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Add-DnsServerStubZone

Windows Server 2012 R2 and Windows 8.1

Updated: May 20, 2014

Applies To: Windows 8.1, Windows PowerShell 4.0, Windows Server 2012 R2

Add-DnsServerStubZone

Adds a DNS stub zone.

Syntax

Parameter Set: FileForwardLookupZone
Add-DnsServerStubZone [-Name] <String> [-MasterServers] <IPAddress[]> [-AsJob] [-CimSession <CimSession[]> ] [-ComputerName <String> ] [-LoadExisting] [-PassThru] [-ThrottleLimit <Int32> ] [-ZoneFile <String> ] [-Confirm] [-WhatIf] [ <CommonParameters>]

Parameter Set: ADForwardLookupZone
Add-DnsServerStubZone [-Name] <String> [-MasterServers] <IPAddress[]> [-ReplicationScope] <String> [[-DirectoryPartitionName] <String> ] [-AsJob] [-CimSession <CimSession[]> ] [-ComputerName <String> ] [-LoadExisting] [-PassThru] [-ThrottleLimit <Int32> ] [-Confirm] [-WhatIf] [ <CommonParameters>]

Parameter Set: ADReverseLookupZone
Add-DnsServerStubZone [-MasterServers] <IPAddress[]> [-ReplicationScope] <String> [[-DirectoryPartitionName] <String> ] -NetworkId <String> [-AsJob] [-CimSession <CimSession[]> ] [-ComputerName <String> ] [-LoadExisting] [-PassThru] [-ThrottleLimit <Int32> ] [-Confirm] [-WhatIf] [ <CommonParameters>]

Parameter Set: FileReverseLookupZone
Add-DnsServerStubZone [-MasterServers] <IPAddress[]> -NetworkId <String> [-AsJob] [-CimSession <CimSession[]> ] [-ComputerName <String> ] [-LoadExisting] [-PassThru] [-ThrottleLimit <Int32> ] [-ZoneFile <String> ] [-Confirm] [-WhatIf] [ <CommonParameters>]




Detailed Description

The Add-DnsServerStubZone cmdlet adds a stub zone. A stub zone is a copy of a Domain Name System (DNS) zone that contains only resource records that identify the DNS servers for that zone.

You can add either a forward lookup zone or a reverse lookup zone. You can add either an Active Directory-integrated zone or a file-backed zone.

Parameters

-AsJob

Runs the cmdlet as a background job. Use this parameter to run commands that take a long time to complete. The cmdlet immediately returns an object that represents the job and then displays the command prompt. You can continue to work in the session while the job completes. To manage the job, use the *-Job cmdlets. To get the job results, use the Receive-Job cmdlet. For more information about Windows PowerShell® background jobs, see about_Jobs.


Aliases

none

Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

false

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-CimSession<CimSession[]>

Runs the cmdlet in a remote session or on a remote computer. Enter a computer name or a session object, such as the output of a New-CimSession or Get-CimSession cmdlet. The default is the current session on the local computer.


Aliases

Session

Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

false

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-ComputerName<String>

Specifies a DNS server. If you do not specify this parameter, the command runs on the local system. You can specify an IP address or any value that resolves to an IP address, such as a fully qualified domain name (FQDN), host name, or NETBIOS name.


Aliases

Cn

Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

false

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-DirectoryPartitionName<String>

Specifies a directory partition on which to store the zone. Use this parameter when the ReplicationScope parameter has a value of Custom.


Aliases

none

Required?

false

Position?

5

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

True (ByPropertyName)

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-LoadExisting

Loads an existing file for the zone. Otherwise, the cmdlet creates default zone records automatically. This switch is relevant only for file-backed zones.


Aliases

none

Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

True (ByPropertyName)

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-MasterServers<IPAddress[]>

Specifies an array of IP addresses of the master servers of the zone. You can use both IPv4 and IPv6.


Aliases

none

Required?

true

Position?

3

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

True (ByPropertyName)

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-Name<String>

Specifies a name of a zone.


Aliases

ZoneName

Required?

true

Position?

2

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

True (ByPropertyName)

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-NetworkId<String>

Specifies a network ID and prefix length for a reverse lookup zone. Use the format A.B.C.D/prefix for IPv4 or 1111:2222:3333:4444::/prefix for IPv6.

For IPv4, the cmdlet creates only class A, B, C, or D reverse lookup zones. If you specify a prefix that is between classes, the cmdlet uses the longer prefix that is divisible by 8. For example, a value of 10.2.10.0/23 adds the 10.2.10.0/24 reverse lookup zone, and the 10.2.11.0/24 reverse lookup zone is not created. If you enter an IPv4 prefix longer than /24, the cmdlet creates a /32 reverse lookup zone.

For IPv6, the cmdlet creates ip6.arpa zones for prefixes from /16 to /128 that are divisible by 4. If you specify a prefix that is between values, the cmdlet uses the longer prefix that is divisible by 4. For example, entering a value of AAAA::/58 adds the AAAA::/60 ip6.arpa zone. If you do not enter a prefix, the cmdlet uses a default prefix value of /128.


Aliases

none

Required?

true

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

True (ByPropertyName)

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-PassThru

Returns an object representing the item with which you are working. By default, this cmdlet does not generate any output.


Aliases

none

Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

false

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-ReplicationScope<String>

Specifies a partition on which to store an Active Directory-integrated zone. The acceptable values for this parameter are: 

-- Custom. Any custom directory partition that a user creates. Specify a custom directory partition by using the DirectoryPartitionName parameter.
-- Domain. The domain directory partition.
-- Forest. The ForestDnsZone directory partition.
-- Legacy. A legacy directory partition.


Aliases

none

Required?

true

Position?

4

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

True (ByPropertyName)

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-ThrottleLimit<Int32>

Specifies the maximum number of concurrent operations that can be established to run the cmdlet. If this parameter is omitted or a value of 0 is entered, then Windows PowerShell® calculates an optimum throttle limit for the cmdlet based on the number of CIM cmdlets that are running on the computer. The throttle limit applies only to the current cmdlet, not to the session or to the computer.


Aliases

none

Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

false

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-ZoneFile<String>

Specifies a name of the zone file. This parameter is only relevant for file-backed DNS.


Aliases

none

Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

none

Accept Pipeline Input?

True (ByPropertyName)

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-Confirm

Prompts you for confirmation before running the cmdlet.


Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

false

Accept Pipeline Input?

false

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

-WhatIf

Shows what would happen if the cmdlet runs. The cmdlet is not run.


Required?

false

Position?

named

Default Value

false

Accept Pipeline Input?

false

Accept Wildcard Characters?

false

<CommonParameters>

This cmdlet supports the common parameters: -Verbose, -Debug, -ErrorAction, -ErrorVariable, -OutBuffer, and -OutVariable. For more information, see    about_CommonParameters.

Inputs

The input type is the type of the objects that you can pipe to the cmdlet.

Outputs

The output type is the type of the objects that the cmdlet emits.

Examples

Example 1: Add a file-backed stub zone

This command adds west02.contoso.com as a file-backed stub zone. The command specifies a master server and uses the PassThru parameter to produce output.


PS C:\> Add-DnsServerStubZone -Name "west02.contoso.com" -MasterServers "172.23.90.124" -PassThru -ZoneFile "west02_contoso.dns"

Example 2: Add an Active Directory-integerated stub zone

This command adds west03.contoso.com as a stub zone replicated to all DNS servers in the forest.


PS C:\> Add-DnsServerStubZone -Name "west03.contoso.com" -MasterServers 172.23.90.124 -PassThru -ReplicationScope "Forest"

Example 3: Add an Active Directory-integrated reverse lookup zone

This command adds a stub zone for the network 2.1.10.in-addr.arpa, which is replicated to all DNS servers in the forest.


PS C:\> Add-DnsServerStubZone -NetworkId 10.1.2.0/24 -MasterServers 172.23.90.124 -PassThru -ReplicationScope Forest

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