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sp_helprolemember (Transact-SQL)

Returns information about the direct members of a role in the current database.

Applies to: SQL Server (SQL Server 2008 through current version).

Topic link icon Transact-SQL Syntax Conventions

sp_helprolemember [ [ @rolename = ] 'role' ]

[ @rolename = ] ' role '

Is the name of a role in the current database. role is sysname, with a default of NULL. role must exist in the current database. If role is not specified, then all roles that contain at least one member from the current database are returned.

0 (success) or 1 (failure)

Column name

Data type

Description

DbRole

sysname

Name of the role in the current database.

MemberName

sysname

Name of a member of DbRole.

MemberSID

varbinary(85)

Security identifier of MemberName.

If the database contains nested roles, MemberName may be the name of a role. sp_helprolemember does not show membership obtained through nested roles. For example if User1 is a member of Role1, and Role1 is a member of Role2, EXEC sp_helprolemember 'Role2'; will return Role1, but not the members of Role1 (User1 in this example). To return nested memberships, you must execute sp_helprolemember repeatedly for each nested role.

Use sp_helpsrvrolemember to display the members of a fixed server role.

Use IS_ROLEMEMBER (Transact-SQL) to check role membership for a specified user.

Requires membership in the public role.

The following example displays the members of the Sales role.

EXEC sp_helprolemember 'Sales';
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