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Enable and Configure Priority Queuing

 

Topic Last Modified: 2013-02-22

Priority queuing is a feature of Microsoft Exchange Server 2013 that enables the message priority that's configured by the sender in Microsoft Outlook or Outlook Web Access to influence the processing of the message by the Transport service on the Mailbox server. When priority queuing is enabled, High priority messages are transmitted to their destinations before Normal priority messages, and Normal priority messages are transmitted to their destinations before Low priority messages. For more information, see Priority Queuing.

  • Estimated time to complete: 15 minutes
  • Exchange permissions don't apply to the procedures in this topic. These procedures are performed in the operating system of the Exchange Server.
  • Changes you save to the EdgeTransport.exe.config application configuration file are applied after you restart the Microsoft Exchange Transport service.
  • When you restart the Microsoft Exchange Transport service, mail flow on the server is temporarily interrupted.
  • Any customized per-server settings you make in Exchange XML application configuration files, for example, web.config files on Client Access servers or the EdgeTransport.exe.config file on Mailbox servers, will be overwritten when you install an Exchange Cumulative Update (CU). Make sure that you save this information so you can easily re-configure your server after the install. You must re-configure these settings after you install an Exchange CU.
  • For information about keyboard shortcuts that may apply to the procedures in this topic, see Keyboard Shortcuts in the Exchange Admin Center.
tipTip:
Having problems? Ask for help in the Exchange forums. Visit the forums at: Exchange Server, Exchange Online, or Exchange Online Protection
  1. In a Command prompt window, open the EdgeTransport.exe.config application configuration file in Notepad by running the following command:
    Notepad %ExchangeInstallPath%Bin\EdgeTransport.exe.config
    
  2. Find the following keys in the <appSettings> section.
    <add key="PriorityQueuingEnabled" value="false" />
    <add key="MaxPerDomainHighPriorityConnections" value="3" />
    <add key="MaxPerDomainNormalPriorityConnections" value="15" />
    <add key="MaxPerDomainLowPriorityConnections" value="2" />
    <add key="HighPriorityMessageExpirationTimeout" value="8:00:00" />
    <add key="NormalPriorityMessageExpirationTimeout" value="2.00:00:00" />
    <add key="LowPriorityMessageExpirationTimeout" value="2.00:00:00" />
    <add key="HighPriorityDelayNotificationTimeout" value="00:30:00" />
    <add key="NormalPriorityDelayNotificationTimeout" value="4:00:00" />
    <add key="LowPriorityDelayNotificationTimeout" value="8:00:00" />
    <add key="MaxHighPriorityMessageSize" value="250KB" />
    
    To enable priority queuing in the Transport service on the Mailbox server, use the following value:
    <add key="PriorityQueuingEnabled" value="true" />
    
    Configure the remaining priority queuing values, or leave them at their default values.
  3. When you are finished, save and close the EdgeTransport.exe.config file.
  4. Restart the Microsoft Exchange Transport service by running the following command:
    net stop MSExchangeTransport && net start MSExchangeTransport
    

To verify that you have successfully enabled and configured priority queuing, do the following:

  1. Verify the PriorityQueueinEnabled key in the EdgeTransport.exe.config file has the value "true".
  2. Use Outlook to create a high priority test message that's larger than the value specified by the MaxHighPriorityMessageSize key, and verify the message arrives as a normal priority message.
  3. Try to verify that higher priority messages arrive before lower priority messages sent to the same recipient or destination. You can try to use multiple mailboxes to send multiple, similar test messages with different priority values to the same recipient simultaneously.
 
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