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Manage tapes in the DPM library

Updated: March 12, 2014

Applies To: System Center 2012 R2 Data Protection Manager, System Center 2012 SP1 - Data Protection Manager, System Center Data Protection Manager 2010

Use the following procedures to manage tapes in the library:

Add or remove tapes

You can add or remove tapes from the tape library. For standalone tape drives follow the manufacturer’s instructions for adding or removing tapes. Add or remove tapes as follows:

  1. Physically add the tape to the I/E port of the tape library.

  2. In DPM Administrator Console, go to the Management view, and then open the Libraries workspace.

  3. In the Actions pane, click Add tape (I/E port) . DPM performs a fast inventory on the tape library and adds tapes into the free slots available in the tape library. This enables you to add tapes into the I/E port which remains open for a time period of 10 minutes. If sufficient numbers of slots are not free then the tapes are left in the I/E Port and the Add tape (I/E port) operation fails.

    Note htat if you add or remove tapes to the tape library using Unlock library door or Add tape, DPM will automatically inventory the library. If you add or remove tapes to the tape library without using Unlock library door or Add tape, you must use the Inventory library action to the DPM Administrator Console.

To add a tape by using DPM Management Shell

  • Use the following syntax to add a tape using the I/E port:

    Lock-DPMLibraryIEPort [-DPMLibrary] <Library> [-Async] [-JobStateChangedEventHandler <JobStateChangedEventHandler> ] [-Verbose] [-Debug] [-ErrorAction <ActionPreference> ] [-ErrorVariable <String> ] [-OutVariable <String> ] [-OutBuffer <Int32> ]

    For more information, type "Get-Help Lock-DPMLibraryIEPort -detailed" in DPM Management Shell.

    For technical information, type "Get-Help Lock-DPMLibraryIEPort -full" in DPM Management Shell.

To remove a tape by using the I/E port

  1. In DPM Administrator Console, go to the Management view, and then open the Libraries workspace.

  2. In the display pane, expand the tape library from which you want to remove a tape.

  3. Expand Slots, and then select the slot that holds the tape to be removed.

  4. Click Remove tape.

  5. Physically remove the tape from the I/E port of the tape library.

To remove a tape by using DPM Management Shell

  • Use the following syntax to add a tape using the I/E port:

    Unlock-DPMLibraryIEPort [-DPMLibrary] <Library> [-Async] [-JobStateChangedEventHandler <JobStateChangedEventHandler> ] [-Verbose] [-Debug] [-ErrorAction <ActionPreference> ] [-ErrorVariable <String> ] [-OutVariable <String> ] [-OutBuffer <Int32> ]

    For more information, type "Get-Help Unlock-DPMLibraryIEPort -detailed" in DPM Management Shell.

    For technical information, type "Get-Help Unlock-DPMLibraryIEPort -full" in DPM Management Shell.

Inventory tapes

You can inventory tapes by performing a fast inventory that reads the barcode of each tape in the library (when the tape has a barcode and the library has a barcode reader), or a detailed inventory that reads the header area of a tape to identify the on-media ID (OMID) on each tape. Run an inventory as follows:

  1. In the DPM Administrator Console click Management > Libraries and then select a library.

  2. Click Inventory > Fast inventory or Detailed inventory> Start.

Mark a tape as free

A free tape is a tape that blank or available to be written to by operations such as backup or copy. To reuse an expired tape from another server you add it to tape library or drive and mark it as free. Expired tapes that are being managed by that DPM server can be reused automatically without marking. Mark a tape as follows:

  1. In the DPM Administrator Console click Management > Libraries and then select a library.

  2. Select a tape and Mark as free.

To mark a tape as free using DPM Management Shell

  • Use the following syntax to mark a tape as free:

    Set-Tape [-Tape] <Media[]> -Free [-PassThru] [-Verbose] [-Debug] [-ErrorAction <ActionPreference> ] [-ErrorVariable <String> ] [-OutVariable <String> ] [-OutBuffer <Int32> ]

  • Use the following syntax to mark a tape as not free:

    Set-Tape [-Tape] <Media[]> -NotFree [-PassThru] [-Verbose] [-Debug] [-ErrorAction <ActionPreference> ] [-ErrorVariable <String> ] [-OutVariable <String> ] [-OutBuffer <Int32> ]

    For more information, type "Get-Help Set-Tape -detailed" in DPM Management Shell.

    For technical information, type "Get-Help Set-Tape -full" in DPM Management Shell.

To mark a tape containing valid data sets as free

  1. Open a new Notepad file, and then copy the following script into it:

    param ([string] $DPMServerName, [string] $LibraryName, [string[]] $TapeLocationList)
    
    if(("-?","-help") -contains $args[0])
    {
        Write-Host "Usage: ForceFree-Tape.ps1 [[-DPMServerName] <Name of the DPM server>] [-LibraryName] <Name of the library> [-TapeLocationList] <Array of tape locations>"
        Write-Host "Example: Force-FreeTape.ps1 -LibraryName "My library" -TapeLocationList Slot-1, Slot-7"
        exit 0
    }
    
    if (!$DPMServerName)
    {
        $DPMServerName = Read-Host "DPM server name: "
    
        if (!$DPMServerName)
        {
            Write-Error "Dpm server name not specified."
            exit 1
        }
    }
    
    if (!$LibraryName)
    {
        $LibraryName = Read-Host "Library name: "
    
        if (!$LibraryName)
        {
            Write-Error "Library name not specified."
            exit 1
        }
    }
    
    if (!$TapeLocationList)
    {
        $TapeLocationList = Read-Host "Tape location: "
    
        if (!$TapeLocationList)
        {
            Write-Error "Tape location not specified."
            exit 1
        }
    }
    
    if (!(Connect-DPMServer $DPMServerName))
    {
        Write-Error "Failed to connect To DPM server $DPMServerName"
        exit 1
    }
    
    $library = Get-DPMLibrary $DPMServerName | where {$_.UserFriendlyName -eq $LibraryName}
    
    if (!$library)
    {
        Write-Error "Failed to find library with user friendly name $LibraryName"
        exit 1
    }
    
    foreach ($media in @(Get-Tape -DPMLibrary $library))
    {
        if ($TapeLocationList -contains $media.Location)
        {
            if ($media -is [Microsoft.Internal.EnterpriseStorage.Dls.UI.ObjectModel.LibraryManagement.ArchiveMedia])   
            {
                foreach ($rp in @(Get-RecoveryPoint -Tape $media))
                {
                    Get-RecoveryPoint -Datasource $rp.Datasource | Out-Null
    
                    Write-Verbose "Removing recovery point created at $($rp.RepresentedPointInTime) for tape in $($media.Location)."
                    Remove-RecoveryPoint -RecoveryPoint $rp -ForceDeletion -Confirm:$false
                }
    
                Write-Verbose "Setting tape in $($media.Location) as free."
                Set-Tape -Tape $media -Free
            }
            else
            {
                Write-Error "The tape in $($media.Location) is a cleaner tape."
            }
        }
    }
    
    
  2. Save the file as ForceFree.ps1.

  3. The syntax to run the script is ForceFree.ps1 -DPMServerName <Name of server> -LibraryName <Name of library> -TapeLocation <slot numbers>.

Identify an unknown tape

When a data tape displays as "Unknown", you can use DPM to identify it by reading the tape header and updates the tape label as follows:

  • A tape created by the DPM server displays the assigned tape label.

  • A tape created by another DPM server displays Imported as the tape label.

  • A tape that contains content that was not created by DPM displays Unrecognized as the tape label.

  • A tape that has conflicting identification information, such as the bar code or the on-media identifier, displays Suspect as the tape label.

Identify an unknown tape as follows:

  1. In the DPM Administrator Console click Management > Libraries and then select a library.

  2. Select the unknown tape > Identify unknown tape.

Recatalog an imported tape

An imported tape contains content that was created by another DPM server. When you add it to the tape library you’ll need to recatalog it to identify the contents. During the recatalog, DPM reads from the tape and adds information about the data that it contains to the database. After recatalog completes, you can recover data from the tape by selecting a recovery point from the data on the tape. Import as follows:

  1. In the DPM Administrator Console click Management > Libraries. Select the tape to import and click Recatalog imported tape.

    If you try to recatalog a tape in a shared library from a DPM server other than the one from which the backup was taken, you will not see the Recatalog and View Contents options in the tool ribbon.
    Run a detailed inventory on that tape. After the inventory is completed, the Recatalog and View Contents options are enabled on the tool ribbon.

To recatalog an imported tape using DPM Management Shell

  • Use the following syntax to recatalog an imported tape:

    Start-TapeRecatalog [-Tape] <Media[]> [-JobStateChangedEventHandler <JobStateChangedEventHandler> ] [-Verbose] [-Debug] [-ErrorAction <ActionPreference> ] [-ErrorVariable <String> ] [-OutVariable <String> ] [-OutBuffer <Int32> ]

    For more information, type "Get-Help Start-TapeRecatalog -detailed" in DPM Management Shell.

    For technical information, type "Get-Help Start-TapeRecatalog -full" in DPM Management Shell.

View tape contents

You can view the contents of a tape, and copy the data that is on the tape to disk.

  1. In the DPM Administrator Console click Management > Libraries and then select a library.

  2. Select the tape and click View tape contents.

Mark a tape as a cleaning tape

To clean a drive in a tape library using DPM, you specify which tape to use for cleaning, and then start the cleaning job.

If the barcode on a tape starts with "CLN" (for example, bar code CLN0000812), DPM identifies the tape as a cleaning tape after a fast inventory. If it doesn’t (or the barcode doesn’t start with "CLN", you must mark the tape as a cleaning tape and then run a detailed inventory. If you don’t, a cleaning job will start when DPM mounts this tape during the detailed inventory. Mark the tape as follows:

  1. In the DPM Administrator Console click Management > Libraries.

  2. Select the tape and Mark as cleaning tape.

  3. In Inventory > Detailed inventory, click Start.

To mark a tape as a cleaning tape using DPM Management Shell

  • Use the following syntax to mark a tape as a cleaning tape:

    Set-Tape [-Tape] <Media[]> -Cleaner [-PassThru] [-Verbose] [-Debug] [-ErrorAction <ActionPreference> ] [-ErrorVariable <String> ] [-OutVariable <String> ] [-OutBuffer <Int32> ]

    For more information, type "Get-Help Set-Tape -detailed" in DPM Management Shell.

    For technical information, type "Get-Help Set-Tape -full" in DPM Management Shell.

Erase a tape

You can reuse an expired tape without erasing the contents of the tape. However, you can erase a tape to remove sensitive or critical information as follows:

  1. In the DPM Administrator Console click Management > Libraries.

  2. Select the tape > Erase tape.

To erase a tape using DPM Management Shell

  • Use the following syntax to erase a tape:

    Start-TapeErase [-Tape] <Media[]> [[-JobStateChangeHandler] <JobStateChangedEventHandler> ] [-Verbose] [-Debug] [-ErrorAction <ActionPreference> ] [-ErrorVariable <String> ] [-OutVariable <String> ] [-OutBuffer <Int32> ]

    For more information, type "Get-Help Start-TapeErase -detailed" in DPM Management Shell.

    For technical information, type "Get-Help Start-TapeErase -full" in DPM Management Shell.

Enable short erase

By default, when you erase a tape by using System Center 2012 – Data Protection Manager (DPM), it performs a long erase. If your tape drive supports short erase, you can enable it on the DPM server by creating the DWORD UseShortErase under HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Microsoft Data Protection Manager\Agent.

Set the value of the DWORD to 00000000.

After this value is set, all erase operations on the DPM server will be short erases. To revert to long erases, remove this registry key.

Short erase is faster but it doesn’t erase the data.. If you have a policy that all data from the tape must be erased and unrecoverable you shouldn’t use this option.

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For additional resources, see Information and Support for System Center 2012.

Tip: Use this query to find online documentation in the TechNet Library for System Center 2012. For instructions and examples, see Search the System Center 2012 Documentation Library.
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