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Forward-only Cursors (Database Engine)

A forward-only cursor does not support scrolling; it supports only fetching the rows serially from the start to the end of the cursor. The rows are not retrieved from the database until they are fetched. The effects of all INSERT, UPDATE, and DELETE statements made by the current user or committed by other users that affect rows in the result set are visible as the rows are fetched from the cursor.

Because the cursor cannot be scrolled backward, most changes made to rows in the database after the row was fetched are not visible through the cursor. In cases where a value used to determine the location of the row within the result set is modified, such as updating a column covered by a clustered index, the modified value is visible through the cursor.

Although the database API cursor models consider a forward-only cursor to be a distinct type of cursor, SQL Server does not. SQL Server considers both forward-only and scroll as options that can be applied to static, keyset-driven, and dynamic cursors. Transact-SQL cursors support forward-only static, keyset-driven, and dynamic cursors. The database API cursor models assume that static, keyset-driven, and dynamic cursors are always scrollable. When a database API cursor attribute or property is set to forward-only, SQL Server implements this as a forward-only dynamic cursor.

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