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Add-WindowsDriver

Published: March 30, 2012

Updated: September 30, 2012

Applies To: Windows 8, Windows Server 2012

Add-WindowsDriver

Adds a driver to an offline Windows image.

Syntax

Parameter Set: Offline
Add-WindowsDriver -Driver <String> -Path <String> [-ForceUnsigned] [-LogLevel <LogLevel> ] [-LogPath <String> ] [-Recurse] [-ScratchDirectory <String> ] [-SystemDrive <String> ] [-WindowsDirectory <String> ] [ <CommonParameters>]




Detailed Description

The Add-Driver cmdlet adds third-party driver packages to an offline Windows image.

Use the Path parameter to specify the location of a mounted Windows image.

Use the Driver parameter to specify the location of an .inf driver file or a folder containing one or more .inf driver files.

Use the ForceUnsigned parameter to add unsigned .inf files to an x64-based image.

Parameters

-Driver<String>

Specifies the .inf file or folder containing the .inf files of the drivers you want to add. When you specify a folder, .inf files that are not valid driver packages are ignored. These files are reported on the console when the command runs, and a warning is included in the log file. You will not receive an error message.


Aliases

none

Required?

true

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

true (ByValue, ByPropertyName)

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-ForceUnsigned

Add unsigned drivers to an x64 image. The ForceUnsigned parameter overrides the requirement that drivers that are installed on X64-based computers must have a digital signature. For more information about driver signing requirements, see Device Drivers and Deployment Overview.


Aliases

none

Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

true (ByValue, ByPropertyName)

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-LogLevel<LogLevel>

Specifies the maximum output level shown in the logs. The default log level is 3. The accepted values are as follows:1 = Errors only2 = Errors and warnings3 = Errors, warnings, and information4 = All of the information listed previously, plus debug output


Aliases

none

Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

true (ByValue, ByPropertyName)

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-LogPath<String>

Specifies the full path and file name to log to. If not set, the default is %WINDIR%\Logs\Dism\dism.log.In Windows PE, the default directory is the RAMDISK scratch space which can be as low as 32 MB. The log file will automatically be archived. The archived log file will be saved with .bak appended to the file name and a new log file will be generated. Each time the log file is archived the .bak file will be overwritten. When using a network share that is not joined to a domain, use the net use command together with domain credentials to set access permissions before you set the log path for the DISM log.


Aliases

none

Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

true (ByValue, ByPropertyName)

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-Path<String>

Specifies the full path to the root directory of the offline Windows image that you will service. If the directory named Windows is not a subdirectory of the root directory, -WindowsDirectory must be specified.


Aliases

none

Required?

true

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

true (ByValue, ByPropertyName)

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-Recurse

Includes all subfolders when searching for drivers to add.


Aliases

none

Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

true (ByValue, ByPropertyName)

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-ScratchDirectory<String>

Specifies a temporary directory that will be used when extracting files for use during servicing. The directory must exist locally. If not specified, the \Windows\%Temp% directory will be used, with a subdirectory name of a randomly generated hexadecimal value for each run of DISM. Items in the scratch directory are deleted after each operation. You should not use a network share location as a scratch directory to expand a package (.cab or .msu file) for installation. The directory used for extracting files for temporary usage during servicing should be a local directory.


Aliases

none

Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

true (ByValue, ByPropertyName)

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-SystemDrive<String>

Specifies the path to the location of the BootMgr files. This is necessary only when the BootMgr files are located on a partition other than the one that you are running the command from. Use -SystemDrive to service an installed Windows image from a Windows PE environment.


Aliases

none

Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

true (ByValue, ByPropertyName)

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-WindowsDirectory<String>

Specifies the path to the Windows directory relative to the image path. This cannot be the full path to the Windows directory; it should be a relative path. If not specified, the default is the Windows directory in the root of the offline image directory.


Aliases

none

Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

true (ByValue, ByPropertyName)

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

<CommonParameters>

This cmdlet supports the common parameters: -Verbose, -Debug, -ErrorAction, -ErrorVariable, -OutBuffer, and -OutVariable. For more information, see about_CommonParameters.

Inputs

The input type is the type of the objects that you can pipe to the cmdlet.

  • System.String[]
  • Microsoft.Dism.Commands.ImageObject
  • Microsoft.Dism.Commands.BasicDriverObject
  • Microsoft.Dism.Commands.AdvancedDriverObject

Outputs

The output type is the type of the objects that the cmdlet emits.

  • Microsoft.Dism.Commands.BasicDriverObject
  • Microsoft.Dism.Commands.ImageObject

Examples

EXAMPLE 1

This command adds any drivers in the c:\test\drivers folder or any of its subdirectories to the Windows image that is mounted to c:\offline.


PS C:\> Add-WindowsDriver –Path c:\offline –Driver c:\test\drivers –Recurse

EXAMPLE 2

This command adds the unsigned driver package, Usb.inf, to the Windows image that is mounted to c:\offline.


PS C:\> Add-WindowsDriver –Path c:\offline –Driver c:\test\drivers\Usb\Usb.inf -ForceUnsigned

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