Bijgewerkt: februari 2008
Van toepassing op: Windows Server 2008
Reads, modifies, and deletes the Service Principal Names (SPN) directory property for an Active Directory service account. You use SPNs to locate a target principal name for running a service. You can use setspn to view the current SPNs, reset the account's default SPNs, and add or delete supplemental SPNs.
Setspn is a command-line tool that is built into Windows Server 2008. It is available if you have the Active Directory Domain Services (AD DS) server role installed. To use setspn, you must run the setspn command from an elevated command prompt. To open an elevated command prompt, click Start, right-click Command Prompt, and then click Run as administrator.
For examples of how to use this command, see Examples.
It is not usually necessary to modify SPNs. They are set up by a computer when it joins a domain and when services are installed on the computer. In some cases, however, this information can become stale. For instance, if the computer name is changed, the SPNs for installed services must be changed to match the new computer name. Also, some services and applications may require manual modification of a service account's SPN information to authenticate correctly.
For more information about SPNs, see Service Principal Names (http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkId=102556).
In Active Directory, the servicePrincipalName attribute is a multivalued, nonlinked attribute that is built from the DNS host name. The SPN is used in the process of mutual authentication between the client and the server hosting a particular service. The client finds a computer account based on the SPN of the service to which it is trying to connect.
To perform the tasks that are described in the following sections, you must have membership in Domain Admins, Enterprise Admins, or you must have been delegated the appropriate authority. For information on delegating the permissions to modify SPNs, see Delegating Authority to Modify SPNs.
When you manipulate SPNs with the setspn, the SPN must be entered in the correct format. The format of an SPN is serviceclass/host:port/servicename, in which each item represents a name or value. Unless the service name and port are not standard, you do not have to enter them when you use setspn. For example, the default SPNs for a server named WS2003A that is providing remote desktop (RDP) services over the default port (TCP 3389) register the following two SPNs in its own Active Directory computer object:
The examples in the following sections assume that the default port and service name are used for SPNs, which is the typical situation. However, if you need to specify a nonstandard SPN configuration, see Name Formats for Unique SPNs
To view a list of the SPNs that a computer has registered with Active Directory from a command prompt, use the setspn –l hostname command, where hostname is the actual host name of the computer object that you want to query.
|To find the host name for a computer from a command prompt, type hostname, and then press ENTER.|
For example, to list the SPNs of a computer named WS2003A, at the command prompt, type setspn -l S2003A, and then press ENTER. A domain controller named WS2003A in Cpandl.com, which is also functioning as a global catalog server and Domain Name System (DNS) server, registers the following SPNs:
Registered ServicePrincipalNames for CN=WS2003A,OU=Domain Controllers,DC=cpandl,DC=com:
The globally unique identifier (GUID) 70906edd-c8a5-4b7d-8198-4f970f7b9f52 identifies the NTDS Settings object of the domain controller (NTDS-DSA), which is unique for each domain controller. The other two GUIDs, NtFrs-88f5d2bd-b646-11d2-a6d3-00c04fc9b232 and E3514235-4B06-11D1-AB04-00C04FC2DCD2, identify the File Replication Service (NTFRS) and the Directory Replication Service (DRS) remote procedure call (RPC), respectively, and they are standard SPNs for all domain controllers.
|If constrained delegation is in use on a Windows Server 2003 computer that requires an SPN modification, some SPNs may not appear. For more information, see article 936628 in the Microsoft Knowledge Base (http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkID=102306).|
If the SPNs that you see for your server display what seems to be incorrect names; consider resetting the computer to use the default SPNs. To reset the default SPN values, use the setspn -r hostname command at a command prompt, where hostname is the actual host name of the computer object that you want to update.
For example, to reset the SPNs of a computer named server2, type setspn -r server2, and then press ENTER. You receive confirmation if the reset is successful. To verify that the SPNs are displayed correctly, type setspn -l server2, and then press ENTER.
|For information related to troubleshooting SPN issues, see Service Logons Fail Due to Incorrectly Set SPNs (http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkId=102554).|
To add an SPN, use the setspn -a service/namehostname command at a command prompt, where service/name is the SPN that you want to add and hostname is the actual host name of the computer object that you want to update. For example, if there is an Active Directory domain controller with the host name server1.contoso.com that requires an SPN for the Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP), type setspn -a ldap/server1.contoso.com server1, and then press ENTER to add the SPN.
To remove an SPN, use the setspn -d service/namehostname command at a command prompt, where service/name is the SPN that is to be removed and hostname is the actual host name of the computer object that you want to update. For example, if the SPN for the Web service on a computer named Server3.contoso.com is incorrect, you can remove it by typing setspn -d http/server3.contoso.com server3, and then pressing ENTER.
Delegating Authority to Modify SPNs
If you need to allow delegated administrators to configure service principal names (SPNs), you must ensure that their user accounts have the Validated write to service principle name permission.
Membership in Domain Admins, or equivalent, is the minimum required to complete this procedure. Review details about using the appropriate accounts and group memberships at http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkId=83477.To grant permission to modify SPNs
Open Active Directory Users and Computers.
To open Active Directory Users and Computers, click Start, click Run, type dsa.msc, and then press ENTER.
Click View, and verify that the Advanced Features check box is selected.
Click Advanced Features, if it is not selected.
If the domain to which you want to allow a disjoint namespace does not appear in the console, take the following steps:
In the console tree, right-click Active Directory Users and Computers, and then click Connect to Domain.
In the Domain box, type the name of the Active Directory domain to which you want to allow the disjoint namespace, and then click OK.
As an alternative, you can use the Browse button to locate the Active Directory domain.
- In the console tree, right-click Active Directory Users and Computers, and then click Connect to Domain.
In the console tree, right-click the node that represents the domain to which you want to allow a disjoint namespace, and then click Properties.
On Security tab, click Advanced.
On the Permissions tab, click Add.
In Enter the object name to select, type the group or user account name to which you want to delegate permission, and then click OK.
Configure the Apply onto box for Computer objects.
At the bottom of the Permissions box, select the Allow check box that corresponds to the Validated write to service principal name permissions, and then click OK on the three open dialog boxes to confirm your changes.
Close Active Directory Users and Computers.
Specifies the desired Active Directory account object for which to configure the Service Principal Names (SPN). Normally, this is the NetBIOS name of the computer and optionally the domain that contains the computer account. However, any desired Active Directory object name can be used.
Lists the currently registered SPN for computer.
Resets the default SPN registrations for the host names for Computer.
Adds the specified SPN for the Computer.
Deletes the specified SPN for the Computer.
Displays help at the command prompt. This parameter is the default: setspn run without this parameter displays the SPN command-line usage.
<Insert command-specific remarks here. Bulleted list.>
Service Principal Names (SPNs) can only be constructed by using the account base name as the Computer parameter. The directory service enforces this by generating a constraint violation error.
You may not have the rights to access or modify this property on some account objects. You can determine what your access rights are by viewing the security attributes of the account object using the Microsoft Management Console (MMC) in Active Directory Users and Computers. You can also delegate the permission by assigning the Validated write to service principal name permission to the desired user or group.
The built-in SPNs that are recognized for computer accounts are:
These SPNs are recognized for computer accounts if the computer has a host SPN. Unless they are explicitly placed on objects, a host SPN can substitute for any of the above SPNs.
Service Principal Names (SPNs) are not case sensitive when used by Microsoft Windows-based computers. However, an SPN can be used by any type of computer system. Many of these computer systems, especially UNIX-based systems, are case-sensitive and require the proper case to function properly. Care should be taken to use the proper case particularly when an SPN can be used by a non-Windows-based computer.
Example 1: List currently registered SPNs
setspn -l daserver1 Registered ServicePrincipalNames for CN=DASERVER1,CN=Computers,DC=reskit,DC=contoso,DC=com: HOST/daserver1 HOST/daserver1.reskit.contoso.com
Example 2: Reset default registered SPNs
setspn -r daserver1 Registering ServicePrincipalNames for CN=DASERVER1,CN=Computers,DC=reskit,DC=contoso,DC=com HOST/daserver1.reskit.contoso.com HOST/daserver1 Updated object
Example 3: Add a new SPN
setspn -a http/daserver1.reskit.contoso.com daserver1 Registering ServicePrincipalNames for CN=DASERVER1,CN=Computers,DC=reskit,DC=contoso,DC=com http/daserver1.reskit.contoso.com Updated object
Example 4: Remove an SPN
setspn -d http/daserver1.reskit.contoso.com daserver1 Unregistering ServicePrincipalNames for CN=DASERVER1,CN=Computers,DC=reskit,DC=contoso,DC=com http/daserver1.reskit.contoso.com Updated object