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New-SmbShare

Windows Server 2012 R2 and Windows 8.1

Updated: October 17, 2013

Applies To: Windows 8.1, Windows PowerShell 4.0, Windows Server 2012 R2

New-SmbShare

Creates a new Server Message Block (SMB) share.

Syntax

Parameter Set: CreateShare0
New-SmbShare [-Name] <String> [-Path] <String> [[-ScopeName] <String> ] [-AsJob] [-CachingMode <CachingMode> ] [-CATimeout <UInt32> ] [-ChangeAccess <String[]> ] [-CimSession <CimSession[]> ] [-ConcurrentUserLimit <UInt32> ] [-ContinuouslyAvailable <Boolean> ] [-Description <String> ] [-EncryptData <Boolean> ] [-FolderEnumerationMode <FolderEnumerationMode> ] [-FullAccess <String[]> ] [-NoAccess <String[]> ] [-ReadAccess <String[]> ] [-Temporary] [-ThrottleLimit <Int32> ] [-Confirm] [-WhatIf] [ <CommonParameters>]




Detailed Description

The New-SMBShare cmdlet exposes a file system folder to remote clients as a new Server Message Block (SMB) share.

To delete a share that was created by this cmdlet, use the Remove-SMBShare cmdlet.

Parameters

-AsJob

Runs the cmdlet as a background job. Use this parameter to run commands that take a long time to complete. The cmdlet immediately returns an object that represents the job and then displays the command prompt. You can continue to work in the session while the job completes. To manage the job, use the *-Job cmdlets. To get the job results, use the Receive-Job cmdlet. For more information about Windows PowerShell® background jobs, see about_Jobs.


Aliases

none

Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

false

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-CachingMode<CachingMode>

Specifies the caching mode of the offline files for the SMB share. There are five different caching modes:
-- None: Prevents users from storing documents and programs offline.
-- Manual: Allows users to identify the documents and programs they want to store offline.
-- Programs: Automatically stores documents and programs offline.
-- Documents: Automatically stores documents offline.
-- BranchCache: Enables BranchCache and manual caching of documents on the shared folder.


Aliases

none

Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

false

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-CATimeout<UInt32>

Specifies the continuous availability timeout for the share.


Aliases

none

Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

false

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-ChangeAccess<String[]>

Specifies which user will be granted modify permission to access the share. Multiple users can be specified by using a comma-separated list.


Aliases

none

Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

false

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-CimSession<CimSession[]>

Runs the cmdlet in a remote session or on a remote computer. Enter a computer name or a session object, such as the output of a New-CimSession or Get-CimSession cmdlet. The default is the current session on the local computer.


Aliases

none

Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

false

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-ConcurrentUserLimit<UInt32>

Specifies the maximum number of concurrently connected users that the new SMB share may accommodate. If this parameter is set to zero (0), then the number of users is unlimited. The default value is zero (0).


Aliases

none

Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

false

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-ContinuouslyAvailable<Boolean>

Indicates that the share is continuously available.


Aliases

none

Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

false

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-Description<String>

Specifies an optional description of the new SMB share. A description of the share is displayed by running the Get-SmbShare cmdlet. The description may not contain more than 256 characters. The default value no description, or an empty description


Aliases

none

Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

false

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-EncryptData<Boolean>

Indicates that the share is encrypted.


Aliases

none

Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

false

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-FolderEnumerationMode<FolderEnumerationMode>

Specifies which files and folders in the new SMB share are visible to users. The acceptable values for this parameter are: 
-- AccessBased: SMB will not the display the files and folders for a share to a user unless that user has rights to access the files and folders. By default, access-based enumeration is disabled for new SMB shares.
-- Unrestricted: SMB will display files and folders to a user even when the user does not have permission to access the items.
The default value is Unrestricted.


Aliases

none

Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

false

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-FullAccess<String[]>

Specifies which accounts are granted full permission to access the share. Use a comma-separated list to specify multiple accounts. An account may not be specified more than once in the FullAccess, ChangeAccess, or ReadAccess parameter lists, but may be specified once in the FullAccess, ChangeAccess, or ReadAccess parameter list and once in the NoAccess parameter list.


Aliases

none

Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

false

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-Name<String>

Specifies a name for the new SMB share. The name may be composed of any valid file name characters, but must be less than 80 characters in length. The names pipe and mailslot are reserved for use by the computer.


Aliases

none

Required?

true

Position?

2

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

True (ByPropertyName)

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-NoAccess<String[]>

Specifies which accounts are denied access to the share. Multiple accounts can be specified by supplying a comma-separated list.


Aliases

none

Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

false

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-Path<String>

Specifies the path to the location of the folder to share. The path must be fully qualified; relative paths or paths that contain wildcard characters are not permitted.


Aliases

none

Required?

true

Position?

3

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

True (ByPropertyName)

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-ReadAccess<String[]>

Specifies which user is granted read permission to access the share. Multiple users can be specified by supplying a comma-separated list.


Aliases

none

Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

false

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-ScopeName<String>

Specifies the scope name of the share.


Aliases

none

Required?

false

Position?

4

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

True (ByPropertyName)

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-Temporary

Specifies the lifetime of the new SMB share. A temporary share does not persist beyond the next reboot of the computer. By default, new SMB shares are persistent, and non-temporary.


Aliases

none

Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

false

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-ThrottleLimit<Int32>

Specifies the maximum number of concurrent operations that can be established to run the cmdlet. If this parameter is omitted or a value of 0 is entered, then Windows PowerShell® calculates an optimum throttle limit for the cmdlet based on the number of CIM cmdlets that are running on the computer. The throttle limit applies only to the current cmdlet, not to the session or to the computer.


Aliases

none

Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

false

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-Confirm

Prompts you for confirmation before running the cmdlet.


Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

false

Accept Pipeline Input?

false

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-WhatIf

Shows what would happen if the cmdlet runs. The cmdlet is not run.


Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

false

Accept Pipeline Input?

false

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

<CommonParameters>

This cmdlet supports the common parameters: -Verbose, -Debug, -ErrorAction, -ErrorVariable, -OutBuffer, and -OutVariable. For more information, see    about_CommonParameters.

Inputs

The input type is the type of the objects that you can pipe to the cmdlet.

  • None

Outputs

The output type is the type of the objects that the cmdlet emits.

  • Microsoft.Management.Infrastructure.CimInstance#ROOT/Microsoft/Windows/SMB/MSFT_SmbShare

    The Microsoft.Management.Infrastructure.CimInstance object is a wrapper class that displays Windows Management Instrumentation (WMI) objects. The path after the pound sign (#) provides the namespace and class name for the underlying WMI object.
    The MSFT_SmbShare object represents the new SMB share.


Examples

EXAMPLE 1

This example creates a new SMB share.


PS C:\> New-SmbShare –Name VMSFiles –Path C:\ClusterStorage\Volume1\VMFiles -FullAccess Contoso\Administrator, Contoso\Contoso-HV1$
Name                          ScopeName                     Path                          Description 
----                          ---------                     ----                          ----------- 
VMSFiles                      Contoso-SO                    C:\ClusterStorage\Volume1\... 

EXAMPLE 2

This example creates a new encrypted SMB share.


PS C:\> New-SmbShare -Name Data -Path J:\Data -EncryptData $true
Name                          ScopeName                     Path                          Description 
----                          ---------                     ----                          ----------- 
Data                          Contoso-FS                    J:\Data 

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