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Deploy Remote Server Administration Tools

Published: June 24, 2013

Updated: February 19, 2014

Applies To: Windows 8, Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2012, Windows Server 2012 R2

This topic supports both Remote Server Administration Tools for Windows® 8.1 and Remote Server Administration Tools for Windows® 8.

To help ease remote server management, you can download and install Remote Server Administration Tools. Remote Server Administration Tools includes Server Manager, Microsoft Management Console (MMC) snap-ins, consoles, Windows PowerShell® cmdlets and providers, and some command-line tools for managing roles and features that run on Windows Server.

Remote Server Administration Tools includes Windows PowerShell cmdlet modules that can be used to manage roles and features that are running on remote servers. Although Windows PowerShell remote management is enabled by default on Windows Server 2012 R2 and Windows Server 2012, it is not enabled by default on Windows 8.1 or Windows 8. To run cmdlets that are part of Remote Server Administration Tools against a remote server, run Enable-PSRemoting in a Windows PowerShell session that has been opened with elevated user rights (that is, Run as Administrator) on your Windows client computer after installing Remote Server Administration Tools.

Use Remote Server Administration Tools for Windows 8.1 to manage specific technologies on computers that are running Windows Server® 2012 R2, Windows Server® 2012, and in limited cases, Windows Server® 2008 R2, or Windows Server® 2008. A few of the tools might work for managing roles and features on Windows Server 2003.

Remote Server Administration Tools for Windows 8.1 includes support for remote management of computers that are running the Server Core installation option or the Minimal Server Interface configuration of Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows Server 2012, and in limited cases, the Server Core installation options of Windows Server 2008 R2, or Windows Server 2008. However, Remote Server Administration Tools for Windows 8.1 cannot be installed on any versions of the Windows Server operating system.

For a list of the tools available in Remote Server Administration Tools for Windows 8.1 and Remote Server Administration Tools for Windows 8, see the table in Remote Server Administration Tools (RSAT) for Windows Vista, Windows 7, Windows 8, Windows Server 2008, Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows Server 2012, and Windows Server 2012 R2.

Remote Server Administration Tools for Windows 8.1 can be installed only on computers that are running Windows 8.1 Pro or Windows 8.1 Enterprise. Remote Server Administration Tools cannot be installed on any other editions of Windows 8.1, and it cannot be installed on computers that are running Windows RT 8.1 or other system-on-chip devices.

Remote Server Administration Tools for Windows 8.1 runs on both x86- and x64-based editions of Windows 8.1 Pro or Windows 8.1 Enterprise.

ImportantImportant
Remote Server Administration Tools for Windows 8.1 should not be installed on a computer that is running administration tools packs for Windows 8, Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows Server 2008, Windows Server 2003 or Windows 2000 Server®. Remove all older versions of Administration Tools Pack or Remote Server Administration Tools—including earlier prerelease versions, and releases of the tools for different languages or locales—from the computer before you install Remote Server Administration Tools for Windows 8.1.

To use this release of Server Manager to access and manage remote servers that are running Windows Server 2012, Windows Server 2008 or Windows Server 2008 R2, you must install several updates to make the older Windows Server operating systems manageable by using Server Manager. For detailed information about how to prepare Windows Server 2012, Windows Server 2008 R2, and Windows Server 2008 for management by using Server Manager in Remote Server Administration Tools for Windows 8.1, see Manage Multiple, Remote Servers with Server Manager.

Windows PowerShell and Server Manager remote management must be enabled on remote servers to manage them by using tools that are part of Remote Server Administration Tools for Windows 8.1. Remote management is enabled by default on servers that are running Windows Server 2012 R2 and Windows Server 2012. For more information about how to enable remote management if it has been disabled, see Manage multiple, remote servers with Server Manager.

Remote Server Administration Tools for Windows 8.1 has the same one-step installation process as Remote Server Administration Tools for Windows 8. Before the release of Remote Server Administration Tools for Windows 8, after running the MSU installer program, users were required to turn on specific tools that they wanted to use in the Turn Windows features on or off dialog box. This step has been eliminated; after you run the MSU installation program, all tools are enabled by default.

  1. noteNote
    This procedure applies only if your system UI language does not match one of the available Remote Server Administration Tools languages. If your computer’s system UI language matches an available Remote Server Administration Tools language, go on to the next procedure, To install Remote Server Administration Tools for Windows 8.1.

    Follow instructions in KB 2839636 to install supported Windows 8.1 language packs from Windows Update. Be sure to install one of the language packs that is supported by Remote Server Administration Tools.

    Remote Server Administration Tools for Windows 8.1 is available in cs-CZ, de-DE, en-US, es-ES, fr-FR, hu-HU, it-IT, ja-JP, ko-KR, nl-NL, pl-PL, pt-BR, pt-PT, ru-RU, sv-SE, tr-TR, zh-CN, and zh-TW.

    1. On the Start screen, type language to search for language settings.

    2. In the search results, click or tap Add a language to this device.

    3. On the Time and Language page, under Languages, click or tap Add a language.

    4. Select and install a language that is supported by RSAT.

  2. When the language pack installation is complete, verify that the language pack is installed by running get-windowspackage -online in a Windows PowerShell session that has been started with elevated user rights (Run as Administrator).

    The language pack entry starts with the following:

    Microsoft-Windows-Client-LanguagePack-Package~(GUID)~(architecture)~(supported language)~6.3.9600.XXXXX

  3. After you have installed a supported language pack, go on to the next procedure, To install Remote Server Administration Tools for Windows 8.1.

  1. Download the Remote Server Administration Tools for Windows 8.1 package from the Microsoft Download Center. You can either run the installer from the Download Center website, or save the download package to a local computer or share.

    ImportantImportant
    You can only install Remote Server Administration Tools for Windows 8.1 on computers that are running Windows 8.1 Pro or Windows 8.1 Enterprise. Remote Server Administration Tools cannot be installed on any other editions of Windows 8.1, it cannot be installed on prerelease or evaluation copies of Windows 8.1, and it cannot be installed on computers that are running Windows RT 8.1 or other system-on-chip devices.

  2. If you save the download package to a local computer or share, double-click the installer program, Windows8.1-KB2693643-x64.msu or Windows8.1-KB2693643-x86.msu, depending on the architecture of the computer on which you want to install the tools.

  3. When you are prompted by the Windows Update Standalone Installer dialog box to install the update, click Yes.

  4. Read and accept the license terms. Click I accept.

  5. Installation requires a few minutes to finish.

  1. On the desktop, hover in the upper right corner of the screen, and then click Settings.

  2. On the Desktop menu, click Control Panel.

  3. Under Programs, click Uninstall a program.

  4. Click View installed updates.

  5. Right-click Update for Microsoft Windows (KB2693643), and then click Uninstall.

  6. When you are asked if you are sure you want to uninstall the update, click Yes.

  1. On the desktop, hover in the upper right corner of the screen, and then click Settings.

  2. On the Desktop menu, click Control Panel.

  3. Click Programs, and then in Programs and Features click Turn Windows features on or off.

  4. In the Windows Features dialog box, expand Remote Server Administration Tools, and then expand either Role Administration Tools or Feature Administration Tools.

  5. Clear the check boxes for any tools that you want to turn off.

    noteNote
    If you turn off Server Manager, the computer must be restarted, and tools that were accessible from the Tools menu of Server Manager must be opened from the Administrative Tools folder.

  6. When you are finished turning off tools that you do not want to use, click OK.

noteNote
After installing Remote Server Administration Tools for Windows 8.1, the Administrative Tools folder is not displayed on the Start screen. This is a known issue in this release of Remote Server Administration Tools for Windows 8.1. You can access the tools from the following locations.

  • The Tools menu in the Server Manager console.

  • Control Panel\System and Security\Administrative Tools.

  • A shortcut saved to the desktop from the Administrative Tools folder (to do this, right click the Control Panel\System and Security\Administrative Tools link, and then click Create Shortcut).

The tools installed as part of Remote Server Administration Tools for Windows 8.1 cannot be used to manage the local computer. Regardless of the tool you run, you must specify a remote server or multiple remote servers on which to run the tool. Because most tools are integrated with Server Manager, you add remote servers that you want to manage to the Server Manager server pool before managing the server by using the tools in the Tools menu. For more information about how to add servers to your server pool, and create custom groups of servers, see Add servers to Server Manager and Create and manage server groups.

In Remote Server Administration Tools for Windows 8.1, all GUI-based server management tools, such as MMC snap-ins and dialog boxes, are accessed from the Tools menu of the Server Manager console. Although the computer that runs Remote Server Administration Tools for Windows 8.1 runs a client-based operating system, after installing the tools, Server Manager, included with Remote Server Administration Tools for Windows 8.1, opens automatically by default on the client computer. Note that there is no Local Server page in the Server Manager console that runs on a client computer.

  1. On the Start screen, click Administrative Tools.

  2. In the Administrative Tools folder, double-click Server Manager.

  3. If neither the Administrative Tools nor the Server Manager tiles are displayed on the Start screen after installing Remote Server Administration Tools, and searching for Server Manager on the Start screen does not display results, verify that the Show administrative tools setting is turned on. To view this setting, hover the mouse cursor over the upper right corner of the Start screen, and then click Settings. If Show administrative tools is turned off, turn the setting on to display tools that you have installed as part of Remote Server Administration Tools for Windows 8.

Although they are not listed in the Server Manager console Tools menu, Windows PowerShell cmdlets and Command Prompt management tools are also installed for roles and features as part of Remote Server Administration Tools. For example, if you open a Windows PowerShell session with elevated user rights (Run as Administrator), and run the cmdlet Get-Command -Module RDManagement, the results include a list of Remote Desktop Services cmdlets that are now available to run on the local computer after installing Remote Server Administration Tools, as long as the cmdlets are targeted at a remote server that is running all or part of the Remote Desktop Services role.

  1. On the Start screen, right-click the Windows PowerShell tile, and then click Run as administrator.

  2. To run Windows PowerShell as an administrator from the desktop, right-click the Windows PowerShell shortcut in the taskbar, and then click Run as Administrator.

noteNote
You can also start a Windows PowerShell session that is targeted at a specific server by right-clicking a managed server in a role or group page in Server Manager, and then clicking Windows PowerShell.

Use Remote Server Administration Tools for Windows 8 to manage specific technologies on computers that are running Windows Server 2012, and in limited cases, Windows Server 2008 R2, or Windows Server 2008. Some of the tools work for managing roles and features on Windows Server 2003.

Remote Server Administration Tools for Windows 8 includes support for remote management of computers that are running the Server Core installation option or the Minimal Server Interface configuration of Windows Server 2012, and in limited cases, the Server Core installation options of Windows Server 2008 R2, or Windows Server 2008. However, Remote Server Administration Tools for Windows 8 cannot be installed on any versions of the Windows Server operating system.

For a list of the tools available in Remote Server Administration Tools for Windows 8 and Remote Server Administration Tools for Windows 8, see the table in Remote Server Administration Tools (RSAT) for Windows Vista, Windows 7, Windows 8, Windows Server 2008, Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows Server 2012, and Windows Server 2012 R2.

Remote Server Administration Tools for Windows 8 can be installed only on computers that are running Windows 8. Remote Server Administration Tools cannot be installed on computers that are running Windows RT or other system-on-chip devices.

Remote Server Administration Tools for Windows 8 runs on both x86- and x64-based editions of Windows 8.

ImportantImportant
Remote Server Administration Tools for Windows 8 should not be installed on a computer that is running administration tools packs for Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows Server 2008, Windows Server 2003 or Windows 2000 Server®. Remove all older versions of Administration Tools Pack or Remote Server Administration Tools—including earlier prerelease versions, and releases of the tools for different languages or locales—from the computer before you install Remote Server Administration Tools for Windows 8.

To use this release of Server Manager to access and manage remote servers that are running Windows Server 2008 or Windows Server 2008 R2, you must install several updates to make the older Windows Server operating systems manageable by using Server Manager. For detailed information about how to prepare Windows Server 2008 R2 and Windows Server 2008 for management by using Server Manager in Remote Server Administration Tools for Windows 8, see Manage Multiple, Remote Servers with Server Manager.

Windows PowerShell and Server Manager remote management must be enabled on remote servers to manage them by using tools that are part of Remote Server Administration Tools for Windows 8. Remote management is enabled by default on servers that are running Windows Server 2012. For more information about how to enable remote management, see Manage multiple, remote servers with Server Manager.

Remote Server Administration Tools for Windows 8 has a faster, one-step installation process. In earlier releases of Remote Server Administration Tools, after running the MSU installer program, users were required to turn on specific tools that they wanted to use in the Turn Windows features on or off dialog box. This step has been eliminated; after you run the MSU installation program, all tools are enabled by default.

  1. noteNote
    This procedure applies only if your system UI language does not match one of the available Remote Server Administration Tools languages. If your computer’s system UI language matches an available Remote Server Administration Tools language, go on to the next procedure, To install Remote Server Administration Tools for Windows 8.

    Follow instructions in KB 2607607 to install supported Windows 8 language packs from Windows Update. Be sure to install one of the language packs that is supported by Remote Server Administration Tools for Windows 8.

    Remote Server Administration Tools for Windows 8 is available in the following languages: cs-CZ, de-DE, en-US, es-ES, fr-FR, hu-HU, it-IT, ja-JP, ko-KR, nl-NL, pl-PL, pt-BR, pt-PT, ru-RU, sv-SE, tr-TR, zh-CN, zh-HK, and zh-TW.

  2. When the language pack installation is complete, verify that the language pack is installed by running get-windowspackage -online in a Windows PowerShell session that has been started with elevated user rights (Run as Administrator).

    The language pack entry starts with the following:

    Microsoft-Windows-Client-LanguagePack-Package~(GUID)~(architecture)~(supported language)~6.2.9200.16384

  3. After you have installed a supported language pack, go on to the next procedure, To install Remote Server Administration Tools for Windows 8.

  1. Download the Remote Server Administration Tools for Windows 8 package from the Microsoft Download Center. You can either run the installer from the Download Center website, or save the download package to a local computer or share.

  2. If you save the download package to a local computer or share, double-click the installer program, Windows6.2-KB2693643-x64.msu or Windows6.2-KB2693643-x86.msu, depending on the architecture of the computer on which you want to install the tools.

  3. When you are prompted by the Windows Update Standalone Installer dialog box to install the update, click Yes.

  4. Read and accept the license terms. Click I accept.

  5. Installation requires a few minutes to finish.

  1. On the desktop, hover in the upper right corner of the screen, and then click Settings.

  2. On the Desktop menu, click Control Panel.

  3. Under Programs, click Uninstall a program.

  4. Click View installed updates.

  5. Right-click Update for Microsoft Windows (KB2693643), and then click Uninstall.

  6. When you are asked if you are sure you want to uninstall the update, click Yes.

  1. On the desktop, hover in the upper right corner of the screen, and then click Settings.

  2. On the Desktop menu, click Control Panel.

  3. Click Programs, and then in Programs and Features click Turn Windows features on or off.

  4. In the Windows Features dialog box, expand Remote Server Administration Tools, and then expand either Role Administration Tools or Feature Administration Tools.

  5. Clear the check boxes for any tools that you want to turn off.

    noteNote
    If you turn off Server Manager, the computer must be restarted, and tools that were accessible from the Tools menu of Server Manager must be opened from the Administrative Tools folder.

  6. When you are finished turning off tools that you do not want to use, click OK.

The tools installed as part of Remote Server Administration Tools for Windows 8 cannot be used to manage the local computer. Regardless of the tool you run, you must specify a remote server or multiple remote servers on which to run the tool. Because most tools are integrated with Server Manager, you add remote servers that you want to manage to the Server Manager server pool before managing the server by using the tools in the Tools menu. For more information about how to add servers to your server pool, and create custom groups of servers, see Add servers to Server Manager and Create and manage server groups.

In Remote Server Administration Tools for Windows 8, all GUI-based server management tools, such as MMC snap-ins and dialog boxes, are accessed from the Tools menu of the Server Manager console. Although the computer that runs Remote Server Administration Tools for Windows 8 runs a client-based operating system, after installing the tools, Server Manager, included with Remote Server Administration Tools for Windows 8, opens automatically by default on the client computer. Note that there is no Local Server page in the Server Manager console that runs on a client computer.

  1. On the Start screen, click Administrative Tools.

  2. In the Administrative Tools folder, double-click Server Manager.

  3. If neither the Administrative Tools nor the Server Manager tiles are displayed on the Start screen after installing Remote Server Administration Tools, and searching for Server Manager on the Start screen does not display results, verify that the Show administrative tools setting is turned on. To view this setting, hover the mouse cursor over the upper right corner of the Start screen, and then click Settings. If Show administrative tools is turned off, turn the setting on to display tools that you have installed as part of Remote Server Administration Tools for Windows 8.

Although they are not listed in the Server Manager console Tools menu, Windows PowerShell cmdlets and Command Prompt management tools are also installed for roles and features as part of Remote Server Administration Tools. For example, if you open a Windows PowerShell session with elevated user rights (Run as Administrator), and run the cmdlet Get-Command -Module RDManagement, the results include a list of Remote Desktop Services cmdlets that are now available to run on the local computer after installing Remote Server Administration Tools, as long as the cmdlets are targeted at a remote server that is running all or part of the Remote Desktop Services role.

  1. On the Start screen, right-click the Windows PowerShell tile, and then click Run as administrator.

  2. To run Windows PowerShell as an administrator from the desktop, right-click the Windows PowerShell shortcut in the taskbar, and then click Run as Administrator.

noteNote
You can also start a Windows PowerShell session that is targeted at a specific server by right-clicking a managed server in a role or group page in Server Manager, and then clicking Windows PowerShell.

See Also

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