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Demoting Domain Controllers and Domains (Level 200)

Published: August 14, 2012

Updated: November 19, 2012

Applies To: Windows Server 2012



This topic explains how to remove AD DS, using Server Manager or Windows PowerShell.

Demote domain forest
CautionCaution
Removing the AD DS roles with Dism.exe or the Windows PowerShell DISM module after promotion to a Domain Controller is not supported and will prevent the server from booting normally.

Unlike Server Manager or the ADDSDeployment module for Windows PowerShell, DISM is a native servicing system that has no inherent knowledge of AD DS or its configuration. Do not use Dism.exe or the Windows PowerShell DISM module to uninstall the AD DS role unless the server is no longer a domain controller.

 

ADDSDeployment and ServerManager Cmdlets

Arguments (Bold arguments are required. Italicized arguments can be specified by using Windows PowerShell or the AD DS Configuration Wizard.)

Uninstall-AddsDomainController

-SkipPreChecks

-LocalAdministratorPassword

-Confirm

-Credential

-DemoteOperationMasterRole

-DNSDelegationRemovalCredential

-Force

-ForceRemoval

-IgnoreLastDCInDomainMismatch

-IgnoreLastDNSServerForZone

-LastDomainControllerInDomain

-Norebootoncompletion

-RemoveApplicationPartitions

-RemoveDNSDelegation

-RetainDCMetadata

Uninstall-WindowsFeature/Remove-WindowsFeature

-Name

-IncludeManagementTools

-Restart

-Remove

-Force

-ComputerName

-Credential

-LogPath

-Vhd

noteNote
The -credential argument is only required if you are not already logged on as a member of the Enterprise Admins group (demoting last DC in a domain) or the Domain Admins group (demoting a replica DC).The -includemanagementtools argument is only required if you want to remove all of the AD DS management utilities.

Server Manager offers two interfaces to removing the Active Directory Domain Services role:

  • The Manage menu on the main dashboard, using Remove Roles and Features

    Manage servers
  • Click AD DS or All Servers on the navigation pane. Scroll down to the Roles and Features section. Right-click Active Directory Domain Services in the Roles and Features list and click Remove Role or Feature. This interface skips the Server Selection page.

    Server Selection

The ServerManager cmdlets Uninstall-WindowsFeature and Remove-WindowsFeature prevent you from removing the AD DS role until you demote the domain controller.

Server Selection

The Server Selection dialog enables you to choose from one of the servers previously added to the pool, as long as it is accessible. The local server running Server Manager is always automatically available.

Server Roles

Clear the Active Directory Domain Services check box to demote a domain controller; if the server is currently a domain controller, this does not remove the AD DS role and instead switches to a Validation Results dialog with the offer to demote. Otherwise, it simply removes the binaries like any other role feature.

  • Do not remove any other AD DS-related roles or features - such as DNS, GPMC, or the RSAT tools - if you intend to promote the domain controller again immediately. Removing additional roles and feature increases the time to re-promote, as Server Manager reinstalls these features when you reinstall the role.

  • Remove unneeded AD DS roles and features at your own discretion if you intend to demote the domain controller permanently. This requires clearing the check boxes for those roles and features.

    The full list of AD DS-related roles and features include:

    • Active Directory Module for Windows PowerShell feature

    • AD DS and AD LDS Tools feature

    • Active Directory Administrative Center feature

    • AD DS Snap-ins and Command-line Tools feature

    • DNS Server

    • Group Policy Management Console

The equivalent ADDSDeployment and ServerManager Windows PowerShell cmdlets are:

Uninstall-addsdomaincontroller
Uninstall-windowsfeature

Remove Features Confirmation
Confirmation

You configure demotion options on the Credentials page. Provide the credentials necessary to perform the demotion from the following list:

  • Demoting an additional domain controller requires Domain Admin credentials. Selecting Force removal of the domain controller demotes the domain controller without removing the domain controller object’s metadata from Active Directory.

    WarningWarning
    Do not select this option unless the domain controller cannot contact other domain controllers and there is no reasonable way to resolve that network issue. Forced demotion leaves orphaned metadata in Active Directory on the remaining domain controllers in the forest. In addition, all un-replicated changes on that domain controller, such as passwords or new user accounts, are lost forever. Orphaned metadata is the root cause in a significant percentage of Microsoft Customer Support cases for AD DS, Exchange, SQL, and other software.

    If you forcibly demote a domain controller, you must manually perform metadata cleanup immediately. For steps, review Clean Up Server Metadata.

    Force Demote
  • Demoting the last domain controller in a domain requires Enterprise Admins group membership, as this removes the domain itself (if the last domain in the forest, this removes the forest). Server Manager informs you if the current domain controller is the last domain controller in the domain. Select the Last domain controller in the domain check box to confirm the domain controller is the last domain controller in the domain.

The equivalent ADDSDeployment Windows PowerShell arguments are:

-credential <pscredential>
-forceremoval <{ $true | false }>
-lastdomaincontrollerindomain <{ $true | false }>

Warnings

The Warnings page alerts you to the possible consequences of removing this domain controller. To continue, you must select Proceed with removal.

WarningWarning
If you previously selected Force the removal of this domain controller on the Credentials page, then the Warnings page shows all Flexible Single Master Operations roles hosted by this domain controller. You must seize the roles from another domain controller immediately after demoting this server. For more information on seizing FSMO roles, see Seize the Operations Master Role.

This page does not have an equivalent ADDSDeployment Windows PowerShell argument.

Review Options

The Removal Options page appears depending on previously selecting Last domain controller in the domain on the Credentials page. This page enables you to configure additional removal options. Select Ignore last DNS server for zone, Remove application partitions, and Remove DNS Delegation to expose the Next button.

The options only appear if applicable to this domain controller. For instance, if there is no DNS delegation for this server then that checkbox will not display.

Click Change to specify alternate DNS administrative credentials. Click View Partitions to view additional partitions the wizard removes during the demotion. By default, the only additional partitions are Domain DNS and Forest DNS Zones. All other partitions are non-Windows partitions.

The equivalent ADDSDeployment cmdlet arguments are:

-ignorelastdnsserverforzone <{ $true | false }>
-removeapplicationpartitions <{ $true | false }>
-removednsdelegation <{ $true | false }>
-dnsdelegationremovalcredential <pscredential>
New Admininstrator Password

The New Administrator Password page requires you to provide a password for the built-in local computer’s Administrator account, once the demotion completes and the computer becomes a domain member server or workgroup computer.

The Uninstall-ADDSDomainController cmdlet and arguments follow the same defaults as Server Manager if not specified.

The LocalAdministratorPassword argument is special:

  • If not specified as an argument, then the cmdlet prompts you to enter and confirm a masked password. This is the preferred usage when running the cmdlet interactively

  • If specified with a value, then the value must be a secure string. This is not the preferred usage when running the cmdlet interactively

For example, you can manually prompt for a password by using the Read-Host cmdlet to prompt the user for a secure string

-localadministratorpassword (read-host -prompt "Password:" -assecurestring)

WarningWarning
As the previous two options do not confirm the password, use extreme caution: the password is not visible

You can also provide a secure string as a converted clear-text variable, although this is highly discouraged. For example:

-localadministratorpassword (convertto-securestring "Password1" -asplaintext -force) 

WarningWarning
Providing or storing a clear text password is not recommended. Anyone running this command in a script or looking over your shoulder knows the local administrator password of that computer. With that knowledge, they have access to all of its data and can impersonate the server itself.

Confirmation

The Confirmation page shows the planned demotion; the page does not list demotion configuration options. This is the last page the wizard shows before the demotion begins. The View Script button creates a Windows PowerShell demotion script.

Click Demote to run the following AD DS Deployment cmdlet:

Uninstall-DomainController

Use the optional Whatif argument with the Uninstall-ADDSDomainController and cmdlet to review configuration information. This enables you to see the explicit and implicit values of a cmdlet's arguments.

For example:

Uninstall

The prompt to restart is your last opportunity to cancel this operation when using ADDSDeployment Windows PowerShell. To override that prompt, use the -force or confirm:$false arguments.

Confirmation

When the Demotion page displays, the domain controller configuration begins and cannot be halted or canceled. Detailed operations display on this page and write to logs:

  • %systemroot%\debug\dcpromo.log

  • %systemroot%\debug\dcpromoui.log

Since Uninstall-AddsDomainController and Uninstall-WindowsFeature only have one action apiece, they are shown here in the Confirmation phase with the minimum required arguments. Pressing ENTER starts the irrevocable demotion process and restarts the computer.

Uninstall Confirm Uninstall Windows Feature

To accept the reboot prompt automatically, use the -force or -confirm:$false arguments with any ADDSDeployment Windows PowerShell cmdlet. To prevent the server from automatically rebooting at the end of promotion, use the -norebootoncompletion:$false argument.

WarningWarning
Overriding the reboot is discouraged. The member server must reboot to function correctly.

Uninstall Example

Here is an example of forcibly demoting with its minimal required arguments of -forceremoval and -demoteoperationmasterrole. The -credential argument is not required because the user logged on as a member of the Enterprise Admins group:

Uninstall Example

Here is an example of removing the last domain controller in the domain with its minimal required arguments of -lastdomaincontrollerindomain and -removeapplicationpartitions:

Uninstall Example

If you attempt to remove the AD DS role before demoting the server, Windows PowerShell blocks you with an intentional error:

Uninstall-WindowsFeature : An uninstallation prerequisite step failed duringthe removal of AD-Domain-Services, and uninstallation cannot continue.1. The domain controller needs to be demoted before the Active DirectoryDomain Services Role can be uninstalled.
Uninstall Error
ImportantImportant
You must restart the computer after demoting the server before you can remove the AD-Domain-Services role binaries.

Confirmation

The Results page shows the success or failure of the promotion and any important administrative information. The domain controller will automatically reboot after 10 seconds.

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