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sp_marksubscriptionvalidation (Transact-SQL)

Marks the current open transaction to be a subscription-level validation transaction for the specified subscriber. This stored procedure is executed at the Publisher on the publication database.

Topic link icon Transact-SQL Syntax Conventions

sp_marksubscriptionvalidation [ @publication = ] 'publication' 
        , [ @subscriber = ] 'subscriber' 
        , [ @destination_db = ] 'destination_db'
    [ , [ @publisher = ] 'publisher' ]

[ @publication= ] 'publication'

Is the name of the publication. publication is sysname, with no default.

[ @subscriber= ] 'subscriber'

Is the name of the Subscriber. subscriber is sysname, with no default.

[ @destination_db=] 'destination_db'

Is the name of the destination database. destination_db is sysname, with no default.

[ @publisher= ] 'publisher'

Specifies a non-Microsoft SQL Server Publisher. publisher is sysname, with a default of NULL.

Note Note

publisher should not be used for a publication that belongs to a SQL Server Publisher.

0 (success) or 1 (failure)

sp_marksubscriptionvalidation is used in transactional replication.

sp_marksubscriptionvalidation does not support non-SQL Server Subscribers.

For non-SQL Server Publishers, you cannot execute sp_marksubscriptionvalidation from within an explicit transaction. This is because explicit transactions are not supported over the linked server connection used to access the Publisher.

sp_marksubscriptionvalidation must be used together with sp_article_validation (Transact-SQL), specifying a value of 1 for subscription_level, and can be used with other calls to sp_marksubscriptionvalidation to mark the current open transaction for other subscribers.

Only members of the sysadmin fixed server role or db_owner fixed database role can execute sp_marksubscriptionvalidation.

The following query can be applied to the publishing database to post subscription-level validation commands. These commands are picked up by the Distribution Agents of specified Subscribers. Note that the first transaction validates article 'art1', while the second transaction validates 'art2'. Also note that the calls to sp_marksubscriptionvalidation and sp_article_validation (Transact-SQL) have been encapsulated in a transaction. We recommend only one call to sp_article_validation (Transact-SQL) per transaction. This is because sp_article_validation (Transact-SQL) holds a shared table lock on the source table for the duration of the transaction. You should keep the transaction short to maximize concurrency.

begin tran

exec sp_marksubscriptionvalidation @publication = 'pub1',
 @subscriber = 'Sub', @destination_db = 'SubDB'

exec sp_marksubscriptionvalidation @publication = 'pub1',
 @subscriber = 'Sub2', @destination_db = 'SubDB'

exec sp_article_validation @publication = 'pub1', @article = 'art1',
 @rowcount_only = 0, @full_or_fast = 0, @shutdown_agent = 0,
 @subscription_level = 1

commit tran

begin tran

exec sp_marksubscriptionvalidation @publication = 'pub1',
 @subscriber = 'Sub', @destination_db = 'SubDB'

exec sp_marksubscriptionvalidation @publication = 'pub1',
 @subscriber = 'Sub2', @destination_db = 'SubDB'

exec sp_article_validation @publication = 'pub1', @article = 'art2',
 @rowcount_only = 0, @full_or_fast = 0, @shutdown_agent = 0,
 @subscription_level = 1

commit tran
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