Export (0) Print
Expand All
Expand Minimize

sp_addextendedproperty (Transact-SQL)

Adds a new extended property to a database object.

Topic link icon Transact-SQL Syntax Conventions


sp_addextendedproperty
    [ @name = ] { 'property_name' }
    [ , [ @value = ] { 'value' } 
        [ , [ @level0type = ] { 'level0_object_type' } 
          , [ @level0name = ] { 'level0_object_name' } 
                [ , [ @level1type = ] { 'level1_object_type' } 
                  , [ @level1name = ] { 'level1_object_name' } 
                        [ , [ @level2type = ] { 'level2_object_type' } 
                          , [ @level2name = ] { 'level2_object_name' } 
                        ] 
                ]
        ] 
    ] 
[;]

[ @name ] = { 'property_name' }

Is the name of the property to be added. property_name is sysname and cannot be NULL. Names can also include blank or non-alphanumeric character strings, and binary values.

[ @value= ] { 'value'}

Is the value to be associated with the property. value is sql_variant, with a default of NULL. The size of value cannot be more than 7,500 bytes.

[ @level0type= ] { 'level0_object_type' }

Is the type of level 0 object. level0_object_type is varchar(128), with a default of NULL.

Valid inputs are ASSEMBLY, CONTRACT, EVENT NOTIFICATION, FILEGROUP, MESSAGE TYPE, PARTITION FUNCTION, PARTITION SCHEME, REMOTE SERVICE BINDING, ROUTE, SCHEMA, SERVICE, USER, TRIGGER, TYPE, and NULL.

Important noteImportant

The ability to specify USER as a level 0 type in an extended property of a level 1 type object will be removed in a future version of SQL Server. Use SCHEMA as the level 0 type instead. For example, when defining an extended property on a table, specify the schema of the table instead of a user name. The ability to specify TYPE as level-0 type will be removed in a future version of SQL Server. For TYPE, use SCHEMA as the level 0 type and TYPE as the level 1 type.

[ @level0name= ] { 'level0_object_name' }

Is the name of the level 0 object type specified. level0_object_name is sysname with a default of NULL.

[ @level1type= ] { 'level1_object_type' }

Is the type of level 1 object. level1_object_type is varchar(128), with a default of NULL. Valid inputs are AGGREGATE, DEFAULT, FUNCTION, LOGICAL FILE NAME, PROCEDURE, QUEUE, RULE, SYNONYM, TABLE, TABLE_TYPE, TYPE, VIEW, XML SCHEMA COLLECTION, and NULL.

[ @level1name= ] { 'level1_object_name' }

Is the name of the level 1 object type specified. level1_object_name is sysname, with a default of NULL.

[ @level2type= ] { 'level2_object_type' }

Is the type of level 2 object. level2_object_type is varchar(128), with a default of NULL. Valid inputs are COLUMN, CONSTRAINT, EVENT NOTIFICATION, INDEX, PARAMETER, TRIGGER, and NULL.

[ @level2name= ] { 'level2_object_name' }

Is the name of the level 2 object type specified. level2_object_name is sysname, with a default of NULL.

0 (success) or 1 (failure)

For specifying extended properties, the objects in a SQL Server database are classified into three levels: 0, 1, and 2. Level 0 is the highest level and is defined as objects that are contained at the database scope. Level 1 objects are contained in a schema or user scope, and level 2 objects are contained by level 1 objects. Extended properties can be defined for objects at any of these levels.

References to an object in one level must be qualified with the names of the higher level objects that own or contain them. For example, when you add an extended property to a table column (level 2), you must also specify the table name (level 1) that contains the column and the schema (level 0) that contains the table.

For a complete list of objects and their valid level 0, 1, and 2 types, see Using Extended Properties on Database Objects.

If all object types and names are null, the property belongs to the current database itself.

Extended properties are not allowed on system objects, objects outside the scope of a user-defined database, or objects not listed in Arguments as valid inputs.

Replicating Extended Properties

Extended properties are replicated only in the initial synchronization between the Publisher and the Subscriber. If you add or modify an extended property after the initial synchronization, the change is not replicated. For more information about how to replicate database objects, see Publishing Data and Database Objects.

Schema vs. User

We do not recommend specifying USER as a level 0 type when you apply an extended property to a database object, because this can cause name resolution ambiguity. For example, assume user Mary owns two schemas (Mary and MySchema) and these schemas both contain a table named MyTable. If Mary adds an extended property to table MyTable and specifies @level0type = N'USER', @level0name = Mary, it is not clear to which table the extended property is applied. To maintain backward compatibility, SQL Server will apply the property to the table that is contained in the schema named Mary. For more information about users and schemas, see User-Schema Separation.

Members of the db_owner and db_ddladmin fixed database roles can add extended properties to any object with the following exception: db_ddladmin cannot add properties to the database itself, or to users or roles.

Users can add extended properties to objects they own or have ALTER or CONTROL permissions on. For a complete list of required permissions, see Using Extended Properties on Database Objects.

A. Adding an extended property to a database

The following example adds the property name 'Caption' with a value of 'AdventureWorks2008R2 Sample OLTP Database' to the AdventureWorks2008R2 sample database.

USE AdventureWorks2008R2;
GO
--Add a caption to the AdventureWorks2008R2 Database object itself.
EXEC sp_addextendedproperty 
@name = N'Caption', 
@value = 'AdventureWorks2008R2 Sample OLTP Database';

B. Adding an extended property to a column in a table

The following example adds a caption property to column PostalCode in table Address.

USE AdventureWorks2008R2;
GO
EXEC sp_addextendedproperty 
@name = N'Caption', 
@value = 'Postal code is a required column.',
@level0type = N'Schema', @level0name = 'Person',
@level1type = N'Table',  @level1name = 'Address',
@level2type = N'Column', @level2name = 'PostalCode';
GO

C. Adding an input mask property to a column

The following example adds an input mask property '99999 or 99999-9999 or #### ###' to the column PostalCode in the table Address.

USE AdventureWorks2008R2;
GO
EXEC sp_addextendedproperty 
@name = N'Input Mask ', @value = '99999 or 99999-9999 or #### ###',
@level0type = N'Schema', @level0name = 'Person',
@level1type = N'Table', @level1name = 'Address', 
@level2type = N'Column',@level2name = 'PostalCode';
GO

D. Adding an extended property to a filegroup

The following example adds an extended property to the PRIMARY filegroup.

USE AdventureWorks2008R2;
GO
EXEC sys.sp_addextendedproperty 
@name = N'MS_DescriptionExample', 
@value = N'Primary filegroup for the AdventureWorks2008R2 sample database.', 
@level0type = N'FILEGROUP', @level0name = 'PRIMARY';
GO

E. Adding an extended property to a schema

The following example adds an extended property to the HumanResources schema.

USE AdventureWorks2008R2;
GO
EXECUTE sys.sp_addextendedproperty 
@name = N'MS_DescriptionExample',
@value = N'Contains objects related to employees and departments.',
@level0type = N'SCHEMA', 
@level0name = 'HumanResources';

F. Adding an extended property to a table

The following example adds an extended property to the Address table in the Person schema.

USE AdventureWorks2008R2;
GO
EXEC sys.sp_addextendedproperty 
@name = N'MS_DescriptionExample', 
@value = N'Street address information for customers, employees, and vendors.', 
@level0type = N'SCHEMA', @level0name = 'Person',
@level1type = N'TABLE',  @level1name = 'Address';
GO

G. Adding an extended property to a role

The following example creates an application role and adds an extended property to the role.

USE AdventureWorks2008R2; 
GO
CREATE APPLICATION ROLE Buyers
WITH Password = '987G^bv876sPY)Y5m23'; 
GO
EXEC sys.sp_addextendedproperty 
@name = N'MS_Description', 
@value = N'Application Role for the Purchasing Department.',
@level0type = N'USER',
@level0name = 'Buyers';

H. Adding an extended property to a type

The following example adds an extended property to a type.

USE AdventureWorks2008R2; 
GO
EXEC sys.sp_addextendedproperty 
@name = N'MS_Description', 
@value = N'Data type (alias) to use for any column that represents an order number. For example a sales order number or purchase order number.', 
@level0type = N'SCHEMA', 
@level0name = N'dbo', 
@level1type = N'TYPE', 
@level1name = N'OrderNumber';

I. Adding an extended property to a user

The following example creates a user and adds an extended property to the user.

USE AdventureWorks2008R2; 
GO
CREATE USER CustomApp WITHOUT LOGIN ; 
GO
EXEC sys.sp_addextendedproperty 
@name = N'MS_Description', 
@value = N'User for an application.', 
@level0type = N'USER', 
@level0name = N'CustomApp';
Was this page helpful?
(1500 characters remaining)
Thank you for your feedback

Community Additions

ADD
Show:
© 2014 Microsoft