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SQL Server, Transactions Object

The Transactions object in Microsoft SQL Server provides counters to monitor the number of transactions active in an instance of the Database Engine, and the effects of those transactions on resources such as the snapshot isolation row version store in tempdb. Transactions are logical units of work; a set of operations that must either all succeed or all be erased from a database in order to maintain the logical integrity of the data. All modifications of data in SQL Server databases are made in transactions.

When a database is set to allow snapshot isolation level, SQL Server must maintain a record of the modifications made to each row in a database. Each time a row is modified, a copy of the row as it existed before the modification is recorded in a row version store in tempdb. Many of the counters in the Transaction object can be used to monitor the size and rate of growth of the row version store in tempdb.

The Transactions object counters report all transactions in one instance of the Database Engine.

This table describes the SQLServer:Transactions counters.

SQL Server Transactions counters

Description

Free Space in tempdb (KB)

The amount of space (in kilobytes) available in tempdb. There must be enough free space to hold both the snapshot isolation level version store and all new temporary objects created in this instance of the Database Engine.

Longest Transaction Running Time

The length of time (in seconds) since the start of the transaction that has been active longer than any other current transaction.

NonSnapshot Version Transactions

The number of currently active transactions that are not using snapshot isolation level and have made data modifications that have generated row versions in the tempdb version store.

Snapshot Transactions

The number of currently active transactions using the snapshot isolation level.

NoteNote
The Snapshot Transactions object counter responds when the first data access occurs, not when the BEGIN TRANSACTION statement is issued.

Transactions

The number of currently active transactions of all types.

Update conflict ratio

The percentage of those transactions using the snapshot isolation level that have encountered update conflicts within the last second. An update conflict occurs when a snapshot isolation level transaction attempts to modify a row that last was modified by another transaction that was not committed when the snapshot isolation level transaction started.

Update Snapshot Transactions

The number of currently active transactions using the snapshot isolation level and have modified data.

Version Cleanup rate (KB/s)

The rate (in kilobytes per second) at which row versions are removed from the snapshot isolation version store in tempdb.

Version Generation rate (KB/s)

The rate (in kilobytes per second) at which new row versions are added to the snapshot isolation version store in tempdb.

Version Store Size (KB)

The amount of space (in kilobytes) in tempdb being used to store snapshot isolation level row versions.

Version Store unit count

The number of active allocation units in the snapshot isolation version store in tempdb.

Version Store unit creation

The number of allocation units that have been created in the snapshot isolation store since the instance of the Database Engine was started.

Version Store unit truncation

The number of allocation units that have been removed from the snapshot isolation store since the instance of the Database Engine was started.

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