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Plan service deployment in SharePoint 2013

SharePoint 2013

Updated: March 19, 2013

Summary: Learn about the services on the Services on Server page in the SharePoint Central Administration website and deployment guidance for these services. Many of these services are associated with service applications.

Applies to:  SharePoint Foundation 2013 | SharePoint Server 2013 

In this article:

About Services on Server

The Services on Server page in Central Administration lists services that are started or stopped on specific servers in the farm. Some of these services are associated with service applications. After deploying service applications to the farm, go to the Services on Server page and make sure that the associated services are started on the appropriate servers. Some of these services are not associated with service applications.

note Note:

Note: Search components are deployed by using Windows PowerShell instead of the Services on Server page.

After planning the farm topology, use this article to make sure that the appropriate services on server are started for each server in the farm. This may not be necessary for small farms in which all of the service applications and services are run on one server or two redundant servers.

This article lists recommended configuration of services and service applications for two different architecture approaches:

  • Streamlined topologies — The distribution of services and other components in a farm is intended to maximize system resources of server hardware. Streamlined architectures include front-end servers, batch-processing servers, and database servers. You can use the Services on Server Install Worksheet for Streamlined Topologies to track decisions about which services are started on each server.

  • Traditional topologies — Topologies are based on traditional approaches to building architectures with Web servers, application servers, and database servers. You can use the Services on Server Install Worksheet for Traditional Topologies to track decisions about which services are started on each server.

For more information about these topology approaches, see the following models:

Services on server for streamlined topologies

Table: Service applications and Services on Server for streamlined topologies

Service application Services on server Server recommendation Additional information

Access Services

Access Services

Front-end server

Enables users of the Access 2013 client to create new Access service applications. View, edit, and interact with Access Services databases in a browser.

Access Services 2010

Access Database Service 2010

Front-end server

Allows continued maintenance of SharePoint 2010 Access service applications by using Access 2010 clients and Access 2013 clients. Does not allow users to create new applications.

App Management Service

App Management Service

Front-end server

Business Data Connectivity

Business Data Connectivity service

Front-end server

Excel Services

Excel Calculation Services

Front-end server or specialized server

Machine Translation Service

Machine Translation Service

Batch-processing server

The Machine Translation Service uses SharePoint OAuth for file management. The Machine Translation Service Application's app pool account needs permissions to the User Profile Application to function correctly. The Machine Translation Service connects to the Microsoft Translator online service. Microsoft Translator may collect some data to improve the quality of translations.

Managed Metadata Service

Managed Metadata Web Service

Front-end server

Microsoft SharePoint Foundation Subscription Settings Service

Microsoft SharePoint Foundation Subscription Settings Service

Front-end server

You must use Windows PowerShell to deploy this service. Start this service if you have deployed service applications in multi-tenant mode or if the farm includes sites that use site subscriptions. This service stores settings and configuration data for tenants in a multi-tenant environment. After you start this service, web applications consume the service automatically.

PerformancePoint

PerformancePoint Service

Batch-processing server or specialized server

PowerPoint Conversion

PowerPoint Conversion Service

Batch-processing server

This service converts PowerPoint presentations to other formats. It typically runs on one or more application servers. It starts one or more worker processes to perform conversions. When actively converting, a worker process may use up a complete processor core. Memory usage depends on the size and content of files being converted. You can use Windows PowerShell cmdlets to control the number of worker processes that are used. Several other configuration options are also available through Windows PowerShell cmdlets.

Search

Lotus Notes Connector

Batch-processing server or specialized servers for search

Refer to TechNet documentation to learn how to configure Lotus Notes Connector which crawls data on a Lotus Domino server.

Search

Search Host Controller Service

Servers that run search components

This service manages the search topology components. The service is automatically started on all servers that run search topology components.

Search

Search Query and Site Settings Service

Servers that run the query processing component

This service load balances queries within the search topology. It also detects farm-level changes to the search service and puts these in the Search Admin database. The service is automatically started on all servers that run the query processing component.

Search

SharePoint Server Search

Servers that run search components

This service crawls content for the search index. This service is automatically started on all servers that run search topology components. The service cannot be stopped or started from the Services on Server page.

Secure Store Service

Secure Store Service

Front-end server

Usage and Health Data Collection

This service application has no associated service on server.

User Profile

User Profile Service

Front-end server

User Profile

User Profile Synchronization Service

Batch-processing server

Visio Graphics Service

Visio Graphics Service

Front-end server

Word Automation Service

Word Automation Services

Batch-processing server

Performs automated bulk document conversions. When actively converting, this service will fully use one CPU for each worker process (configured in Central Administration). If the service is started on multiple servers, a job will be shared across all the servers.

Work Management

Work Management Service

Batch-processing server

Central Administration

Front-end server

This service runs the Central Administration site. It can be put on a batch-processing server if security policies of an organization mandate this.

Claims to Windows Token Service

Servers that run Excel Calculation Services and PerformancePoint as well as any other service applications that rely on this service to delegate a SharePoint user identity to an external data source

Distributed Cache

Front-end server OR Distributed Cache and Request Management tier (not both)

By default this service is started on all web servers and application servers in a farm.

Document Conversions Launcher Service

Batch-processing servers

Schedules and starts the document conversions on a server.

Document Conversions Load Balancer Service

Batch-processing servers

Balances document conversion requests from across the server farm. Each web application can have only one load balancer registered with it at a time.

Microsoft SharePoint Foundation Incoming E-Mail

Front-end servers

Typically, this service runs on a web server. If you have to isolate this service, you can start it on an application server.

Microsoft SharePoint Foundation Sandboxed Code Service

Front-end servers

Start this service on computers that run sandboxed code in the farm. This can include front-end servers and batch-processing servers. This service runs code that is deployed as part of a sandboxed solution in a remote, rights-restricted process and measures the server resources that are used during execution against a site collection-scoped, daily quota.

Microsoft SharePoint Foundation Web Application

Front-end servers, batch-processing servers, plus the Distributed Cache and Request Management servers if these servers are implemented

This service provides web server functionality. It is started by default on web servers. Custom features scoped to web applications may not display in Central Administration as intended if this service is not started on the server running Central Administration and if the feature cannot be deployed globally.

Microsoft SharePoint Foundation Workflow Timer Service

Batch-processing server

This service is automatically configured to run on all web servers in a farm.

Request Management

Distributed Cache and Request Management tier

In integrated mode, Request Management runs on all web servers in a farm. In dedicated mode servers in a separate Request Management farm are between the hardware load balancer and one or more SharePoint farms.

Services on Server for traditional topologies

Table: Service applications and Services on Server for traditional topologies

Service Application Services on Server Server Recommendation More information

Access Services 2010

Access Database Service 2010

Application Server

Allows continued maintenance of SharePoint 2010 Access service applications by using Access 2010 clients and Access 2013 clients. Does not allow users to create new applications.

Access Services

Access Services

Application Server

Allows creation of new Access service applications by using the Access 2013 client. View, edit, and interact with Access Services databases in a browser.

App Management Service

App Management Service

Application Server

Business Data Connectivity

Business Data Connectivity service

Application Server

Excel Calculation Services

Excel Calculation Services

Application Server

Machine Translation Service

Machine Translation Service

Application Server

The Machine Translation Service uses SharePoint OAuth for file management. The Machine Translation Service Application's app pool account needs permissions to the User Profile Application to function correctly. The Machine Translation Service connects to the Microsoft Translator online service. Microsoft Translator may collect some data to improve the quality of translations.

Managed Metadata Service

Managed Metadata Web Service

Application Server

Microsoft SharePoint Foundation Subscription Settings Service

Microsoft SharePoint Foundation Subscription Settings Service

Web server or application server

This service application is deployed only by using Windows PowerShell. In hosting environments, this service is typically started on one or more application servers. Start this service if you have deployed service applications in multi-tenant mode or if the farm includes sites that use site subscriptions. This service stores settings and configuration data for tenants in a multi-tenant environment. After it is started, web applications consume this service automatically.

PerformancePoint

PerformancePoint Service

Application server

PowerPoint Conversion

PowerPoint Conversion Service

Application Server

This service converts PowerPoint presentations to other formats. It typically runs on one or more application servers. It starts one or more worker processes to perform conversions. When actively converting, a worker process may use up a whole processor core. Memory usage depends on the size and content of files being converted. The number of worker processes that are used can be controlled through Windows PowerShell cmdlets. Several other configuration options are also available through Windows PowerShell cmdlets.

Search

Lotus Notes Connector

Application Server

Refer to TechNet documentation to learn how to configure Lotus Notes Connector which crawls data on a Lotus Domino server.

Search

Search Host Controller Service

Automatically configured to run on the appropriate application servers

This service manages the search topology components. The service is automatically started on all servers that run search topology components.

Search

Search Query and Site Settings Service

Automatically configured to run on the appropriate application servers

This service load balances queries within the search topology. It also detects farm-level changes to the search service and puts these in the Search Admin database. The service is automatically started on all servers that run the query processing component.

Search

SharePoint Server Search

Automatically configured to run on the appropriate application servers

This service crawls content for the search index. This service is automatically started on all servers that run search topology components. The service cannot be stopped or started from the Services on Server page.

Secure Store Service

Secure Store Service

Application server

Usage and Health Data Collection

NA

NA

This service application has no associated service on server.

User Profile

User Profile Service

Application server

User Profile

User Profile Synchronization Service

Application Server

Visio Graphics Service

Visio Graphics Service

Application server

Word Automation Service

Word Automation Services

Application server

Performs automated bulk document conversions. When actively converting, this service will fully use one CPU for each worker process (configured in Central Administration). If the service is started on multiple servers, a job will be shared across all the servers.

Work Management

Work Management Service

Application Server

Central Administration

Application Server

This service runs the SharePoint Central Administration website.

Claims to Windows Token Service

Web and application servers

This service is automatically configured to run on applicable servers.

Distributed Cache

Web and application servers

By default this service is started on all web servers and application servers in a farm.

Document Conversions Launcher Service

Application Server

Schedules and starts the document conversions on a server.

Document Conversions Load Balancer Service

Application Server

Balances document conversion requests from across the server farm. Each web application can have only one load balancer registered with it at a time.

Microsoft SharePoint Foundation Incoming E-Mail

Web server or application server

Typically, this service runs on a web server. If you need to isolate this service, you can start it on an application server.

Microsoft SharePoint Foundation Sandboxed Code Service

Web server or application server

Start this service on computers in the farm that run sandboxed code. This can include web servers and application servers. This service runs code that is deployed as part of a sandboxed solution in a remote, rights-restricted process and measures the server resources that are used during execution against a site collection-scoped, daily quota.

Microsoft SharePoint Foundation Web Application

Web server

Ensure that this service is started on all web servers in a farm. Stop this service on application servers. This service provides web server functionality. It is started by default on web servers. Custom features scoped to web applications may not display in Central Administration as intended if this service is not started on the server that runs Central Administration and if the feature cannot be deployed globally.

Microsoft SharePoint Foundation Workflow Timer Service

Web server

This service is automatically configured to run on all web servers in a farm.

Request Management

Web server or dedicated servers

In integrated mode, Request Management runs on all web servers in a farm. In dedicated mode servers in a separate Request Management farm are between the hardware load balancer and one or more SharePoint farms.

Change History

Date Description

March 19, 2013

Added the "Services on server for streamlined topologies" table.

July 16, 2012

Initial publication

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