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Microsoft Security Bulletin MS12-041 - Important

Vulnerabilities in Windows Kernel-Mode Drivers Could Allow Elevation of Privilege (2709162)

Published:

Version: 1.0

General Information

Executive Summary

This security update resolves five privately reported vulnerabilities in Microsoft Windows. The vulnerabilities could allow elevation of privilege if an attacker logs on to a system and runs a specially crafted application. An attacker must have valid logon credentials and be able to log on locally to exploit any of these vulnerabilities.

This security update is rated Important for all supported releases of Microsoft Windows. For more information, see the subsection, Affected and Non-Affected Software, in this section.

The security update addresses the vulnerabilities by correcting the way that the Windows kernel-mode drivers validate input passed from user mode and handle TrueType font loading, and by introducing additional runtime validation to the thread creation mechanism. For more information about the vulnerabilities, see the Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) subsection for the specific vulnerability entry under the next section, Vulnerability Information.

Recommendation. The majority of customers have automatic updating enabled and will not need to take any action because this security update will be downloaded and installed automatically. Customers who have not enabled automatic updating need to check for updates and install this update manually. For information about specific configuration options in automatic updating, see Microsoft Knowledge Base Article 294871.

For administrators and enterprise installations, or end users who want to install this security update manually, Microsoft recommends that customers apply the update at the earliest opportunity using update management software, or by checking for updates using the Microsoft Update service.

See also the section, Detection and Deployment Tools and Guidance, later in this bulletin.

Known Issues. None

Affected and Non-Affected Software

The following software have been tested to determine which versions or editions are affected. Other versions or editions are either past their support life cycle or are not affected. To determine the support life cycle for your software version or edition, visit Microsoft Support Lifecycle.

Affected Software

Operating SystemMaximum Security ImpactAggregate Severity RatingUpdates Replaced
Windows XP Service Pack 3
(KB2709162)
Elevation of PrivilegeImportantKB2641653 in MS12-018 replaced by KB2709162
Windows XP Professional x64 Edition Service Pack 2
(KB2709162)
Elevation of PrivilegeImportantKB2641653 in MS12-018 replaced by KB2709162
Windows Server 2003 Service Pack 2
(KB2709162)
Elevation of PrivilegeImportantKB2641653 in MS12-018 replaced by KB2709162
Windows Server 2003 x64 Edition Service Pack 2
(KB2709162)
Elevation of PrivilegeImportantKB2641653 in MS12-018 replaced by KB2709162
Windows Server 2003 with SP2 for Itanium-based Systems
(KB2709162)
Elevation of PrivilegeImportantKB2641653 in MS12-018 replaced by KB2709162
Windows Vista Service Pack 2
(KB2709162)
Elevation of PrivilegeImportantKB2641653 in MS12-018 replaced by KB2709162
Windows Vista x64 Edition Service Pack 2
(KB2709162)
Elevation of PrivilegeImportantKB2641653 in MS12-018 replaced by KB2709162
Windows Server 2008 for 32-bit Systems Service Pack 2
(KB2709162)
Elevation of PrivilegeImportantKB2641653 in MS12-018 replaced by KB2709162
Windows Server 2008 for x64-based Systems Service Pack 2
(KB2709162)
Elevation of PrivilegeImportantKB2641653 in MS12-018 replaced by KB2709162
Windows Server 2008 for Itanium-based Systems Service Pack 2
(KB2709162)
Elevation of PrivilegeImportantKB2641653 in MS12-018 replaced by KB2709162
Windows 7 for 32-bit Systems
(KB2709162)
Elevation of PrivilegeImportantKB2641653 in MS12-018 replaced by KB2709162
Windows 7 for 32-bit Systems Service Pack 1
(KB2709162)
Elevation of PrivilegeImportantKB2641653 in MS12-018 replaced by KB2709162
Windows 7 for x64-based Systems
(KB2709162)
Elevation of PrivilegeImportantKB2641653 in MS12-018 replaced by KB2709162
Windows 7 for x64-based Systems Service Pack 1
(KB2709162)
Elevation of PrivilegeImportantKB2641653 in MS12-018 replaced by KB2709162
Windows Server 2008 R2 for x64-based Systems
(KB2709162)
Elevation of PrivilegeImportantKB2641653 in MS12-018 replaced by KB2709162
Windows Server 2008 R2 for x64-based Systems Service Pack 1
(KB2709162)
Elevation of PrivilegeImportantKB2641653 in MS12-018 replaced by KB2709162
Windows Server 2008 R2 for Itanium-based Systems
(KB2709162)
Elevation of PrivilegeImportantKB2641653 in MS12-018 replaced by KB2709162
Windows Server 2008 R2 for Itanium-based Systems Service Pack 1
(KB2709162)
Elevation of PrivilegeImportantKB2641653 in MS12-018 replaced by KB2709162
Server Core installation option
Windows Server 2008 for 32-bit Systems Service Pack 2
(KB2709162)
Elevation of PrivilegeImportantKB2641653 in MS12-018 replaced by KB2709162
Windows Server 2008 for x64-based Systems Service Pack 2
(KB2709162)
Elevation of PrivilegeImportantKB2641653 in MS12-018 replaced by KB2709162
Windows Server 2008 R2 for x64-based Systems
(KB2709162)
Elevation of PrivilegeImportantKB2641653 in MS12-018 replaced by KB2709162
Windows Server 2008 R2 for x64-based Systems Service Pack 1
(KB2709162)
Elevation of PrivilegeImportantKB2641653 in MS12-018 replaced by KB2709162

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) Related to This Security Update

Vulnerability Information

Severity Ratings and Vulnerability Identifiers

String Atom Class Name Handling Vulnerability - CVE-2012-1864

String Atom Class Name Handling Vulnerability - CVE-2012-1865

Clipboard Format Atom Name Handling Vulnerability - CVE-2012-1866

Font Resource Refcount Integer Overflow Vulnerability - CVE-2012-1867

Win32k.sys Race Condition Vulnerability - CVE-2012-1868

Update Information

Detection and Deployment Tools and Guidance

Security Update Deployment

Other Information

Acknowledgments

Microsoft thanks the following for working with us to help protect customers:

  • Tarjei Mandt of Azimuth Security for reporting the String Atom Class Name Handling Vulnerability (CVE-2012-1864)
  • Tarjei Mandt of Azimuth Security for reporting the Win32k.sys Race Condition Vulnerability (CVE-2012-1865)
  • Tarjei Mandt of Azimuth Security for reporting the Clipboard Format Atom Name Handling Vulnerability (CVE-2012-1866)
  • Mateusz "j00ru" Jurczyk of Google Inc. for reporting the Font Resource Refcount Integer Overflow Vulnerability (CVE-2012-1867)

Microsoft Active Protections Program (MAPP)

To improve security protections for customers, Microsoft provides vulnerability information to major security software providers in advance of each monthly security update release. Security software providers can then use this vulnerability information to provide updated protections to customers via their security software or devices, such as antivirus, network-based intrusion detection systems, or host-based intrusion prevention systems. To determine whether active protections are available from security software providers, please visit the active protections websites provided by program partners, listed in Microsoft Active Protections Program (MAPP) Partners.

Support

How to obtain help and support for this security update

Disclaimer

The information provided in the Microsoft Knowledge Base is provided "as is" without warranty of any kind. Microsoft disclaims all warranties, either express or implied, including the warranties of merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose. In no event shall Microsoft Corporation or its suppliers be liable for any damages whatsoever including direct, indirect, incidental, consequential, loss of business profits or special damages, even if Microsoft Corporation or its suppliers have been advised of the possibility of such damages. Some states do not allow the exclusion or limitation of liability for consequential or incidental damages so the foregoing limitation may not apply.

Revisions

  • V1.0 (June 12, 2012): Bulletin published.