offline and fixes any issues that are logged in the $corrupt file.


Aliases

none

Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

false

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-ThrottleLimit<Int32>

Specifies the maximum number of concurrent operations that can be established to run the cmdlet. If this parameter is omitted or a value of 0 is entered, then Windows PowerShell® calculates an optimum throttle limit for the cmdlet based on the number of CIM cmdlets that are running on the computer. The throttle limit applies only to the current cmdlet, not to the session or to the computer.


Aliases

none

Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

false

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-Confirm

Prompts you for confirmation before running the cmdlet.


Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

false

Accept Pipeline Input?

false

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-WhatIf

Shows what would happen if the cmdlet runs. The cmdlet is not run.


Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

false

Accept Pipeline Input?

false

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

<CommonParameters>

This cmdlet supports the common parameters: -Verbose, -Debug, -ErrorAction, -ErrorVariable, -OutBuffer, and -OutVariable. For more information, see    about_CommonParameters.

Inputs

The input type is the type of the objects that you can pipe to the cmdlet.

Outputs

The output type is the type of the objects that the cmdlet emits.

  • System.UInt32

Examples

EXAMPLE 1

This example scans drive H and reports errors only.


PS C:\> Repair-Volume -DriveLetter H –Scan

EXAMPLE 2

This example takes drive H offline, and fixes all issues.


PS C:\> Repair-Volume -DriveLetter H –OfflineScanAndFix

EXAMPLE 3

This example uses the spot verifier functionality to quickly fix drive H.


PS C:\> Repair-Volume -DriveLetter H –SpotFix

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