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Creating a Table (Tutorial)

To create a table, you must provide a name for the table, and the names and data types of each column in the table. It is also a good practice to indicate whether null values are allowed in each column.

Most tables have a primary key, made up of one or more columns of the table. A primary key is always unique. The Database Engine will enforce the restriction that any primary key value cannot be repeated in the table.

For a list of data types and links for a description of each, see Data Types (Transact-SQL).

Note Note

The Database Engine can be installed as case sensitive or non-case sensitive. If the Database Engine is installed as case sensitive, object names must always have the same case. For example, a table named OrderData is a different table from a table named ORDERDATA. If the Database Engine is installed as non-case sensitive, those two table names are considered to be the same table, and that name can only be used one time.

To create a database to contain the new table

  • Enter the following code into a Query Editor window.

    USE master;
    GO
    
    --Delete the TestData database if it exists.
    IF EXISTS(SELECT * from sys.databases WHERE name='TestData')
    BEGIN
        DROP DATABASE TestData;
    END
    
    --Create a new database called TestData.
    CREATE DATABASE TestData;
    Press the F5 key to execute the code and create the database.
    

Switch the Query Editor connection to the TestData database

  • In a Query Editor window, type and execute the following code to change your connection to the TestData database.

    USE TestData
    GO
    

To create a table

  • In a Query Editor window, type and execute the following code to create a simple table named Products. The columns in the table are named ProductID, ProductName, Price, and ProductDescription. The ProductID column is the primary key of the table. int, varchar(25), money, and text are all data types. Only the Price and ProductionDescription columns can have no data when a row is inserted or changed. This statement contains an optional element (dbo.) called a schema. The schema is the database object that owns the table. If you are an administrator, dbo is the default schema. dbo stands for database owner.

    CREATE TABLE dbo.Products
       (ProductID int PRIMARY KEY NOT NULL,
        ProductName varchar(25) NOT NULL,
        Price money NULL,
        ProductDescription text NULL)
    GO
    
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