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sp_addmergepullsubscription_agent (Transact-SQL)

Adds a new agent job used to schedule synchronization of a pull subscription to a merge publication. This stored procedure is executed at the Subscriber on the subscription database.

Topic link icon Transact-SQL Syntax Conventions

sp_addmergepullsubscription_agent [ [ @name = ] 'name' ] 
        , [ @publisher = ] 'publisher'  
        , [ @publisher_db = ] 'publisher_db' 
        , [ @publication =] 'publication' 
    [ , [ @publisher_security_mod e= ] publisher_security_mode ] 
    [ , [ @publisher_login = ] 'publisher_login' ] 
    [ , [ @publisher_password = ] 'publisher_password' ] 
    [ , [ @publisher_encrypted_password = ] publisher_encrypted_password ] 
    [ , [ @subscriber = ] 'subscriber' ] 
    [ , [ @subscriber_db = ] 'subscriber_db' ] 
    [ , [ @subscriber_security_mode = ] subscriber_security_mode ] 
    [ , [ @subscriber_login = ] 'subscriber_login' ] 
    [ , [ @subscriber_password= ] 'subscriber_password' ] 
    [ , [ @distributor = ] 'distributor' ] 
    [ , [ @distributor_security_mode = ] distributor_security_mode ] 
    [ , [ @distributor_login = ] 'distributor_login' ] 
    [ , [ @distributor_password = ] 'distributor_password' ] 
    [ , [ @encrypted_password = ] encrypted_password ] 
    [ , [ @frequency_type = ] frequency_type ] 
    [ , [ @frequency_interval = ] frequency_interval ] 
    [ , [ @frequency_relative_interval = ] frequency_relative_interval ] 
    [ , [ @frequency_recurrence_factor = ] frequency_recurrence_factor ] 
    [ , [ @frequency_subday = ] frequency_subday ] 
    [ , [ @frequency_subday_interval = ] frequency_subday_interval ] 
    [ , [ @active_start_time_of_day = ] active_start_time_of_day ] 
    [ , [ @active_end_time_of_day = ] active_end_time_of_day ] 
    [ , [ @active_start_date = ] active_start_date ] 
    [ , [ @active_end_date = ] active_end_date ] 
    [ , [ @optional_command_line = ] 'optional_command_line' ] 
    [ , [ @merge_jobid = ] merge_jobid ] 
    [ , [ @enabled_for_syncmgr = ] 'enabled_for_syncmgr' ] 
    [ , [ @ftp_address = ] 'ftp_address' ] 
    [ , [ @ftp_port = ] ftp_port ] 
    [ , [ @ftp_login = ] 'ftp_login' ] 
    [ , [ @ftp_password = ] 'ftp_password' ]  
    [ , [ @alt_snapshot_folder = ] 'alternate_snapshot_folder' ] 
    [ , [ @working_directory = ] 'working_directory' ] 
    [ , [ @use_ftp = ] 'use_ftp' ] 
    [ , [ @reserved = ] 'reserved' ] 
    [ , [ @use_interactive_resolver = ] 'use_interactive_resolver' ] 
    [ , [ @offloadagent = ] 'remote_agent_activation' ] 
    [ , [ @offloadserver = ] 'remote_agent_server_name'] 
    [ , [ @job_name = ] 'job_name' ] 
    [ , [ @dynamic_snapshot_location = ] 'dynamic_snapshot_location' ]
    [ , [ @use_web_sync = ] use_web_sync ]
        [ , [ @internet_url = ] 'internet_url' ]
    [ , [ @internet_login = ] 'internet_login' ]
        [ , [ @internet_password = ] 'internet_password' ]
    [ , [ @internet_security_mode = ] internet_security_mode ]
        [ , [ @internet_timeout = ] internet_timeout ]
    [ , [ @hostname = ] 'hostname' ]
        [ , [ @job_login = ] 'job_login' ] 
    [ , [ @job_password = ] 'job_password' ] 

[ @name = ] 'name'

Is the name of the agent. name is sysname, with a default of NULL.

[ @publisher = ] 'publisher'

Is the name of the Publisher server. publisher is sysname, with no default.

[ @publisher_db = ] 'publisher_db'

Is the name of the Publisher database. publisher_db is sysname, with no default.

[ @publication = ] 'publication'

Is the name of the publication. publication is sysname, with no default.

[ @publisher_security_mode = ] publisher_security_mode

Is the security mode to use when connecting to a Publisher when synchronizing. publisher_security_mode is int, with a default of 1. If 0, specifies SQL Server Authentication. If 1, specifies Windows Authentication.

Security note Security Note

When possible, use Windows Authentication.

[ @publisher_login = ] 'publisher_login'

Is the login to use when connecting to a Publisher when synchronizing. publisher_login is sysname, with a default of NULL.

[ @publisher_password = ] 'publisher_password'

Is the password used when connecting to the Publisher. publisher_password is sysname, with a default of NULL.

Security note Security Note

Do not use a blank password. Use a strong password. When possible, prompt users to enter security credentials at runtime. If you must store credentials in a script file, you must secure the file to prevent unauthorized access.

[ @publisher_encrypted_password = ]publisher_encrypted_password

Setting publisher_encrypted_password is no longer supported. Attempting to set this bit parameter to 1 will result in an error.

[ @subscriber = ] 'subscriber'

Is the name of the Subscriber. subscriber is sysname, with a default of NULL.

[ @subscriber_db = ] 'subscriber_db'

Is the name of the subscription database. subscriber_db is sysname, with a default of NULL.

[ @subscriber_security_mode = ] subscriber_security_mode

Is the security mode to use when connecting to a Subscriber when synchronizing. subscriber_security_mode is int, with a default of 1. If 0, specifies SQL Server Authentication. If 1, specifies Windows Authentication.

Note Note

This parameter has been deprecated and is maintained for backward compatibility of scripts. The Merge Agent always connects to the local Subscriber using Windows Authentication. If a value is specified for this parameter, a warning message will be returned, but the value will be ignored.

[ @subscriber_login = ] 'subscriber_login'

Is the Subscriber login to use when connecting to a Subscriber when synchronizing. subscriber_login is required if subscriber_security_mode is set to 0. subscriber_login is sysname, with a default of NULL.

Note Note

This parameter has been deprecated and is maintained for backward compatibility of scripts. If a value is specified for this parameter, a warning message will be returned, but the value will be ignored.

[ @subscriber_password = ] 'subscriber_password'

Is the Subscriber password for SQL Server Authentication. subscriber_password is required if subscriber_security_mode is set to 0. subscriber_password is sysname, with a default of NULL.

Note Note

This parameter has been deprecated and is maintained for backward compatibility of scripts. If a value is specified for this parameter, a warning message will be returned, but the value will be ignored.

[ @distributor = ] 'distributor'

Is the name of the Distributor. distributor is sysname, with a default of publisher; that is, the Publisher is also the Distributor.

[ @distributor_security_mode = ] distributor_security_mode

Is the security mode to use when connecting to a Distributor when synchronizing. distributor_security_mode is int, with a default of 0. 0 specifies SQL Server Authentication. 1 specifies Windows Authentication.

Security note Security Note

When possible, use Windows Authentication.

[ @distributor_login = ] 'distributor_login'

Is the Distributor login to use when connecting to a Distributor when synchronizing. distributor_login is required if distributor_security_mode is set to 0. distributor_login is sysname, with a default of NULL.

[ @distributor_password = ] 'distributor_password'

Is the Distributor password. distributor_password is required if distributor_security_mode is set to 0. distributor_password is sysname, with a default of NULL.

Security note Security Note

Do not use a blank password. Use a strong password. When possible, prompt users to enter security credentials at runtime. If you must store credentials in a script file, you must secure the file to prevent unauthorized access.

[ @encrypted_password = ] encrypted_password

Setting encrypted_password is no longer supported. Attempting to set this bit parameter to 1 will result in an error.

[ @frequency_type = ] frequency_type

Is the frequency with which to schedule the Merge Agent. frequency_type is int, and can be one of the following values.

Value

Description

1

One time

2

On demand

4

Daily

8

Weekly

16

Monthly

32

Monthly relative

64

Autostart

128

Recurring

NULL (default)

 

Note Note

Specifying a value of 64 causes the Merge Agent to run in continuous mode. This corresponds to setting the -Continuous parameter for the agent. For more information, see Replication Merge Agent.

[ @frequency_interval = ] frequency_interval

The day or days that the Merge Agent runs. frequency_interval is int, and can be one of these values.

Value

Description

1

Sunday

2

Monday

3

Tuesday

4

Wednesday

5

Thursday

6

Friday

7

Saturday

8

Day

9

Weekdays

10

Weekend days

NULL (default)

 

[ @frequency_relative_interval = ] frequency_relative_interval

Is the date of the Merge Agent. This parameter is used when frequency_type is set to 32 (monthly relative). frequency_relative_interval is int, and can be one of these values.

Value

Description

1

First

2

Second

4

Third

8

Fourth

16

Last

NULL (default)

 

[ @frequency_recurrence_factor = ] frequency_recurrence_factor

Is the recurrence factor used by frequency_type. frequency_recurrence_factor is int, with a default of NULL.

[ @frequency_subday = ] frequency_subday

Is how often to reschedule during the defined period. frequency_subday is int, and can be one of these values.

Value

Description

1

Once

2

Second

4

Minute

8

Hour

NULL (default)

 

[ @frequency_subday_interval = ] frequency_subday_interval

Is the interval for frequency_subday. frequency_subday_interval is int, with a default of NULL.

[ @active_start_time_of_day=] active_start_time_of_day

Is the time of day when the Merge Agent is first scheduled, formatted as HHMMSS. active_start_time_of_day is int, with a default of NULL.

[ @active_end_time_of_day = ] active_end_time_of_day

Is the time of day when the Merge Agent stops being scheduled, formatted as HHMMSS. active_end_time_of_day is int, with a default of NULL.

[ @active_start_date = ] active_start_date

Is the date when the Merge Agent is first scheduled, formatted as YYYYMMDD. active_start_date is int, with a default of NULL.

[ @active_end_date = ] active_end_date

Is the date when the Merge Agent stops being scheduled, formatted as YYYYMMDD. active_end_date is int, with a default of NULL.

[ @optional_command_line = ] 'optional_command_line'

Is an optional command prompt that is supplied to the Merge Agent. optional_command_line is nvarchar(255), with a default of ' '. Can be used to supply additional parameters to the Merge Agent, such as in the following example that increases the default query time-out to 600 seconds:

@optional_command_line = N'-QueryTimeOut 600'
[ @merge_jobid = ] merge_jobid

Is the output parameter for the job ID. merge_jobid is binary(16), with a default of NULL.

[ @enabled_for_syncmgr = ] 'enabled_for_syncmgr'

Specifies if the subscription can be synchronized through Windows Synchronization Manager. enabled_for_syncmgr is nvarchar(5), with a default of FALSE. If false, the subscription is not registered with Synchronization Manager. If true, the subscription is registered with Synchronization Manager and can be synchronized without starting SQL Server Management Studio.

[ @ftp_address = ] 'ftp_address'

For backward compatibility only.

[ @ftp_port = ] ftp_port

For backward compatibility only.

[ @ftp_login = ] 'ftp_login'

For backward compatibility only.

[ @ftp_password = ] 'ftp_password'

For backward compatibility only.

[ @alt_snapshot_folder = ] 'alternate_snapshot_folder'

Specifies the location from which to pick up the snapshot files. alternate_snapshot_folder is nvarchar(255), with a default of NULL. If NULL, the snapshot files will be picked up from the default location specified by the Publisher.

[ @working_directory = ] 'working_directory'

Is the name of the working directory used to temporarily store data and schema files for the publication when FTP is used to transfer snapshot files. working_directory is nvarchar(255), with a default of NULL.

[ @use_ftp = ] 'use_ftp'

Specifies the use of FTP instead of the typical protocol to retrieve snapshots. use_ftp is nvarchar(5), with a default of FALSE.

[ @reserved = ] 'reserved'

Identified for informational purposes only. Not supported. Future compatibility is not guaranteed.

[ @use_interactive_resolver = ] 'use_interactive_resolver' ]

Uses interactive resolver to resolve conflicts for all articles that allow interactive resolution. use_interactive_resolver is nvarchar(5), with a default of FALSE.

[ @offloadagent = ] 'remote_agent_activation'
Note Note

Remote agent activation has been deprecated and is no longer supported. This parameter is supported only to maintain backward compatibility of scripts. Setting remote_agent_activation to a value other than false will generate an error.

[ @offloadserver = ] 'remote_agent_server_name'
Note Note

Remote agent activation has been deprecated and is no longer supported. This parameter is supported only to maintain backward compatibility of scripts. Setting remote_agent_server_name to any non-NULL value will generate an error.

[ @job_name = ] 'job_name' ]

Is the name of an existing agent job. job_name is sysname, with a default value of NULL. This parameter is only specified when the subscription will be synchronized using an existing job instead of a newly created job (the default). If you are not a member of the sysadmin fixed server role, you must specify job_login and job_password when you specify job_name.

[ @dynamic_snapshot_location = ] 'dynamic_snapshot_location' ]

The path to the folder where the snapshot files will be read from if a filtered data snapshot is to be used. dynamic_snapshot_location is nvarchar(260), with a default of NULL. For more information, see Parameterized Row Filters.

[ @use_web_sync = ] use_web_sync

Indicates that Web synchronization is enabled. use_web_sync is bit, with a default of 0. 1 specifies that the pull subscription can be synchronized over the internet using HTTP.

[ @internet_url = ] 'internet_url'

Is the location of the replication listener (REPLISAPI.DLL) for Web synchronization. internet_url is nvarchar(260), with a default of NULL. internet_url is a fully qualified URL, in the format http://server.domain.com/directory/replisapi.dll. If the server is configured to listen on a port other than port 80, the port number must also be supplied in the format http://server.domain.com:portnumber/directory/replisapi.dll, where portnumber represents the port.

[ @internet_login = ] 'internet_login'

Is the login that the Merge Agent uses when connecting to the Web server that is hosting Web synchronization using HTTP Basic Authentication. internet_login is sysname, with a default of NULL.

[ @internet_password = ] 'internet_password'

Is the password that the Merge Agent uses when connecting to the Web server that is hosting Web synchronization using HTTP Basic Authentication. internet_password is nvarchar(524), with a default value of NULL.

Security note Security Note

Do not use a blank password. Use a strong password.

[ @internet_security_mode = ] internet_security_mode

Is the authentication method used by the Merge Agent when connecting to the Web server during Web synchronization using HTTPS. internet_security_mode is int and can be one of these values.

Value

Description

0

Basic Authentication is used.

1 (default)

Windows Integrated Authentication is used.

Note Note

We recommend using Basic Authentication with Web synchronization. To use Web synchronization, you must make an SSL connection to the Web server. For more information, see Configure Web Synchronization.

[ @internet_timeout = ] internet_timeout

Is the length of time, in seconds, before a Web synchronization request expires. internet_timeout is int, with a default of 300 seconds.

[ @hostname = ] 'hostname'

Overrides the value of HOST_NAME() when this function is used in the WHERE clause of a parameterized filter. hostname is sysname, with a default of NULL.

[ @job_login = ] 'job_login'

Is the login for the Windows account under which the agent runs. job_login is nvarchar(257), with no default. This Windows account is always used for agent connections to the Subscriber and for connections to the Distributor and Publisher when using Windows Integrated authentication.

[ @job_password = ] 'job_password'

Is the password for the Windows account under which the agent runs. job_password is sysname, with no default.

Security note Security Note

Do not store authentication information in script files. For best security, login names and passwords should be supplied at runtime.

0 (success) or 1 (failure)

sp_addmergepullsubscription_agent is used in merge replication and uses functionality similar to sp_addpullsubscription_agent.

For an example of how to correctly specify security settings when executing sp_addmergepullsubscription_agent, see Create a Pull Subscription.

-- This script uses sqlcmd scripting variables. They are in the form
-- $(MyVariable). For information about how to use scripting variables  
-- on the command line and in SQL Server Management Studio, see the 
-- "Executing Replication Scripts" section in the topic
-- "Programming Replication Using System Stored Procedures".

-- Execute this batch at the Subscriber.
DECLARE @publication AS sysname;
DECLARE @publisher AS sysname;
DECLARE @publicationDB AS sysname;
DECLARE @hostname AS sysname;
SET @publication = N'AdvWorksSalesOrdersMerge';
SET @publisher = $(PubServer);
SET @publicationDB = N'AdventureWorks2012';
SET @hostname = N'adventure-works\david8';

-- At the subscription database, create a pull subscription 
-- to a merge publication.
USE [AdventureWorks2012Replica]
EXEC sp_addmergepullsubscription 
  @publisher = @publisher, 
  @publication = @publication, 
  @publisher_db = @publicationDB;

-- Add an agent job to synchronize the pull subscription. 
EXEC sp_addmergepullsubscription_agent 
  @publisher = @publisher, 
  @publisher_db = @publicationDB, 
  @publication = @publication, 
  @distributor = @publisher, 
  @job_login = $(Login), 
  @job_password = $(Password),
  @hostname = @hostname;
GO

Only members of the sysadmin fixed server role or db_owner fixed database role can execute sp_addmergepullsubscription_agent.

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