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Configuring SID Filtering Settings

Updated: March 2, 2005

Applies To: Windows Server 2003, Windows Server 2003 R2, Windows Server 2003 with SP1, Windows Server 2003 with SP2

Security principals in Active Directory have an attribute, called SID history, to which domain administrators can add users’ old security identifiers (SIDs). This is useful during Active Directory migrations because administrators do not need to modify access control lists (ACLs) on large numbers of resources and users can use their old SIDs to access resources. However, under some circumstances it is possible for attackers or rogue administrators that have compromised a domain controller in a trusted domain to use the SID history attribute (sIDHistory) to associate SIDs with new user accounts, granting themselves unauthorized rights. To help prevent this type of attack, Windows Server 2003 automatically enables SID filter quarantining on all external trusts that are created by a Windows Server 2003 domain controller. External trusts that are created using domain controllers running Windows 2000 Server with Service Pack 3 (SP3) or earlier must be manually configured to enable SID filter quarantining.

noteNote
You cannot turn off the default behavior in Windows Server 2003 that enables SID filter quarantining for newly created external trusts. External trusts that are created from domain controllers running Windows 2000 Server with SP3 or earlier do not enforce SID filter quarantining by default.

You can use SID filter quarantining to filter out migrated SIDs that are stored in SID history from specific domains. For example, where an external trust relationship exists such that the one domain, Contoso (running Windows 2000 Server domain controllers), trusts another domain, Cpandl (also running Windows 2000 Server domain controllers), an administrator of the Contoso domain can manually apply SID filter quarantining to the Cpandl domain, which allows all SIDs with a domain SID from the Cpandl domain to pass but all other SIDs (such as those from migrated SIDs that are stored in SID history) to be discarded.

noteNote
Do not apply SID filter quarantining to trusts within a forest that is not using the Windows Server 2003 forest functional level, because doing so removes SIDs that are required for Active Directory replication. If the forest functional level is Windows Server 2003 and quarantining is applied between two domains within a forest, a user in the quarantined domain with universal group memberships in other domains in the forest may not be able to access resources in nonquarantined domains, because the group memberships from those domains are filtered when resources are accessed across the trust relationship. Likewise, SID filter quarantining should not be applied to forest trusts.

To further secure your forest, consider enabling SID filter quarantining on all existing external trusts that are created by domain controllers running Windows 2000 Server SP3 or earlier. You can do this by using Netdom.exe to enable SID filter quarantining on existing external trusts or by recreating these external trusts from a domain controller running Windows Server 2003 or Windows 2000 Server with Service Pack 4 (SP4) or later. For more information about how to enable SID filtering on trusts that are created by Windows 2000 Server domain controllers, see the Windows 2000 Active Directory Operations Guide on the Microsoft Web site (http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkId=18545).

For more information about how SID filtering works, see "Security Considerations for Trusts" in the Windows Server 2003 Technical Reference on the Microsoft Web site (http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkId=35413).

Task requirements

You can use either of the following tools to perform the procedures for this task:

  • Active Directory Domains and Trusts

  • Netdom.exe

For more information about how to use the Netdom command-line tool to configure SID filtering settings, see "Netdom.exe: Windows Domain Manager" in the Windows Server 2003 Technical Reference on the Microsoft Web site (http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkId=41700).

To complete this task, perform the following procedures:

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