Windows Server 2003 operating systems provide a variety of in-band tools you can use to manage computers remotely.
Unlike out-of-band connection, in-band connection is available only when the server is initialized and functioning properly. In-band connection relies on operating-system network drivers to establish computer connections.
The most common in-band remote-management hardware device is the network adapter. Analog modems and Integrated Services Digital Network (ISDN) adapters are also classified as network adapters.
You can use remote-access connections to manage servers. The remote-access connection is made through the in-band port that resides on the target server.
You can use the following administrative tools to perform remote-management tasks through an in-band connection:
Microsoft Management Console (MMC)
Systems Management Server
Terminal Services Remote Desktop for Administration
Windows Management Instrumentation (WMI)
Remote Command Service (Rcmd.exe and Rcmdsvc.exe). For more information on this tool, see Windows Resource Kit Tools Help.
You can also use appropriate non-Microsoft management tools to perform remote management tasks through an in-band connection.
If you lose the ability to manage your server through an in-band connection, you can manage the server using an out-of-band connection. For more information on this topic, see Out-of-band management.