Eksporter (0) Skriv ut
Vis alt
EN
Dette innholdet er ikke tilgjengelig på ditt språk, men her er den engelske versjonen.

Common Management Tasks and Navigation in Windows Server 2012 R2 and Windows Server 2012

Published: June 24, 2013

Updated: November 5, 2013

Applies To: Windows Server 2012, Windows Server 2012 R2



Windows Server® 2012 R2, Windows® 8.1, Windows Server® 2012, and Windows® 8 feature the new Modern user interface. This topic helps you find and open common management tools, create shortcuts to frequently-used programs, run programs with elevated privileges, and perform common tasks like signing in and out, restarting, and shutting down computers that are running Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2012, or Windows 8.

You can install Windows Server 2012 R2 or Windows Server 2012 with a minimal user interface that is well-suited to remote management. For more information, see Windows Server Installation Options.

In this topic:

The Start screen is the home of Windows apps. To open the Start screen, use one of these methods:

  • Press the Windows logo key. In a virtual machine, you can press Ctrl+Esc.

  • Hover the mouse cursor in the upper right corner of the screen, and then click Start.

  • On the desktop, hover the mouse cursor in the lower left corner of the screen, and click when the thumbnail of the Start screen appears.

  1. Hover the mouse cursor in the upper right corner of the screen, and then click Settings.

  2. Click Power, and then click Shut down.

  1. Hover the mouse cursor in the upper right corner of the screen, and then click Settings.

  2. Click Power, and then click Restart.

  • On the Start screen, click your user name in the upper right corner, and then click Lock. Alternatively, on the Start screen, press the Windows logo key+L.

  • On the Start screen, click your user name in the upper right corner, and then click Sign out.

When Windows apps like Internet Explorer are open but not in use, they are automatically minimized and become inactive, freeing resources for other apps. This functionality is similar to a cell phone, tablet PC, or other mobile computer. It is not necessary to close an app, but you can follow steps in this section if you want to do so.

  • With the app active, hover at the top edge of the screen until the mouse cursor becomes a hand. Click and drag the app to the bottom of the screen, and then release.

  • Press the Windows logo key+i to open the Settings bar for the current screen (for example, Start, the desktop, or a Windows app).

  • Alternatively, hover the mouse cursor in the upper right corner of the screen, and then click Settings.

You can access Control Panel from the Start screen and from the desktop.

  • On the Start screen, click Control Panel.

  1. On the desktop, hover the mouse cursor in the upper right corner of the screen, and then click Settings.

  2. Click Control Panel.

  1. On the Start screen, type one of the following, and then press Enter to open common Control Panel management tools.

    • ncpa.cpl to open Control Panel\Network and Internet\Network Connections.

    • sysdm.cpl to open the System Properties dialog box that is available at Control Panel\System and Security\System\Advanced System Settings.

    • appwiz.cpl to open Control Panel\Programs\Programs and Features\Uninstall or change a program.

    • inetcpl.cpl to open the Internet Properties dialog box that is available at Control Panel\Network and Internet\Internet Options.

    TipTip
    For more Control Panel tool commands that you can type directly on the Start screen, see How to run Control Panel tools by typing a command.

  1. Open Control Panel.

  2. In the Control Panel Search box, type desktop.

  3. In the Control Panel Search results, in Display, click Show or hide common icons on the desktop.

  4. In Desktop Icon Settings, select Control Panel, and then click OK.

The Administrative Tools folder contains links to many common Microsoft Management Console (MMC) snap-ins, including Computer Management, Event Viewer, and the management tools for installed roles or features.

TipTip
The Start screen settings (accessed by pressing the Windows logo key+i on the Start screen) include an option to allow or prevent tools in the Administrative Tools folder from being displayed in search results and on the Start screen. This setting is enabled by default.

  • In the Server Manager menu bar, click Tools to access the contents of the Administrative Tools folder.

  1. On the Start screen, click Administrative Tools. You can also type Administrative Tools on the Start screen, and then click Administrative Tools in the list of results.

TipTip
If the Show Administrative tools setting is turned off, the Administrative Tools folder and its contents will not appear in the Settings results. The Show Administrative tools setting is available when you hover the mouse cursor over the upper or lower right edge of the Start screen, click Settings, and then click Tiles.

  • Open Control Panel, click System and Security, and then click Administrative Tools.

  1. In File Explorer, navigate to the location of the program for which you want to create a shortcut.

  2. Right-click the executable file in the program folder, and then click Create shortcut. Because of restricted user access rights, Windows does not allow shortcuts to be created in some folders, including the Program Files folder.

  3. Drag the shortcut to a folder of your choice, to the desktop, or to the desktop taskbar. If the shortcut cannot be created in the location of the executable file (typically because the access rights for the Program Files folder are restricted), and you are prompted to select a location for the shortcut, browse to the Desktop folder.

  1. On the Start screen, search for or navigate to the app that you want to pin to the desktop taskbar.

  2. Right-click the app tile, and in the app bar, click Pin to taskbar.

  1. Open File Explorer.

  2. Navigate to the folder where the program that you want to pin to the desktop taskbar is located.

  3. Right-click the executable file in the program folder, and then click Pin to Taskbar.

  1. Open File Explorer.

  2. Navigate to the program or folder that you want to pin to the Start screen.

  3. Right-click the executable file or folder, and then click Pin to Start.

  • On the desktop, press the Windows logo key+R to open the Run dialog box.

    Alternatively, on the Start screen, type Run, and then press Enter.

  1. On the Start screen, navigate to the app that you want to run as Administrator.

  2. Right-click the app tile, and in the app bar, click Run as administrator.

  1. Right-click the executable file in File Explorer, or right-click the program shortcut on the desktop.

  2. Click Run as administrator.

  • Do one of the following.

    • Add the Run as a different user command to the app bar by enabling the following Group Policy setting: User Configuration/Administrative Templates/Start Menu and Taskbar/Show "Run as different user" command on Start. To start Local Group Policy Editor, on the Start screen, type gpedit.msc, and then press Enter.

    • Use the runas command from a command prompt. For more information about how to use the runas command, at a command prompt, type runas /?, and then press Enter.

By default, Server Manager starts when a member of the Administrators group signs in to a computer that is running Windows Server 2012 R2 or Windows Server 2012. If Server Manager is not already open, if you are a standard (non-Administrator) user on the server, or if administrators have changed Server Manager default settings so that it does not open automatically at sign-in, open Server Manager by using procedures in this section.

  • On the Start screen, click Server Manager.

noteNote
If the Show Administrative tools setting is disabled, the Server Manager tile does not appear on the Start screen.

  • On the taskbar, click Server Manager.

  • On the Start screen, click Windows PowerShell.

  • On the taskbar, click Windows PowerShell.

  • To run Windows PowerShell as an administrator from the Start screen, right-click the Windows PowerShell tile, and in the app bar, click Run as administrator.

  • To run Windows PowerShell as an administrator from the desktop, right-click the Windows PowerShell shortcut in the taskbar, and then click Run as Administrator.

  1. On the Start screen, type mstsc.

  2. In the Search Apps results, click mstsc.

  1. On the desktop, press the Windows logo key+R to open the Run dialog box.

  2. In the Run dialog box, type mstsc, and then press Enter.

  1. On the Start screen, type cmd.

  2. In the Apps results, click cmd.

  1. On the desktop, press the Windows logo key+R to open the Run dialog box.

  2. In the Run dialog box, type cmd, and then press Enter.

  • Do one of the following.

    • To run Command Prompt as an administrator from the Start screen on Windows Server 2012 R2, type cmd, right-click Command Prompt in the Search results, and on the shortcut menu, click Run as administrator.

    • To run Command Prompt as an administrator from the Start screen on Windows Server 2012, type cmd, right-click Command Prompt in the Apps results, and then in the taskbar, click Run as Administrator.

  1. On the Start screen, type mmc.

  2. In the Apps or Search results, click mmc.

  1. On the desktop, press the Windows logo key+R to open the Run dialog box.

  2. In the Run dialog box, type mmc, and then press Enter.

  1. On the Start screen, type the executable file name of a snap-in.

    Example: Type gpedit.msc.

  2. When the snap-in is displayed in the Apps or Search results, click the tile.

  1. On the desktop, press the Windows logo key+R to open the Run dialog box.

  2. Type the executable file name of a snap-in, and then press Enter.

    Example: Type gpedit.msc.

  • Do one of the following.

    1. To open Event Viewer from the Start screen, type eventvwr.msc, and then press Enter.

    2. To open Event Viewer from the desktop, press the Windows logo key+R to open the Run dialog box, type eventvwr.msc, and then press Enter.

TipTip
Alternatively, you can open a technology-specific snap-in from the Administrative Tools folder. For information about how to access the Administrative Tools folder, see Access Administrative Tools in this topic.

This section provides keyboard shortcuts that are unchanged from Windows 7 and Windows Server 2008 R2, and a table of shortcuts that are new for the Modern user interface in Windows 8 and Windows Server 2012.

noteNote
Keyboard shortcuts require certain settings and environments to work in a Remote Desktop or virtual machine session. For more information, see Use keyboard shortcuts in a Remote Desktop session and Use keyboard shortcuts in Hyper-V virtual machines in this topic.

Keyboard shortcuts that are unchanged from Windows 7 or Windows Server 2008 R2

Key Windows 7 or Windows Server 2008 R2 Functionality

Windows logo key

Display or hide the Start screen

Windows logo key+left arrow

Dock active window of a desktop app to left half of screen (no effect on Windows Store apps)

Windows logo key+right arrow

Dock active window of a desktop app to right half of screen (no effect on Windows Store apps)

Windows logo key+up arrow

Maximize active desktop app window (no effect on Windows Store apps)

Windows logo key+down arrow

Restore or minimize active desktop app window (no effect on Windows Store apps)

Windows logo key+Shift+up arrow

Maximize active desktop app window vertically, maintaining width (no effect on Windows Store apps)

Windows logo key+Shift+down arrow

Restore or minimize active desktop app window vertically (no effect on Windows Store apps)

Windows logo key+Shift+left arrow

Move active desktop app window to monitor on the left (no effect on Windows Store apps)

Windows logo key+Shift+right arrow

Move active desktop app window to monitor on the right (no effect on Windows Store apps)

Windows logo key+P

Display projection options

Windows logo key+Home

Minimize all non-active windows, restore on second keystroke (no effect on Windows apps)

Windows logo key+<number>

Open or switch to the program located at the specified position on the taskbar (Example: Windows logo key+1 to open first program.)

Windows logo key+Shift+<number>

Open a new or additional session in the program located at the specified position on the taskbar

Windows logo key+Ctrl+Shift+<number>

Open a new or additional session of the program located at the specified position on the taskbar, running as Administrator

Windows logo key+B

Set focus in the notification area.

Windows logo key+Break

Display the System Properties dialog box.

Windows logo key+D

Show the desktop, restore on second keystroke (no effect on Windows apps)

Windows logo key+E

Open File Explorer to display the Computer page

Windows logo key+Ctrl+F

Search for computers (if you are on a network)

Windows logo key+G

Cycle through installed Windows Desktop Gadgets

Windows logo key+L

Lock your computer (if you are connected to a network domain), or switch users (if you are not connected to a network domain)

Windows logo key+M

Minimize all windows

Windows logo key+Shift+M

Restore minimized windows to the desktop (no effect on Windows apps)

Windows logo key+R

Open the Run dialog box.

Windows logo key+T

Set focus on the taskbar and cycle through programs

Windows logo key+Alt+Enter

Open Windows Media Center

Windows logo key+U

Open Ease of Access Center

Windows logo key+X

Open Windows Mobility Center

Windows logo key+F1

Open Windows Help and Support

Windows logo key+N

Creates a new note (OneNote)

Windows logo key+S

Opens screen clipper (OneNote)

Windows logo key+Q

Opens Lync (Lync)

Windows logo key+A

Accepts incoming call (Lync)

Windows logo key+X

Rejects incoming call (Lync)

Windows logo key+Minus (-)

Zoom out (Magnifier)

Windows logo key+Plus (+)

Zoom in (Magnifer)

Windows logo key+Esc

Close Magnifier

Keyboard shortcuts that are new for Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2012, and Windows 8

Key Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows 8.1, Windows 8, or Windows Server 2012 Functionality

Windows logo key+spacebar

Switch input language and keyboard layout

Windows logo key+O

Locks device orientation

Windows logo key+Y

Temporarily displays the desktop

Windows logo key+V

Cycles through notifications

Windows logo key+Shift+V

Cycles through notifications in reverse order

Windows logo key+Enter

Opens Narrator

Windows logo key+PgUp

Moves Windows apps to the monitor on the left

Windows logo key+PgDown

Moves Windows apps to the monitor on the right

Windows logo key+Shift+period (.)

Moves the gutter to the left (snaps an application)

Windows logo key+period (.)

Moves the gutter to the right (snaps an application)

Windows logo key+C

Opens charms bar

Windows logo key+I

Opens Settings pane

Windows logo key+K

Opens Devices pane

Windows logo key+H

Opens Share pane

Windows logo key+Q

Opens Search pane

Windows logo key+W

Opens Settings Search app

Windows logo key+F

Opens File Search app

Windows logo key+Tab

Cycles through Windows apps

Windows logo key+Shift+Tab

Cycles through Windows apps in reverse order

Windows logo key+Ctrl+Tab

Cycles through Windows apps and snaps them as they are cycled

Windows logo key+Z

Opens app bar

Before you connect to a Remote Desktop (also known as RDP) session, you can configure the session to accept Windows key combinations, whether the session is contained within a window, or occupies the full screen.

  1. If the Remote Desktop Connection dialog box is not already open, open it by typing mstsc on the Start screen, and then pressing Enter.

  2. On the Remote Desktop Connection dialog box, click Show Options to display connection setting tabs.

  3. In the Keyboard area of the Local Resources tab, select one of the following from the Apply Windows key combinations drop-down list.

    • To apply keyboard shortcuts to a full-screen Remote Desktop session, select Only when using the full screen.

    • To apply keyboard shortcuts to a Remote Desktop session that is contained within a window, select On the remote computer.

  4. When you are finished configuring other settings for your Remote Desktop session, click Connect to connect to the session and start working, or click Save on the General tab to save your connection settings as an RDP file that you can use for future connections.

Before you start a virtual machine connection, you can apply Windows key combinations to virtual machine connections on a physical host computer by editing the Hyper-V settings for the physical computer in the Hyper-V Manager console.

noteNote
The setting in this procedure is selected by default if the Hyper-V host computer is running Windows Server 2012 R2 or Windows Server 2012. If the host computer is running Windows 8.1, Windows 8, Windows Server 2008 R2, or Windows Server 2008, you must change the setting to apply Windows key combinations to virtual machine connections.

  1. Open the Hyper-V Manager snap-in if it is not already open.

    • If you are running Remote Server Administration Tools for Windows 8.1 or Windows 8, or you are running Windows Server 2012 R2 or Windows Server 2012, open Server Manager, and then open Hyper-V Manager from the Tools menu in Server Manager.

    • On the Start screen, click Hyper-V Manager.

    • If the Hyper-V Manager tile is not on the Start screen, type all or part of the name, Hyper-V Manager until the Hyper-V Manager tile appears on the Start screen.

  2. In the tree pane, right-click the physical host computer, and then click Hyper-V Settings.

  3. In the User area of the navigation pane, click Keyboard to display keyboard shortcut settings.

  4. Select Use on the virtual machine to allow new virtual machine connections to accept Windows key combinations from the physical computer. Click OK to save your changes and close the Hyper-V Settings dialog box.

    noteNote
    This setting does not apply to virtual machine connections that are already open.

Vurderte du dette som nyttig?
(1500 tegn igjen)
Takk for tilbakemeldingen

Fellesskapsinnhold

Legg til
Vis:
© 2014 Microsoft