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New-ADUser

Updated: July 8, 2014

Applies To: Windows 8.1, Windows PowerShell 4.0, Windows Server 2012 R2

New-ADUser

Creates a new Active Directory user.

Syntax

Parameter Set: Default
New-ADUser [-Name] <String> [-AccountExpirationDate <DateTime> ] [-AccountNotDelegated <Boolean> ] [-AccountPassword <SecureString> ] [-AllowReversiblePasswordEncryption <Boolean> ] [-AuthenticationPolicy <ADAuthenticationPolicy> ] [-AuthenticationPolicySilo <ADAuthenticationPolicySilo> ] [-AuthType <ADAuthType> {Negotiate | Basic} ] [-CannotChangePassword <Boolean> ] [-Certificates <X509Certificate[]> ] [-ChangePasswordAtLogon <Boolean> ] [-City <String> ] [-Company <String> ] [-CompoundIdentitySupported <Boolean> ] [-Country <String> ] [-Credential <PSCredential> ] [-Department <String> ] [-Description <String> ] [-DisplayName <String> ] [-Division <String> ] [-EmailAddress <String> ] [-EmployeeID <String> ] [-EmployeeNumber <String> ] [-Enabled <Boolean> ] [-Fax <String> ] [-GivenName <String> ] [-HomeDirectory <String> ] [-HomeDrive <String> ] [-HomePage <String> ] [-HomePhone <String> ] [-Initials <String> ] [-Instance <ADUser> ] [-KerberosEncryptionType <ADKerberosEncryptionType> {None | DES | RC4 | AES128 | AES256} ] [-LogonWorkstations <String> ] [-Manager <ADUser> ] [-MobilePhone <String> ] [-Office <String> ] [-OfficePhone <String> ] [-Organization <String> ] [-OtherAttributes <Hashtable> ] [-OtherName <String> ] [-PassThru] [-PasswordNeverExpires <Boolean> ] [-PasswordNotRequired <Boolean> ] [-Path <String> ] [-POBox <String> ] [-PostalCode <String> ] [-PrincipalsAllowedToDelegateToAccount <ADPrincipal[]> ] [-ProfilePath <String> ] [-SamAccountName <String> ] [-ScriptPath <String> ] [-Server <String> ] [-ServicePrincipalNames <String[]> ] [-SmartcardLogonRequired <Boolean> ] [-State <String> ] [-StreetAddress <String> ] [-Surname <String> ] [-Title <String> ] [-TrustedForDelegation <Boolean> ] [-Type <String> ] [-UserPrincipalName <String> ] [-Confirm] [-WhatIf] [ <CommonParameters>]




Detailed Description

The New-ADUser cmdlet creates a new Active Directory user. You can set commonly used user property values by using the cmdlet parameters.

Property values that are not associated with cmdlet parameters can be set by using the OtherAttributes parameter. When using this parameter be sure to place single quotes around the attribute name.

You must specify the SamAccountName parameter to create a user.

You can use the New-ADUser cmdlet to create different types of user accounts such as iNetOrgPerson accounts. To do this in AD DS, set the Type parameter to the LDAP display name for the type of account you want to create. This type can be any class in the Active Directory schema that is a subclass of user and that has an object category of person.

The Path parameter specifies the container or organizational unit (OU) for the new user. When you do not specify the Path parameter, the cmdlet creates a user object in the default container for user objects in the domain.

The following methods explain different ways to create an object by using this cmdlet.

Method 1: Use the New-ADUser cmdlet, specify the required parameters, and set any additional property values by using the cmdlet parameters.

Method 2: Use a template to create the new object. To do this, create a new user object or retrieve a copy of an existing user object and set the Instance parameter to this object. The object provided to the Instance parameter is used as a template for the new object. You can override property values from the template by setting cmdlet parameters. For examples and more information, see the Instance parameter description for this cmdlet.

Method 3: Use the Import-Csv cmdlet with the New-ADUser cmdlet to create multiple Active Directory user objects. To do this, use the Import-Csv cmdlet to create the custom objects from a comma-separated value (CSV) file that contains a list of object properties. Then pass these objects through the pipeline to the New-ADUser cmdlet to create the user objects.

Parameters

-AccountExpirationDate<DateTime>

Specifies the expiration date for an account. When you set this parameter to 0, the account never expires. This parameter sets the AccountExpirationDate property of an account object. The LDAP Display name (ldapDisplayName) for this property is accountExpires.

Use the DateTime syntax when you specify this parameter. Time is assumed to be local time unless otherwise specified. When a time value is not specified, the time is assumed to 12:00:00 AM local time. When a date is not specified, the date is assumed to be the current date.


Aliases

none

Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

True (ByPropertyName)

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-AccountNotDelegated<Boolean>

Specifies whether the security context of the user is delegated to a service. When this parameter is set to &True, the security context of the account is not delegated to a service even when the service account is set as trusted for Kerberos delegation. This parameter sets the AccountNotDelegated property for an Active Directory account. This parameter also sets the ADS_UF_NOT_DELEGATED flag of the Active Directory User Account Control (UAC) attribute. The acceptable values for this parameter are: 

-- $False or 0
-- $True or 1


Aliases

none

Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

True (ByPropertyName)

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-AccountPassword<SecureString>

Specifies a new password value for an account. This value is stored as an encrypted string.

The following conditions apply based on the manner in which the password parameter is used:

-- $Null password is specified: No password is set and the account is disabled unless it is requested to be enabled.
-- No password is specified: No password is set and the account is disabled unless it is requested to be enabled.
-- User password is specified: Password is set and the account is disabled unless it is requested to be enabled.

User accounts, by default, are created without a password. If you provide a password, an attempt will be made to set that password however, this can fail due to password policy restrictions. The user account will still be created and you may use Set-ADAccountPassword to set the password on that account. In order to ensure that accounts remain secure, user accounts will never be enabled unless a valid password is set or PasswordNotRequired is set to $True.

The account is created if the password fails for any reason.


Aliases

none

Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

True (ByPropertyName)

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-AllowReversiblePasswordEncryption<Boolean>

Specifies whether reversible password encryption is allowed for the account. This parameter sets the AllowReversiblePasswordEncryption property of the account. This parameter also sets the ADS_UF_ENCRYPTED_TEXT_PASSWORD_ALLOWED flag of the Active Directory User Account Control (UAC) attribute. The acceptable values for this parameter are: 

-- $False or 0
-- $True or 1


Aliases

none

Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

True (ByPropertyName)

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-AuthenticationPolicy<ADAuthenticationPolicy>

Specifies an Active Directory Domain Services authentication policy object. Specify the authentication policy object in one of the following formats:

-- Distinguished Name
-- GUID
-- Name

This parameter can also get this object through the pipeline or you can set this parameter to an object instance.

The cmdlet searches the default naming context or partition to find the object. If the cmdlet finds two or more objects, the cmdlet returns a non-terminating error.


Aliases

none

Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

True (ByPropertyName)

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-AuthenticationPolicySilo<ADAuthenticationPolicySilo>

Specifies an Active Directory Domain Services authentication policy silo object. Specify the authentication policy silo object in one of the following formats:

-- Distinguished Name
-- GUID
-- Name

This parameter can also get this object through the pipeline or you can set this parameter to an object instance.

The cmdlet searches the default naming context or partition to find the object. If the cmdlet finds two or more objects, the cmdlet returns a non-terminating error.


Aliases

none

Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

True (ByPropertyName)

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-AuthType<ADAuthType>

Specifies the authentication method to use. The acceptable values for this parameter are: 

-- Negotiate or 0
-- Basic or 1

The default authentication method is Negotiate.

A Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) connection is required for the Basic authentication method.


Aliases

none

Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

Microsoft.ActiveDirectory.Management.AuthType.Negotiate

Accept Pipeline Input?

false

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-CannotChangePassword<Boolean>

Specifies whether the account password can be changed. This parameter sets the CannotChangePassword property of an account. The acceptable values for this parameter are: 

-- $False or 0
-- $True or 1


Aliases

none

Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

True (ByPropertyName)

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-Certificates<X509Certificate[]>

Specifies an array of certificates. The cmdlet modifies the DER-encoded X.509v3 certificates of the account. These certificates include the public key certificates issued to this account by the Microsoft Certificate Service. This parameter sets the Certificates property of the account object. The LDAP Display Name (ldapDisplayName) for this property is userCertificate.

Syntax:

To add values:

-Certificates @{Add=value1,value2,...}

To remove values:

-Certificates @{Remove=value3,value4,...}

To replace values:

-Certificates @{Replace=value1,value2,...}

To clear all values:

-Certificates $null

You can specify more than one operation by using a list separated by semicolons. For example, use the following syntax to add and remove Certificate values

-Certificates @{Add=value1,value2,...};@{Remove=value3,value4,...}

The operators will be applied in the following sequence:

..Remove

..Add

..Replace


Aliases

none

Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

True (ByPropertyName)

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-ChangePasswordAtLogon<Boolean>

Specifies whether a password must be changed during the next logon attempt. The acceptable values for this parameter are: 

-- $False or 0
-- $True or 1

This parameter cannot be set to $True or 1 for an account that also has the PasswordNeverExpires property set to $True.


Aliases

none

Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

True (ByPropertyName)

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-City<String>

Specifies the user's town or city. This parameter sets the City property of a user. The LDAP display name (ldapDisplayName) of this property is l.


Aliases

none

Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

True (ByPropertyName)

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-Company<String>

Specifies the user's company. This parameter sets the Company property of a user object. The LDAP display name (ldapDisplayName) of this property is company.


Aliases

none

Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

True (ByPropertyName)

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-CompoundIdentitySupported<Boolean>

Specifies whether an account supports Kerberos service tickets which includes the authorization data for the user's device. This value sets the compound identity supported flag of the Active Directory msDS-SupportedEncryptionTypes attribute. The acceptable values for this parameter are: 

-- $False or 0
-- $True or 1

Warning: Domain-joined Windows systems and services such as clustering manage their own msDS-SupportedEncryptionTypes attribute. Therefore any changes to the flag on the msDS-SupportedEncryptionTypes attribute will be overwritten by the service or system which manages the setting.


Aliases

none

Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

True (ByPropertyName)

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-Country<String>

Specifies the country or region code for the user's language of choice. This parameter sets the Country property of a user object. The LDAP Display Name (ldapDisplayName) of this property is c. This value is not used by Windows 2000.


Aliases

none

Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

True (ByPropertyName)

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-Credential<PSCredential>

Specifies the user account credentials to use to perform this task. The default credentials are the credentials of the currently logged on user unless the cmdlet is run from an Active Directory PowerShell provider drive. If the cmdlet is run from such a provider drive, the account associated with the drive is the default.

To specify this parameter, you can type a user name, such as User1 or Domain01\User01 or you can specify a PSCredential object. If you specify a user name for this parameter, the cmdlet prompts for a password.

You can also create a PSCredential object by using a script or by using the Get-Credential cmdlet. You can then set the Credential parameter to the PSCredential object.

If the acting credentials do not have directory-level permission to perform the task, Active Directory PowerShell returns a terminating error.


Aliases

none

Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

false

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-Department<String>

Specifies the user's department. This parameter sets the Department property of a user. The LDAP Display Name (ldapDisplayName) of this property is department.


Aliases

none

Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

True (ByPropertyName)

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-Description<String>

Specifies a description of the object. This parameter sets the value of the Description property for the object. The LDAP Display Name (ldapDisplayName) for this property is description.


Aliases

none

Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

True (ByPropertyName)

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-DisplayName<String>

Specifies the display name of the object. This parameter sets the DisplayName property of the object. The LDAP Display Name (ldapDisplayName) for this property is displayName.


Aliases

none

Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

True (ByPropertyName)

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-Division<String>

Specifies the user's division. This parameter sets the Division property of a user object. The LDAP Display Name (ldapDisplayName) of this property is division.


Aliases

none

Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

True (ByPropertyName)

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-EmailAddress<String>

Specifies the user's e-mail address. This parameter sets the EmailAddress property of a user object. The LDAP Display Name (ldapDisplayName) of this property is mail.


Aliases

none

Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

True (ByPropertyName)

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-EmployeeID<String>

Specifies the user's employee ID. This parameter sets the EmployeeID property of a user object. The LDAP Display Name (ldapDisplayName) of this property is employeeID.


Aliases

none

Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

True (ByPropertyName)

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-EmployeeNumber<String>

Specifies the user's employee number. This parameter sets the EmployeeNumber property of a user object. The LDAP Display Name (ldapDisplayName) of this property is employeeNumber.


Aliases

none

Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

True (ByPropertyName)

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-Enabled<Boolean>

Specifies if an account is enabled. An enabled account requires a password. This parameter sets the Enabled property for an account object. This parameter also sets the ADS_UF_ACCOUNTDISABLE flag of the Active Directory User Account Control (UAC) attribute. The acceptable values for this parameter are: 

-- $False or 0
-- $True or 1


Aliases

none

Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

True (ByPropertyName)

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-Fax<String>

Specifies the user's fax phone number. This parameter sets the Fax property of a user object. The LDAP Display Name (ldapDisplayName) of this property is facsimileTelephoneNumber.


Aliases

none

Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

True (ByPropertyName)

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-GivenName<String>

Specifies the user's given name. This parameter sets the GivenName property of a user object. The LDAP Display Name (ldapDisplayName) of this property is givenName.


Aliases

none

Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

True (ByPropertyName)

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-HomeDirectory<String>

Specifies a user's home directory. This parameter sets the HomeDirectory property of a user object. The LDAP Display Name (ldapDisplayName) for this property is homeDirectory.


Aliases

none

Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

True (ByPropertyName)

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-HomeDrive<String>

Specifies a drive that is associated with the UNC path defined by the HomeDirectory property. The drive letter is specified as <DriveLetter>: where <DriveLetter> indicates the letter of the drive to associate. The <DriveLetter> must be a single, uppercase letter and the colon is required. This parameter sets the HomeDrive property of the user object. The LDAP Display Name (ldapDisplayName) for this property is homeDrive.


Aliases

none

Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

True (ByPropertyName)

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-HomePage<String>

Specifies the URL of the home page of the object. This parameter sets the homePage property of an Active Directory object. The LDAP Display Name (ldapDisplayName) for this property is wWWHomePage.


Aliases

none

Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

True (ByPropertyName)

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-HomePhone<String>

Specifies the user's home telephone number. This parameter sets the HomePhone property of a user. The LDAP Display Name (ldapDisplayName) of this property is homePhone.


Aliases

none

Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

True (ByPropertyName)

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-Initials<String>

Specifies the initials that represent part of a user's name. You can use this value for the user's middle initial. This parameter sets the Initials property of a user. The LDAP Display Name (ldapDisplayName) of this property is initials.


Aliases

none

Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

True (ByPropertyName)

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-Instance<ADUser>

Specifies an instance of a user object to use as a template for a new user object.

You can use an instance of an existing user object as a template or you can construct a new user object for template use. You can construct a new user object using the Windows PowerShell command line or by using a script.

Method 1: Use an existing user object as a template for a new object. To retrieve an instance of an existing user object, use a cmdlet such as Get-ADUser. Then provide this object to the Instance parameter of the New-ADUser cmdlet to create a new user object. You can override property values of the new object by setting the appropriate parameters.

Method 2: Create a new ADUser object and set the property values by using the Windows PowerShell command line interface. Then pass this object to the Instance parameter of the New-ADUser cmdlet to create the new Active Directory user object.

Note: Specified attributes are not validated, so attempting to set attributes that do not exist or cannot be set will raise an error.


Aliases

none

Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

false

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-KerberosEncryptionType<ADKerberosEncryptionType>

Specifies whether an account supports Kerberos encryption types which are used during creation of service tickets. This value sets the encryption types supported flags of the Active Directory msDS-SupportedEncryptionTypes attribute. Possible values for this parameter are:

-- None
-- DES
-- RC4
-- AES128
-- AES256

None will remove all encryption types from the account resulting the KDC being unable to issue service tickets for services using the account.

DES is a weak encryption type which is not supported by default since Windows 7 and Windows Server 2008 R2.

Warning: Domain-joined Windows systems and services such as clustering manage their own msDS-SupportedEncryptionTypes attribute. Therefore any changes to the flag on the msDS-SupportedEncryptionTypes attribute will be overwritten by the service or system which manages the setting.


Aliases

none

Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

True (ByPropertyName)

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-LogonWorkstations<String>

Specifies the computers that the user can access. To specify more than one computer, create a single comma-separated list. You can identify a computer by using the Security Accounts Manager (SAM) account name (sAMAccountName) or the DNS host name of the computer. The SAM account name is the same as the NetBIOS name of the computer.

The LDAP display name (ldapDisplayName) for this property is userWorkStations.


Aliases

none

Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

True (ByPropertyName)

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-Manager<ADUser>

Specifies the user's manager. This parameter sets the Manager property of a user. This parameter is set by providing one of the following property values. Note: The identifier in parentheses is the LDAP display name for the property. The acceptable values for this parameter are: 

-- A Distinguished Name
-- A GUID (objectGUID)
-- A Security Identifier (objectSid)
-- A SAM Account Name (sAMAccountName)


Aliases

none

Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

True (ByPropertyName)

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-MobilePhone<String>

Specifies the user's mobile phone number. This parameter sets the MobilePhone property of a user object. The LDAP Display Name (ldapDisplayName) of this property is mobile.


Aliases

none

Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

True (ByPropertyName)

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-Name<String>

Specifies the name of the object. This parameter sets the Name property of the Active Directory object. The LDAP Display Name (ldapDisplayName) of this property is name.


Aliases

none

Required?

true

Position?

2

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

True (ByPropertyName)

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-Office<String>

Specifies the location of the user's office or place of business. This parameter sets the Office property of a user object. The LDAP display name (ldapDisplayName) of this property is office.


Aliases

none

Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

True (ByPropertyName)

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-OfficePhone<String>

Specifies the user's office telephone number. This parameter sets the OfficePhone property of a user object. The LDAP display name (ldapDisplayName) of this property is telephoneNumber.


Aliases

none

Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

True (ByPropertyName)

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-Organization<String>

Specifies the user's organization. This parameter sets the Organization property of a user object. The LDAP display name (ldapDisplayName) of this property is o.


Aliases

none

Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

True (ByPropertyName)

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-OtherAttributes<Hashtable>

Specifies object attribute values for attributes that are not represented by cmdlet parameters. You can set one or more parameters at the same time with this parameter. If an attribute takes more than one value, you can assign multiple values. To identify an attribute, specify the LDAPDisplayName (ldapDisplayName) defined for it in the Active Directory schema.

Syntax:

To specify a single value for an attribute:

-OtherAttributes @{'AttributeLDAPDisplayName'=value}

To specify multiple values for an attribute

-OtherAttributes @{'AttributeLDAPDisplayName'=value1,value2,...}

You can specify values for more than one attribute by using semicolons to separate attributes. The following syntax shows how to set values for multiple attributes:

-OtherAttributes @{'Attribute1LDAPDisplayName'=value; 'Attribute2LDAPDisplayName'=value1,value2;...}


Aliases

none

Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

false

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-OtherName<String>

Specifies a name in addition to a user's given name and surname, such as the user's middle name. This parameter sets the OtherName property of a user object. The LDAP Display Name (ldapDisplayName) of this property is middleName.


Aliases

none

Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

True (ByPropertyName)

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-POBox<String>

Specifies the user's post office box number. This parameter sets the POBox property of a user object. The LDAP Display Name (ldapDisplayName) of this property is postOfficeBox.


Aliases

none

Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

True (ByPropertyName)

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-PassThru

Returns an object representing the item with which you are working. By default, this cmdlet does not generate any output.


Aliases

none

Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

false

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-PasswordNeverExpires<Boolean>

Specifies whether the password of an account can expire. This parameter sets the PasswordNeverExpires property of an account object. This parameter also sets the ADS_UF_DONT_EXPIRE_PASSWD flag of the Active Directory User Account Control attribute. The acceptable values for this parameter are: 

-- $False or 0
-- $True or 1

Note: This parameter cannot be set to $True or 1 for an account that also has the ChangePasswordAtLogon property set to $True.


Aliases

none

Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

True (ByPropertyName)

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-PasswordNotRequired<Boolean>

Specifies whether the account requires a password. A password is not required for a new account. This parameter sets the PasswordNotRequired property of an account object.


Aliases

none

Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

True (ByPropertyName)

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-Path<String>

Specifies the X.500 path of the Organizational Unit (OU) or container where the new object is created.

In many cases, a default value will be used for the Path parameter if no value is specified. The rules for determining the default value are given below. Note that rules listed first are evaluated first and once a default value can be determined, no further rules will be evaluated.

In AD DS environments, a default value for Path will be set in the following cases:

-- If the cmdlet is run from an Active Directory PowerShell provider drive, the parameter is set to the current path of the provider drive.
-- If the cmdlet has a default path, this will be used. For example, in New-ADUser, the Path parameter would default to the Users container.
-- If none of the previous cases apply, the default value of Path will be set to the default partition or naming context of the target domain.

In AD LDS environments, a default value for Path will be set in the following cases:

-- If the cmdlet is run from an Active Directory PowerShell provider drive, the parameter is set to the current path of the provider drive.
-- If the cmdlet has a default path, this will be used. For example, in New-ADUser, the Path parameter would default to the Users container.
-- If the target AD LDS instance has a default naming context, the default value of Path will be set to the default naming context. To specify a default naming context for an AD LDS environment, set the msDS-defaultNamingContext property of the Active Directory directory service agent (DSA) object (nTDSDSA) for the AD LDS instance.
-- If none of the previous cases apply, the Path parameter will not take any default value.

Note: The Active Directory Provider cmdlets, such New-Item, Remove-Item, Remove-ItemProperty, Rename-Item, and Set-ItemProperty also contain a Path property. However, for the provider cmdlets, the Path parameter identifies the path of the actual object and not the container as with the Active Directory cmdlets.


Aliases

none

Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

True (ByPropertyName)

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-PostalCode<String>

Specifies the user's postal code or zip code. This parameter sets the PostalCode property of a user. The LDAP Display Name (ldapDisplayName) of this property is postalCode.


Aliases

none

Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

True (ByPropertyName)

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-PrincipalsAllowedToDelegateToAccount<ADPrincipal[]>

Specifies an array of principal objects. This parameter sets the msDS-AllowedToActOnBehalfOfOtherIdentity attribute of a computer account object.


Aliases

none

Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

True (ByPropertyName)

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-ProfilePath<String>

Specifies a path to the user's profile. This value can be a local absolute path or a Universal Naming Convention (UNC) path. This parameter sets the ProfilePath property of the user object. The LDAP display name (ldapDisplayName) for this property is profilePath.


Aliases

none

Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

True (ByPropertyName)

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-SamAccountName<String>

Specifies the Security Account Manager (SAM) account name of the user, group, computer, or service account. The maximum length of the description is 256 characters. To be compatible with older operating systems, create a SAM account name that is 20 characters or less. This parameter sets the SAMAccountName for an account object. The LDAP display name (ldapDisplayName) for this property is sAMAccountName.

Note: If the string value provided is not terminated with a $ character, the system adds one if needed.


Aliases

none

Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

True (ByPropertyName)

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-ScriptPath<String>

Specifies a path to the user's log on script. This value can be a local absolute path or a Universal Naming Convention (UNC) path. This parameter sets the ScriptPath property of the user. The LDAP display name (ldapDisplayName) for this property is scriptPath.


Aliases

none

Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

True (ByPropertyName)

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-Server<String>

Specifies the Active Directory Domain Services instance to connect to, by providing one of the following values for a corresponding domain name or directory server. The service may be any of the following: Active Directory Lightweight Domain Services, Active Directory Domain Services or Active Directory Snapshot instance.

Specify the Active Directory Domain Services instance in one of the following ways:

-- Domain name values:

---- Fully qualified domain name
---- NetBIOS name

-- Directory server values:

---- Fully qualified directory server name
---- NetBIOS name
---- Fully qualified directory server name and port

The default value for this parameter is determined by one of the following methods in the order that they are listed:

-- By using the Server value from objects passed through the pipeline
-- By using the server information associated with the Active Directory Domain ServicesWindows PowerShell provider drive, when the cmdlet runs in that drive
-- By using the domain of the computer running Windows PowerShell


Aliases

none

Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

false

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-ServicePrincipalNames<String[]>

Specifies the service principal names for the account. This parameter sets the ServicePrincipalNames property of the account. The LDAP display name (ldapDisplayName) for this property is servicePrincipalName. This parameter uses the following syntax to add remove, replace or clear service principal name values:

Syntax:

To add values:

-ServicePrincipalNames @{Add=value1,value2,...}

To remove values:

-ServicePrincipalNames @{Remove=value3,value4,...}

To replace values:

-ServicePrincipalNames @{Replace=value1,value2,...}

To clear all values:

-ServicePrincipalNames $null

You can specify more than one change by using a list separated by semicolons. For example, use the following syntax to add and remove service principal names.

@{Add=value1,value2,...};@{Remove=value3,value4,...}

The operators will be applied in the following sequence:

..Remove

..Add

..Replace


Aliases

none

Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

True (ByPropertyName)

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-SmartcardLogonRequired<Boolean>

Specifies whether a smart card is required to logon. This parameter sets the SmartCardLoginRequired property for a user. This parameter also sets the ADS_UF_SMARTCARD_REQUIRED flag of the Active Directory User Account Control attribute. The acceptable values for this parameter are: 

-- $False or 0
-- $True or 1


Aliases

none

Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

True (ByPropertyName)

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-State<String>

Specifies the user's or Organizational Unit's state or province. This parameter sets the State property of a User or Organizational Unit object. The LDAP display name (ldapDisplayName) of this property is st.


Aliases

none

Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

True (ByPropertyName)

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-StreetAddress<String>

Specifies the user's street address. This parameter sets the StreetAddress property of a user object. The LDAP display name (ldapDisplayName) of this property is streetAddress.


Aliases

none

Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

True (ByPropertyName)

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-Surname<String>

Specifies the user's last name or surname. This parameter sets the Surname property of a user object. The LDAP display name (ldapDisplayName) of this property is sn.


Aliases

none

Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

True (ByPropertyName)

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-Title<String>

Specifies the user's title. This parameter sets the Title property of a user object. The LDAP display name (ldapDisplayName) of this property is title.


Aliases

none

Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

True (ByPropertyName)

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-TrustedForDelegation<Boolean>

Specifies whether an account is trusted for Kerberos delegation. A service that runs under an account that is trusted for Kerberos delegation can assume the identity of a client requesting the service. This parameter sets the TrustedForDelegation property of an account object. This value also sets the ADS_UF_TRUSTED_FOR_DELEGATION flag of the Active Directory User Account Control attribute. The acceptable values for this parameter are: 

-- $False or 0
-- $True or 1


Aliases

none

Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

True (ByPropertyName)

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-Type<String>

Specifies the type of object to create. Set the Type parameter to the LDAP display name of the Active Directory Schema Class that represents the type of object that you want to create. The selected type must be a subclass of the User schema class. If this parameter is not specified it will default to User.


Aliases

none

Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

user

Accept Pipeline Input?

True (ByPropertyName)

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-UserPrincipalName<String>

Specifies a user principal name (UPN) in the format <user>@<DNS-domain-name>. A UPN is a friendly name assigned by an administrator that is shorter than the LDAP distinguished name used by the system and easier to remember. The UPN is independent of the user object's DN, so a user object can be moved or renamed without affecting the user logon name. When logging on using a UPN, users no longer have to choose a domain from a list on the logon dialog box.


Aliases

none

Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

True (ByPropertyName)

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-Confirm

Prompts you for confirmation before running the cmdlet.


Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

false

Accept Pipeline Input?

false

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-WhatIf

Shows what would happen if the cmdlet runs. The cmdlet is not run.


Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

false

Accept Pipeline Input?

false

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

<CommonParameters>

This cmdlet supports the common parameters: -Verbose, -Debug, -ErrorAction, -ErrorVariable, -OutBuffer, and -OutVariable. For more information, see    about_CommonParameters.

Inputs

The input type is the type of the objects that you can pipe to the cmdlet.

  • None or Microsoft.ActiveDirectory.Management.ADUser

    A user object that is a template for the new user object is received by the Instance parameter.


Outputs

The output type is the type of the objects that the cmdlet emits.

  • None or Microsoft.ActiveDirectory.Management.ADUser

    Returns the new user object when the PassThru parameter is specified. By default, this cmdlet does not generate any output.


Notes

  • This cmdlet does not work with an Active Directory Snapshot.

  • This cmdlet does not work with a read-only domain controller.

Examples

-------------------------- EXAMPLE 1 --------------------------

This command creates a new user named GlenJohn with a certicate imported from the file export.cer.


PS C:\> New-ADUser -Name "GlenJohn" -Certificate (new-object System.Security.Cryptography.X509Certificates.X509Certificate -ArgumentList "export.cer")

-------------------------- EXAMPLE 2 --------------------------

This command creates a new user named GlenJohn and sets the title and mail properties on the new object.


PS C:\> New-ADUser -Name "GlenJohn" -OtherAttributes @{'title'="director";'mail'="glenjohn@fabrikam.com"}

-------------------------- EXAMPLE 3 --------------------------

This command creates a new inetOrgPerson named GlenJohn on an AD LDS instance.


PS C:\> New-ADUser -Name "GlenJohn" -Type iNetOrgPerson -Path "DC=AppNC" -Server lds.Fabrikam.com:50000

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