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System Stored Procedures (Transact-SQL)

In SQL Server 2012, many administrative and informational activities can be performed by using system stored procedures. The system stored procedures are grouped into the categories shown in the following table.

Category

Description

Catalog Stored Procedures

Used to implement ODBC data dictionary functions and isolate ODBC applications from changes to underlying system tables.

Change Data Capture Stored Procedures

Used to enable, disable, or report on change data capture objects.

Cursor Stored Procedures

Used to implements cursor variable functionality.

Data Collector Stored Procedures

Used to work with the data collector and the following components: collection sets, collection items, and collection types. 

Database Engine Stored Procedures

Used for general maintenance of the SQL Server Database Engine.

Database Mail Stored Procedures (Transact-SQL)

Used to perform e-mail operations from within an instance of SQL Server.

Database Maintenance Plan Stored Procedures

Used to set up core maintenance tasks that are required to manage database performance.

Distributed Queries Stored Procedures

Used to implement and manage distributed queries.

Filestream and FileTable Stored Procedures (Transact-SQL)

Used to configure and manage the FILESTREAM and FileTable features.

Full-Text Search Stored Procedures

Used to implement and query full-text indexes.

Log Shipping Stored Procedures

Used to configure, modify, and monitor log shipping configurations.

Automation Stored Procedures

Used to enable standard Automation objects for use within a standard Transact-SQL batch.

Policy-Based Management Stored Procedures

Used for Policy-Based Management.

Replication Stored Procedures

Used to manage replication.

Security Stored Procedures

Used to manage security.

Spatial Index Stored Procedures

Used to analyze and improve the indexing performance of spatial indexes. 

SQL Server Profiler Stored Procedures

Used by SQL Server Profiler to monitor performance and activity.

SQL Server Agent Stored Procedures

Used by SQL Server Agent to manage scheduled and event-driven activities.

XML Stored Procedures

Used for XML text management.

General Extended Stored Procedures

Used to provide an interface from an instance of SQL Server to external programs for various maintenance activities.

Note Note

Unless specifically documented otherwise, all system stored procedures return a value of 0 to indicate success. To indicate failure, a nonzero value is returned.

Users that run SQL Server Profiler against ADO, OLE DB, and ODBC applications may notice these applications using system stored procedures that are not covered in the Transact-SQL Reference. These stored procedures are used by the Microsoft SQL Server Native Client OLE DB Provider and the SQL Server Native Client ODBC driver to implement the functionality of a database API. These stored procedures are just the mechanism the provider or driver uses to communicate user requests to an instance of SQL Server. They are intended only for the internal use of the provider or the driver. Calling them explicitly from a SQL Server-based application is not supported.

The sp_createorphan and sp_droporphans stored procedures are used for ODBC ntext, text, and image processing.

The sp_reset_connection stored procedure is used by SQL Server to support remote stored procedure calls in a transaction. This stored procedure also causes Audit Login and Audit Logout events to fire when a connection is reused from a connection pool.

The system stored procedures in the following tables are used only within an instance of SQL Server or through client APIs and are not intended for general customer use. They are subject to change and compatibility is not guaranteed.

The following stored procedures are documented in SQL Server Books Online:

sp_catalogs

sp_column_privileges

sp_column_privileges_ex

sp_columns

sp_columns_ex

sp_databases

sp_cursor

sp_cursorclose

sp_cursorexecute

sp_cursorfetch

sp_cursoroption

sp_cursoropen

sp_cursorprepare

sp_cursorprepexec

sp_cursorunprepare

sp_execute

sp_datatype_info

sp_fkeys

sp_foreignkeys

sp_indexes

sp_pkeys

sp_primarykeys

sp_prepare

sp_prepexec

sp_prepexecrpc

sp_unprepare

sp_server_info

sp_special_columns

sp_sproc_columns

sp_statistics

sp_table_privileges

sp_table_privileges_ex

sp_tables

sp_tables_ex

The following stored procedures are not documented:

sp_assemblies_rowset

sp_assemblies_rowset_rmt

sp_assemblies_rowset2

sp_assembly_dependencies_rowset

sp_assembly_dependencies_rowset_rmt

sp_assembly_dependencies_rowset2

sp_bcp_dbcmptlevel

sp_catalogs_rowset

sp_catalogs_rowset;2

sp_catalogs_rowset;5

sp_catalogs_rowset_rmt

sp_catalogs_rowset2

sp_check_constbytable_rowset

sp_check_constbytable_rowset;2

sp_check_constbytable_rowset2

sp_check_constraints_rowset

sp_check_constraints_rowset;2

sp_check_constraints_rowset2

sp_column_privileges_rowset

sp_column_privileges_rowset;2

sp_column_privileges_rowset;5

sp_column_privileges_rowset_rmt

sp_column_privileges_rowset2

sp_columns_90

sp_columns_90_rowset

sp_columns_90_rowset_rmt

sp_columns_90_rowset2

sp_columns_ex_90

sp_columns_rowset

sp_columns_rowset;2

sp_columns_rowset;5

sp_columns_rowset_rmt

sp_columns_rowset2

sp_constr_col_usage_rowset

sp_datatype_info_90

sp_ddopen;1

sp_ddopen;10

sp_ddopen;11

sp_ddopen;12

sp_ddopen;13

sp_ddopen;2

sp_ddopen;3

sp_ddopen;4

sp_ddopen;5

sp_ddopen;6

sp_ddopen;7

sp_ddopen;8

sp_ddopen;9

sp_foreign_keys_rowset

sp_foreign_keys_rowset;2

sp_foreign_keys_rowset;3

sp_foreign_keys_rowset;5

sp_foreign_keys_rowset_rmt

sp_foreign_keys_rowset2

sp_foreign_keys_rowset3

sp_indexes_90_rowset

sp_indexes_90_rowset_rmt

sp_indexes_90_rowset2

sp_indexes_rowset

sp_indexes_rowset;2

sp_indexes_rowset;5

sp_indexes_rowset_rmt

sp_indexes_rowset2

sp_linkedservers_rowset

sp_linkedservers_rowset;2

sp_linkedservers_rowset2

sp_oledb_database

sp_oledb_defdb

sp_oledb_deflang

sp_oledb_language

sp_oledb_ro_usrname

sp_primary_keys_rowset

sp_primary_keys_rowset;2

sp_primary_keys_rowset;3

sp_primary_keys_rowset;5

sp_primary_keys_rowset_rmt

sp_primary_keys_rowset2

sp_procedure_params_90_rowset

sp_procedure_params_90_rowset2

sp_procedure_params_rowset

sp_procedure_params_rowset;2

sp_procedure_params_rowset2

sp_procedures_rowset

sp_procedures_rowset;2

sp_procedures_rowset2

sp_provider_types_90_rowset

sp_provider_types_rowset

sp_schemata_rowset

sp_schemata_rowset;3

sp_special_columns_90

sp_sproc_columns_90

sp_statistics_rowset

sp_statistics_rowset;2

sp_statistics_rowset2

sp_stored_procedures

sp_table_constraints_rowset

sp_table_constraints_rowset;2

sp_table_constraints_rowset2

sp_table_privileges_rowset

sp_table_privileges_rowset;2

sp_table_privileges_rowset;5

sp_table_privileges_rowset_rmt

sp_table_privileges_rowset2

sp_table_statistics_rowset

sp_table_statistics_rowset;2

sp_table_statistics2_rowset

sp_tablecollations

sp_tablecollations_90

sp_tables_info_90_rowset

sp_tables_info_90_rowset_64

sp_tables_info_90_rowset2

sp_tables_info_90_rowset2_64

sp_tables_info_rowset

sp_tables_info_rowset;2

sp_tables_info_rowset_64

sp_tables_info_rowset_64;2

sp_tables_info_rowset2

sp_tables_info_rowset2_64

sp_tables_rowset;2

sp_tables_rowset;5

sp_tables_rowset_rmt

sp_tables_rowset2

sp_usertypes_rowset

sp_usertypes_rowset_rmt

sp_usertypes_rowset2

sp_views_rowset

sp_views_rowset2

sp_xml_schema_rowset

sp_xml_schema_rowset2

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