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Test Lab Guide: Virtual Desktop Infrastructure Standard Deployment

Pubblicato: febbraio 2012

Aggiornamento: febbraio 2012

Si applica a: Windows Server 2012

A Virtual Desktop Infrastructure (VDI) standard deployment enables you to install the appropriate role services on separate computers. Unlike the Distribuzione Guida introduttiva VDI, a standard deployment provides more precise control of virtual desktops and virtual desktop collections by not creating them automatically.

This guide contains instructions for setting up a test lab which deploys VDI by using four servers. For detailed information about how the lab is set up, see Test Lab Guide: Base Configuration. The resulting test lab demonstrates how to successfully install and configure a Distribuzione standard VDI.

ImportantImportante
The following instructions explain how to configure a Distribuzione standard VDI test lab that uses a minimum number of computers. Individual computers are needed to separate the services that are provided on the network and to clearly show the desired functionality. This configuration is neither designed to reflect best practices nor does it reflect a desired or recommended configuration for a production network. The configuration, including IP addresses and all other configuration parameters, is designed only to work on a separate test lab network.

In this test lab, the Distribuzione standard VDI is deployed with:

  • One computer running Windows Server 2012 named DC1 that is configured as an intranet domain controller, Domain Name System (DNS) server, Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) server, and an enterprise root certification authority (CA).

  • One intranet member server running Windows Server 2012 named RDVH1 that is configured as the Remote Desktop Virtualization Host (RD Virtualization Host) server.

  • One intranet member server running Windows Server 2012 named RDWA1 that is configured as the Remote Desktop Web Access (RD Web Access) server.

  • One intranet member server running Windows Server 2012 named RDCB1 that is configured as the Remote Desktop Connection Broker (RD Connection Broker) server.

The Distribuzione standard VDI test lab consists of one subnet (10.0.0.0/24) that simulates an intranet named Corpnet.

Computers are connected to each other by using a Hyper-V virtual switch as shown the following figure.

Diagramma della rete

The following are required components of the test lab:

  • You must have a network shared folder that is configured to store user profile disks. All RD Virtualization Host computer accounts must have the ability to read and write to this location.

  • The product disc or files for Windows Server 2012.

  • The product disc or files for Windows 8.

  • A physical computer that meets the minimum hardware requirements for Windows Server 2012.

noteNota
If you choose the VDI scenario-based installation, a virtual switch named RDS Virtual is automatically created.

There are seven steps to follow when you set up the Distribuzione standard VDI test lab based on the Base Configuration test lab.

  • Step 1: Complete the base configuration test lab   The Distribuzione standard VDI test lab requires that you set up the base configuration test lab as a starting point.

  • Step 2: Install and configure RDVH1   RDVH1 is a computer running Windows Server 2012 that is used as the RD Virtualization Host computer.

  • Step 3: Install and configure RDWA1   RDWA1 is a computer running Windows Server 2012 that is used as the RD Web Access computer.

  • Step 4: Install and configure RDCB1   RDCB1 is a computer running Windows Server 2012 that is used as the RD Connection Broker computer.

  • Step 5: Deploy the Virtual Desktop Infrastructure standard deployment   The Virtual Desktop Infrastructure standard deployment is deployed by using Server Manager.

  • Step 6: Test Remote Desktop Services connectivity   RDCB1 is used to test that the Distribuzione standard VDI completed successfully.

  • Step 7: Take a snapshot of the configuration   At the completion of the lab, take a snapshot of the configuration so that you can later return to a working Distribuzione standard VDI test lab.

noteNota
You must be logged on as a member of the Domain Admins group or a member of the Administrators group on each computer to complete the tasks described in this guide. If you cannot complete a task while you are logged on with an account that is a member of the Administrators group, try performing the task while you are logged on with an account that is a member of the Domain Admins group.

This test lab guide uses the base configuration test lab as a starting place. Before you proceed with the remainder of the steps in this guide, complete the steps in the Test Lab Guide: Base Configuration. If you have already completed the steps in the Test Lab Guide: Base Configuration and saved a disk image or a virtual machine snapshot of the base configuration, you can restore the base configuration and proceed to the next step.

Installing and configuring the server that will be used for RD Virtualization Host in the Distribuzione standard VDI test lab consists of the following procedures:

  • Install the operating system

  • Join RDVH1 to the CORP domain

  1. Start the installation of Windows Server 2012.

  2. When are you prompted to choose the Language to install, Time and currency format, and Keyboard or input method, accept the default selections, and then click Next.

  3. Click Install now.

  4. On the Select the operating system you want to install page, click Windows Server 2012 (Server with a GUI), and then click Next.

  5. Select the I accept the license terms check box, and then click Next.

  6. On the Which type of installation do you want? page, click the appropriate option.

  7. On the Where do you want to install Windows? page, select the appropriate volume, and then click Next.

  8. When you are prompted for a password, type a strong password twice, and then click Finish.

  1. Log on to the computer with the local Administrator user account.

  2. Server Manager will start automatically. If it does not automatically start, click Start, type servermanager.exe, and then click Server Manager.

  3. Click Local Server.

  4. Click the name of the computer next to Computer name, and then click Change.

  5. In the Computer name box, type RDVH1. In the Member of box, click the Domain option, type corp.contoso.com, and then click OK.

  6. When you are prompted for a user name and password, provide the CORP\Administrator credentials, and then click OK.

  7. When you see a dialog box that welcomes you to the corp.contoso.com domain, click OK.

  8. When you are prompted to restart the computer, click OK.

  9. In the System Properties dialog box, click Close, and then click Restart Now.

Installing and configuring the server that will be used for RD Web Access in the Distribuzione standard VDI test lab consists of the following procedures:

  • Install the operating system

  • Join RDWA1 to the CORP domain

  1. Start the installation of Windows Server 2012.

  2. When are you prompted to choose the Language to install, Time and currency format, and Keyboard or input method, accept the default selections, and then click Next.

  3. Click Install now.

  4. On the Select the operating system you want to install page, click Windows Server 2012 (Server with a GUI), and then click Next.

  5. Select the I accept the license terms check box, and then click Next.

  6. On the Which type of installation do you want? page, click the appropriate option.

  7. On the Where do you want to install Windows? page, select the appropriate volume, and then click Next.

  8. When you are prompted for a password, type a strong password twice, and then click Finish.

  1. Log on to the computer with the local Administrator user account.

  2. Server Manager will start automatically. If it does not automatically start, click Start, type servermanager.exe, and then click Server Manager.

  3. Click Local Server.

  4. Click the name of the computer next to Computer name, and then click Change.

  5. In the Computer name box, type RDWA1. In the Member of box, click the Domain option, type corp.contoso.com, and then click OK.

  6. When you are prompted for a user name and password, provide the CORP\Administrator credentials, and then click OK.

  7. When you see a dialog box that welcomes you to the corp.contoso.com domain, click OK.

  8. When you are prompted to restart the computer, click OK.

  9. In the System Properties dialog box, click Close, and then click Restart Now.

Installing and configuring the server that will be used for RD Connection Broker configuration in the Distribuzione standard VDI test lab consists of the following procedures:

  • Install the operating system

  • Join RDCB1 to the CORP domain

  1. Start the installation of Windows Server 2012.

  2. When are you prompted to choose the Language to install, Time and currency format, and Keyboard or input method, accept the default selections, and then click Next.

  3. Click Install now.

  4. On the Select the operating system you want to install page, click Windows Server 2012 (Server with a GUI), and then click Next.

  5. Select the I accept the license terms check box, and then click Next.

  6. On the Which type of installation do you want? page, click the appropriate option.

  7. On the Where do you want to install Windows? page, select the appropriate volume, and then click Next.

  8. When you are prompted for a password, type a strong password twice, and then click Finish.

  1. Log on to the computer with the local Administrator user account.

  2. Server Manager will start automatically. If it does not automatically start, click Start, type servermanager.exe, and then click Server Manager.

  3. Click Local Server.

  4. Click the name of the computer next to Computer name, and then click Change.

  5. In the Computer name box, type RDCB1. In the Member of box, click the Domain option, type corp.contoso.com and then click OK.

  6. When you are prompted for a user name and password, provide the CORP\Administrator credentials, and then click OK.

  7. When you see a dialog box that welcomes you to the corp.contoso.com domain, click OK.

  8. When you are prompted to restart the computer, click OK.

  9. In the System Properties dialog box, click Close, and then click Restart Now.

Deploying the required role services for the Distribuzione standard VDI consists of the following procedures:

  • Add RDVH1, RDWA1, and RDCB1 to the server pool

  • Deploy the Distribuzione standard VDI

  1. Log on to the RDCB1 server by using the CORP\Administrator user account.

  2. Server Manager will start automatically. If it does not automatically start, click Start, type servermanager.exe, and then click Server Manager.

  3. In the QUICK START section, click Add other servers to manage.

  4. In the Name (CN): box, type RDWA1, and then click Find Now.

  5. Click RDWA1, and then click the right arrow.

  6. Repeat steps 2 through 5 for the RDVH1 server.

  7. Click OK.

  1. Log on to the RDCB1 server by using the CORP\Administrator user account.

  2. Server Manager will start automatically. If it does not automatically start, click Start, type servermanager.exe, and then click Server Manager.

  3. In the QUICK START section, click Add roles and features.

  4. On the Before You Begin page of the Add Roles and Features Wizard, click Next.

  5. On the Select Installation Type page, click Remote Desktop Services scenario-based Installation, and then click Next.

  6. On the Select deployment type page, click Standard deployment, and then click Next.

  7. On the Select deployment scenario page, click Virtual Desktop Infrastructure, and then click Next.

  8. On the Review role services page, click Next.

  9. On the Specify RD Connection Broker server page, click RDCB1.corp.contoso.com, click the right arrow, and then click Next.

  10. On the Specify RD Web Access server page, click RDWA1.corp.contoso.com, click the right arrow, and then click Next.

  11. On the Specify RD Virtualization Host server page, click RDVH1.corp.contoso.com, click the right arrow, and then click Next.

  12. On the Confirm selections page, select the Restart the destination server automatically if required check box, and then click Deploy.

  13. After the installation is complete, click Close.

You can ensure that Distribuzione standard VDI deployed successfully by using Server Manager to check the Remote Desktop Services deployment overview.

Use the following procedure to connect to the Distribuzione standard VDI.

  1. Log on to the RDCB1 server by using the CORP\Administrator user account.

  2. Server Manager will start automatically. If it does not automatically start, click Start, type servermanager.exe, and then click Server Manager.

  3. Click Remote Desktop Services, and then click Overview.

  4. In the DEPLOYMENT OVERVIEW section, ensure that the RD Web Access, RD Connection Broker, and RD Virtualization Host role services are installed. If there is an icon and not a green plus sign (+) next to the role service name, the role service is installed and part of the deployment

This completes the Distribuzione standard VDI. To save this configuration so that you can quickly return to a working Distribuzione standard VDI configuration from which you can test other Remote Desktop Services modular test lab guides (TLGs), TLG extensions, or for your own experimentation and learning, do the following:

  1. On all physical computers or virtual machines in the test lab, close all windows and then turn them off.

  2. If your lab is based on virtual machines, save a snapshot of each virtual machine and name the snapshots. If your lab uses physical computers, create disk images to save the Distribuzione standard VDI test lab configuration.

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