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sp_add_operator (Transact-SQL)

Creates an operator (notification recipient) for use with alerts and jobs.

Topic link icon Transact-SQL Syntax Conventions


sp_add_operator [ @name = ] 'name' 
     [ , [ @enabled = ] enabled ] 
     [ , [ @email_address = ] 'email_address' ] 
     [ , [ @pager_address = ] 'pager_address' ] 
     [ , [ @weekday_pager_start_time = ] weekday_pager_start_time ] 
     [ , [ @weekday_pager_end_time = ] weekday_pager_end_time ] 
     [ , [ @saturday_pager_start_time = ] saturday_pager_start_time ] 
     [ , [ @saturday_pager_end_time = ] saturday_pager_end_time ] 
     [ , [ @sunday_pager_start_time = ] sunday_pager_start_time ] 
     [ , [ @sunday_pager_end_time = ] sunday_pager_end_time ] 
     [ , [ @pager_days = ] pager_days ] 
     [ , [ @netsend_address = ] 'netsend_address' ] 
     [ , [ @category_name = ] 'category' ] 

[ @name= ] 'name'

The name of an operator (notification recipient). This name must be unique and cannot contain the percent (%) character. name is sysname, with no default.

[ @enabled= ] enabled

Indicates the current status of the operator. enabled is tinyint, with a default of 1 (enabled). If 0, the operator is not enabled and does not receive notifications.

[ @email_address= ] 'email_address'

The e-mail address of the operator. This string is passed directly to the e-mail system. email_address is nvarchar(100), with a default of NULL.

You can specify either a physical e-mail address or an alias for email_address. For example:

'jdoe' or 'jdoe@xyz.com'

NoteNote

You can use an e-mail alias only for SQL Mail. You must use the e-mail address for Database Mail.

[ @pager_address= ] 'pager_address'

The pager address of the operator. This string is passed directly to the e-mail system. pager_address is narchar(100), with a default of NULL.

[ @weekday_pager_start_time= ] weekday_pager_start_time

The time after which SQL Server Agent sends pager notification to the specified operator on the weekdays, from Monday through Friday. weekday_pager_start_time is int, with a default of 090000, which indicates 9:00 A.M. on a 24-hour clock, and must be entered using the form HHMMSS.

[ @weekday_pager_end_time= ] weekday_pager_end_time

The time after which SQLServerAgent service no longer sends pager notification to the specified operator on the weekdays, from Monday through Friday. weekday_pager_end_timeis int, with a default of 180000, which indicates 6:00 P.M. on a 24-hour clock, and must be entered using the form HHMMSS.

[ @saturday_pager_start_time =] saturday_pager_start_time

The time after which SQLServerAgent service sends pager notification to the specified operator on Saturdays. saturday_pager_start_time is int, with a default of 090000, which indicates 9:00 A.M. on a 24-hour clock, and must be entered using the form HHMMSS.

[ @saturday_pager_end_time= ] saturday_pager_end_time

The time after which SQLServerAgent service no longer sends pager notification to the specified operator on Saturdays. saturday_pager_end_timeis int, with a default of 180000, which indicates 6:00 P.M. on a 24-hour clock, and must be entered using the form HHMMSS.

[ @sunday_pager_start_time= ] sunday_pager_start_time

The time after which SQLServerAgent service sends pager notification to the specified operator on Sundays. sunday_pager_start_timeis int, with a default of 090000, which indicates 9:00 A.M. on a 24-hour clock, and must be entered using the form HHMMSS.

[ @sunday_pager_end_time =] sunday_pager_end_time

The time after which SQLServerAgent service no longer sends pager notification to the specified operator on Sundays. sunday_pager_end_timeis int, with a default of 180000, which indicates 6:00 P.M. on a 24-hour clock, and must be entered using the form HHMMSS.

[ @pager_days= ] pager_days

Is a number that indicates the days that the operator is available for pages (subject to the specified start/end times). pager_daysis tinyint, with a default of 0 indicating the operator is never available to receive a page. Valid values are from 0 through 127. pager_daysis calculated by adding the individual values for the required days. For example, from Monday through Friday is 2+4+8+16+32 = 62. The following table lists the value for each day of the week.

Value

Description

1

Sunday

2

Monday

4

Tuesday

8

Wednesday

16

Thursday

32

Friday

64

Saturday

[ @netsend_address= ] 'netsend_address'

The network address of the operator to whom the network message is sent. netsend_addressis nvarchar(100), with a default of NULL.

[ @category_name= ] 'category'

The name of the category for this operator. category is sysname, with a default of NULL.

0 (success) or 1 (failure)

sp_add_operator must be run from the msdb database.

Paging is supported by the e-mail system, which must have an e-mail-to-pager capability if you want to use paging.

SQL Server Management Studio provides an easy, graphical way to manage jobs, and is the recommended way to create and manage the job infrastructure.

Only members of the sysadmin fixed server role can execute sp_add_operator.

The following example sets up the operator information for danwi. The operator is enabled. SQL Server Agent sends notifications by pager from Monday through Friday from 8 A.M. to 5 P.M.

USE msdb ;
GO

EXEC dbo.sp_add_operator
    @name = N'Dan Wilson',
    @enabled = 1,
    @email_address = N'danwi',
    @pager_address = N'5551290AW@pager.Adventure-Works.com',
    @weekday_pager_start_time = 080000,
    @weekday_pager_end_time = 170000,
    @pager_days = 62 ;
GO
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