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Sample: Create an on-premises user

Applies To: Microsoft Dynamics CRM 2013

This sample code is for Microsoft Dynamics CRM 2013 and Microsoft Dynamics CRM Online. Download the Microsoft Dynamics CRM SDK package. It can be found in the following location in the download package:

SampleCode\CS\BusinessDataModel\UsersAndRoles\CreateAUser.cs

SampleCode\VB\BusinessDataModel\UsersAndRoles\CreateAUser.vb

Requirements

For more information about the requirements for running the sample code provided in this SDK, see Use the sample and helper code.

Demonstrates

This sample shows how to create a user in an Active Directory environment using the IOrganizationService.Create method. A snippet showing just the key sections of the sample is shown first, followed by the Complete Sample Code.

Example


// Connect to the Organization service. 
// The using statement assures that the service proxy is properly disposed.
using (_serviceProxy = ServerConnection.GetOrganizationProxy(serverConfig))
{
    _serviceProxy.EnableProxyTypes();

    CreateRequiredRecords();

    // Retrieve the default business unit needed to create the user.
    QueryExpression businessUnitQuery = new QueryExpression
    {
        EntityName = BusinessUnit.EntityLogicalName,
        ColumnSet = new ColumnSet("businessunitid"),
        Criteria =
        {
            Conditions =
    {
        new ConditionExpression("parentbusinessunitid", 
            ConditionOperator.Null)
    }
        }
    };

    BusinessUnit defaultBusinessUnit = _serviceProxy.RetrieveMultiple(
        businessUnitQuery).Entities[0].ToEntity<BusinessUnit>();

    //Create a new system user.
    SystemUser user = new SystemUser
    {
        DomainName = _domain + _userName,
        FirstName = _firstName,
        LastName = _lastName,
        BusinessUnitId = new EntityReference
        {
            LogicalName = BusinessUnit.EntityLogicalName,
            Name = BusinessUnit.EntityLogicalName,
            Id = defaultBusinessUnit.Id
        }
    };

    Guid userId = _serviceProxy.Create(user);

    Console.WriteLine("Created a system user {0} for '{1}, {2}'", userId, _lastName, _firstName); 
}

Complete Sample Code


using System;
using System.ServiceModel;
using System.ServiceModel.Description;

// These namespaces are found in the Microsoft.Xrm.Sdk.dll assembly
// located in the SDK\bin folder of the SDK download.
using Microsoft.Xrm.Sdk;
using Microsoft.Xrm.Sdk.Query;
using Microsoft.Xrm.Sdk.Client;
using Microsoft.Crm.Sdk.Messages;

namespace Microsoft.Crm.Sdk.Samples
{
    /// <summary>
    /// Demonstrates how to do basic entity operations like create 
    /// a system user account.</summary>
    /// <remarks>
    /// At run-time, you will be given the option to delete all the
    /// database records created by this program.</remarks>
    public class CreateAUser
    {
        #region Class Level Members

        // Define the IDs needed for this sample.
        private String _domain = String.Empty;
        private String _userName = "dparker";
        private String _firstName = "Darren";
        private String _lastName = "Parker";
        private OrganizationServiceProxy _serviceProxy;

        #endregion Class Level Members

        #region How To Sample Code
        /// <summary>
        /// This method first connects to the Organization service. Afterwards,
        /// it creates a system user account with a given active directory account.
        /// Note: Creating a user is only supported in an on-premises/active directory environment.
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="serverConfig">Contains server connection information.</param>
        /// <param name="promptforDelete">When True, the user will be prompted to delete all
        /// created entities.</param>
        public void Run(ServerConnection.Configuration serverConfig, bool promptforDelete)
        {
            try
            {
                // Connect to the Organization service. 
                // The using statement assures that the service proxy is properly disposed.
                using (_serviceProxy = ServerConnection.GetOrganizationProxy(serverConfig))
                {
                    _serviceProxy.EnableProxyTypes();

                    CreateRequiredRecords();

                    // Retrieve the default business unit needed to create the user.
                    QueryExpression businessUnitQuery = new QueryExpression
                    {
                        EntityName = BusinessUnit.EntityLogicalName,
                        ColumnSet = new ColumnSet("businessunitid"),
                        Criteria =
                        {
                            Conditions =
                    {
                        new ConditionExpression("parentbusinessunitid", 
                            ConditionOperator.Null)
                    }
                        }
                    };

                    BusinessUnit defaultBusinessUnit = _serviceProxy.RetrieveMultiple(
                        businessUnitQuery).Entities[0].ToEntity<BusinessUnit>();

                    //Create a new system user.
                    SystemUser user = new SystemUser
                    {
                        DomainName = _domain + _userName,
                        FirstName = _firstName,
                        LastName = _lastName,
                        BusinessUnitId = new EntityReference
                        {
                            LogicalName = BusinessUnit.EntityLogicalName,
                            Name = BusinessUnit.EntityLogicalName,
                            Id = defaultBusinessUnit.Id
                        }
                    };

                    Guid userId = _serviceProxy.Create(user);

                    Console.WriteLine("Created a system user {0} for '{1}, {2}'", userId, _lastName, _firstName); 
                }
            }
            // Catch any service fault exceptions that Microsoft Dynamics CRM throws.
            catch (FaultException<Microsoft.Xrm.Sdk.OrganizationServiceFault>)
            {
                // You can handle an exception here or pass it back to the calling method.
                throw;
            }
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// Creates any entity records that this sample requires.
        /// </summary>
        public void CreateRequiredRecords()
        {
            // For this sample, all required entities are created in the Run() method.
            // Obtain the current user's information.
            WhoAmIRequest who = new WhoAmIRequest();
            WhoAmIResponse whoResp = (WhoAmIResponse)_serviceProxy.Execute(who);
            Guid currentUserId = whoResp.UserId;

            SystemUser currentUser =
                _serviceProxy.Retrieve(SystemUser.EntityLogicalName, 
                currentUserId, 
                new ColumnSet("domainname")).ToEntity<SystemUser>();

            // Extract the domain and create the LDAP object.
            String[] userPath = currentUser.DomainName.Split(new char[] { '\\' });
            if (userPath.Length > 1)
                _domain = userPath[0] + "\\";
            else
                _domain = String.Empty;

            SystemUser existingUser = SystemUserProvider.GetUserIdIfExist(_serviceProxy,
                _domain, _userName, _firstName, _lastName);

            if(existingUser != null)
                throw new Exception("User already exist!");

            // Set up an Active Directory account in the current domain for this sample.
            String ldapPath = String.Empty;
            Boolean accountSetup = SystemUserProvider.CreateADAccount(_userName, 
                _firstName, _lastName, _serviceProxy, ref ldapPath);
            if (accountSetup)
                Console.WriteLine("An AD account created for '{0}, {1}'", _lastName, _firstName);
            else
                Console.WriteLine("AD account already exist for '{0}, {1}'", _lastName, _firstName);
        }

        #endregion How To Sample Code

        #region Main method

        /// <summary>
        /// Standard Main() method used by most SDK samples.
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="args"></param>
        static public void Main(string[] args)
        {
            try
            {
                // Obtain the target organization's web address and client logon 
                // credentials from the user.
                ServerConnection serverConnect = new ServerConnection();
                ServerConnection.Configuration config = serverConnect.GetServerConfiguration();

                CreateAUser app = new CreateAUser();
                app.Run( config, true );
            }
            catch (FaultException<Microsoft.Xrm.Sdk.OrganizationServiceFault> ex)
            {
                Console.WriteLine("The application terminated with an error.");
                Console.WriteLine("Timestamp: {0}", ex.Detail.Timestamp);
                Console.WriteLine("Code: {0}", ex.Detail.ErrorCode);
                Console.WriteLine("Message: {0}", ex.Detail.Message);
                Console.WriteLine("Trace: {0}", ex.Detail.TraceText);
                Console.WriteLine("Inner Fault: {0}",
                    null == ex.Detail.InnerFault ? "No Inner Fault" : "Has Inner Fault");
            }
            catch (System.TimeoutException ex)
            {
                Console.WriteLine("The application terminated with an error.");
                Console.WriteLine("Message: {0}", ex.Message);
                Console.WriteLine("Stack Trace: {0}", ex.StackTrace);
                Console.WriteLine("Inner Fault: {0}",
                    null == ex.InnerException.Message ? "No Inner Fault" : ex.InnerException.Message);
            }
            catch (System.Exception ex)
            {
                Console.WriteLine("The application terminated with an error.");
                Console.WriteLine(ex.Message);

                // Display the details of the inner exception.
                if (ex.InnerException != null)
                {
                    Console.WriteLine(ex.InnerException.Message);

                    FaultException<Microsoft.Xrm.Sdk.OrganizationServiceFault> fe = ex.InnerException
                        as FaultException<Microsoft.Xrm.Sdk.OrganizationServiceFault>;
                    if (fe != null)
                    {
                        Console.WriteLine("Timestamp: {0}", fe.Detail.Timestamp);
                        Console.WriteLine("Code: {0}", fe.Detail.ErrorCode);
                        Console.WriteLine("Message: {0}", fe.Detail.Message);
                        Console.WriteLine("Trace: {0}", fe.Detail.TraceText);
                        Console.WriteLine("Inner Fault: {0}",
                            null == fe.Detail.InnerFault ? "No Inner Fault" : "Has Inner Fault");
                    }
                }
            }
            // Additional exceptions to catch: SecurityTokenValidationException, ExpiredSecurityTokenException,
            // SecurityAccessDeniedException, MessageSecurityException, and SecurityNegotiationException.
            finally
            {
                Console.WriteLine("Press <Enter> to exit.");
                Console.ReadLine();
            }
        }
        #endregion Main method
    }
}


Imports System.ServiceModel
Imports System.ServiceModel.Description

' These namespaces are found in the Microsoft.Xrm.Sdk.dll assembly
' located in the SDK\bin folder of the SDK download.
Imports Microsoft.Xrm.Sdk
Imports Microsoft.Xrm.Sdk.Query
Imports Microsoft.Xrm.Sdk.Client
Imports Microsoft.Crm.Sdk.Messages

Namespace Microsoft.Crm.Sdk.Samples
	''' <summary>
	''' Demonstrates how to do basic entity operations like create 
	''' a system user account.</summary>
	''' <remarks>
	''' At run-time, you will be given the option to delete all the
	''' database records created by this program.</remarks>
	Public Class CreateAUser
		#Region "Class Level Members"

		' Define the IDs needed for this sample.
		Private _domain As String = String.Empty
		Private _userName As String = "dparker"
		Private _firstName As String = "Darren"
		Private _lastName As String = "Parker"
		Private _serviceProxy As OrganizationServiceProxy

		#End Region ' Class Level Members

		#Region "How To Sample Code"
		''' <summary>
		''' This method first connects to the Organization service. Afterwards,
        ''' it creates a system user account with a given active directory account.
        ''' Note: Creating a user is only supported in an on-premises/active directory environment.
		''' </summary>
		''' <param name="serverConfig">Contains server connection information.</param>
        ''' <param name="promptforDelete">When True, the user is prompted to delete all
		''' created entities.</param>
        Public Sub Run(ByVal serverConfig As ServerConnection.Configuration,
                       ByVal promptforDelete As Boolean)
            Try
                ' Connect to the Organization service. 
                ' The using statement assures that the service proxy is properly disposed.
                _serviceProxy = ServerConnection.GetOrganizationProxy(serverConfig)
                Using _serviceProxy
                    _serviceProxy.EnableProxyTypes()

                    CreateRequiredRecords()

                    ' Retrieve the default business unit needed to create the user.
                    Dim businessUnitQuery As QueryExpression =
                        New QueryExpression With
                        {
                            .EntityName = BusinessUnit.EntityLogicalName,
                            .ColumnSet = New ColumnSet("businessunitid")
                        }
                    businessUnitQuery.Criteria = New FilterExpression()
                    businessUnitQuery.Criteria.AddCondition(
                        New ConditionExpression("parentbusinessunitid", ConditionOperator.Null))

                    Dim defaultBusinessUnit As BusinessUnit =
                        _serviceProxy.RetrieveMultiple(businessUnitQuery).Entities(0).ToEntity(Of BusinessUnit)()

                    'Create a new system user.
                    Dim user As SystemUser =
                        New SystemUser With
                        {
                            .DomainName = _domain & _userName,
                            .FirstName = _firstName,
                            .LastName = _lastName,
                            .BusinessUnitId =
                            New EntityReference With
                            {
                                .LogicalName = BusinessUnit.EntityLogicalName,
                                .Name = BusinessUnit.EntityLogicalName,
                                .Id = defaultBusinessUnit.Id
                            }
                        }

                    Dim userId As Guid = _serviceProxy.Create(user)

                    Console.WriteLine("Created a system user {0} for '{1}, {2}'", userId, _lastName, _firstName)
                End Using
                ' Catch any service fault exceptions that Microsoft Dynamics CRM throws.
            Catch fe As FaultException(Of Microsoft.Xrm.Sdk.OrganizationServiceFault)
                ' You can handle an exception here or pass it back to the calling method.
                Throw
            End Try
        End Sub

		''' <summary>
		''' Creates any entity records that this sample requires.
		''' </summary>
		Public Sub CreateRequiredRecords()
			' For this sample, all required entities are created in the Run() method.
			' Obtain the current user's information.
			Dim who As New WhoAmIRequest()
			Dim whoResp As WhoAmIResponse = CType(_serviceProxy.Execute(who), WhoAmIResponse)
			Dim currentUserId As Guid = whoResp.UserId

            Dim currentUser As SystemUser =
                _serviceProxy.Retrieve(SystemUser.EntityLogicalName,
                                       currentUserId,
                                       New ColumnSet("domainname")).ToEntity(Of SystemUser)()

			' Extract the domain and create the LDAP object.
			Dim userPath() As String = currentUser.DomainName.Split(New Char() { "\"c })
			If userPath.Length > 1 Then
				_domain = userPath(0) & "\"
			Else
				_domain = String.Empty
			End If

            Dim existingUser As SystemUser =
                SystemUserProvider.GetUserIdIfExist(_serviceProxy, _domain, _userName, _firstName, _lastName)

			If existingUser IsNot Nothing Then
				Throw New Exception("User already exist!")
			End If

            ' Setup an Active Directory account in the current domain for this sample.
			Dim ldapPath As String = String.Empty
            Dim accountSetup As Boolean =
                SystemUserProvider.CreateADAccount(_userName, _firstName, _lastName, _serviceProxy, ldapPath)
			If accountSetup Then
				Console.WriteLine("An AD account created for '{0}, {1}'", _lastName, _firstName)
			Else
				Console.WriteLine("AD account already exist for '{0}, {1}'", _lastName, _firstName)
			End If
		End Sub

		#End Region ' How To Sample Code

		#Region "Main method"

		''' <summary>
		''' Standard Main() method used by most SDK samples.
		''' </summary>
		''' <param name="args"></param>
		Public Shared Sub Main(ByVal args() As String)
			Try
				' Obtain the target organization's Web address and client logon 
				' credentials from the user.
				Dim serverConnect As New ServerConnection()
                Dim config As ServerConnection.Configuration =
                    serverConnect.GetServerConfiguration()

				Dim app As New CreateAUser()
				app.Run(config, True)
			Catch ex As FaultException(Of Microsoft.Xrm.Sdk.OrganizationServiceFault)
				Console.WriteLine("The application terminated with an error.")
				Console.WriteLine("Timestamp: {0}", ex.Detail.Timestamp)
				Console.WriteLine("Code: {0}", ex.Detail.ErrorCode)
				Console.WriteLine("Message: {0}", ex.Detail.Message)
				Console.WriteLine("Trace: {0}", ex.Detail.TraceText)
                Console.WriteLine("Inner Fault: {0}",
                                  If(Nothing Is ex.Detail.InnerFault, "No Inner Fault", "Has Inner Fault"))
			Catch ex As TimeoutException
				Console.WriteLine("The application terminated with an error.")
				Console.WriteLine("Message: {0}", ex.Message)
				Console.WriteLine("Stack Trace: {0}", ex.StackTrace)
                Console.WriteLine("Inner Fault: {0}",
                                  If(Nothing Is ex.InnerException.Message, "No Inner Fault", ex.InnerException.Message))
			Catch ex As Exception
				Console.WriteLine("The application terminated with an error.")
				Console.WriteLine(ex.Message)

				' Display the details of the inner exception.
				If ex.InnerException IsNot Nothing Then
					Console.WriteLine(ex.InnerException.Message)

                    Dim fe As FaultException(Of Microsoft.Xrm.Sdk.OrganizationServiceFault) =
                        TryCast(ex.InnerException, 
                            FaultException(Of Microsoft.Xrm.Sdk.OrganizationServiceFault))
					If fe IsNot Nothing Then
						Console.WriteLine("Timestamp: {0}", fe.Detail.Timestamp)
						Console.WriteLine("Code: {0}", fe.Detail.ErrorCode)
						Console.WriteLine("Message: {0}", fe.Detail.Message)
						Console.WriteLine("Trace: {0}", fe.Detail.TraceText)
                        Console.WriteLine("Inner Fault: {0}",
                                          If(Nothing Is fe.Detail.InnerFault, "No Inner Fault", "Has Inner Fault"))
					End If
				End If
			' Additional exceptions to catch: SecurityTokenValidationException, ExpiredSecurityTokenException,
			' SecurityAccessDeniedException, MessageSecurityException, and SecurityNegotiationException.
			Finally
				Console.WriteLine("Press <Enter> to exit.")
				Console.ReadLine()
			End Try
		End Sub
		#End Region ' Main method
	End Class
End Namespace

See Also

Microsoft Dynamics CRM 2013 and Microsoft Dynamics CRM Online
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