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Disable-ADAccount

Applies To: Windows Server 2012

Disable-ADAccount

Disables an Active Directory account.

Syntax

Parameter Set: Default
Disable-ADAccount [-Identity] <ADAccount> [-AuthType <ADAuthType> ] [-Credential <PSCredential> ] [-Partition <String> ] [-PassThru] [-Server <String> ] [-Confirm] [-WhatIf] [ <CommonParameters>]




Detailed Description

The Disable-ADAccount cmdlet disables an Active Directory user, computer, or service account.

The Identity parameter specifies the Active Directory user, computer service account, or other service account that you want to disable. You can identify an account by its distinguished name (DN), GUID, security identifier (SID), or Security Accounts Manager (SAM) account name. You can also set the Identity parameter to an object variable such as $<localADAccountObject>, or you can pass an account object through the pipeline to the Identity parameter. For example, you can use the Get-ADUser cmdlet to retrieve a user account object and then pass the object through the pipeline to the Disable-Account cmdlet. Similarly, you can use Get-ADComputer and Search-ADAccount to retrieve account objects.

For AD LDS environments, the Partition parameter must be specified except in the following two conditions:

-The cmdlet is run from an Active Directory provider drive.

-A default naming context or partition is defined for the AD LDS environment. To specify a default naming context for an AD LDS environment, set the msDS-defaultNamingContext property of the Active Directory directory service agent (DSA) object (nTDSDSA) for the AD LDS instance.

Parameters

-AuthType<ADAuthType>

Specifies the authentication method to use. Possible values for this parameter include:

Negotiate or 0

Basic or 1

The default authentication method is Negotiate.

A Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) connection is required for the Basic authentication method.

The following example shows how to set this parameter to Basic.

-AuthType Basic


Aliases

none

Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

Microsoft.ActiveDirectory.Management.AuthType.Negotiate

Accept Pipeline Input?

false

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-Credential<PSCredential>

Specifies the user account credentials to use to perform this task. The default credentials are the credentials of the currently logged on user unless the cmdlet is run from an Active Directory PowerShell provider drive. If the cmdlet is run from such a provider drive, the account associated with the drive is the default.

To specify this parameter, you can type a user name, such as "User1" or "Domain01\User01" or you can specify a PSCredential object. If you specify a user name for this parameter, the cmdlet prompts for a password.

You can also create a PSCredential object by using a script or by using the Get-Credential cmdlet. You can then set the Credential parameter to the PSCredential object The following example shows how to create credentials.

$AdminCredentials = Get-Credential "Domain01\User01"

The following shows how to set the Credential parameter to these credentials.

-Credential $AdminCredentials

If the acting credentials do not have directory-level permission to perform the task, Active Directory PowerShell returns a terminating error.


Aliases

none

Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

false

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-Identity<ADAccount>

Specifies an Active Directory account object by providing one of the following property values. The identifier in parentheses is the LDAP display name for the attribute.

Distinguished Name

Example: CN=SaraDavis ,CN=Users,DC=corp,DC=contoso,DC=com

GUID (objectGUID)

Example: 599c3d2e-f72d-4d20-8a88-030d99495f20

Security Identifier (objectSid)

Example: S-1-5-21-3165297888-301567370-576410423-1103

SAM Account Name (sAMAccountName)

Example: saradavis

The cmdlet searches the default naming context or partition to find the object. If two or more objects are found, the cmdlet returns a non-terminating error.

This parameter can also get this object through the pipeline or you can set this parameter to an account object instance.

Derived types such as the following are also accepted:

Microsoft.ActiveDirectory.Management.ADUser

Microsoft.ActiveDirectory.Management.ADComputer

Microsoft.ActiveDirectory.Management.ADServiceAccount

This example shows how to set the parameter to a distinguished name.

-Identity "CN=saradavis,CN=Users,DC=corp,DC=contoso,DC=com"

This example shows how to set this parameter to an account object instance named "accountInstance".

-Identity $accountInstance


Aliases

none

Required?

true

Position?

1

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

true (ByValue)

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-Partition<String>

Specifies the distinguished name of an Active Directory partition. The distinguished name must be one of the naming contexts on the current directory server. The cmdlet searches this partition to find the object defined by the Identity parameter.

The following two examples show how to specify a value for this parameter.

-Partition "CN=Configuration,DC=EUROPE,DC=TEST,DC=CONTOSO,DC=COM"

-Partition "CN=Schema,CN=Configuration,DC=EUROPE,DC=TEST,DC=CONTOSO,DC=COM"

In many cases, a default value will be used for the Partition parameter if no value is specified. The rules for determining the default value are given below. Note that rules listed first are evaluated first and once a default value can be determined, no further rules will be evaluated.

In AD DS environments, a default value for Partition will be set in the following cases: - If the Identity parameter is set to a distinguished name, the default value of Partition is automatically generated from this distinguished name.

- If running cmdlets from an Active Directory provider drive, the default value of Partition is automatically generated from the current path in the drive.

- If none of the previous cases apply, the default value of Partition will be set to the default partition or naming context of the target domain.

In AD LDS environments, a default value for Partition will be set in the following cases:

- If the Identity parameter is set to a distinguished name, the default value of Partition is automatically generated from this distinguished name.

- If running cmdlets from an Active Directory provider drive, the default value of Partition is automatically generated from the current path in the drive.

- If the target AD LDS instance has a default naming context, the default value of Partition will be set to the default naming context. To specify a default naming context for an AD LDS environment, set the msDS-defaultNamingContext property of the Active Directory directory service agent (DSA) object (nTDSDSA) for the AD LDS instance.

- If none of the previous cases apply, the Partition parameter will not take any default value.


Aliases

none

Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

false

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-PassThru

Returns the new or modified object. By default (i.e. if -PassThru is not specified), this cmdlet does not generate any output.


Aliases

none

Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

false

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-Server<String>

Specifies the Active Directory Domain Services instance to connect to, by providing one of the following values for a corresponding domain name or directory server. The service may be any of the following: Active Directory Lightweight Domain Services, Active Directory Domain Services or Active Directory Snapshot instance.

Domain name values:

Fully qualified domain name

Examples: corp.contoso.com

NetBIOS name

Example: CORP

Directory server values:

Fully qualified directory server name

Example: corp-DC12.corp.contoso.com

NetBIOS name

Example: corp-DC12

Fully qualified directory server name and port

Example: corp-DC12.corp.contoso.com:3268

The default value for the Server parameter is determined by one of the following methods in the order that they are listed:

-By using Server value from objects passed through the pipeline.

-By using the server information associated with the Active Directory PowerShell provider drive, when running under that drive.

-By using the domain of the computer running Windows PowerShell.

The following example shows how to specify a full qualified domain name as the parameter value.

-Server "corp.contoso.com"


Aliases

none

Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

false

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-Confirm

Prompts you for confirmation before running the cmdlet.


Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

false

Accept Pipeline Input?

false

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-WhatIf

Shows what would happen if the cmdlet runs. The cmdlet is not run.


Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

false

Accept Pipeline Input?

false

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

<CommonParameters>

This cmdlet supports the common parameters: -Verbose, -Debug, -ErrorAction, -ErrorVariable, -OutBuffer, and -OutVariable. For more information, see    about_CommonParameters.

Inputs

The input type is the type of the objects that you can pipe to the cmdlet.

  • Microsoft.ActiveDirectory.Management.ADAccount

    An account object is received by the Identity parameter.

    Derived types, such as the following are also accepted:

    Microsoft.ActiveDirectory.Management.ADUser

    Microsoft.ActiveDirectory.Management.ADComputer

    Microsoft.ActiveDirectory.Management.ADServiceAccount


Outputs

The output type is the type of the objects that the cmdlet emits.

  • None

Notes

  • This cmdlet does not work with an Active Directory Snapshot.

    This cmdlet does not work with a read-only domain controller.

Examples

-------------------------- EXAMPLE 1 --------------------------

Description

-----------

Disables the account with SamAccountName: KimAB.


C:\PS>Disable-ADAccount -Identity KimAb

-------------------------- EXAMPLE 2 --------------------------

Description

-----------

Disables the account with DistinguishedName: "CN=Kim Abercrombie,OU=Finance,OU=UserAccounts,DC=FABRIKAM,DC=COM".


C:\PS>Disable-ADAccount -Identity "CN=Kim Abercrombie,OU=Finance,OU=UserAccounts,DC=FABRIKAM,DC=COM"

-------------------------- EXAMPLE 3 --------------------------

Description

-----------

Disables all accounts in the OU: "OU=Finance,OU=UserAccounts,DC=FABRIKAM,DC=COM".


C:\PS>Get-ADUser -Filter 'Name -like "*"' -SearchBase "OU=Finance,OU=UserAccounts,DC=FABRIKAM,DC=COM" | Disable-ADAccount

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