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Install Print and Document Services

Published: May 31, 2012

Updated: May 31, 2012

Applies To: Windows Server 2012



Before installing Print and Document Services in Windows Server 2012, consider the Printing and Scanning scenarios that your organization will benefit from and what kind of advanced features are required. In addition to local installation of role services, Windows Server 2012 Server Manager supports remote installation and configuration of role services and can be used to install Print and Document Services on a remote computer in your organization. You can then remotely manage your print server from your local computer. Start the Print Management console on your local computer, and then add the remote print server to the console.

The following sections outline the deployment scenarios for Print and Document Services and how to use Server Manager to install and perform the initial configuration of the features that make up a specific scenario.

Windows Server 2012 Print and Document Services consists of several different role services that can be installed individually to support basic functionality, or can be combined with other role services to provide more advanced features. When installing Print and Document Services features to support advanced functionality it is helpful to think of the scenarios that are enabled by those advanced features. Windows Server 2012 Server Manager will prompt the administrator to select the role services to be installed at the time of installation and to choose which role services are installed on each server in the deployment.

The Print Server role is used to create a Windows Print Server and includes the Print Management Console snap-in, which is useful for managing multiple printers or print servers and migrating printers to and from other Windows print servers.

The Internet Printing service creates a web site where users can manage print jobs on a Print Server. It also enables users who have the Internet Printing Client installed to use a web browser to connect and print to shared printers by using the Internet Printing Protocol (IPP).

The Line Printer Daemon service enables UNIX-based computers or other computers using the Line Printer Remote (LPR) service to print to shared printers on a Windows Print Server.

ImportantImportant
The LPD and LPR Services are deprecated starting with Windows Server 2012. Eventually, they will be completely removed from the product, but they are still available in this release. You should begin planning now to employ alternate methods for any applications, code, or usage that depend on these features. For more information about features or functionalities that have either been removed from the product in the current release or are planned for potential removal in subsequent releases, see Features Removed or Deprecated in Windows Server 2012.

The following section provides details of the new Server Manager user interface and how to use it to install the necessary role services needed for the chosen Print and Document role services.

Installation of all Print and Document Services roles are performed using the new Server Manager user interface for Windows Server "8" Beta. This new interface provides both local and remote server management and uses a series of plugins to manage specific server functions, role services, and deployment types.

The following is an example of the Server Manager Dashboard page, which is the first page that will be displayed when Server Manager is opened:

Server Manager Dashboard

Once the server that will host Print and Document services has been configured with initial settings, the role services can be installed using the Add Roles and Features method of Server Manager.

  1. Open Server Manager and click All Servers in the navigation pane.

  2. Click Manage in the Menu Bar and then click Add Roles and Features.

    ImportantImportant
    Server Manager prompts you to verify that the following prerequisites have been met:

    • The Administrator account has a strong password

    • Network settings, such as static IP addresses are configured

    • The latest security updates from Windows Update are installed

    Ensure these prerequisites have been met before continuing the installation.

  3. Click Next, select Role or feature-based Installation, and then click Next.

  4. On the Select destination server page, select the server to install the Print and Document Services on. The default server is the local server. Then click Next.

  5. On the Select server roles page, select Print and Document Services. Click Add Features to add the features that are required for Print and Document Services, then click Next.

  6. Click Next on the Select features page.

  7. On the Print and Document Services page, review the notes for the administrator and then click Next.

  8. On the Select role services page, choose the role services that you wish to install. By default, Print Server is selected automatically. If you select Internet Printing you must also add the required features by clicking Add Features. Click Next.

  9. If you added Internet Printing, verify the Web Server Role settings and click Next until the Confirm installation selections page is displayed. Click Install to install the required role services.

  10. The Installation progress page displays the status of the installation.

    Installation Progress
  11. When installation has finished, restart the server to complete the installation and configuration. To see the status of each component installation, open the Task Details by clicking on the Notifications flag.

To verify installation of the Print and Document role services, open Server Manager and click Print Services in the navigation pane. If the role services were successfully installed, Server Manager should display the name of the server in the list of Servers, and the Print Spooler service displays as Running in the Services tile:

Figure 6: Print and Document Services Installation Verification

Print and Document Services installation

The IIS Admin Service and the World Wide Web Publishing Service are required services for Internet Printing, so these services would also be present and a running on a server that has the Internet Printing role service installed.

The Print Server role can be installed on Server Core installations, and Windows Server 2012 now provides XPS and v4 driver support on both Full Server and Server Core installations.

  1. Server Core installations will start a command prompt by default. Type the following commands to start Windows PowerShell, load the Server Manager provider, and install the Print-Server role.

    PowerShell Logo Windows PowerShell commands

    PowerShell 
    ipmo ServerManager
    add-WindowsFeature Print-Server
    
  2. Restart the server. Before you can remotely configure the server you must follow the steps in the Remote Management of Server Core Print Servers section of this article.

  3. Printers and drivers can also be installed using Windows PowerShell if the server is to be managed locally. For more information, see Print Management cmdlets in the Microsoft TechNet Library web site.

You can install a Print Server with the Minimal Server Interface, with the following limitations:

  • Print Management Console email notifications will not work.

  • Extended View functions will not work.

    • Extended view includes printer web pages as well as viewing documents printing from the queue in Print Management console. However, you can still open the print queue to see jobs.

      If email notifications and Extended View functions are required, you should install the Server with a GUI option.

noteNote
For more information about server installations options, see Windows Server Installation Options.

Uninstalling role services with Server Manager must be done manually and on one server at a time. There is no Scenario Based Uninstall that will uninstall role services from multiple remote computers using a single wizard, but role services can be uninstalled from a remote computer by running Server Manager on any server in the deployment.

  1. Open Server Manager and click All Servers in the navigation pane.

  2. Click Manage in the Menu Bar and then click Remove Roles and Features.

  3. On the Before you begin page, click Next.

  4. On the Select destination server page, select the server that you want to remove the role services from and then click Next.

  5. Select the role services that you would like to remove on the Remove server roles screen and then click Next.

  6. Select the Features that you would like to remove (if any) on the Remove features screen and then click Next.

  7. Click Remove on the Confirm removal selections page.

  8. Repeat steps 1-7 for each server that you wish to remove role services from.

See Also

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