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Monitor servers in SharePoint 2013

SharePoint 2013

Published: February 5, 2013

Summary: Learn how to monitor SharePoint servers, including database servers, application servers, and web servers, by using logs, SharePoint Health Analyzer rules, and System Center 2012 - Operations Manager.

Applies to:  SharePoint Server 2013 | SharePoint Foundation 2013 

You should monitor database servers, application servers, and web servers in a SharePoint farm to detect performance issues and maintain a healthy environment. When you monitor servers, you monitor hardware, software, and security of servers. You can use the built-in monitoring features of the SharePoint Central Administration website , such as logs and SharePoint Healthy Analyzer rules. In addition, you can deploy System Center 2012 - Operations Manager to monitor computers that run SharePoint 2013. Operations Manager is a powerful monitoring platform that lets you monitor services, devices, and operations for many computers in a single console. To use Operations Manager, we recommend that you install System Center Management Pack for SharePoint Server 2013.

In this article:

Monitoring tools

You can use the following tools to monitor servers:

  • SharePoint Health Analyzer rules

    Built-in SharePoint Health Analyzer rules enable you to analyze and resolve issues in the following areas: security, performance, configuration, and availability. These rules are run at scheduled intervals, such as hourly, daily, weekly, and monthly.

  • System Center 2012 - Operations Manager

    System Center 2012 - Operations Manager is a powerful monitoring platform that lets you monitor services, devices, and operations for many computers in a single console. Operations Manager enables you to view status, health, performance information, and alerts that Management Packs generate for availability, performance, configuration and security situations. For more information, see Operations Manager.

  • Performance monitor

    Performance Monitor is a simple yet powerful visualization tool for viewing performance data, both in real time and from log files. You can examine performance data in a graph, histogram, or report. For more information, see Windows Performance Monitor.

  • Logs

    You can use logs for diagnosis and troubleshooting. For more information, see Use logs.

Use SharePoint Health Analyzer rules to monitor servers

You can use SharePoint Health Analyzer rules to monitor database servers, application servers, and web servers.

Monitor various servers

Type of Server SharePoint Health Analyzer rules

Database servers

Application servers

Application pools recycle when memory limits are exceeded (SharePoint 2013)

Web servers

You can use the following SharePoint Health Analyzer rules to monitor hardware, software, and security of servers.

Monitor hardware, software, and security

Monitoring target SharePoint Health Analyzer rules or related article

Hardware

Software

Product / patch installation or server upgrade required (SharePoint 2013)

Security

The Security Token Service is not available (SharePoint 2013)

For more information, see SharePoint Health Analyzer rules reference (SharePoint 2013).

Use System Center 2012 - Operations Manager and System Center Management Pack for SharePoint Server 2013 to monitor servers

Operations Manager enables you to monitor services, devices, and operations for many computers in a single console. For examples, administrators can use many views that show state, health, performance information, and alerts that Operations Manager generated for availability, performance, configuration and security situations. As a result, you can see the state of an IT environment and IT Services that are running across different services and workloads. Operators can gain rapid insight into the state of the IT environment and the IT services that are running across different systems and workloads by. For more information, see Operations Manager Monitoring Scenarios.

You can use System Center Management Pack for SharePoint Server 2013 to monitor events, collect performance counters that are specific to SharePoint components in one central location, and raise alerts for operator intervention as necessary. For more information, see System Center Monitoring Pack for SharePoint Server 2013 or System Center Monitoring Pack for SharePoint Foundation 2013.

You can use Network Load Balancing (NLB) to enhance the scalability and availability of server applications when you use System Center Management Pack for SharePoint Server 2013. For more information, see Network Load Balancing.

Use Windows Performance Monitor to monitor servers

Windows Performance Monitor uses performance counters, event trace data, and configuration information, which can be combined into Data Collector Sets.

For more information, see Windows Performance Monitor.

Use logs

You can use diagnostic logs, and health and data collection logs to monitor servers. For more information, see Configure diagnostic logging in SharePoint 2013 and Configure usage and health data collection in SharePoint 2013.

You can check Unified Logging Service (ULS) logs for troubleshooting. For more information, see ULS Viewer, for SharePoint 2010 Troubleshooting.

note Note:

This information for SharePoint 2010 also applies to SharePoint 2013.

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