Export (0) Print
Expand All

Using the IPAM Client Console

Applies To: Windows Server 2012, Windows Server 2012 R2



The IPAM client console contains the following controls, lists and menus. Follow the links below for more information about how to use each element of the console.

  1. Upper navigation pane

  2. Lower navigation pane

  3. Lower navigation list view

  4. Lower navigation tree view

  5. Display pane search view

  6. Display pane details view

  7. Display pane refresh

  8. Notifications area

  9. Server Manager menu bar

  10. TASKS menu

IPAM Console

In Windows Server 2012, the IPAM upper navigation pane has five parent nodes. These nodes are also present in Windows Server 2012 R2, and an additional two nodes are added that are designated below with (2012 R2).

  1. OVERVIEW

  2. SERVER INVENTORY

  3. IP ADDRESS SPACE

  4. VIRTUALIZED IP ADDRESS SPACE (2012 R2)

  5. MONITOR AND MANAGE

  6. EVENT CATALOG

  7. ACCESS CONTROL (2012 R2)

Some nodes also contain child nodes that are discussed in this topic.

Use the overview node to quickly view a configuration summary for the IPAM server, perform essential management tasks, and view IPAM knowledge articles.

When you click the OVERVIEW node in the upper navigation pane, the following four tiles are available in the display pane:

  1. The IPAM SERVER TASKS tile has three buttons:

    • The QUICK START button provides links to perform administrative tasks required to begin using IPAM. You can also use these links after IPAM is deployed to update IPAM settings, connect to other IPAM servers, and run IPAM data collection tasks.

    • The ACTIONS button provides quick links to multiple management actions (shown below).

    • The LEARN MORE button provides links to several IPAM help topics.

  2. The MANAGED NETWORK tile displays the current IPAM server name and a list of the domains managed by this IPAM server.

  3. The CONFIGURATION SUMMARY tile provides details about the managed server access provisioning method that was chosen, IPAM scheduled data collection tasks, IPAM local security groups, and IPAM communication settings.

  4. The SCHEDULED TASKS tile displays the name, status, next run time, and last run time for each of the IPAM scheduled data collection tasks.

Quick Links

Managed Network Configuration Summary

Scheduled Tasks

Use the server inventory node to add or remove managed servers, and to update their manageability status.

When you click the SERVER INVENTORY node in the upper navigation pane, two tiles are available in the display pane:

  1. The upper display pane search view tile provides the server inventory for servers with IPv4 connections to the IPAM server. Using the lower navigation pane, you can also choose to list only managed or unmanaged servers, or servers with an IPv4 or IPv6 connection. Using the lower navigation pane, you can also further specify only servers with addresses in a specified range.

    noteNote
    Servers must have a valid static or dynamic IPv6 address to be displayed in the server inventory. Computers with only a link-local IPv6 address are not displayed.

  2. The lower display pane details view provides configuration information for servers that are selected in the display pane search view tile. The lower details view is blank if you choose more than one server in the upper search view.

Server Inventory

Details

Use the IP address space node and child nodes to configure, view, monitor and manage IP address space on your network.

IP ADDRESS SPACE contains the following child nodes:

When you click the IP ADDRESS SPACE node in the upper navigation pane, a summary of IPAM’s address space management (ASM) feature is provided with information about each of the three child nodes. The functionality of these child nodes is also summarized below.

Several management actions are available in each of the IP ADDRESS SPACE child nodes when you right-click one or more items in the list. The actions that are available depend on the type of view that is selected (IP Address Blocks, IP Address Ranges, IP Addresses), whether multiple items are selected, and whether or not the IP address space is managed by a Microsoft DHCP server.

noteNote
IPAM in Windows Server 2012 R2 adds a fourth view in addition to IP Address Blocks, IP Address Ranges, and IP Addresses you can also choose IP Address Subnets.

Context Menu

The following context-sensitive actions are available in the IP ADDRESS SPACE child nodes:

 

Current view Action Multiple items MS DHCP Non-MS DHCP

IP Address Blocks

Edit IP Address Block

Checklist

N/A

N/A

Add IP Address Block

 

N/A

N/A

Delete

Checklist

N/A

N/A

IP Address Ranges

Edit IP Address Range

Checklist Checklist Checklist

Import and Update IP Addresses

Checklist Checklist

Find and Allocate Available IP Address

Checklist Checklist

Map to IP Address Block

Checklist Checklist

Reclaim IP Addresses

Checklist Checklist Checklist

Retrieve Address Space Data

Checklist Checklist Checklist

Delete

Checklist   Checklist

IP Addresses

Edit IP Address

Checklist Checklist Checklist

Create DHCP Reservation

Checklist Checklist Checklist

Create DNS Host Record

Checklist Checklist Checklist

Create DNS PTR Record

Checklist Checklist Checklist

Delete DHCP Reservation

Checklist Checklist Checklist

Delete DNS Host Record

Checklist Checklist Checklist

Delete DNS PTR Record

Checklist Checklist Checklist

Delete

Checklist Checklist Checklist

Use the virtualized IP address space node to manage virtual IP addresses that are used with system center virtual machine manager.

When you click the VIRTUALIZED IP ADDRESS SPACE node in the upper navigation pane, an IP address space view is displayed that is similar to the IP Address Blocks view under IP ADDRESS SPACE.

Detailed information about using virtualized address space with IPAM will be available soon in this guide. Also see: How to Add an IPAM Server in VMM in System Center 2012 R2.

Use the IP address blocks node to search and display IP address blocks, IP address ranges, and individual IP addresses on the network.

ImportantImportant
When you click the IP Address Blocks node in the upper navigation pane, the address space that is displayed is based on queries to the IPAM database. IP addresses, ranges, and blocks in the IPAM database can be different from IP address space on the network if the IPAM database has not been recently synchronized with the network. IP address space data is synchronized automatically by scheduled tasks if IP addresses are provided by Microsoft DHCP servers, and these tasks can be run on-demand. IP addresses on the network that are not provided by Microsoft DHCP servers must be updated manually, or automated through the use of custom scripts. Windows PowerShell for IPAM provides cmdlets that can be used to update IP address space data in the IPAM database. For more information about IPAM automation with Windows PowerShell, see Using Windows PowerShell with IPAM.

The following actions will add an IP address range to the IPAM database:

  1. An active DHCP scope is discovered on the network.

  2. An administrator adds an IP address range manually using the Add or Edit IPv4 Address Range or the Add or Edit IPv6 Address Range dialog box.

  3. An administrator imports an IP address range manually from a comma delimited file using the IPAM console.

  4. An administrator imports an IP address range manually from a comma delimited file using Windows PowerShell.

  5. A regularly scheduled task runs a Windows PowerShell script that imports and updates IP address ranges automatically from DHCP and DNS servers on the network.

The information that is provided in the display pane search view depends on the node that is selected in the lower navigation tree and also the type of view that is selected next to Current view. You can choose the following views from the drop-down list: IP Address Ranges, IP Addresses, and IP Address Blocks.

These views can be further customized by choosing the type of IPv4 or IPv6 address space to display using the lower navigation pane. IPv4 address space is automatically assigned as public or private based on RFC 1918, “Address Allocation for Private Internets.”

noteNote
An IP address range or individual IP address is considered Unmapped if there is no parent IP address block or IP address range found in the IPAM database, respectively. IP address ranges are automatically mapped to parent IP address blocks unless there is a conflict with an existing IP address range. Individual IP addresses are automatically mapped to parent IP address ranges if they have the same values for Managed by service and Service instance. For more information about organizing IP address space in IPAM, see Managing IP Address Space.

Use the IP address inventory view to display individual IP addresses on the network organized by device type.

noteNote
Active DHCP address leases and static IP address assignments on the network are not automatically displayed in the IP address inventory due to network and server load constraints. This information can be added to the IPAM database manually or automatically. For information about how to enter this information into the IPAM database, see Managing IP Address Space.

When you click the IP Address Inventory node in the upper navigation pane, the IP addresses displayed are the same as those displayed using the IP Address Blocks node when you choose IP Addresses next to Current view. However, different choices are available in the lower navigation pane. Instead of the public, private, and unmapped address space choices available in the IP address blocks view, the IP address inventory view organizes IP addresses by device type. To choose a specific device type, click the name of the device under IPv4 or IPv6 in the lower navigation pane.

IP inventory

You can also add custom devices by clicking Manage, clicking IPAM Settings, and then clicking Configure Custom Fields. Several built-in device types are available (these cannot be deleted). You can add new device types by clicking Device Type in the list of custom fields and then typing a name for the new device type under Custom Field Value. To delete a custom device type, click the device name and then click Delete value.

Custom Fields

Use the IP address range groups view to display IP addresses ranges, IP addresses, and IP address range groups on the network organized into groups. By default, address space is organized by the Managed by Service field. However, you can choose to organize address space in other ways. For example, to organize IP address ranges by region, click TASKS, click Add IP Address Range Group, Type Region for the name of the address range group, and then choose to group items by the Region field. The Region field must also be defined under Custom Configurations for the IP address ranges you wish to display. If the Region field is not yet defined, you must configure it by editing the IP address range in the IP address blocks view.

Range Groups

When you select IP Address Range Groups from the drop-down list next to Current view, information is displayed for each defined Group Name according to the selection you have made in the lower navigation pane. For example, if you choose MS DHCP under Managed by Service in the lower navigation pane, then all the service instances (host names) will be displayed for Microsoft DHCP servers on the network.

When you select IP Address Ranges from the drop-down list next to Current view, information is displayed for each IP address range according to the selection you have made in the lower navigation pane. Information displayed includes the network address of the range, starting and ending IP addresses, managed by service, service instance, assignment type, and utilization data.

The display pane details view also provides information about each IP address range that is selected in the display pane search view. Information that is displayed under Details View includes Configuration Details, Utilization Trend, and Event Catalog.

When you select IP Addresses from the drop-down list next to Current view, information is displayed for individual IP addresses on the network according to the selection you have made in the lower navigation pane. Information displayed includes the expiry status, IP address, MAC address, managed by service, service instance, parent IP address range, device name and type, address state (inactive, in use, or reserved), assignment type, and whether or not DHCP and DNS synchronization has been attempted for the IP address. Synchronization information can be particularly important when attempting to reconcile the IPAM database with configuration data on the network.

The display pane details view also provides information about each IP address range that is selected in the display pane search view. Information that is displayed under Details View includes Configuration Details and Event Catalog

Use the monitor and manage node and child nodes to configure, view, monitor and manage IP infrastructure servers on your network.

MONITOR AND MANAGE contains the following child nodes:

When you click the MONITOR AND MANAGE node in the upper navigation pane, a summary of IPAM’s multi-server management (MSM) feature is provided with information about the four child nodes (DNS and DHCP Servers, DHCP Scopes, DNS Zone Monitoring, Server Groups). The functionality of these child nodes is also summarized below.

Use the DNS and DHCP servers node to search and display information about DNS and DHCP services on the network.

When you click the DNS and DHCP Servers node in the upper navigation pane, the information that is provided in the display pane search view depends on the node that is selected in the lower navigation tree, and also the type of view that is selected next to Server Type and View. You can choose the following views from these drop-down lists:

  • Choosing a server type of DNS and DHCP provides a view of Server properties.

  • Choosing a server type of DHCP provides a view of Server properties or Scope properties.

  • Choosing a server type of DNS provides a view of Server properties.

The server properties view provides information about the state of service availability, duration in the current state, and configuration details such as server name, role, domain, and IP address.

DNS and DHCP
TipTip
The information displayed in the DNS and DHCP Servers view when you choose DHCP next to Server type and Scope properties next to View is the same as the information displayed by default in the DHCP Scopes view.

Different management actions are available depending on the view that is selected. In a Server Properties view, the following options are available for the available choices of Server Type. Some options are also available when multiple servers are selected, allowing you to retrieve data and configure settings identically on all selected servers:

 

Server type Configuration options

DNS and DHCP

Configuration options depend on the type of server or servers selected. If a server is running both DNS and DHCP, it is displayed twice in the list: once for the DNS server role and once for the DHCP server role. If multiple server roles (DNS and DHCP servers) are selected, then Retrieve Server Data is the only available option. If all selected servers are the same type (DHCP or DNS), then the available options are the same as those available if you choose DHCP or DNS for the value of Server type.

DHCP

  • Edit DHCP Server Properties: Configure a single server or multiple servers.

  • Edit DHCP Server Options: Configure a single server or multiple servers.

  • Create DHCP Scope: Configure a single server.

  • Configure Predefined DHCP Options: Configure a single server or multiple servers.

  • Launch MMC: Configure a single server.

  • Configure User Class: Configure a single server or multiple servers.

  • Configure Vendor Class: Configure a single server or multiple servers.

  • Retrieve Server Data: Retrieve data from a single server or multiple servers.

DNS

  • Launch MMC: Configure a single server.

  • Retrieve Server Data: Retrieve data from a single server or multiple servers.

DNS and DHCP
TipTip
You cannot use the Create DHCP Scope configuration option on multiple DHCP servers. To duplicate a DHCP scope, create the scope on at least one DHCP server and then use the Duplicate DHCP Scope configuration option available in the DHCP Scopes view.

For more information about configuration options for DNS and DHCP servers using the IPAM console, see Multi-server Management.

Use the DHCP scopes node to search and display information about IPv4 and IPv6 DHCP scopes on the network. DHCP scopes can be active or inactive.

When you click the DHCP Scopes node in the upper navigation pane, the DHCP scopes displayed in the display pane search view depend on the node that is selected in the lower navigation tree. By default, IPv4 is selected.

The DHCP Scopes view provides information about the utilization and status of DHCP scopes and summarizes configuration information. The Details View provides a summary of scope properties, scope options, and scope configuration events (shown below).

DHCP Scope events

Configuration options that are available for DHCP scopes include:

  • Edit DHCP Scope: Configure a single scope or multiple scopes.

  • Duplicate DHCP Scope: Duplicate a single scope.

  • Activate DHCP Scope: Activate a single scope or multiple scopes.

  • Deactivate DHCP Scope: Deactivate a single scope or multiple scopes.

  • Delete: Delete a single scope or multiple scopes from the DHCP server.

For more information about configuring DHCP scopes using the IPAM console, see Multi-server Management.

Use the DNS zone monitoring node to search and display information about DNS zones hosted by managed DNS servers on the network.

When you click the DNS Zone Monitoring node in the upper navigation pane, DNS zones hosted on managed, authoritative DNS servers are displayed. The zones that are displayed depend on the node that is selected in the lower navigation tree. By default, Forward Lookup zones are selected.

DNS Zones

Information is provided about the health of forward DNS zones. IPv4 and IPv6 reverse DNS zones are displayed, but health information is not provided. The Zone Status (health) of a zone is considered OK if all DNS servers that host the zone respond to a DNS name server query for the zone (ex: nslookup –q=ns contoso.com dc1.contoso.com). The Details View provides a summary of zone properties and authoritative servers for the zone that is selected.

Use the server groups node to search and display information about DNS and DHCP servers that you have assigned to unique, logical groups. You can create multiple logical groups, and use this functionality to organize DNS and DHCP servers by characteristics such as location, hardware specifications, operating system version, and administrative control. If a managed server is not a DHCP server or a DNS server, it is not displayed.

If you have not yet created custom server groups, the view of DNS and DHCP servers that is displayed when you click the Server Groups node in the upper navigation pane is the same as that shown when you click DNS and DHCP Servers. To customize this view, you must add server groups. To add a server group, right-click IPv4 or IPv6 in the lower navigation pane, and then click Add Server Group.

Server Group
ImportantImportant
This procedure is not the same as clicking Manage on the Server Manager menu and then clicking Create Server Group.

Server groups can contain multiple levels of nested grouping. To specify custom grouping values, use the Configure Custom Fields dialog box. After configuring custom fields and adding server groups, use the SERVER INVENTORY view to edit managed servers and specify custom configurations for each server. You can add custom configurations to multiple servers simultaneously by selecting multiple servers in the server inventory. When you have added server groups and custom configurations, you can use the lower navigation pane to view servers that belong to specific groups.

Server Group

To edit or delete existing server groups, right-click the name of the server group and then click Edit Server Group or Delete.

EVENT CATALOG contains the following child nodes in the lower navigation pane:

Use the event catalog node to view IPAM and DHCP configuration events, and to search and display DHCP lease events and user logon events on managed servers.

When you click the EVENT CATALOG node in the upper navigation pane, IPAM configuration events are displayed by default. Use the lower navigation pane to change the display to DHCP configuration events or IP address tracking.

To update the list of events, click TASKS and then click Retrieve Event Catalog Data, which will run the IPAM audit task. To delete events from IPAM and Event Viewer, click TASKS and then click Purge Event Catalog Data. You will be prompted to choose the date and type of events to purge from the event catalog.

Purge Events

When you click IPAM Configuration Events in the lower navigation pane, a list of configuration events is displayed in the (upper) display pane search view. These events are the same events as displayed in Event Viewer on the IPAM server under Applications and Services Logs>Microsoft>Windows>IPAM>ConfigurationChange. You can also filter these events by the user name of the user that made the configuration change on the IPAM server.

IPAM events

Clicking a specific event in this list will display detailed information in the (lower) display pane Details View (not shown here).

When you click DHCP Configuration Events in the lower navigation pane, a list of configuration events is displayed in the (upper) display pane search view. These events are the same events as displayed in Event Viewer on the IPAM server under Applications and Services Logs>Microsoft>Windows>DHCP-Server>Microsoft-Windows-DHCP Server Events/Operational. You can also filter these events by the user name of the user that made the configuration change on the IPAM server.

DHCP events

Clicking a specific event in this list will display detailed information in the (lower) display pane Details View (not shown here).

When you click IP Address Tracking in the lower navigation pane, a summary of IPAM’s IP address tracking feature is provided with information about the four types of address tracking that are available (By IP Address, By Client ID, By Host Name, By User Name). You also have the option of saving queries for later reuse. Wildcards and pattern-matching syntax is not supported. Some example queries are shown below.

To display DHCP lease events by IP address, type an IP address in the search box and enter a date range to search. You can also choose to include or exclude correlated logon events found on domain controllers and NPS servers.

By IP Address

To display DHCP lease events by client ID, type a MAC address in the search box and enter a date range to search. You can also choose to include or exclude correlated logon events found on domain controllers and NPS servers.

By Client ID

To display DHCP lease events by host name, type a host name in the search box and enter a date range to search. You can also choose to include or exclude correlated logon events found on domain controllers and NPS servers.

By Host Name

To display DHCP lease events by user name, type user name in the search box and enter a date range to search. When searching by user name, you must include correlated logon events found on domain controllers and NPS servers.

By User Name

Use the access control node to configure detailed rights management for IPAM users and administrators.

When you click the ACCESS CONTROL node in the upper navigation pane you can configure three types of access settings in the lower navigation pane. These settings are described below.

Role based access control is comprised of roles, access scopes, and access policies:

  • Roles: A role is a collection of IPAM operations. You can associate a role with a user or group in Windows using an access policy. Several built-in roles are provided, but you can also create customized roles to meet your business requirements.

  • Access scopes: An access scope determines the objects that a user has access to. You can use access scopes to define administrative domains in IPAM. For example, you might create access scopes based on geographical location. By default, IPAM includes an access scope of Global. All other access scopes are subsets of the Global access scope. Users or groups that are assigned to the Global access scope have access to all objects in IPAM that are permitted by their assigned role.

  • Access policies: An access policy combines a role with an access scope to assign permission to a user or group. For example, you might define an access policy for user1 with a role of IP Block Admin and an access scope of Global\Asia. Therefore, user1 will have permission to edit and delete IP address blocks that are associated to the Asia access scope. This user will not have permission to edit or delete any other IP address blocks in IPAM.

For more information and steps to configure access settings, see Access Control.

Several examples for uses of the lower navigation pane have been provided in this topic when describing uses of the upper navigation pane. The lower navigation pane is used to group and narrow the selection of items that are displayed in the (upper) display pane search view when you click a node in the upper navigation pane.

Depending on the node that is selected in the upper navigation pane, different grouping choices are available in the lower navigation pane. For example, if you choose IP Address Inventory in the upper navigation pane, the lower navigation pane will display IPv4 and IPv6 parent nodes with child nodes classified by device type. If you choose IP Address Range Groups in the upper navigation pane, the lower navigation pane will display IPv4 and IPv6 parent nodes, with child nodes corresponding to range groups that you have created. IPv4 and IPv6 are the typical parent classifications for items in the lower navigation pane, with exceptions of DNS Zone Monitoring and EVENT CATALOG, which have the unique parent nodes described previously.

The lower navigation pane has two types of available views, the list view and the tree view.

List view in the lower navigation pane allows you to separate child nodes into unique columns. You can search these columns and display only specified items. You can search any part of the name.

List View

Tree view in the lower navigation pane allows you to expand or collapse all child nodes as needed. You cannot perform searches when using the tree view.

Tree View

The display pane search view provides a list of items found in the IPAM database that match the specific nodes that are selected in the upper and lower navigation panes, and (if applicable) the current selection next to Current view. To sort items in the list by a specific column header, left-click the column header. Click the column header again to reverse the sorting order.

TipTip
You can customize the columns that are displayed by adding or removing column headers, and by changing the order of columns. You can also choose to group items in the list by specific fields.

To add or remove a column header, right-click and existing column header and select the headers you wish to display. To change the order of column headers, click and hold an existing header and then move it to the desired location, either before or after another header. To group items in the list, right-click an existing column header, point to Group by, and then select a grouping category. You can only choose one grouping category at a time. To remove item grouping, de-select the existing grouping category by clicking it again.

The display pane search view provides the capability to filter results based on a query. You can also save queries for later use.

The display pane details view provides detailed information applicable to the current selection in the display pane search view. Depending on the item that is selected, information might be presented using multiple tabs. For example, when viewing IP address blocks and ranges, the Details View displays Configuration Details, Utilization Trend, and Event Catalog tabs. When viewing DHCP server properties, the Details View displays Server Properties, Options, and Event Catalog tabs.

Server Manager provides a control to refresh information that is displayed in specific console view. Data in the IPAM client console might need to be refreshed after a configuration change on the IPAM server or on a managed server, or when data collection tasks have recently completed running. Clicking the display pane refresh icon ensures that the information that is displayed is current.

Server Manager provides a notification control that displays the status of important tasks. For example, if you click Manage and then click Retrieve All Server Data, the status of multiple IPAM data collection tasks will be displayed in the notifications area.

IPAM notifications

Click the notification area and then click Task Details to see a recent history of tasks and errors.

When viewing the IPAM console, Manage on the Server Manager menu bar contains selections that are used for general Server Manager tasks as well as selections that are used with IPAM. Items that are specific to IPAM you can choose by clicking Manage include:

  • Connect to an IPAM Server

  • IPAM Settings

  • Start Server Discovery

  • Retrieve All Server Data

For more information about these management tasks, see IPAM Architecture, Managing Server Inventory, and Managing IP Address Space.

The selections that are displayed on the TASKS menu are context-specific and depend on the node that is selected in the upper navigation pane. The following actions are available for specified nodes in the navigation pane:

  1. SERVER INVENTORY: For more information, see Managing Server Inventory.

    • Add Server

    • Retrieve All Server Data

    • Export

  2. IP ADDRESS SPACE child nodes: For more information, see Managing IP Address Space.

    • Add IP Address Block

    • Add IP Address Range

    • Add IP Address

    • Import IP Address Blocks

    • Import IP Address Ranges

    • Import IP Addresses

    • Import and Update IP Address Ranges

    • IP Address Expiry Log Settings

    • Retrieve Address Space Data

    • Export

  3. MONITOR AND MANAGE child nodes: For more information, see Multi-server Management.

    • Retrieve Server Data

    • Export

  4. EVENT CATALOG: For more information, see IP Address Tracking and Operational Event Tracking.

    • Purge Event Catalog Data

    • Retrieve Event Catalog Data

    • Export

Was this page helpful?
(1500 characters remaining)
Thank you for your feedback

Community Additions

ADD
Show:
© 2014 Microsoft