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sp_help_jobhistory (Transact-SQL)

Provides information about the jobs for servers in the multiserver administration domain.

Applies to: SQL Server (SQL Server 2008 through current version).

Topic link icon Transact-SQL Syntax Conventions

sp_help_jobhistory [ [ @job_id = ] job_id ] 
     [ , [ @job_name = ] 'job_name' ] 
     [ , [ @step_id = ] step_id ] 
     [ , [ @sql_message_id = ] sql_message_id ] 
     [ , [ @sql_severity = ] sql_severity ] 
     [ , [ @start_run_date = ] start_run_date ] 
     [ , [ @end_run_date = ] end_run_date ] 
     [ , [ @start_run_time = ] start_run_time ] 
     [ , [ @end_run_time = ] end_run_time ] 
     [ , [ @minimum_run_duration = ] minimum_run_duration ] 
     [ , [ @run_status = ] run_status ] 
     [ , [ @minimum_retries = ] minimum_retries ] 
     [ , [ @oldest_first = ] oldest_first ] 
     [ , [ @server = ] 'server' ] 
     [ , [ @mode = ] 'mode' ]

[ @job_id= ] job_id

The job identification number. job_id is uniqueidentifier, with a default of NULL.

[ @job_name= ] 'job_name'

The name of the job. job_name is sysname, with a default of NULL.

[ @step_id= ] step_id

The step identification number. step_id is int, with a default of NULL.

[ @sql_message_id= ] sql_message_id

The identification number of the error message returned by Microsoft SQL Server when executing the job. sql_message_id is int, with a default of NULL.

[ @sql_severity= ] sql_severity

The severity level of the error message returned by SQL Server when executing the job. sql_severity is int, with a default of NULL.

[ @start_run_date= ] start_run_date

The date the job was started. start_run_dateis int, with a default of NULL. start_run_date must be entered in the form YYYYMMDD, where YYYY is a four-character year, MM is a two-character month name, and DD is a two-character day name.

[ @end_run_date= ] end_run_date

The date the job was completed. end_run_date is int, with a default of NULL. end_run_datemust be entered in the form YYYYMMDD, where YYYY is a four-digit year, MM is a two-character month name, and DD is a two-character day name.

[ @start_run_time= ] start_run_time

The time the job was started. start_run_time is int, with a default of NULL. start_run_timemust be entered in the form HHMMSS, where HH is a two-character hour of the day, MM is a two-character minute of the day, and SS is a two-character second of the day.

[ @end_run_time= ] end_run_time

The time the job completed its execution. end_run_time is int, with a default of NULL. end_run_timemust be entered in the form HHMMSS, where HH is a two-character hour of the day, MM is a two-character minute of the day, and SS is a two-character second of the day.

[ @minimum_run_duration= ] minimum_run_duration

The minimum length of time for the completion of the job. minimum_run_duration is int, with a default of NULL. minimum_run_durationmust be entered in the form HHMMSS, where HH is a two-character hour of the day, MM is a two-character minute of the day, and SS is a two-character second of the day.

[ @run_status= ] run_status

The execution status of the job. run_status is int, with a default of NULL, and can be one of these values.

Value

Description

0

Failed

1

Succeeded

2

Retry (step only)

3

Canceled

4

In-progress message

5

Unknown

[ @minimum_retries= ] minimum_retries

The minimum number of times a job should retry running. minimum_retries is int, with a default of NULL.

[ @oldest_first= ] oldest_first

Is whether to present the output with the oldest jobs first. oldest_first is int, with a default of 0, which presents the newest jobs first. 1 presents the oldest jobs first.

[ @server= ] 'server'

The name of the server on which the job was performed. server is nvarchar(30), with a default of NULL.

[ @mode= ] 'mode'

Is whether SQL Server prints all columns in the result set (FULL) or a summary of the columns. mode is varchar(7), with a default of SUMMARY.

0 (success) or 1 (failure)

The actual column list depends on the value of mode. The most comprehensive set of columns is shown below and is returned when mode is FULL.

Column name

Data type

Description

instance_id

int

History entry identification number.

job_id

uniqueidentifier

Job identification number.

job_name

sysname

Job name.

step_id

int

Step identification number (will be 0 for a job history).

step_name

sysname

Step name (will be NULL for a job history).

sql_message_id

int

For a Transact-SQL step, the most recent Transact-SQL error number encountered while running the command.

sql_severity

int

For a Transact-SQL step, the highest Transact-SQL error severity encountered while running the command.

message

nvarchar(1024)

Job or step history message.

run_status

int

Outcome of the job or step.

run_date

int

Date the job or step began executing.

run_time

int

Time the job or step began executing.

run_duration

int

Elapsed time in the execution of the job or step in HHMMSS format.

operator_emailed

nvarchar(20)

Operator who was e-mailed regarding this job (is NULL for step history).

operator_netsent

nvarchar(20)

Operator who was sent a network message regarding this job (is NULL for step history).

operator_paged

nvarchar(20)

Operator who was paged regarding this job (is NULL for step history).

retries_attempted

int

Number of times the step was retried (always 0 for a job history).

server

nvarchar(30)

Server the step or job executes on. Is always (local).

sp_help_jobhistory returns a report with the history of the specified scheduled jobs. If no parameters are specified, the report contains the history for all scheduled jobs.

By default, members of the sysadmin fixed server role can execute this stored procedure. Other users must be granted one of the following SQL Server Agent fixed database roles in the msdb database:

  • SQLAgentUserRole

  • SQLAgentReaderRole

  • SQLAgentOperatorRole

For details about the permissions of these roles, see SQL Server Agent Fixed Database Roles.

Members of the SQLAgentUserRole database role can only view the history for jobs that they own.

A. Listing all job information for a job

The following example lists all job information for the NightlyBackups job.

USE msdb ;
GO

EXEC dbo.sp_help_jobhistory 
    @job_name = N'NightlyBackups' ;
GO

B. Listing information for jobs that match certain conditions

The following example prints all columns and all job information for any failed jobs and failed job steps with an error message of 50100 (a user-defined error message) and a severity of 20.

USE msdb
GO

EXEC dbo.sp_help_jobhistory
    @sql_message_id = 50100,
    @sql_severity = 20,
    @run_status = 0,
    @mode = N'FULL' ;
GO
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