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Test Lab Guide: Remote Desktop Services Session Virtualization Standard Deployment

Pubblicato: febbraio 2012

Aggiornamento: febbraio 2012

Si applica a: Windows Server 2012

In Windows Server 2012 the Distribuzione standard di virtualizzazione delle sessioni di Servizi Desktop remoto is a scenario-based installation within Server Manager that allows you to install, configure, and manage RD Session Host servers from a central location. With the Distribuzione standard di virtualizzazione delle sessioni scenario, you’re presented with two deployment types:

  • Standard Deployment: Allows you to flexibly deploy the various Remote Desktop Services role services to different servers.

  • Quick Start: Installs all the necessary Remote Desktop Services’ role services on one computer to let you install and configure in a test environment.

Session Virtualization is a scenario-based installation within Server Manager that allows you to install, configure, and manage RD Session Host servers from a central location.

This test lab walks you through the process of creating a Session Virtualization Quick Start by doing the following:

  • Installs the RD Connection Broker, and RD Web Access role services on a single computer.

  • Creates a session collection.

  • Publishes a session-based desktop for each RD Session Host server in the collection.

  • Publishes applications as RemoteApp programs.

A Distribuzione standard di virtualizzazione delle sessioni di Servizi Desktop remoto allows you to install the appropriate role services on separate computers. Unlike the Distribuzione Guida introduttiva alla virtualizzazione delle sessioni, a standard deployment provides more precise control of session-based desktops and session virtualization collections by not creating them automatically.

This paper contains instructions for setting up a test lab based on the Test Lab Guide: Base Configuration and deploying Session Virtualization using two server computers and one client computer. The resulting Distribuzione standard di virtualizzazione delle sessioni test lab demonstrates how to successfully install and configure a Distribuzione standard di virtualizzazione delle sessioni.

ImportantImportante
The following instructions are for configuring a Distribuzione standard di virtualizzazione delle sessioni test lab using the minimum number of computers. Individual computers are needed to separate the services provided on the network and to clearly show the desired functionality. This configuration is neither designed to reflect best practices nor does it reflect a desired or recommended configuration for a production network. The configuration, including IP addresses and all other configuration parameters, is designed only to work on a separate test lab network.

In this test lab, the Distribuzione standard di virtualizzazione delle sessioni is deployed with:

  • One computer running Windows Server 2012 named DC1 that is configured as an intranet domain controller, Domain Name System (DNS) server, Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) server, and an enterprise root certification authority (CA).

  • One intranet member server running Windows Server 2012 named RDSH1 that is configured as the Remote Desktop Session Host (RD Session Host) server.

  • One intranet member server running Windows Server 2012 named RDWA1 that is configured as the Remote Desktop Web Access (RD Web Access) server.

  • One intranet member server running Windows Server 2012 named RDCB1 that is configured as the Remote Desktop Connection Broker (RD Connection Broker) server.

  • One roaming member client computer running Windows 8 named CLIENT1 that is used to connect to the Session Virtualization deployment.

The Distribuzione standard di virtualizzazione delle sessioni test lab consists of 1 subnet (10.0.0.0/24) that simulates an intranet named Corpnet.

Computers are connected to each other by using a Hyper-V virtual switch. See the following figure.

Diagramma per la distribuzione standard

The following are required components of the test lab:

  • The product disc or files for Windows Server 2012.

  • The product disc or files for Windows 8.

  • A physical computer that meet the minimum hardware requirements for Windows Server 2012.

There are 8 steps to follow when setting up Distribuzione standard di virtualizzazione delle sessioni test lab based on the Test Lab Guide: Base Configuration.

  • Step 1: Complete the Base Configuration Test Lab -- The Distribuzione standard di virtualizzazione delle sessioni test lab requires the Base Configuration test lab as its starting point.

  • Step 2: Install and Configure RDSH1 – RDSH1 is a Windows Server 2012 computer that is used as the RD Session Host computer.

  • Step 3: Install and Configure RDWA1 – RDWA1 is a Windows Server 2012 computer that is used as the RD Web Access computer.

  • Step 4: Install and Configure RDCB1 – RDCB1 is a Windows Server 2012 computer that is used as the RD Connection Broker computer.

  • Step 5: Deploy Session Virtualization Standard Deployment – The Distribuzione standard di virtualizzazione delle sessioni is deployed by using Server Manager.

  • Step 6: Create Session Collection – A Session Collection is created by using Server Manager.

  • Step 7: Test Remote Desktop Services Connectivity -- CLIENT1 is a Windows 8 computer that is used to test that you can successfully connect to the Distribuzione standard di virtualizzazione delle sessioni.

  • Step 8: Snapshot the configuration -- At the completion of the lab, snapshot the configuration so that you can later return to a working Distribuzione standard di virtualizzazione delle sessioni Test Lab.

noteNota
You must be logged on as a member of the Domain Admins group or a member of the Administrators group on each computer to complete the tasks described in this guide. If you cannot complete a task while you are logged on with an account that is a member of the Administrators group, try performing the task while you are logged on with an account that is a member of the Domain Admins group.

This Test Lab Guide uses the Base Configuration test lab as a starting place. Please complete the steps in Test Lab Guide: Base Configuration before proceeding with the remainder of the steps in this guide. If you have already completed the steps in the Base Configuration Test Lab Guide and saved a disk image or a virtual machine snapshot of the Base Configuration, then you can restore the Base Configuration and proceed to the next step.

Installing and configuring the server that will be used for RD Session Host in the Distribuzione di virtualizzazione delle sessioni test lab consists of the following procedures:

  • Install the operating system.

  • Join RDSH1 to the CORP domain.

The following sections explain these procedures in detail.

  1. Start the installation of Windows Server 2012.

  2. When are you prompted to choose the Language to install, Time and currency format, and Keyboard or input method, accept the default selections, and then click Next.

  3. Click Install now.

  4. On the Select the operating system you want to install page, click Windows Server 2012 (Server with a GUI), and then click Next.

  5. Select the I accept the license terms check box, and then click Next.

  6. On the Which type of installation do you want? page, click the appropriate option.

  7. On the Where do you want to install Windows? page, select the appropriate volume, and then click Next.

  8. When you are prompted for a password, type a strong password twice, and then click Finish.

  1. Log on to the computer with the local Administrator user account.

  2. Server Manager will start automatically. If it does not automatically start, click Start, type servermanager.exe, and then click Server Manager.

  3. Click Local Server.

  4. Click the name of the computer next to Computer name, and then click Change.

  5. In the Computer name box, type RDSH1. In the Member of box, click the Domain option, type corp.contoso.com and then click OK.

  6. When you are prompted for a user name and password, provide the CORP\Administrator credentials, and then click OK.

  7. When you see a dialog box welcoming you to the corp.contoso.com domain, click OK.

  8. When you are prompted that you must restart the computer, click OK.

  9. On the System Properties dialog box, click Close, and then click Restart Now.

Installing and configuring the server that will be used for RD Web Access in the Distribuzione standard di virtualizzazione delle sessioni test lab consists of the following procedures:

  • Install the operating system.

  • Join RDWA1 to the CORP domain.

The following sections explain these procedures in detail.

  1. Start the installation of Windows Server 2012.

  2. When are you prompted to choose the Language to install, Time and currency format, and Keyboard or input method, accept the default selections, and then click Next.

  3. Click Install now.

  4. On the Select the operating system you want to install page, click WWindows Server 2012 (Server with a GUI), and then click Next.

  5. Select the I accept the license terms check box, and then click Next.

  6. On the Which type of installation do you want? page, click the appropriate option.

  7. On the Where do you want to install Windows? page, select the appropriate volume, and then click Next.

  8. When you are prompted for a password, type a strong password twice, and then click Finish.

  1. Log on to the computer with the local Administrator user account.

  2. Server Manager will start automatically. If it does not automatically start, click Start, type servermanager.exe, and then click Server Manager.

  3. Click Local Server.

  4. Click the name of the computer next to Computer name, and then click Change.

  5. In the Computer name box, type RDWA1. In the Member of box, click the Domain option, type corp.contoso.com and then click OK.

  6. When you are prompted for a user name and password, provide the CORP\Administrator credentials, and then click OK.

  7. When you see a dialog box welcoming you to the corp.contoso.com domain, click OK.

  8. When you are prompted that you must restart the computer, click OK.

  9. On the System Properties dialog box, click Close, and then click Restart Now.

Installing and configuring the server that will be used for RD Connection Broker configuration in the Distribuzione standard di virtualizzazione delle sessioni test lab consists of the following procedures:

  • Install the operating system.

  • Join RDCB1 to the CORP domain.

The following sections explain these procedures in detail.

  1. Start the installation of Windows Server 2012.

  2. When are you prompted to choose the Language to install, Time and currency format, and Keyboard or input method, accept the default selections, and then click Next.

  3. Click Install now.

  4. On the Select the operating system you want to install page, click Windows Server 2012 (Server with a GUI), and then click Next.

  5. Select the I accept the license terms check box, and then click Next.

  6. On the Which type of installation do you want? page, click the appropriate option.

  7. On the Where do you want to install Windows? page, select the appropriate volume, and then click Next.

  8. When you are prompted for a password, type a strong password twice, and then click Finish.

  1. Log on to the computer with the local Administrator user account.

  2. Server Manager will start automatically. If it does not automatically start, click Start, type servermanager.exe, and then click Server Manager.

  3. Click Local Server.

  4. Click the name of the computer next to Computer name, and then click Change.

  5. In the Computer name box, type RDCB1. In the Member of box, click the Domain option, type corp.contoso.com and then click OK.

  6. When you are prompted for a user name and password, provide the CORP\Administrator credentials, and then click OK.

  7. When you see a dialog box welcoming you to the corp.contoso.com domain, click OK.

  8. When you are prompted that you must restart the computer, click OK.

  9. On the System Properties dialog box, click Close, and then click Restart Now.

Deploying the required role services for the Distribuzione standard di virtualizzazione delle sessioni consists of the following procedures:

  • Add RDSH1, RDWA1, and RDCB1 to the server pool.

  • Deploy Distribuzione standard di virtualizzazione delle sessioni.

The following sections explain these procedures in detail.

  1. Log on to the RDCB1 server as the CORP\Administrator user account.

  2. Server Manager will start automatically. If it does not automatically start, click Start, type servermanager.exe, and then click Server Manager.

  3. In the QUICK START section, click Add other servers to manage.

  4. In the Name (CN): box, type RDWA1 and then click Find Now.

  5. Click RDWA1 and then click the right arrow.

  6. Repeat steps 4 – 5 for the RDSH1 server.

  7. Click OK.

The Distribuzione standard di virtualizzazione delle sessioni is deployed by using Server Manager.

  1. Log on to the RDCB1 server as the CORP\Administrator user account.

  2. Server Manager will start automatically. If it does not automatically start, click Start, type servermanager.exe, and then click Server Manager.

  3. In the QUICK START section, click Add roles and features.

  4. On the Before You Begin page of the Add Roles and Features Wizard, click Next.

  5. On the Select Installation Type page, click Remote Desktop Services scenario-based Installation, and then click Next.

  6. On the Select deployment type page, click Standard deployment, and then click Next.

  7. On the Select deployment scenario page, click Session Virtualization, and then click Next.

  8. On the Review role services page, click Next.

  9. On the Specify RD Connection Broker server page, click RDCB1.corp.contoso.com, click the right arrow, and then click Next.

  10. On the Specify RD Web Access server page, click RDWA1.corp.contoso.com, click the right arrow, and then click Next.

  11. On the Specify RD Session Host servers page, click RDSH1.corp.contoso.com, click the right arrow, and then click Next.

  12. On the Confirm selections page, select the Restart the destination server automatically if required check box, and then click Deploy.

  13. After the installation is complete, click Close.

A Session Collection is created by using Server Manager.

Use the following procedures to create a Session Collection:

  • Create a Session Collection

The following sections explain these procedures in detail.

  1. Server Manager will start automatically. If it does not automatically start, click Start, type servermanager.exe, and then click Server Manager.

  2. On the left side of the window, click Remote Desktop Services.

  3. Click Collections.

  4. Click Tasks, and then click Create Session Collection.

  5. On the Before You Begin page of the Create Collection wizard, click Next.

  6. On the Name the collection page, type SessionCollection in the Name box, and then click Next.

  7. On the Specify RD Session Host servers page, select RDSH1, click the right arrow, and then click Next.

  8. On the Specify user groups page, accept the default selections, and then click Next.

  9. On the Specify user profile disks page, type a valid network path in the Location of user profile disks box, and then click Next.

  10. On the Confirm selections page, click Create.

  11. After the session collection is created, click Close.

You can ensure Distribuzione standard di virtualizzazione delle sessioni deployed successfully by connecting to the session collection that was created.

noteNota
If you plan on connecting to an RD Web Access server website from a server, you must turn off Internet Explorer Enhanced Security Configuration by using Server Manager.

Use the following procedures to connect to the Distribuzione di virtualizzazione delle sessioni:

  • Connect to the session collection.

The following sections explain these procedures in detail.

To test that the Distribuzione standard di virtualizzazione delle sessioni deployed and the session collection was created successfully, you log on to the RD Web Access server on the RDWA1 computer and connect to a session in the SessionCollection session collection.

  1. Log on to the CLIENT1 computer as the CORP\Administrator user account.

  2. Open Internet Explorer. To open Internet Explorer, click Start, and then click Internet Explorer.

  3. In the Internet Explorer address bar, type https://app1.corp.contoso.com/RDWeb and then press Enter.

  4. Click Continue to this website (not recommended).

  5. In the Domain/user name box, type CORP\Administrator.

  6. In the Password box, type the password for the CORP\Administrator user account, and then click Sign in.

  7. Click SessionCollection, and then click Connect.

  8. Verify that the session-based desktop appears correctly.

This completes the Distribuzione standard di virtualizzazione delle sessioni test lab. To save this configuration so that you can quickly return to a working VDI Quick Start configuration from which you can test other Remote Desktop Services modular test lab guides (TLGs), TLG extensions, or for your own experimentation and learning, do the following:

  1. On all physical computers or virtual machines in the test lab, close all windows and then perform a graceful shutdown.

  2. If your lab is based on virtual machines, save a snapshot of each virtual machine and name the snapshots Distribuzione standard di virtualizzazione delle sessioni. If your lab uses physical computers, create disk images to save the Distribuzione standard di virtualizzazione delle sessioni test lab configuration.

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