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ReplicationDatabase Class

Represents a publication or subscription database in a replication topology.

Object
  Microsoft.SqlServer.Replication.ReplicationObject
    Microsoft.SqlServer.Replication.ReplicationDatabase

Namespace:  Microsoft.SqlServer.Replication
Assembly:  Microsoft.SqlServer.Rmo (in Microsoft.SqlServer.Rmo.dll)

public sealed class ReplicationDatabase : ReplicationObject

The ReplicationDatabase type exposes the following members.

  NameDescription
Public methodReplicationDatabase()Initializes a new instance of the ReplicationDatabase class.
Public methodReplicationDatabase(String, ServerConnection)Initializes a new instance of the ReplicationDatabase class with the specified database name, providing a connection to the server on which the database exists.
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  NameDescription
Public propertyAllowMergePublicationSpecifies whether or not the database can be published using merge replication.
Public propertyCachePropertyChangesGets or sets whether to cache changes made to the replication properties or to apply them immediately. (Inherited from ReplicationObject.)
Public propertyCompatibilityLevelGets the minimum version of SQL Server with which the database has compatible behavior.
Public propertyConnectionContextGets or sets the connection to an instance of Microsoft SQL Server. (Inherited from ReplicationObject.)
Public propertyDBOwnerGets if the login used by the current connection has ownership rights to the database.
Public propertyDBReadOnlyGets whether the database is read-only or not.
Public propertyEnabledMergePublishingGets or sets whether the database is enabled for merge publishing or not.
Public propertyEnabledTransPublishingGets or sets whether the database is enabled for transactional or snapshot publishing or not.
Public propertyHasPublicationsGets whether or not the database has existing publications.
Public propertyHasPullSubscriptionsGets whether or not the database has existing pull subscriptions.
Public propertyIsExistingObjectGets whether the object exists on the server or not. (Inherited from ReplicationObject.)
Public propertyLogReaderAgentExistsGets whether or not the Log Reader Agent has been created for the publication database.
Public propertyLogReaderAgentNameGets the name of an existing Log Reader Agent or sets the name when creating a new Log Reader Agent for a published database.
Public propertyLogReaderAgentProcessSecurityGets the Microsoft Windows account under which the Log Reader Agent job runs at the Distributor.
Public propertyLogReaderAgentPublisherSecurityGets the login used by the Log Reader Agent to connect to the Publisher.
Public propertyMergePublicationsReturns the merge publications defined on the replication database.
Public propertyMergePullSubscriptionsReturns the merge pull subscriptions defined on the replication database.
Public propertyNameGets or sets the name of the replication database.
Public propertyQueueReaderAgentExistsGets whether or not a Queue Reader Agent job exists for the database.
Public propertyQueueReaderAgentProcessSecurityGets the Microsoft Windows account under which the Queue Reader Agent job runs at the Distributor.
Public propertySqlServerNameGets the name of the Microsoft SQL Server instance to which this object is connected. (Inherited from ReplicationObject.)
Public propertyTransPublicationsReturns the transactional or snapshot publications defined on the replication database.
Public propertyTransPullSubscriptionsRepresents the pull subscriptions to a transactional or snapshot publication defined on the replication database.
Public propertyUserDataGets or sets an object property that allows users to attach their own data to the object. (Inherited from ReplicationObject.)
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  NameDescription
Public methodCommitPropertyChangesSends all the cached property change statements to the instance of Microsoft SQL Server. (Inherited from ReplicationObject.)
Public methodCreateLogReaderAgentCreates a Log Reader Agent job for a database published with transactional replication.
Public methodCreateQueueReaderAgentCreates a Queue Reader Agent job for the distribution database.
Public methodDecoupleDecouples the referenced replication object from the server. (Inherited from ReplicationObject.)
Public methodEnumConflictTablesReturns conflict information for all merge publications and subscriptions that use the replication database.
Public methodEnumMergeConflictCountsReturns information on conflicts stored in a merge publication or subscription database.
Public methodEnumMergePublicationsReturns a list of merge publications that use the replication database.
Public methodEnumMergePullSubscriptionsReturns all merge pull subscriptions that use this replication database.
Public methodEnumPublicationArticlesReturns replication information for published objects in the replication database.
Public methodEnumReplicationSchemaBoundViewsReturns all user-defined schema-bound view objects in the database.
Public methodEnumReplicationStoredProceduresReturns all user-defined stored procedure objects in the database.
Public methodEnumReplicationTablesReturns all user-defined table objects in the database.
Public methodEnumReplicationUserDefinedAggregatesReturns a list of user-defined aggregates in the database.
Public methodEnumReplicationUserDefinedFunctionsReturns a list of user-defined functions in the database.
Public methodEnumReplicationViewsReturns a list of the user-defined views objects in the database.
Public methodEnumTransConflictCountsReturns information on conflicts stored in an updating transactional publication or subscription database.
Public methodEnumTransPublicationsReturns a list of transactional and snapshot publications that use the database.
Public methodEnumTransPullSubscriptionsReturns a list of transactional and snapshot pull subscriptions that use the database.
Public methodEquals (Inherited from Object.)
Public methodGetHashCode (Inherited from Object.)
Public methodGetType (Inherited from Object.)
Public methodLinkPublicationForUpdateableSubscriptionSets the configuration and security information used by synchronization triggers of updatable subscriptions when connecting to the Publisher.
Public methodLoadLoads the properties of an existing object from the server. (Inherited from ReplicationObject.)
Public methodLoadPropertiesLoads the properties of an existing object from the server. (Inherited from ReplicationObject.)
Public methodReadSubscriptionFailoverModeReturns the failover mode for an updating subscription to a transactional or snapshot publication.
Public methodRefreshReloads the properties of the object. (Inherited from ReplicationObject.)
Public methodScriptReturns a Transact-SQL script to enable or disable replication publishing and subscriptions on the database based on the properties of ReplicationDatabase.
Public methodScriptReplicationDBOptionReturns a Transact-SQL script to enable or disable replication options on the database based on the properties of ReplicationDatabase.
Public methodToString (Inherited from Object.)
Public methodWriteSubscriptionFailoverModeSets the failover mode for an updating subscription to a transactional or snapshot publication.
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ReplicationDatabase can be used to represent a publication or subscription database. ReplicationDatabase cannot be used to represent system databases, such as master, tempdb, msdb, and model. A distribution database is represented by DistributionDatabase.

Thread Safety

Any public static (Shared in Microsoft Visual Basic) members of this type are safe for multithreaded operations. Any instance members are not guaranteed to be thread safe.

This example creates the distribution database when the Distributor is installed. It also enables merge and transactional publishing on the AdventureWorks database.

			// Set the server and database names
			string distributionDbName = "distribution";
			string publisherName = publisherInstance;
			string publicationDbName = "AdventureWorks2012";

			DistributionDatabase distributionDb;
			ReplicationServer distributor;
			DistributionPublisher publisher;
			ReplicationDatabase publicationDb;

			// Create a connection to the server using Windows Authentication.
			ServerConnection conn = new ServerConnection(publisherName);

			try
			{
				// Connect to the server acting as the Distributor 
				// and local Publisher.
				conn.Connect();

				// Define the distribution database at the Distributor,
				// but do not create it now.
				distributionDb = new DistributionDatabase(distributionDbName, conn);
				distributionDb.MaxDistributionRetention = 96;
				distributionDb.HistoryRetention = 120;

				// Set the Distributor properties and install the Distributor.
				// This also creates the specified distribution database.
				distributor = new ReplicationServer(conn);
				distributor.InstallDistributor((string)null, distributionDb);

				// Set the Publisher properties and install the Publisher.
				publisher = new DistributionPublisher(publisherName, conn);
				publisher.DistributionDatabase = distributionDb.Name;
				publisher.WorkingDirectory = @"\\" + publisherName + @"\repldata";
				publisher.PublisherSecurity.WindowsAuthentication = true;
				publisher.Create();

				// Enable AdventureWorks2012 as a publication database.
				publicationDb = new ReplicationDatabase(publicationDbName, conn);

				publicationDb.EnabledTransPublishing = true;
				publicationDb.EnabledMergePublishing = true;
			}
			catch (Exception ex)
			{
				// Implement appropriate error handling here.
				throw new ApplicationException("An error occured when installing distribution and publishing.", ex);
			}
			finally
			{
				conn.Disconnect();
			}
' Set the server and database names
Dim distributionDbName As String = "distribution"
Dim publisherName As String = publisherInstance
Dim publicationDbName As String = "AdventureWorks2012"

Dim distributionDb As DistributionDatabase
Dim distributor As ReplicationServer
Dim publisher As DistributionPublisher
Dim publicationDb As ReplicationDatabase

' Create a connection to the server using Windows Authentication.
Dim conn As ServerConnection = New ServerConnection(publisherName)

Try
    ' Connect to the server acting as the Distributor 
    ' and local Publisher.
    conn.Connect()

    ' Define the distribution database at the Distributor,
    ' but do not create it now.
    distributionDb = New DistributionDatabase(distributionDbName, conn)
    distributionDb.MaxDistributionRetention = 96
    distributionDb.HistoryRetention = 120

    ' Set the Distributor properties and install the Distributor.
    ' This also creates the specified distribution database.
    distributor = New ReplicationServer(conn)
    distributor.InstallDistributor((CType(Nothing, String)), distributionDb)

    ' Set the Publisher properties and install the Publisher.
    publisher = New DistributionPublisher(publisherName, conn)
    publisher.DistributionDatabase = distributionDb.Name
    publisher.WorkingDirectory = "\\" + publisherName + "\repldata"
    publisher.PublisherSecurity.WindowsAuthentication = True
    publisher.Create()

    ' Enable AdventureWorks2012 as a publication database.
    publicationDb = New ReplicationDatabase(publicationDbName, conn)

    publicationDb.EnabledTransPublishing = True
    publicationDb.EnabledMergePublishing = True

Catch ex As Exception
    ' Implement appropriate error handling here.
    Throw New ApplicationException("An error occured when installing distribution and publishing.", ex)

Finally
    conn.Disconnect()

End Try

This example changes properties on the distribution database.

			// Set the Distributor and distribution database names.
			string distributionDbName = "distribution";
			string distributorName = publisherInstance;

			ReplicationServer distributor;
			DistributionDatabase distributionDb;

			// Create a connection to the Distributor using Windows Authentication.
			ServerConnection conn = new ServerConnection(distributorName);

			try
			{
				// Open the connection. 
				conn.Connect();

				distributor = new ReplicationServer(conn);

				// Load Distributor properties, if it is installed.
				if (distributor.LoadProperties())
				{
					// Password supplied at runtime.
					distributor.ChangeDistributorPassword(password);
					distributor.AgentCheckupInterval = 5;

					// Save changes to the Distributor properties.
					distributor.CommitPropertyChanges();
				}
				else
				{
					throw new ApplicationException(
						String.Format("{0} is not a Distributor.", publisherInstance));
				}

				// Create an object for the distribution database 
				// using the open Distributor connection.
				distributionDb = new DistributionDatabase(distributionDbName, conn);

				// Change distribution database properties.
				if (distributionDb.LoadProperties())
				{
					// Change maximum retention period to 48 hours and history retention 
					// period to 24 hours.
					distributionDb.MaxDistributionRetention = 48;
					distributionDb.HistoryRetention = 24;

					// Save changes to the distribution database properties.
					distributionDb.CommitPropertyChanges();
				}
				else
				{
					// Do something here if the distribution database does not exist.
				}
			}
			catch (Exception ex)
			{
				// Implement the appropriate error handling here. 
				throw new ApplicationException("An error occured when changing Distributor " +
					" or distribution database properties.", ex);
			}
			finally
			{
				conn.Disconnect();
			}
' Set the Distributor and distribution database names.
Dim distributionDbName As String = "distribution"
Dim distributorName As String = publisherInstance

Dim distributor As ReplicationServer
Dim distributionDb As DistributionDatabase

' Create a connection to the Distributor using Windows Authentication.
Dim conn As ServerConnection = New ServerConnection(distributorName)

Try
    ' Open the connection. 
    conn.Connect()

    distributor = New ReplicationServer(conn)

    ' Load Distributor properties, if it is installed.
    If distributor.LoadProperties() Then
        ' Password supplied at runtime.
        distributor.ChangeDistributorPassword(password)
        distributor.AgentCheckupInterval = 5

        ' Save changes to the Distributor properties.
        distributor.CommitPropertyChanges()
    Else
        Throw New ApplicationException( _
            String.Format("{0} is not a Distributor.", publisherInstance))
    End If

    ' Create an object for the distribution database 
    ' using the open Distributor connection.
    distributionDb = New DistributionDatabase(distributionDbName, conn)

    ' Change distribution database properties.
    If distributionDb.LoadProperties() Then
        ' Change maximum retention period to 48 hours and history retention 
        ' period to 24 hours.
        distributionDb.MaxDistributionRetention = 48
        distributionDb.HistoryRetention = 24

        ' Save changes to the distribution database properties.
        distributionDb.CommitPropertyChanges()
    Else
        ' Do something here if the distribution database does not exist.
    End If
Catch ex As Exception
    ' Implement the appropriate error handling here. 
    Throw New ApplicationException("An error occured when changing Distributor " + _
        " or distribution database properties.", ex)
Finally
    conn.Disconnect()
End Try

This example disables merge and transactional publishing on the AdventureWorks database and drops the distribution database.

			// Set the Distributor and publication database names.
			// Publisher and Distributor are on the same server instance.
			string publisherName = publisherInstance;
			string distributorName = publisherInstance;
			string distributionDbName = "distribution";
			string publicationDbName = "AdventureWorks2012";

			// Create connections to the Publisher and Distributor
			// using Windows Authentication.
			ServerConnection publisherConn = new ServerConnection(publisherName);
			ServerConnection distributorConn = new ServerConnection(distributorName);

			// Create the objects we need.
			ReplicationServer distributor =
				new ReplicationServer(distributorConn);
			DistributionPublisher publisher;
			DistributionDatabase distributionDb =
				new DistributionDatabase(distributionDbName, distributorConn);
			ReplicationDatabase publicationDb;
			publicationDb = new ReplicationDatabase(publicationDbName, publisherConn);

			try
			{
				// Connect to the Publisher and Distributor.
				publisherConn.Connect();
				distributorConn.Connect();

				// Disable all publishing on the AdventureWorks2012 database.
				if (publicationDb.LoadProperties())
				{
					if (publicationDb.EnabledMergePublishing)
					{
						publicationDb.EnabledMergePublishing = false;
					}
					else if (publicationDb.EnabledTransPublishing)
					{
						publicationDb.EnabledTransPublishing = false;
					}
				}
				else
				{
					throw new ApplicationException(
						String.Format("The {0} database does not exist.", publicationDbName));
				}

				// We cannot uninstall the Publisher if there are still Subscribers.
				if (distributor.RegisteredSubscribers.Count == 0)
				{
					// Uninstall the Publisher, if it exists.
					publisher = new DistributionPublisher(publisherName, distributorConn);
					if (publisher.LoadProperties())
					{
						publisher.Remove(false);
					}
					else
					{
						// Do something here if the Publisher does not exist.
						throw new ApplicationException(String.Format(
							"{0} is not a Publisher for {1}.", publisherName, distributorName));
					}

					// Drop the distribution database.
					if (distributionDb.LoadProperties())
					{
						distributionDb.Remove();
					}
					else
					{
						// Do something here if the distribition DB does not exist.
						throw new ApplicationException(String.Format(
							"The distribution database '{0}' does not exist on {1}.",
							distributionDbName, distributorName));
					}

					// Uninstall the Distributor, if it exists.
					if (distributor.LoadProperties())
					{
						// Passing a value of false means that the Publisher 
						// and distribution databases must already be uninstalled,
						// and that no local databases be enabled for publishing.
						distributor.UninstallDistributor(false);
					}
					else
					{
						//Do something here if the distributor does not exist.
						throw new ApplicationException(String.Format(
							"The Distributor '{0}' does not exist.", distributorName));
					}
				}
				else
				{
					throw new ApplicationException("You must first delete all subscriptions.");
				}
			}
			catch (Exception ex)
			{
				// Implement appropriate error handling here.
				throw new ApplicationException("The Publisher and Distributor could not be uninstalled", ex);
			}
			finally
			{
				publisherConn.Disconnect();
				distributorConn.Disconnect();
			}
' Set the Distributor and publication database names.
' Publisher and Distributor are on the same server instance.
Dim publisherName As String = publisherInstance
Dim distributorName As String = subscriberInstance
Dim distributionDbName As String = "distribution"
Dim publicationDbName As String = "AdventureWorks2012"

' Create connections to the Publisher and Distributor
' using Windows Authentication.
Dim publisherConn As ServerConnection = New ServerConnection(publisherName)
Dim distributorConn As ServerConnection = New ServerConnection(distributorName)

' Create the objects we need.
Dim distributor As ReplicationServer
distributor = New ReplicationServer(distributorConn)
Dim publisher As DistributionPublisher
Dim distributionDb As DistributionDatabase
distributionDb = New DistributionDatabase(distributionDbName, distributorConn)
Dim publicationDb As ReplicationDatabase
publicationDb = New ReplicationDatabase(publicationDbName, publisherConn)

Try
    ' Connect to the Publisher and Distributor.
    publisherConn.Connect()
    distributorConn.Connect()

    ' Disable all publishing on the AdventureWorks2012 database.
    If publicationDb.LoadProperties() Then
        If publicationDb.EnabledMergePublishing Then
            publicationDb.EnabledMergePublishing = False
        ElseIf publicationDb.EnabledTransPublishing Then
            publicationDb.EnabledTransPublishing = False
        End If
    Else
        Throw New ApplicationException( _
            String.Format("The {0} database does not exist.", publicationDbName))
    End If

    ' We cannot uninstall the Publisher if there are still Subscribers.
    If distributor.RegisteredSubscribers.Count = 0 Then
        ' Uninstall the Publisher, if it exists.
        publisher = New DistributionPublisher(publisherName, distributorConn)
        If publisher.LoadProperties() Then
            publisher.Remove(False)
        Else
            ' Do something here if the Publisher does not exist.
            Throw New ApplicationException(String.Format( _
                "{0} is not a Publisher for {1}.", publisherName, distributorName))
        End If

        ' Drop the distribution database.
        If distributionDb.LoadProperties() Then
            distributionDb.Remove()
        Else
            ' Do something here if the distribition DB does not exist.
            Throw New ApplicationException(String.Format( _
             "The distribution database '{0}' does not exist on {1}.", _
             distributionDbName, distributorName))
        End If

        ' Uninstall the Distributor, if it exists.
        If distributor.LoadProperties() Then
            ' Passing a value of false means that the Publisher 
            ' and distribution databases must already be uninstalled,
            ' and that no local databases be enabled for publishing.
            distributor.UninstallDistributor(False)
        Else
            'Do something here if the distributor does not exist.
            Throw New ApplicationException(String.Format( _
                "The Distributor '{0}' does not exist.", distributorName))
        End If
    Else
        Throw New ApplicationException("You must first delete all subscriptions.")
    End If

Catch ex As Exception
    ' Implement appropriate error handling here.
    Throw New ApplicationException("The Publisher and Distributor could not be uninstalled", ex)

Finally
    publisherConn.Disconnect()
    distributorConn.Disconnect()

End Try

Any public static (Shared in Visual Basic) members of this type are thread safe. Any instance members are not guaranteed to be thread safe.
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