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Creating, Altering, and Removing Stored Procedures

In SQL Server Management Objects (SMO), stored procedures are represented by the StoredProcedure object.

Creating a StoredProcedure object in SMO requires setting the TextBody property to the Transact-SQL script that defines the stored procedure. Parameters require the @ prefix and must be created individually by using StoredProcedureParameter objects and adding to the StoredProcedureParameter collection of the StoredProcedure object.

To use any code example that is provided, you will have to choose the programming environment, the programming template, and the programming language in which to create your application. For more information, see Create a Visual Basic SMO Project in Visual Studio .NET or Create a Visual C# SMO Project in Visual Studio .NET.

This code example shows how to create a stored procedure for the AdventureWorks2012 database. The example returns the last name of an employee when it is given the employee ID number. The stored procedure requires one input parameter to specify the employee ID number and one output parameter to return the last name of the employee.

'Connect to the local, default instance of SQL Server.
Dim srv As Server
srv = New Server
'Reference the AdventureWorks2012 2008R2 database.
Dim db As Database
db = srv.Databases("AdventureWorks2012")
'Define a StoredProcedure object variable by supplying the parent database and name arguments in the constructor.
Dim sp As StoredProcedure
sp = New StoredProcedure(db, "GetLastNameByEmployeeID")
'Set the TextMode property to false and then set the other object properties.
sp.TextMode = False
sp.AnsiNullsStatus = False
sp.QuotedIdentifierStatus = False
'Add two parameters.
Dim param As StoredProcedureParameter
param = New StoredProcedureParameter(sp, "@empval", DataType.Int)
sp.Parameters.Add(param)
Dim param2 As StoredProcedureParameter
param2 = New StoredProcedureParameter(sp, "@retval", DataType.NVarChar(50))
param2.IsOutputParameter = True
sp.Parameters.Add(param2)
'Set the TextBody property to define the stored procedure.
Dim stmt As String
stmt = " SELECT @retval = (SELECT LastName FROM Person.Person AS p JOIN HumanResources.Employee AS e ON p.BusinessEntityID = e.BusinessEntityID AND e.BusinessEntityID = @empval )"
sp.TextBody = stmt
'Create the stored procedure on the instance of SQL Server.
sp.Create()
'Modify a property and run the Alter method to make the change on the instance of SQL Server.   
sp.QuotedIdentifierStatus = True
sp.Alter()
'Remove the stored procedure.
sp.Drop()


This code example shows how to create a stored procedure for the AdventureWorks2012 database. The example returns the last name of an employee when it is given the employee ID number (BusinessEntityID). The stored procedure requires one input parameter to specify the employee ID number and one output parameter to return the last name of the employee.

{
            //Connect to the local, default instance of SQL Server. 
            Server srv;
            srv = new Server();
            //Reference the AdventureWorks2012 database. 
            Database db;
            db = srv.Databases["AdventureWorks2012"];
            //Define a StoredProcedure object variable by supplying the parent database and name arguments in the constructor. 
            StoredProcedure sp;
            sp = new StoredProcedure(db, "GetLastNameByBusinessEntityID");
            //Set the TextMode property to false and then set the other object properties. 
            sp.TextMode = false;
            sp.AnsiNullsStatus = false;
            sp.QuotedIdentifierStatus = false;
            //Add two parameters. 
            StoredProcedureParameter param;
            param = new StoredProcedureParameter(sp, "@empval", DataType.Int);
            sp.Parameters.Add(param);
            StoredProcedureParameter param2;
            param2 = new StoredProcedureParameter(sp, "@retval", DataType.NVarChar(50));
            param2.IsOutputParameter = true;
            sp.Parameters.Add(param2);
            //Set the TextBody property to define the stored procedure. 
            string stmt;
            stmt = " SELECT @retval = (SELECT LastName FROM Person.Person,HumanResources.Employee WHERE Person.Person.BusinessEntityID = HumanResources.Employee.BusinessentityID AND HumanResources.Employee.BusinessEntityID = @empval )";
            sp.TextBody = stmt;
            //Create the stored procedure on the instance of SQL Server. 
            sp.Create();
            //Modify a property and run the Alter method to make the change on the instance of SQL Server. 
            sp.QuotedIdentifierStatus = true;
            sp.Alter();
            //Remove the stored procedure. 
            sp.Drop();
        }

This code example shows how to create a stored procedure for the AdventureWorks2012 database. The example returns the last name of an employee when it is given the employee ID number (BusinessEntityID). The stored procedure requires one input parameter to specify the employee ID number and one output parameter to return the last name of the employee.

# Set the path context to the local, default instance of SQL Server and get a reference to AdventureWorks2012
CD \sql\localhost\default\databases
$db = get-item Adventureworks2012

# Define a StoredProcedure object variable by supplying the parent database and name arguments in the constructor. 
$sp  = New-Object -TypeName Microsoft.SqlServer.Management.SMO.StoredProcedure `
-argumentlist $db, "GetLastNameByBusinessEntityID"

#Set the TextMode property to false and then set the other object properties. 
$sp.TextMode = $false
$sp.AnsiNullsStatus = $false
$sp.QuotedIdentifierStatus = $false

# Add two parameters
$type = [Microsoft.SqlServer.Management.SMO.Datatype]::Int
$param  = New-Object -TypeName Microsoft.SqlServer.Management.SMO.StoredProcedureParameter `
-argumentlist $sp,"@empval",$type
$sp.Parameters.Add($param)

$type = [Microsoft.SqlServer.Management.SMO.DataType]::NVarChar(50)
$param2  = New-Object -TypeName Microsoft.SqlServer.Management.SMO.StoredProcedureParameter `
-argumentlist $sp,"@retval",$type
$param2.IsOutputParameter = $true
$sp.Parameters.Add($param2)

#Set the TextBody property to define the stored procedure. 
$sp.TextBody =  " SELECT @retval = (SELECT LastName FROM Person.Person,HumanResources.Employee WHERE Person.Person.BusinessEntityID = HumanResources.Employee.BusinessentityID AND HumanResources.Employee.BusinessEntityID = @empval )"
            
# Create the stored procedure on the instance of SQL Server. 
$sp.Create()

# Modify a property and run the Alter method to make the change on the instance of SQL Server. 
$sp.QuotedIdentifierStatus = $true
$sp.Alter()

#Remove the stored procedure. 
$sp.Drop()
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