This feature will be removed in a future version of Microsoft SQL Server. Avoid using this feature in new development work, and plan to modify applications that currently use this feature.
The LinkedServer object exposes the properties of an OLE DB data source and allows directed Transact-SQL queries against defined data sources.
Microsoft SQL Server 2000 and later supports Transact-SQL queries against data stored in one or more SQL Server and heterogeneous databases. SQL Server distributed queries use OLE DB to access a non-local data store.
OLE DB defines a provider as an OLE DB component that can deliver data from a store. Typically, OLE DB providers can discriminate among applicable, available data stores. OLE DB defines a data source as that information necessary for the successful delivery of data from the store (such as a user identifier and password).
SQL Server implements persistent storage of an OLE DB provider name and data source definition called a linked server.
With the LinkedServer object, you can:
Create an OLE DB data source definition, usable as a data provider for a distributed query.
List the tables of a data source or the columns contained in a data source table.
Execute a Transact-SQL statement against a SQL Server OLE DB data source.
Remove existing data source defining records.
The Name property of a LinkedServer object uses the SQL Server data type sysname. The value of the Name property must be unique within an instance of SQL Server.
To create a linked server
Create a LinkedServer object.
Set the Name property.
Set the ProviderName property to indicate the OLE DB provider. For more information about providers available for SQL Server, see OLE DB Providers Tested with SQL Server.
Set any additional property values required by the provider. For more information about provider-required values, see the OLE DB provider documentation.
Add the LinkedServer object to the LinkedServers collection of a connected SQLServer object.
When a linked server is created, SQL Server creates a default linked server login record. When SQL Distributed Management Objects (SQL-DMO) is used to create a linked server, adding the LinkedServerobject to its containing collection creates the linked server and the default linked server login. The object's LinkedServerLoginscollection contains one member. For more information about the default linked server login created, see sp_addlinkedsrvlogin (Transact-SQL).
The LinkedServerobject is compatible with instances of SQL Server versions 7.0 and later. However, the LinkedServer2object extends the functionality of the LinkedServerobject for use with features that were introduced in SQL Server 2000.