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Create the Cfg.ini File

Published: July 9, 2012

Updated: October 4, 2012

Applies To: Windows Server 2012 Essentials

The cfg.ini file is used to automate an installation of the operating system in the following scenario:

  • When testing the experience of the end user with a preinstalled image on the target computer, the Initial Configuration section is used to walk through the installation in either an attended or unattended mode. To do this, see Create the Initial Configuration section.

Use the Initial Configuration section in the cfg.ini file to walk through the installation in either an attended or unattended mode.

  1. Open the cfg.ini file in Notepad if it exists; otherwise, create a new file.

  2. Add the following text to create an InitialConfiguration section.

    
    [InitialConfiguration]
    ;Optional, display language can only be one of the installed language
    Language=en-us
    ;Optional, The name of a script that runs after setupComplete.cmd but before the initial configuration begins.
    ;Optional
    Locale=en-us
    ;Optional
    Country=US
    ;Optional
    Keyboard=0409:00000409
    AcceptEula=true
    ;This is only required on a server where an OEM EULA has been specified 
    ;by using the OOBE.xml file
    AcceptOEMEula=true
    ;Optional. Example: My Company Name
    CompanyName=EnterCompanyName
    ServerName=EnterServerName
    ; Example: CONTOSO
    NetbiosName=EnterNetbiosDomainName
    ; Example: contoso.local
    DNSName=EnterDNSDomain 
    ; Used to set the user name for the domain admin
    UserName=EnterDomainAdminUserName
    ;The password has to be strong and at least 8 characters
    PlainTextPassword=EnterAdminPassword
    ;. Used to set the user name for the domain standard user account. Ignored in migration mode.
    StdUserName=EnterDomainStandardUserName
    ;. The password for the domain standard user account has to be strong and at least 8 characters
    StdUserPlainTextPassword=EnterStandardUserPassword
    ;Controls the Watson and automatic update settings
    Settings=All or Updates or None
    WebDomainName=www.abc.com
    TrustedCertFileName=c:\cert\a.pfx
    TrustedCertPassword=Enteryourpassword
    EnableVPN=true
    EnableRWA=true
    IPv4DNSForwarder=<IPV4Address,IPV4Address,…>
    IPv6DNSForwarder=<IPV6Address,IPV6Address,…>
    VpnIPv4StartAddress=<IPV4Address>
    VpnIPv4EndAddress=<IPV4Address>
    VpnBaseIPv6Address=<IPV6Address>
    VpnIPv6PrefixLength=<number>
    ;All these section are optional.
     [PostOSInstall]
    ;Optional, The name of a script that runs after setupComplete.cmd but before the initial configuration begins.
    
    
    IsHosted=true
    StaticIPv4Address=<IPV4Address>
    StaticIPv4Gateway=<IPV4Address>
    StaticIPv4SubnetMask=<IPV4SubnetMask> 
    StaticIPv6Address=<IPV6Address>
    StaticIPv6SubnetPrefixLength=<number>
    StaticIPv6Gateway=<IPV6Address>
    ClientBackupOn=true
    FileHistoryOn=true
    LaunchPadHiddenTasks=<Microsoft.LaunchPad.AdminDashboard,Microsoft.LaunchPad.Backup>
    
    
    noteNote
    An option to select a different language during Initial Configuration is not provided. If the system is reset, the language of the operating system will be the one that was originally installed.

     

    Parameter Name Parameter Description

    AcceptEula

    Indicates that the user accepts the Microsoft Software License Terms. The value can equal True or False, but the installation proceeds only if this is set to True.

    AcceptOEMEula

    (Optional) Indicates that the user accepts the partner license agreement. The value can equal True or False. This field is required only if the server was purchased from a partner that provided a separate license agreement.

    CompanyName

    (Optional) Name of the company. Your company name is used to associate your server with your company and to customize your company reports. Can be up to 254 characters long.

    Country

    (Optional) String representing the desired country/region. Example: US for United States.

    ServerName

    The server name uniquely identifies the server on the network. Your server name must meet the following criteria:

    • Can be up to 15 characters long.

    • Can contain letters, numbers and hyphens (-).

    • Must not start with a hyphen.

    • Must not contain any spaces.

    • Must not contain only numbers.

    Example: ContosoServer.

    DNSName

    An internal domain groups the server and client computers together to share a common database of user names, passwords, and other common information. Users see this name when they log on to their computers, but it is used internal only, and it is not the same as an Internet domain name. The internal domain name must meet the same criteria that are specified for the ServerName.

    Example: contoso.local.

    NetbiosName

    A NetBIOS name is used to identify resources that are running on the server. It can be up to 15 characters long. Example: Contoso.

    Language

    (Optional) Specifies the display language. It can only be one of the installed languages. Example: en-us for English as used in the United States.

    Locale

    (Optional) Specifies the time and currency format by using a LocaleID format. Example: en-us for currency and time displayed in English and formatted according to standards used in the United States.

    Keyboard

    The keyboard can be in the following two formats:

    • input language:keyboard layout. For example 0409:00000409, where 0409 before : is the input language, and 00000409 is the keyboard layout. You can find the list of keyboard layout under the registry key HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\ControlSet001\Control\Keyboard Layouts.

    • input language: the IME identifier. Below is a full list of IME identifiers.

      • {E429B25A-E5D3-4D1F-9BE3-0C608477E3A1}{8F96574E-C86C-4bd6-9666-3F7327D4CBE8} Amharic Input Method

      • {81d4e9c9-1d3b-41bc-9e6c-4b40bf79e35e}{FA550B04-5AD7-411F-A5AC-CA038EC515D7} Microsoft Pinyin - Simple Fast (Chinese Simplified)

      • {531FDEBF-9B4C-4A43-A2AA-960E8FCDC732}{B2F9C502-1742-11D4-9790-0080C882687E} Chinese (Traditional) - New Phonetic

      • {531FDEBF-9B4C-4A43-A2AA-960E8FCDC732}{4BDF9F03-C7D3-11D4-B2AB-0080C882687E} Chinese (Traditional) - ChangJie

      • {531FDEBF-9B4C-4A43-A2AA-960E8FCDC732}{6024B45F-5C54-11D4-B921-0080C882687E} Chinese (Traditional) - Quick

      • {E429B25A-E5D3-4D1F-9BE3-0C608477E3A1}{D38EFF65-AA46-4FD5-91A7-67845FB02F5B} Chinese Traditional Array

      • {E429B25A-E5D3-4D1F-9BE3-0C608477E3A1}{037B2C25-480C-4D7F-B027-D6CA6B69788A} Chinese Traditional DaYi

      • {03B5835F-F03C-411B-9CE2-AA23E1171E36}{A76C93D9-5523-4E90-AAFA-4DB112F9AC76} Microsoft IME (Japanese)

      • {A028AE76-01B1-46C2-99C4-ACD9858AE02F}{B5FE1F02-D5F2-4445-9C03-C568F23C99A1} Microsoft IME (Korean)

      • {A1E2B86B-924A-4D43-80F6-8A820DF7190F}{B60AF051-257A-46BC-B9D3-84DAD819BAFB} Old Hangul IME (Korean)

      • {E429B25A-E5D3-4D1F-9BE3-0C608477E3A1}{409C8376-007B-4357-AE8E-26316EE3FB0D} Yi Input Method

      • {E429B25A-E5D3-4D1F-9BE3-0C608477E3A1}{3CAB88B7-CC3E-46A6-9765-B772AD7761FF} Tigrinya Input Method

    Settings

    Sets the user selection for updates. Use one of the following values:

    • All equals “Use recommended settings”.

    • Updates equals “Install important updates. only”

    • None equals “Do not check for updates”.

    UserName

    The name of the new administrator account that is created during setup. Your administrator and standard user account names must meet the following criteria:

    • Can be up to 19 characters long.

    • Cannot contain / \ ” [ ] | < > + = ; , ? *

    • Must not start or end with a period.

    • Must not contain two consecutive periods.

    • Must not be the same as the server name or internal domain name.

    • Must not be the same as a predefined user name such as “Administrator” or “Guest”.

    PlainTextPassword

    This is the password for the new administrator account that is created during setup.

    • Must be at least eight characters long.

    • Must contain at least three out of the four following categories:

      • Upper case characters.

      • Lower case characters.

      • Numbers.

      • Symbols.

    StdUserName

    The name of the new standard user account that is created during setup. See the UserName parameter for requirements.

    StdUserPlainTextPassword

    The password for the standard user account that is created during setup.

    WebDomainName

    (Optional) Configure Internet domain name of the server. This file allows you to configure the domain name similar to the method used for manual configuration in the Domain Name Setup wizard.

    TrustedCertFileName

    (Optional) Configure Trusted Certificate for the domain name. This allows you to put an .PFX cert, which contains the private key.

    TrustedCertPassword

    (Optional) The password for importing the .PFX.

    EnableVPN

    (Optional) Turn on VPN by default.

    VpnIPv4StartAddress

    (Optional) Set VPN start address.

    VpnIPv4EndAddress

    (Optional) Set VPN end address.

    VpnBaseIPv6Address

    (Optional) Set base IPV6 address for VPN.

    VpnIPv6PrefixLength

    (Optional) Set the length of the prefix of VPN IPv6 address.

    IsHosted

    (Optional) Default value is false if not specified. Set this value if you set up this in hoster environment. It will disable router configuration.

    StaticIPv4Address

    (Optional) Specify static IP address if you want to configure a static IP address instead of a dynamic address.

    StaticIPv4Gateway

    (Optional) Specify default gateway address if you want to configure a static IP address instead of a dynamic address.

    StaticIPv4SubnetMask

    (Optional) Specify the subnet mask if you want to configure a static IP address instead of a dynamic address.

    StaticIPv6Address

    (Optional) Specify default IP address if you want to configure a static IP address instead of a dynamic address.

    StaticIPv6SubnetPrefixLength

    (Optional) Specify default IPV6 subnet prefix length if you want to configure a static IP address instead of a dynamic address.

    StaticIPv6Gateway

    (Optional) Specify default gateway address if you want to configure a static IP address instead of a dynamic one.

    ClientBackupOn

    (Optional) Turn off Client backup by default when new clients joined the server.

    FileHistoryOn

    (Optional) Turn off File History backup by default when new clients running Windows 8 Consumer Preview joined the server.

    EnableRWA

    It will enable Remote Web Access when installing Windows Server 2012 Essentials, but will skip router configuration. This is only supported in clean installation of the product. The default value is false.

    IPv4DNSForwarder

    Set IPv4 DNS Forwarder.

    IPv6DNSForwarder

    Set IPv6 DNS Forwarder.

    LaunchPadHiddenTasks

    • (Optional) You can hide Backup entry or/and Admin Dashboard entry on Launchpad.

    • To disable dashboard: LaunchPadHiddenTasks=Microsoft.LaunchPad.AdminDashboard

    • To disable backup: LaunchPadHiddenTasks=Microsoft.LaunchPad.Backup

    • To disable both backup and dashboard: LaunchPadHiddenTasks=Microsoft.LaunchPad.Backup,Microsoft.LaunchPad.AdminDashboard

  3. Save the file. Make sure that you save the file as cfg.ini, not cfg.ini.txt.

    noteNote
    You can save the file to a USB flash drive, which can be used for specific phases of the installation, or the cfg.ini file can be located at the root of any hard drive on the target server. You must ensure that the encoding for the file is set to ANSI or Unicode, UTF-8 encoding is not supported.

ImportantImportant
The Initial Configuration section of the cfg.ini should only be used by the end user to personalize the server or for a partner to test the user experience of the server by using an unattended answer file. This section of the file is not intended to be used for creating the image.

See Also

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