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How to: Create a Push Subscription (RMO Programming)

You can create push subscriptions programmatically by using Replication Management Objects (RMO). The RMO classes you use to create a push subscription depend on the type of publication to which the subscription is created.

Security noteSecurity Note

When possible, prompt users to enter security credentials at runtime. If you must store credentials, use the cryptographic services provided by the Microsoft Windows .NET Framework.

To create a push subscription to a snapshot or transactional publication

  1. Create a connection to the Publisher by using the ServerConnection class.

  2. Create an instance of the TransPublication class by using the Publisher connection from step 1. Specify Name, DatabaseName, and ConnectionContext.

  3. Call the LoadProperties method. If this method returns false, either the properties specified in step 2 are incorrect or the publication does not exists on the server.

  4. Perform a bitwise logical AND (& in Visual C# and And in Visual Basic) between the Attributes property and AllowPush. If the result is None, set Attributes to the result of a bitwise logical OR (| in Visual C# and Or in Visual Basic) between Attributes and AllowPush. Then, call CommitPropertyChanges to enable push subscriptions.

  5. If the subscription database does not exist, create it by using the Database class. For more information, see Creating, Altering, and Removing Databases.

  6. Create an instance of the TransSubscription class.

  7. Set the following subscription properties:

  8. Call the Create method.

    Security noteSecurity Note

     When creating a push subscription at a Publisher with a remote Distributor, the values supplied for all properties, including SynchronizationAgentProcessSecurity, are sent to the Distributor as plain text. You should encrypt the connection between the Publisher and its remote Distributor before calling the Create method. For more information, see Encrypting Connections to SQL Server.

To create a push subscription to a merge publication

  1. Create a connection to the Publisher by using the ServerConnection class.

  2. Create an instance of the MergePublication class by using the Publisher connection from step 1. Specify Name, DatabaseName, and ConnectionContext.

  3. Call the LoadProperties method. If this method returns false, either the properties specified in step 2 are incorrect or the publication does not exists on the server.

  4. Perform a bitwise logical AND (& in Visual C# and And in Visual Basic) between the Attributes property and AllowPush. If the result is None, set Attributes to the result of a bitwise logical OR (| in Visual C# and Or in Visual Basic) between Attributes and AllowPush. Then, call CommitPropertyChanges to enable push subscriptions.

  5. If the subscription database does not exist, create it by using the Database class. For more information, see Creating, Altering, and Removing Databases.

  6. Create an instance of the MergeSubscription class.

  7. Set the following subscription properties:

  8. Call the Create method.

    Security noteSecurity Note

     When creating a push subscription at a Publisher with a remote Distributor, the values supplied for all properties, including SynchronizationAgentProcessSecurity, are sent to the Distributor as plain text. You should encrypt the connection between the Publisher and its remote Distributor before calling the Create method. For more information, see Encrypting Connections to SQL Server.

This example creates a new push subscription to a transactional publication. The Windows account credentials you use to run the Distribution Agent job are passed at runtime.

			// Define the Publisher, publication, and databases.
			string publicationName = "AdvWorksProductTran";
			string publisherName = publisherInstance;
			string subscriberName = subscriberInstance;
			string subscriptionDbName = "AdventureWorksReplica";
			string publicationDbName = "AdventureWorks";

			//Create a connection to the Publisher.
			ServerConnection conn = new ServerConnection(subscriberName);

			// Create the objects that we need.
			TransPublication publication;
			TransSubscription subscription;

			try
			{
				// Connect to the Publisher.
				conn.Connect();

				// Ensure that the publication exists and that 
				// it supports push subscriptions.
				publication = new TransPublication();
				publication.Name = publicationName;
				publication.DatabaseName = publicationDbName;
				publication.ConnectionContext = conn;

				if (publication.IsExistingObject)
				{
					if ((publication.Attributes & PublicationAttributes.AllowPush) == 0)
					{
						publication.Attributes |= PublicationAttributes.AllowPush;
					}

					// Define the push subscription.
					subscription = new TransSubscription();
					subscription.ConnectionContext = conn;
					subscription.SubscriberName = subscriberName;
					subscription.PublicationName = publicationName;
					subscription.DatabaseName = publicationDbName;
					subscription.SubscriptionDBName = subscriptionDbName;

					// Specify the Windows login credentials for the Distribution Agent job.
					subscription.SynchronizationAgentProcessSecurity.Login = winLogin;
					subscription.SynchronizationAgentProcessSecurity.Password = winPassword;

                    // By default, subscriptions to transactional publications are synchronized 
                    // continuously, but in this case we only want to synchronize on demand.
                    subscription.AgentSchedule.FrequencyType = ScheduleFrequencyType.OnDemand;

					// Create the push subscription.
					subscription.Create();
				}
				else
				{
					// Do something here if the publication does not exist.
					throw new ApplicationException(String.Format(
						"The publication '{0}' does not exist on {1}.",
						publicationName, publisherName));
				}
			}
			catch (Exception ex)
			{
				// Implement the appropriate error handling here.
				throw new ApplicationException(String.Format(
					"The subscription to {0} could not be created.", publicationName), ex);
			}
			finally
			{
				conn.Disconnect();
			}


' Define the Publisher, publication, and databases.
Dim publicationName As String = "AdvWorksProductTran"
Dim publisherName As String = publisherInstance
Dim subscriberName As String = subscriberInstance
Dim subscriptionDbName As String = "AdventureWorksReplica"
Dim publicationDbName As String = "AdventureWorks"

'Create a connection to the Publisher.
Dim conn As ServerConnection = New ServerConnection(subscriberName)

' Create the objects that we need.
Dim publication As TransPublication
Dim subscription As TransSubscription

Try
    ' Connect to the Publisher.
    conn.Connect()

    ' Ensure that the publication exists and that 
    ' it supports push subscriptions.
    publication = New TransPublication()
    publication.Name = publicationName
    publication.DatabaseName = publicationDbName
    publication.ConnectionContext = conn

    If publication.IsExistingObject Then
        If (publication.Attributes And PublicationAttributes.AllowPush) = 0 Then
            publication.Attributes = publication.Attributes _
            Or PublicationAttributes.AllowPush
        End If

        ' Define the push subscription.
        subscription = New TransSubscription()
        subscription.ConnectionContext = conn
        subscription.SubscriberName = subscriberName
        subscription.PublicationName = publicationName
        subscription.DatabaseName = publicationDbName
        subscription.SubscriptionDBName = subscriptionDbName

        ' Specify the Windows login credentials for the Distribution Agent job.
        subscription.SynchronizationAgentProcessSecurity.Login = winLogin
        subscription.SynchronizationAgentProcessSecurity.Password = winPassword

        ' By default, subscriptions to transactional publications are synchronized 
        ' continuously, but in this case we only want to synchronize on demand.
        subscription.AgentSchedule.FrequencyType = ScheduleFrequencyType.OnDemand

        ' Create the push subscription.
        subscription.Create()
    Else
        ' Do something here if the publication does not exist.
        Throw New ApplicationException(String.Format( _
         "The publication '{0}' does not exist on {1}.", _
         publicationName, publisherName))
    End If

Catch ex As Exception
    ' Implement the appropriate error handling here.
    Throw New ApplicationException(String.Format( _
        "The subscription to {0} could not be created.", publicationName), ex)
Finally
    conn.Disconnect()
End Try


This example creates a new push subscription to a merge publication. The Windows account credentials you use to run the Merge Agent job are passed at runtime.

			// Define the Publisher, publication, and databases.
			string publicationName = "AdvWorksSalesOrdersMerge";
			string publisherName = publisherInstance;
			string subscriberName = subscriberInstance;
			string subscriptionDbName = "AdventureWorksReplica";
			string publicationDbName = "AdventureWorks";
			string hostname = @"adventure-works\garrett1";

			//Create a connection to the Publisher.
			ServerConnection conn = new ServerConnection(subscriberName);

			// Create the objects that we need.
			MergePublication publication;
			MergeSubscription subscription;

			try
			{
				// Connect to the Publisher.
				conn.Connect();

				// Ensure that the publication exists and that 
				// it supports push subscriptions.
				publication = new MergePublication();
				publication.Name = publicationName;
				publication.DatabaseName = publicationDbName;
				publication.ConnectionContext = conn;

				if (publication.IsExistingObject)
				{
					if ((publication.Attributes & PublicationAttributes.AllowPush) == 0)
					{
						publication.Attributes |= PublicationAttributes.AllowPush;
					}

					// Define the push subscription.
					subscription = new MergeSubscription();
					subscription.ConnectionContext = conn;
					subscription.SubscriberName = subscriberName;
					subscription.PublicationName = publicationName;
					subscription.DatabaseName = publicationDbName;
					subscription.SubscriptionDBName = subscriptionDbName;
					subscription.HostName = hostname;

					// Set a schedule to synchronize the subscription every 2 hours
					// during weekdays from 6am to 10pm.
					subscription.AgentSchedule.FrequencyType = ScheduleFrequencyType.Weekly;
					subscription.AgentSchedule.FrequencyInterval = Convert.ToInt32(0x003E);
					subscription.AgentSchedule.FrequencyRecurrenceFactor = 1;
					subscription.AgentSchedule.FrequencySubDay = ScheduleFrequencySubDay.Hour;
					subscription.AgentSchedule.FrequencySubDayInterval = 2;
					subscription.AgentSchedule.ActiveStartDate = 20051108;
					subscription.AgentSchedule.ActiveEndDate = 20071231;
					subscription.AgentSchedule.ActiveStartTime = 060000;
					subscription.AgentSchedule.ActiveEndTime = 100000;

					// Specify the Windows login credentials for the Merge Agent job.
					subscription.SynchronizationAgentProcessSecurity.Login = winLogin;
					subscription.SynchronizationAgentProcessSecurity.Password = winPassword;

					// Create the push subscription.
					subscription.Create();
				}
				else
				{
					// Do something here if the publication does not exist.
					throw new ApplicationException(String.Format(
						"The publication '{0}' does not exist on {1}.",
						publicationName, publisherName));
				}
			}
			catch (Exception ex)
			{
				// Implement the appropriate error handling here.
				throw new ApplicationException(String.Format(
					"The subscription to {0} could not be created.", publicationName), ex);
			}
			finally
			{
				conn.Disconnect();
			}


' Define the Publisher, publication, and databases.
Dim publicationName As String = "AdvWorksSalesOrdersMerge"
Dim publisherName As String = publisherInstance
Dim subscriberName As String = subscriberInstance
Dim subscriptionDbName As String = "AdventureWorksReplica"
Dim publicationDbName As String = "AdventureWorks"
Dim hostname As String = "adventure-works\garrett1"

'Create a connection to the Publisher.
Dim conn As ServerConnection = New ServerConnection(subscriberName)

' Create the objects that we need.
Dim publication As MergePublication
Dim subscription As MergeSubscription

Try
    ' Connect to the Publisher.
    conn.Connect()

    ' Ensure that the publication exists and that 
    ' it supports push subscriptions.
    publication = New MergePublication()
    publication.Name = publicationName
    publication.DatabaseName = publicationDbName
    publication.ConnectionContext = conn

    If publication.IsExistingObject Then
        If (publication.Attributes And PublicationAttributes.AllowPush) = 0 Then
            publication.Attributes = publication.Attributes _
            Or PublicationAttributes.AllowPush
        End If

        ' Define the push subscription.
        subscription = New MergeSubscription()
        subscription.ConnectionContext = conn
        subscription.SubscriberName = subscriberName
        subscription.PublicationName = publicationName
        subscription.DatabaseName = publicationDbName
        subscription.SubscriptionDBName = subscriptionDbName
        subscription.HostName = hostname

        ' Set a schedule to synchronize the subscription every 2 hours
        ' during weekdays from 6am to 10pm.
        subscription.AgentSchedule.FrequencyType = ScheduleFrequencyType.Weekly
        subscription.AgentSchedule.FrequencyInterval = Convert.ToInt32("0x003E", 16)
        subscription.AgentSchedule.FrequencyRecurrenceFactor = 1
        subscription.AgentSchedule.FrequencySubDay = ScheduleFrequencySubDay.Hour
        subscription.AgentSchedule.FrequencySubDayInterval = 2
        subscription.AgentSchedule.ActiveStartDate = 20051108
        subscription.AgentSchedule.ActiveEndDate = 20071231
        subscription.AgentSchedule.ActiveStartTime = 60000
        subscription.AgentSchedule.ActiveEndTime = 100000

        ' Specify the Windows login credentials for the Merge Agent job.
        subscription.SynchronizationAgentProcessSecurity.Login = winLogin
        subscription.SynchronizationAgentProcessSecurity.Password = winPassword

        ' Create the push subscription.
        subscription.Create()
    Else

        ' Do something here if the publication does not exist.
        Throw New ApplicationException(String.Format( _
         "The publication '{0}' does not exist on {1}.", _
         publicationName, publisherName))
    End If
Catch ex As Exception
    ' Implement the appropriate error handling here.
    Throw New ApplicationException(String.Format( _
    "The subscription to {0} could not be created.", publicationName), ex)
Finally
    conn.Disconnect()
End Try


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