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SPContentType class

Represents a site or list content type.

System.Object
  Microsoft.SharePoint.SPContentType

Namespace:  Microsoft.SharePoint
Assembly:  Microsoft.SharePoint (in Microsoft.SharePoint.dll)

public sealed class SPContentType

Content types are designed to help users organize their SharePoint content in a more meaningful way. A content type is a reusable collection of settings that you want to apply to a certain category of content. Content types enable you to manage the metadata and behaviors of a document or item type in a centralized, reusable way.

For more information, see Introduction to Content Types.

The following example is a console application that creates a content type and adds it to the site content type collection. Next, the example creates a field (column) and links the field to the new content type. Finally, the example creates a list and adds the new content type to the content type collection that belongs to the list.

Before running the application, you need to add a reference to Microsoft.Sharepoint.dll to your project.

using System;
using Microsoft.SharePoint;

namespace Test
{
   class ConsoleApp
   {
      #region fields
      private static string requestUrl = "http://localhost";

      // Name and type of content type to create.
      private static string ctName = "Customer";
      private static SPContentTypeId parentId = SPBuiltInContentTypeId.Contact;

      // Name and type of site column to create.
      private static string fldName = "LastOrder";
      private static SPFieldType fldType = SPFieldType.DateTime;

      // Name, type, and description of list to create.
      private static string lstName = "Customers";
      private static SPListTemplateType lstType = SPListTemplateType.Contacts;
      private static string lstDesc = "A list of customers.";
      #endregion

      static void Main(string[] args)
      {
         using (SPSite site = new SPSite(requestUrl))
         {
            using (SPWeb web = site.OpenWeb())
            {
               // Check for duplicate content type, field, and list names.
               if (ValidNames(web))
               {
                  // Create a new site content type.
                  SPContentTypeCollection cts = web.ContentTypes;
                  SPContentType ct = new SPContentType(cts[parentId], // parent
                                                       cts,           // collection
                                                       ctName);       // name

                  // Add the content type to the site collection.
                  cts.Add(ct);
                  Console.WriteLine(
                      "Added {0} content type to site collection.", ct.Name);

                  // Create a site field to link to.
                  SPFieldCollection fields = web.Fields;
                  fldName = fields.Add(fldName, fldType, false);
                  Console.WriteLine("Created {0} site column.", fldName);

                  // Link the content type to the field.
                  SPField field = fields.GetField(fldName);
                  SPFieldLink fieldLink = new SPFieldLink(field);
                  ct.FieldLinks.Add(fieldLink);
                  Console.WriteLine(
                            "Linked {0} content type to {1} column.",
                             ct.Name, field.InternalName);

                  // Commit changes to the database.
                  ct.Update();

                  // Create a list.
                  SPListCollection lists = web.Lists;
                  Guid listID = lists.Add(lstName, lstDesc, lstType);
                  SPList list = lists[listID];
                  list.OnQuickLaunch = true;
                  list.Update();
                  Console.WriteLine("Created {0} list.", list.Title);

                  // Apply the new content type to the list.
                  list.ContentTypesEnabled = true;
                  if (list.IsContentTypeAllowed(ct))
                  {
                     // Add the new content type.
                     SPContentType lstCT = list.ContentTypes.Add(ct);
                     // Remove the default content type.
                     list.ContentTypes[0].Delete();
                     // Commit changes to the list.
                     list.Update();
                     Console.WriteLine("Applied {0} content type to {1} list.",
                                        lstCT.Name, list.Title);
                  }
                  else
                  {
                     Console.WriteLine("{0} list does not allow {1} content type.",
                                        list.Title, ct.Name);
                  }

               }
            }
         }
         Console.Write("\nPress ENTER to continue...");
         Console.ReadLine();
      }

      // Checks for duplicate content type, field, and list names.
      static bool ValidNames(SPWeb web)
      {
         bool valid = true;

         // Duplicate content type name?
         if (web.AvailableContentTypes[ctName] != null)
         {
            valid = false;
            Console.WriteLine("Duplicate content type name.");
         }

         // Invalid characters in content type name?
         try
         {
            SPContentType.ValidateName(ctName);
         }
         catch (SPException ex)
         {
            Console.WriteLine("Invalid character in content type name.");
         }


         // Duplicate field name?
         if (web.Fields.ContainsField(fldName))
         {
            valid = false;
            Console.WriteLine("Duplicate field name.");
         }

         // Duplicate list name?
         try
         {
            SPList list = web.Lists[lstName]; // Exception if not found
            valid = false;
            Console.WriteLine("Duplicate list name.");
         }
         catch (ArgumentException ex)
         {
            // List name does not exist.
         }

         return valid;
      }
   }
}

Any public static (Shared in Visual Basic) members of this type are thread safe. Any instance members are not guaranteed to be thread safe.
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