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Change Roles Between Primary and Secondary Log Shipping Servers (SQL Server)

After you have failed over a SQL Server log shipping configuration to a secondary server, you can configure your secondary database to act as the primary database. Then, you will be able to swap primary and secondary databases as needed.

The first time you want to fail over to the secondary database and make it your new primary database, there is a series of steps you must take. After you have followed these initial steps, you will be able to swap roles between the primary database and the secondary database easily.

  1. Manually fail over from the primary database to a secondary database. Be sure to back up the active transaction log on your primary server with NORECOVERY. For more information, see Fail Over to a Log Shipping Secondary (SQL Server).

  2. Disable the log shipping backup job on the original primary server, and the copy and restore jobs on the original secondary server.

  3. On your secondary database (the database you want to be the new primary), configure log shipping using SQL Server Management Studio. For more information, see Configure Log Shipping (SQL Server). Include the following steps:

    1. Use the same share for creating backups that you created for the original primary server.

    2. When adding the secondary database, in the Secondary Database Settings dialog box, enter the name of the original primary database in the Secondary database box.

    3. In the Secondary Database Settings dialog box, select No, the secondary database is initialized.

  4. If log shipping monitoring was enabled on your former log shipping configuration, reconfigure log shipping monitoring to monitor the new log shipping configuration. Execute the following commands, replacing database_name with the name of your database:

    1. On the new primary server

      Execute the following Transact-SQL statements:

      -- Statement to execute on the new primary server
      USE msdb
      GO
      EXEC master.dbo.sp_change_log_shipping_secondary_database @secondary_database = N'database_name', @threshold_alert_enabled = 0;
      GO
      
    2. On the new secondary server

      Execute the following Transact-SQL statements:

      -- Statement to execute on the new secondary server
      USE msdb
      GO
      EXEC master.dbo.sp_change_log_shipping_primary_database @database=N'database_name', @threshold_alert_enabled = 0;
      GO
      

After you have completed the steps above for the initial role change, you can change roles between the primary database and the secondary database by following the steps in this section. To perform a role change, follow these general steps:

  1. Bring the secondary database online, backing up the transaction log on the primary server with NORECOVERY.

  2. Disable the log shipping backup job on the original primary server, and the copy and restore jobs on the original secondary server.

  3. Enable the log shipping backup job on the secondary server (the new primary server), and the copy and restore jobs on the primary server (the new secondary server).

Important note Important

When you change a secondary database to the primary database, to provide a consistent experience to users and applications, you might have to re-create some or all of the metadata for the database, such as logins and jobs, on the new primary server instance. For more information, see Manage Metadata When Making a Database Available on Another Server Instance (SQL Server).

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