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Microsoft Security Bulletin MS10-033 - Critical

Vulnerabilities in Media Decompression Could Allow Remote Code Execution (979902)

Published: | Updated:

Version: 1.3

General Information

Executive Summary

This security update resolves two privately reported vulnerabilities in Microsoft Windows. These vulnerabilities could allow remote code execution if a user opens a specially crafted media file or receives specially crafted streaming content from a Web site or any application that delivers Web content. An attacker who successfully exploited these vulnerabilities could gain the same user rights as the local user. Users whose accounts are configured to have fewer user rights on the system could be less impacted than users who operate with administrative user rights.

This security update is rated Critical for Quartz.dll (DirectShow) on Microsoft Windows 2000, Windows XP, Windows Server 2003, Windows Vista, and Windows Server 2008; Critical for Windows Media Format Runtime on Microsoft Windows 2000, Windows XP, and Windows Server 2003; Critical for Asycfilt.dll (COM component) on Microsoft Windows 2000, Windows XP, Windows Server 2003, Windows Vista, Windows Server 2008, Windows 7, and Windows Server 2008 R2; and Important for Windows Media Encoder 9 x86 and x64 on Microsoft Windows 2000, Windows XP, Windows Server 2003, Windows Vista, and Windows Server 2008. For more information, see the subsection, Affected and Non-Affected Software, in this section.

The security update addresses the vulnerabilities by modifying the way that Windows parses media files. For more information about the vulnerabilities, see the Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) subsection for the specific vulnerability entry under the next section, Vulnerability Information.

Recommendation. The majority of customers have automatic updating enabled and will not need to take any action because this security update will be downloaded and installed automatically. Customers who have not enabled automatic updating need to check for updates and install this update manually. For information about specific configuration options in automatic updating, see Microsoft Knowledge Base Article 294871.

For administrators and enterprise installations, or end users who want to install this security update manually, Microsoft recommends that customers apply the update immediately using update management software, or by checking for updates using the Microsoft Update service.

See also the section, Detection and Deployment Tools and Guidance, later in this bulletin.

Known Issues. Microsoft Knowledge Base Article 979902 documents the currently known issues that customers may experience when installing this security update. The article also documents recommended solutions for these issues. When currently known issues and recommended solutions pertain only to specific releases of this software, this article provides links to further articles.

Affected and Non-Affected Software

The following software have been tested to determine which versions or editions are affected. Other versions or editions are either past their support life cycle or are not affected. To determine the support life cycle for your software version or edition, visit Microsoft Support Lifecycle.

Affected Software

Operating SystemComponentMaximum Security ImpactAggregate Severity RatingBulletins Replaced by this Update
Microsoft Windows 2000
Microsoft Windows 2000 Service Pack 4Quartz.dll (DirectShow) (DirectX 9)[1]
(KB975562)
Remote Code ExecutionCriticalMS09-028
Microsoft Windows 2000 Service Pack 4Windows Media Format Runtime 9[2]
(KB978695)
Remote Code ExecutionCriticalMS09-047
Microsoft Windows 2000 Service Pack 4Windows Media Encoder 9 x86
(KB979332)
Remote Code ExecutionImportantNone
Microsoft Windows 2000 Service Pack 4Asycfilt.dll (COM component)
(KB979482)
Remote Code ExecutionCriticalNone
Windows XP
Windows XP Service Pack 2 and Windows XP Service Pack 3Quartz.dll (DirectShow)
(KB975562)
Remote Code ExecutionCriticalMS09-028
Windows XP Service Pack 2Windows Media Format Runtime 9, Windows Media Format Runtime 9.5 and Windows Media Format Runtime 11
(KB978695)
Remote Code ExecutionCriticalMS09-047
Windows XP Service Pack 3Windows Media Format Runtime 9, Windows Media Format Runtime 9.5 and Windows Media Format Runtime 11
(KB978695)
Remote Code ExecutionCriticalMS09-047
Windows XP Service Pack 2 and Windows XP Service Pack 3Windows Media Encoder 9 x86
(KB979332)
Remote Code ExecutionImportantNone
Windows XP Service Pack 2 and Windows XP Service Pack 3Asycfilt.dll (COM component)
(KB979482)
Remote Code ExecutionCriticalNone
Windows XP Professional x64 Edition Service Pack 2Quartz.dll (DirectShow)
(KB975562)
Remote Code ExecutionCriticalMS09-028
Windows XP Professional x64 Edition Service Pack 2Windows Media Format Runtime 9.5
(KB978695)

Windows Media Format Runtime 9.5 x64 Edition[3]
(KB978695)

Windows Media Format Runtime 11
(KB978695)
Remote Code ExecutionCriticalMS09-047
Windows XP Professional x64 Edition Service Pack 2Windows Media Encoder 9 x86
(KB979332)

Windows Media Encoder 9 x64
(KB979332)
Remote Code ExecutionImportantNone
Windows XP Professional x64 Edition Service Pack 2Asycfilt.dll (COM component)
(KB979482)
Remote Code ExecutionCriticalNone
Windows Server 2003
Windows Server 2003 Service Pack 2Quartz.dll (DirectShow)
(KB975562)
Remote Code ExecutionCriticalMS09-028
Windows Server 2003 Service Pack 2Windows Media Format Runtime 9.5
(KB978695)
Remote Code ExecutionCriticalMS09-047
Windows Server 2003 Service Pack 2Windows Media Encoder 9 x86
(KB979332)
Remote Code ExecutionImportantNone
Windows Server 2003 Service Pack 2Asycfilt.dll (COM component)
(KB979482)
Remote Code ExecutionCriticalNone
Windows Server 2003 x64 Edition Service Pack 2Quartz.dll (DirectShow)
(KB975562)
Remote Code ExecutionCriticalMS09-028
Windows Server 2003 x64 Edition Service Pack 2Windows Media Format Runtime 9.5
(KB978695)

Windows Media Format Runtime 9.5 x64 Edition[3]
(KB978695)
Remote Code ExecutionCriticalMS09-047
Windows Server 2003 x64 Edition Service Pack 2Windows Media Encoder 9 x86
(KB979332)

Windows Media Encoder 9 x64
(KB979332)
Remote Code ExecutionImportantNone
Windows Server 2003 x64 Edition Service Pack 2Asycfilt.dll (COM component)
(KB979482)
Remote Code ExecutionCriticalNone
Windows Server 2003 with SP2 for Itanium-based SystemsQuartz.dll (DirectShow)
(KB975562)
Remote Code ExecutionCriticalMS09-028
Windows Server 2003 with SP2 for Itanium-based SystemsAsycfilt.dll (COM component)
(KB979482)
Remote Code ExecutionCriticalNone
Windows Vista
Windows Vista Service Pack 1Quartz.dll (DirectShow)
(KB975562)
Remote Code ExecutionCriticalMS08-033
Windows Vista Service Pack 1 and Windows Vista Service Pack 2Asycfilt.dll (COM component)
(KB979482)
Remote Code ExecutionCriticalNone
Windows Vista Service Pack 1 and Windows Vista Service Pack 2Windows Media Encoder 9 x86
(KB979332)
Remote Code ExecutionImportantNone
Windows Vista x64 Edition Service Pack 1Quartz.dll (DirectShow)
(KB975562)
Remote Code ExecutionCriticalMS08-033
Windows Vista x64 Edition Service Pack 1 and Windows Vista x64 Edition Service Pack 2Asycfilt.dll (COM component)
(KB979482)
Remote Code ExecutionCriticalNone
Windows Vista x64 Edition Service Pack 1 and Windows Vista x64 Edition Service Pack 2Windows Media Encoder 9 x86
(KB979332)

Windows Media Encoder 9 x64
(KB979332)
Remote Code ExecutionImportantNone
Windows Server 2008
Windows Server 2008 for 32-bit SystemsQuartz.dll (DirectShow)**
(KB975562)
Remote Code ExecutionCriticalMS08-033
Windows Server 2008 for 32-bit Systems and Windows Server 2008 for 32-bit Systems Service Pack 2Asycfilt.dll (COM component)*
(KB979482)
Remote Code ExecutionCriticalNone
Windows Server 2008 for 32-bit Systems and Windows Server 2008 for 32-bit Systems Service Pack 2Windows Media Encoder 9 x86**
(KB979332)
Remote Code ExecutionImportantNone
Windows Server 2008 for x64-based SystemsQuartz.dll (DirectShow)**
(KB975562)
Remote Code ExecutionCriticalMS08-033
Windows Server 2008 for x64-based Systems and Windows Server 2008 for x64-based Systems Service Pack 2Asycfilt.dll (COM component)*
(KB979482)
Remote Code ExecutionCriticalNone
Windows Server 2008 for x64-based Systems and Windows Server 2008 for x64-based Systems Service Pack 2Windows Media Encoder 9 x86**
(KB979332)

Windows Media Encoder 9 x64**
(KB979332)
Remote Code ExecutionImportantNone
Windows Server 2008 for Itanium-based SystemsQuartz.dll (DirectShow)
(KB975562)
Remote Code ExecutionCriticalMS08-033
Windows Server 2008 for Itanium-based Systems and Windows Server 2008 for Itanium-based Systems Service Pack 2Asycfilt.dll (COM component)
(KB979482)
Remote Code ExecutionCriticalNone
Windows 7
Windows 7 for 32-bit SystemsAsycfilt.dll (COM component)
(KB979482)
Remote Code ExecutionCriticalNone
Windows 7 for x64-based SystemsAsycfilt.dll (COM component)
(KB979482)
Remote Code ExecutionCriticalNone
Windows Server 2008 R2
Windows Server 2008 R2 for x64-based SystemsAsycfilt.dll (COM component)*
(KB979482)
Remote Code ExecutionCriticalNone
Windows Server 2008 R2 for Itanium-based SystemsAsycfilt.dll (COM component)
(KB979482)
Remote Code ExecutionCriticalNone

*Server Core installation affected. This update applies, with the same severity rating, to supported editions of Windows Server 2008 or Windows Server 2008 R2 as indicated, whether or not installed using the Server Core installation option. For more information on this installation option, see the MSDN articles, Server Core and Server Core for Windows Server 2008 R2. Note that the Server Core installation option does not apply to certain editions of Windows Server 2008 and Windows Server 2008 R2; see Compare Server Core Installation Options.

**Server Core installation not affected. The vulnerabilities addressed by this update do not affect supported editions of Windows Server 2008 or Windows Server 2008 R2 as indicated, when installed using the Server Core installation option. For more information on this installation option, see the MSDN articles, Server Core and Server Core for Windows Server 2008 R2. Note that the Server Core installation option does not apply to certain editions of Windows Server 2008 and Windows Server 2008 R2; see Compare Server Core Installation Options.

[1]The update for Quartz.dll (Direct Show) (DirectX 9) also applies to DirectX 9.0a, DirectX 9.0b, and DirectX 9.0c.

[2]This update package applies to Windows Media Format 9 SDK Runtime on Microsoft Windows 2000 with the Update for DRM-enabled Media Players (KB891122). For more information, see Microsoft Knowledge Base Article 974316.

[3]If you have installed Windows Media Format Runtime 9.5 x64 Edition, you must apply the Windows Media Format Runtime 9.5 and Windows Media Format Runtime 9.5 x64 Edition security updates in order to be fully protected from the vulnerability discussed in this bulletin.

Non-Affected Software

Operating SystemComponent
Microsoft Windows Server 2000 Service Pack 4DirectX 7
All supported editionsMicrosoft Expression Encoder 3

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) Related to This Security Update

Vulnerability Information

Severity Ratings and Vulnerability Identifiers

Media Decompression Vulnerability - CVE-2010-1879

MJPEG Media Decompression Vulnerability - CVE-2010-1880

Update Information

Detection and Deployment Tools and Guidance

Security Update Deployment

Other Information

Acknowledgments

Microsoft thanks the following for working with us to help protect customers:

Microsoft Active Protections Program (MAPP)

To improve security protections for customers, Microsoft provides vulnerability information to major security software providers in advance of each monthly security update release. Security software providers can then use this vulnerability information to provide updated protections to customers via their security software or devices, such as antivirus, network-based intrusion detection systems, or host-based intrusion prevention systems. To determine whether active protections are available from security software providers, please visit the active protections Web sites provided by program partners, listed in Microsoft Active Protections Program (MAPP) Partners.

Support

  • Customers in the U.S. and Canada can receive technical support from Security Support or 1-866-PCSAFETY. There is no charge for support calls that are associated with security updates. For more information about available support options, see Microsoft Help and Support.
  • International customers can receive support from their local Microsoft subsidiaries. There is no charge for support that is associated with security updates. For more information about how to contact Microsoft for support issues, visit the International Support Web site.

Disclaimer

The information provided in the Microsoft Knowledge Base is provided "as is" without warranty of any kind. Microsoft disclaims all warranties, either express or implied, including the warranties of merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose. In no event shall Microsoft Corporation or its suppliers be liable for any damages whatsoever including direct, indirect, incidental, consequential, loss of business profits or special damages, even if Microsoft Corporation or its suppliers have been advised of the possibility of such damages. Some states do not allow the exclusion or limitation of liability for consequential or incidental damages so the foregoing limitation may not apply.

Revisions

  • V1.0 (June 8, 2010): Bulletin published.
  • V1.1 (June 9, 2010): Corrected bulletin replacement and notes for the Windows Media Format Runtime 9 update on Microsoft Windows 2000 Service Pack 4. These are informational changes only. There were no changes to the security update files or detection logic. Customers who have already successfully updated their systems do not need to take any action.
  • V1.2 (June 16, 2010): Added known issues notation in the Executive Summary and corrected the Disable decoding of MJPEG content in Quartz.dll workaround for CVE-2010-1880.
  • V1.3 (June 23, 2010): Corrected the verification registry keys for Quartz.dll (DirectShow), Asycfilt.dll (COM component), and Windows Media Format Runtime 9.5 on Windows XP Professional x64 Edition Service Pack 2.