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Get-NetIPsecMainModeRule

Windows Server 2012 R2 and Windows 8.1

Updated: March 6, 2014

Applies To: Windows 8.1, Windows PowerShell 4.0, Windows Server 2012 R2

Get-NetIPsecMainModeRule

Gets the IPsec main mode rules from the target computer.

Syntax

Parameter Set: ByAssociatedNetFirewallAddressFilter
Get-NetIPsecMainModeRule -AssociatedNetFirewallAddressFilter <CimInstance> [-AsJob] [-CimSession <CimSession[]> ] [-GPOSession <String> ] [-PolicyStore <String> ] [-ThrottleLimit <Int32> ] [-TracePolicyStore] [ <CommonParameters>]

Parameter Set: ByAssociatedNetFirewallProfile
Get-NetIPsecMainModeRule -AssociatedNetFirewallProfile <CimInstance> [-AsJob] [-CimSession <CimSession[]> ] [-GPOSession <String> ] [-PolicyStore <String> ] [-ThrottleLimit <Int32> ] [-TracePolicyStore] [ <CommonParameters>]

Parameter Set: ByAssociatedNetIPsecMainModeCryptoSet
Get-NetIPsecMainModeRule -AssociatedNetIPsecMainModeCryptoSet <CimInstance> [-AsJob] [-CimSession <CimSession[]> ] [-GPOSession <String> ] [-PolicyStore <String> ] [-ThrottleLimit <Int32> ] [-TracePolicyStore] [ <CommonParameters>]

Parameter Set: ByAssociatedNetIPsecPhase1AuthSet
Get-NetIPsecMainModeRule -AssociatedNetIPsecPhase1AuthSet <CimInstance> [-AsJob] [-CimSession <CimSession[]> ] [-GPOSession <String> ] [-PolicyStore <String> ] [-ThrottleLimit <Int32> ] [-TracePolicyStore] [ <CommonParameters>]

Parameter Set: ByDisplayName
Get-NetIPsecMainModeRule -DisplayName <String[]> [-AsJob] [-CimSession <CimSession[]> ] [-GPOSession <String> ] [-PolicyStore <String> ] [-ThrottleLimit <Int32> ] [-TracePolicyStore] [ <CommonParameters>]

Parameter Set: ByName
Get-NetIPsecMainModeRule [-Name] <String[]> [-AsJob] [-CimSession <CimSession[]> ] [-GPOSession <String> ] [-PolicyStore <String> ] [-ThrottleLimit <Int32> ] [-TracePolicyStore] [ <CommonParameters>]

Parameter Set: ByQuery
Get-NetIPsecMainModeRule [-AsJob] [-CimSession <CimSession[]> ] [-Description <String[]> ] [-DisplayGroup <String[]> ] [-Enabled <Enabled[]> ] [-GPOSession <String> ] [-Group <String[]> ] [-MainModeCryptoSet <String[]> ] [-Phase1AuthSet <String[]> ] [-PolicyStore <String> ] [-PolicyStoreSource <String[]> ] [-PolicyStoreSourceType <PolicyStoreType[]> ] [-PrimaryStatus <PrimaryStatus[]> ] [-Status <String[]> ] [-ThrottleLimit <Int32> ] [-TracePolicyStore] [ <CommonParameters>]

Parameter Set: GetAll
Get-NetIPsecMainModeRule [-All] [-AsJob] [-CimSession <CimSession[]> ] [-GPOSession <String> ] [-PolicyStore <String> ] [-ThrottleLimit <Int32> ] [-TracePolicyStore] [ <CommonParameters>]




Detailed Description

The Get-NetIPsecMainModeRule cmdlet returns the instances of main mode rules that match the search parameters from the user. See the New-NetIPsecMainModeRule cmdlet for more information.

This cmdlet returns main mode rules by specifying the Name parameter (default), the DisplayName parameter, rule properties, or by associated filters or objects. The queried rules can be placed into variables and piped into other cmdlets for further modifications or monitoring.

When a cmdlet with the get noun for any firewall, IPsec, or main mode rule is run, notice that common conditions like addresses or ports do not appear. These conditions are represented in separate objects called filters. The filter-to-rule relationship is always one-to-one and is managed automatically. If a query for rules based on these fields (ports, addresses, security, interfaces, or services) is requested, then the filter objects will need to be retrieved with the corresponding cmdlet with the Get verb. See the Get-NetFirewallAddressFilter, Get-NetFirewallApplicationFilter, Get-NetFirewallInterfaceFilter, Get-NetFirewallInterfaceTypeFilter, Get-NetFirewallPortFilter, Get-NetFirewallProfile, Get-NetFirewallSecurityFilter, Get-NetFirewallServiceFilter, or Get-NetFirewallRule cmdlet for more information.

Parameters

-All

Indicates that all of the main mode rules within the specified policy store are retrieved.


Aliases

none

Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

false

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-AsJob

Runs the cmdlet as a background job. Use this parameter to run commands that take a long time to complete. The cmdlet immediately returns an object that represents the job and then displays the command prompt. You can continue to work in the session while the job completes. To manage the job, use the *-Job cmdlets. To get the job results, use the Receive-Job cmdlet. For more information about Windows PowerShell® background jobs, see about_Jobs.


Aliases

none

Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

false

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-AssociatedNetFirewallAddressFilter<CimInstance>

Gets only the main mode rules that are associated with the given address filter to be retrieved.
A NetFirewallAddressFilter object represents the address conditions associated with a rule. See the Get-NetFirewallAddressFilter cmdlet for more information.


Aliases

none

Required?

true

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

True (ByValue)

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-AssociatedNetFirewallProfile<CimInstance>

Gets the firewall rules that are associated with the given port filter to be retrieved.
A NetFirewallPortFilter object represents the profile conditions associated with a rule. See the Get-NetFirewallProfile cmdlet for more information.


Aliases

none

Required?

true

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

True (ByValue)

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-AssociatedNetIPsecMainModeCryptoSet<CimInstance>

Gets the main mode rules that are associated, via the pipeline, with the input main mode cryptographic set to be retrieved.
A NetIPsecMainModeCryptoSet object represents a main mode cryptographic conditions associated with a main mode rule. This parameter sets the methods for the main mode negotiation by describing the proposals for encryption. See the Get-NetIPsecMainModeCryptoSet cmdlet for more information.
Alternatively, the MainModeCryptoSet parameter can be used for the same purpose, but does not allow the cryptographic set to be piped into this cmdlet and the set must be specified with the Name parameter.


Aliases

none

Required?

true

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

True (ByValue)

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-AssociatedNetIPsecPhase1AuthSet<CimInstance>

Gets the main mode rules that are associated with the given phase 1 authentication set to be retrieved.
A NetIPsecPhase1AuthSet object represents the phase 1 authorization set conditions associated with an IPsec or main mode rule. This parameter sets the methods for main mode negotiation by describing the proposals for computer authentication. See the Get-NetIPsecPhase1AuthSet cmdlet for more information.
Alternatively, the Phase1AuthSet parameter can be used for the same purpose, but does not allow the authentication set to be piped into the cmdlet and the set must be specified with the Name parameter.


Aliases

none

Required?

true

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

True (ByValue)

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-CimSession<CimSession[]>

Runs the cmdlet in a remote session or on a remote computer. Enter a computer name or a session object, such as the output of a New-CimSession or Get-CimSession cmdlet. The default is the current session on the local computer.


Aliases

Session

Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

false

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-Description<String[]>

Specifies that matching main mode rules of the indicated description are retrieved. Wildcard characters are accepted.
This parameter provides information about the main mode rule. This parameter specifies a localized, user-facing description of the object.


Aliases

none

Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

false

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-DisplayGroup<String[]>

Specifies that only matching main mode rules of the indicated group association are retrieved. Wildcard characters are accepted.
The Group parameter specifies the source string for this parameter. If the value for this parameter is a localizable string, then the Group parameter contains an indirect string. Rule groups can be used to organize rules by influence and allows batch rule modifications. Using the Set-NetIPsecMainModeRule cmdlet, if the group name is specified for a set of rules or sets, then all of the rules or sets in that group receive the same set of modifications. It is good practice to specify the Group parameter with a universal and world-ready indirect @FirewallAPI name.
Note: This parameter cannot be specified upon object creation using the New-NetIPsecMainModeRule cmdlet, but can be modified using dot notation and the Set-NetIPsecMainModeRule cmdlet.


Aliases

none

Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

false

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-DisplayName<String[]>

Specifies that only matching main mode rules of the indicated display name are retrieved. Wildcard characters are accepted.
This parameter specifies the localized, user-facing name of the main mode rule. When creating a rule this parameter is required. This parameter value is locale-dependent. If the object is not modified, this parameter value may change in certain circumstances. When writing scripts in multi-lingual environments, the Name parameter should be used instead, where the default value is a randomly assigned value.
Note: This parameter cannot be All.


Aliases

none

Required?

true

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

false

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-Enabled<Enabled[]>

Specifies that matching main mode rules of the indicated state are retrieved.
This parameter specifies that the rule object is administratively enabled or administratively disabled. The acceptable values for this parameter are: 
-- True: Specifies the rule is currently enabled.
-- False: Specifies the rule is currently disabled. A disabled rule will not actively modify computer behavior, but the rule still exists on the computer so it can be re-enabled.


Aliases

none

Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

false

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-GPOSession<String>

Specifies the network Group Policy Objects (GPO) from which to retrieve the rules to be retrieved.
This parameter is used in the same way as the PolicyStore parameter. When modifying GPOs in Windows PowerShell®, each change to a GPO requires the entire GPO to be loaded, modified, and saved back. On a busy Domain Controller (DC), this can be a slow and resource-heavy operation. A GPO Session loads a domain GPO onto the local computer and makes all changes in a batch, before saving it back. This reduces the load on the DC and speeds up the Windows PowerShell cmdlets. To load a GPO Session, use the Open-NetGPO cmdlet. To save a GPO Session, use the Save-NetGPO cmdlet.


Aliases

none

Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

false

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-Group<String[]>

Specifies that only matching main mode rules of the indicated group association are retrieved. Wildcard characters are accepted.
This parameter specifies the source string for the DisplayGroup parameter. If the DisplayGroup parameter value is a localizable string, then this parameter contains an indirect string. Rule groups can be used to organize rules by influence and allows batch rule modifications. Using the Set-NetIPsecMainModeRule cmdlet, if the group name is specified for a set of rules or sets, then all of the rules or sets in that group receive the same set of modifications. It is good practice to specify this parameter with a universal and world-ready indirect @FirewallAPI name.
Note: The DisplayGroup parameter cannot be specified upon object creation using the New-NetIPsecMainModeRule cmdlet, but can be modified using dot notation and the Set-NetIPsecMainModeRule cmdlet.


Aliases

none

Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

false

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-MainModeCryptoSet<String[]>

Gets the IPsec main mode rules that are associated with the given main mode cryptographic set to be retrieved.
This parameter specifies, by name, the main mode cryptographic set to be associated with the main mode rule.
A NetIPsecMainModeCryptoSet object represents a main mode cryptographic conditions associated with a main mode rule. This parameter sets the methods for main mode negotiation by describing the proposals for encryption. This is only associated with main mode rules. See the Get-NetIPsecMainModeCryptoSet cmdlet for more information. Alternatively, the AssociatedNetIPsecMainModeCryptoSet parameter can be used for the same purpose, but is used to pipe the input set into the rule.
Note: When specifying cryptographic sets, the Name parameter value of the cryptographic set must be used. The object cannot be directly passed into this cmdlet.


Aliases

none

Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

false

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-Name<String[]>

Specifies that only matching main mode rules of the indicated name are retrieved. Wildcard characters are accepted.
This parameter acts just like a file name, in that only one rule with a given name may exist in a policy store at a time. During group policy processing and policy merge, rules that have the same name but come from multiple stores being merged, will overwrite one another so that only one exists. This overwriting behavior is desirable if the rules serve the same purpose. For instance, all of the firewall rules have specific names, so if an administrator can copy these rules to a GPO, and the rules will override the local versions on a local computer. Since GPOs can have precedence, if an administrator that gives a rule with a different or more specific rule the same name in a higher-precedence GPO, then it overrides other rules that exist.
The default value is a randomly assigned value.
When the defaults for main mode encryption are overridden, specify the customized parameters and set this flag, making it the new default setting for encryption.


Aliases

ID

Required?

true

Position?

1

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

false

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-Phase1AuthSet<String[]>

Gets the main mode rules that are associated with the given phase 1 authentication set to be retrieved.
This parameter specifies, by name, the phase 1 authentication set to be associated with the main mode rule.
A NetIPsecPhase1AuthSet object represents the phase 1 authentication conditions associated with an IPsec or main mode rule. This parameter sets the methods for main mode negotiation by describing the proposals for computer authentication. See the New-NetIPsecAuthProposal cmdlet of more information. Alternatively, the AssociatedNetIPsecPhase1AuthSet parameter can be used for the same purpose, but is used to pipe the input set into the rule.


Aliases

none

Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

false

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-PolicyStore<String>

Specifies the policy store from which to retrieve the rules to be retrieved.
A policy store is a container for firewall and IPsec policy.
The acceptable values for this parameter are: 
-- PersistentStore: Sometimes called static rules, this store contains the persistent policy for the local computer. This policy is not from GPOs, and has been created manually or programmatically (during application installation) on the computer. Rules created in this store are attached to the ActiveStore and activated on the computer immediately.
-- ActiveStore: This store contains the currently active policy, which is the sum of all policy stores that apply to the computer. This is the resultant set of policy (RSOP) for the local computer (the sum of all GPOs that apply to the computer), and the local stores (the PersistentStore, the static Windows service hardening (WSH), and the configurable WSH).
---- GPOs are also policy stores. Computer GPOs can be specified as follows.
------ –PolicyStore hostname.
---- Active Directory GPOs can be specified as follows.
------ –PolicyStore domain.fqdn.com\GPO_Friendly_Name.
------ Such as the following.
-------- -PolicyStore localhost
-------- -PolicyStore corp.contoso.com\FirewallPolicy
---- Active Directory GPOs can be created using the New-GPO cmdlet or the Group Policy Management Console.
-- RSOP: This read-only store contains the sum of all GPOs applied to the local computer.
-- SystemDefaults: This read-only store contains the default state of firewall rules that ship with Windows Server® 2012.
-- StaticServiceStore: This read-only store contains all the service restrictions that ship with Windows Server 2012. Optional and product-dependent features are considered part of Windows Server 2012 for the purposes of WFAS.
-- ConfigurableServiceStore: This read-write store contains all the service restrictions that are added for third-party services. In addition, network isolation rules that are created for Windows Store application containers will appear in this policy store.
The default value is PersistentStore.
Note: The Set-NetIPsecMainModeRule cmdlet cannot be used to add an object to a policy store. An object can only be added to a policy store at creation time with the Copy-NetIPsecMainModeRule cmdlet or with the New-NetIPsecMainModeRule cmdlet.


Aliases

none

Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

false

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-PolicyStoreSource<String[]>

Specifies that main mode rules that match the indicated policy store source are retrieved.
This parameter contains a path to the policy store where the rule originated if the object is retrieved from the ActiveStore with the TracePolicyStoreSource option set. This parameter value is automatically generated and should not be modified.
The monitoring output from this parameter is not completely compatible with the PolicyStore parameter. This parameter value cannot always be passed into the PolicyStore parameter. Domain GPOs are one example in which this parameter contains only the GPO name, not the domain name.


Aliases

none

Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

false

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-PolicyStoreSourceType<PolicyStoreType[]>

Specifies the type of policy store where the rule originated if the object is retrieved from the ActiveStore with the TracePolicyStoreSource option set. This parameter value is automatically generated and should not be modified.
The acceptable values for this parameter are: 
-- Local: The object originates from the local store.
-- GroupPolicy: The object originates from a GPO.
-- Dynamic: The object originates from the local runtime state. This policy store name is not valid for use in the cmdlets, but may appear when monitoring active policy.
-- Generated: The object was generated automatically. This policy store name is not valid for use in the cmdlets, but may appear when monitoring active policy.
-- Hardcoded: The object was hard-coded. This policy store name is not valid for use in the cmdlets, but may appear when monitoring active policy.


Aliases

none

Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

false

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-PrimaryStatus<PrimaryStatus[]>

Specifies that main mode rules that match the indicated primary status are retrieved.
This parameter describes the overall status of the rule.
-- OK: Specifies that the rule will work as specified.
-- Degraded: Specifies that one or more parts of the rule will not be enforced.
-- Error: Specifies that the computer is unable to use the rule at all.
See the Status and StatusCode fields of the object for more detailed status information.


Aliases

none

Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

false

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-Status<String[]>

Specifies that main mode rules that match the indicated status are retrieved.
This parameter describes the status message for the specified status code value. The status code is a numerical value that indicates any syntax, parsing, or runtime errors in the rule. This parameter value should not be modified.


Aliases

none

Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

false

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-ThrottleLimit<Int32>

Specifies the maximum number of concurrent operations that can be established to run the cmdlet. If this parameter is omitted or a value of 0 is entered, then Windows PowerShell® calculates an optimum throttle limit for the cmdlet based on the number of CIM cmdlets that are running on the computer. The throttle limit applies only to the current cmdlet, not to the session or to the computer.


Aliases

none

Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

false

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-TracePolicyStore

Indicates that the main mode rules that match the indicated policy store are retrieved.
This parameter specifies that the name of the source GPO is queried and set to the PolicyStoreSource parameter value.


Aliases

none

Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

false

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

<CommonParameters>

This cmdlet supports the common parameters: -Verbose, -Debug, -ErrorAction, -ErrorVariable, -OutBuffer, and -OutVariable. For more information, see    about_CommonParameters.

Inputs

The input type is the type of the objects that you can pipe to the cmdlet.

  • Microsoft.Management.Infrastructure.CimInstance#root\StandardCimv2\AssociatedNetIPsecMainModeCryptoSet

    The Microsoft.Management.Infrastructure.CimInstance object is a wrapper class that displays Windows Management Instrumentation (WMI) objects. The path after the pound sign (#) provides the namespace and class name for the underlying WMI object.


  • Microsoft.Management.Infrastructure.CimInstance#root\StandardCimv2\MSFT_NetAddressFilter

    The Microsoft.Management.Infrastructure.CimInstance object is a wrapper class that displays Windows Management Instrumentation (WMI) objects. The path after the pound sign (#) provides the namespace and class name for the underlying WMI object.


  • Microsoft.Management.Infrastructure.CimInstance#root\StandardCimv2\MSFT_NetFirewallProfile

    The Microsoft.Management.Infrastructure.CimInstance object is a wrapper class that displays Windows Management Instrumentation (WMI) objects. The path after the pound sign (#) provides the namespace and class name for the underlying WMI object.


  • Microsoft.Management.Infrastructure.CimInstance#root\StandardCimv2\MSFT_NetIKEP1AuthSet

    The Microsoft.Management.Infrastructure.CimInstance object is a wrapper class that displays Windows Management Instrumentation (WMI) objects. The path after the pound sign (#) provides the namespace and class name for the underlying WMI object.


Outputs

The output type is the type of the objects that the cmdlet emits.

  • Microsoft.Management.Infrastructure.CimInstance#root\StandardCimv2\MSFT_NetMainModeRule[]

    The Microsoft.Management.Infrastructure.CimInstance object is a wrapper class that displays Windows Management Instrumentation (WMI) objects. The path after the pound sign (#) provides the namespace and class name for the underlying WMI object.


Examples

EXAMPLE 1

This example gets all of the main mode rules currently in the active store. Running this cmdlet without specifying the policy store retrieves the persistent store.


PS C:\> Get-NetIPsecMainModeRule –PolicyStore ActiveStore

EXAMPLE 2

This example gets a main mode rule and displays the parameters using the localized rule name of the rule.


PS C:\> Get-NetIPsecMainModeRule -DisplayName "First Authentication MM Rule"

EXAMPLE 3

This example gets all of the IPsec rules associated with the specified phase 1 authentication set.


PS C:\> Get-NetIPsecPhase1AuthSet –DisplayName "P1 Auth Set" | Get-NetIPsecMainModeRule

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