Exportera (0) Skriv ut
Visa allt
EN
Det här innehållet finns inte tillgängligt på ditt språk men här finns den engelska versionen,

CREATE ENDPOINT (Transact-SQL)

Creates endpoints and defines their properties, including the methods available to client applications. For related permissions information, see GRANT Endpoint Permissions (Transact-SQL).

The syntax for CREATE ENDPOINT can logically be broken into two parts:

  • The first part starts with AS and ends before the FOR clause.

    In this part, you provide information specific to the transport protocol (TCP) and set a listening port number for the endpoint, as well as the method of endpoint authentication and/or a list of IP addresses (if any) that you want to restrict from accessing the endpoint.

  • The second part starts with the FOR clause.

    In this part, you define the payload that is supported on the endpoint. The payload can be one of several supported types: Transact-SQL, service broker, database mirroring. In this part, you also include language-specific information.

Note Note

Native XML Web Services (SOAP/HTTP endpoints) was removed in SQL Server 2012.

Topic link icon Transact-SQL Syntax Conventions

CREATE ENDPOINT endPointName [ AUTHORIZATION login ]
[ STATE = { STARTED | STOPPED | DISABLED } ]
AS { TCP } (
   <protocol_specific_arguments>
        )
FOR { TSQL | SERVICE_BROKER | DATABASE_MIRRORING } (
   <language_specific_arguments>
        ) 

<AS TCP_protocol_specific_arguments> ::=
AS TCP (
  LISTENER_PORT = listenerPort
  [ [ , ] LISTENER_IP = ALL | ( 4-part-ip ) | ( "ip_address_v6" ) ]

) 

<FOR SERVICE_BROKER_language_specific_arguments> ::=
FOR SERVICE_BROKER (
   [ AUTHENTICATION = { 
            WINDOWS [ { NTLM | KERBEROS | NEGOTIATE } ] 
      | CERTIFICATE certificate_name 
      | WINDOWS [ { NTLM | KERBEROS | NEGOTIATE } ] CERTIFICATE certificate_name 
      | CERTIFICATE certificate_name WINDOWS [ { NTLM | KERBEROS | NEGOTIATE } ] 
    } ]
   [ [ , ] ENCRYPTION = { DISABLED | { { SUPPORTED | REQUIRED } 
       [ ALGORITHM { RC4 | AES | AES RC4 | RC4 AES } ] } 
   ]
   [ [ , ] MESSAGE_FORWARDING = { ENABLED | DISABLED } ]
   [ [ , ] MESSAGE_FORWARD_SIZE = forward_size ]
)

<FOR DATABASE_MIRRORING_language_specific_arguments> ::=
FOR DATABASE_MIRRORING (
   [ AUTHENTICATION = { 
            WINDOWS [ { NTLM | KERBEROS | NEGOTIATE } ] 
      | CERTIFICATE certificate_name 
      | WINDOWS [ { NTLM | KERBEROS | NEGOTIATE } ] CERTIFICATE certificate_name 
      | CERTIFICATE certificate_name WINDOWS [ { NTLM | KERBEROS | NEGOTIATE } ] 
   [ [ [ , ] ] ENCRYPTION = { DISABLED | { { SUPPORTED | REQUIRED } 
       [ ALGORITHM { RC4 | AES | AES RC4 | RC4 AES } ] } 

    ] 
   [ , ] ROLE = { WITNESS | PARTNER | ALL }
)

endPointName

Is the assigned name for the endpoint you are creating. Use when updating or deleting the endpoint.

AUTHORIZATION login

Specifies a valid SQL Server or Windows login that is assigned ownership of the newly created endpoint object. If AUTHORIZATION is not specified, by default, the caller becomes owner of the newly created object.

To assign ownership by specifying AUTHORIZATION, the caller must have IMPERSONATE permission on the specified login.

To reassign ownership, see ALTER ENDPOINT (Transact-SQL).

STATE = { STARTED | STOPPED | DISABLED }

Is the state of the endpoint when it is created. If the state is not specified when the endpoint is created, STOPPED is the default.

STARTED

Endpoint is started and is actively listening for connections.

DISABLED

Endpoint is disabled. In this state, the server listens to port requests but returns errors to clients.

STOPPED

Endpoint is stopped. In this state, the server does not listen to the endpoint port or respond to any attempted requests to use the endpoint.

To change the state, use ALTER ENDPOINT (Transact-SQL).

AS { TCP }

Specifies the transport protocol to use.

FOR { TSQL | SERVICE_BROKER | DATABASE_MIRRORING }

Specifies the payload type.

Currently, there are no Transact-SQL language-specific arguments to pass in the <language_specific_arguments> parameter.

TCP Protocol Option

The following arguments apply only to the TCP protocol option.

LISTENER_PORT =listenerPort

Specifies the port number listened to for connections by the service broker TCP/IP protocol. By convention, 4022 is used but any number between 1024 and 32767 is valid.

LISTENER_IP = ALL | (4-part-ip ) | ( "ip_address_v6" )

Specifies the IP address that the endpoint will listen on. The default is ALL. This means that the listener will accept a connection on any valid IP address.

If you configure database mirroring with an IP address instead of a fully-qualified domain name (ALTER DATABASE SET PARTNER = partner_IP_address or ALTER DATABASE SET WITNESS = witness_IP_address), you have to specify LISTENER_IP =IP_address instead of LISTENER_IP=ALL when you create mirroring endpoints.

SERVICE_BROKER and DATABASE_MIRRORING Options

The following AUTHENTICATION and ENCRYPTION arguments are common to the SERVICE_BROKER and DATABASE_MIRRORING options.

Note Note

For options that are specific to SERVICE_BROKER, see "SERVICE_BROKER Options," later in this section. For options that are specific to DATABASE_MIRRORING, see "DATABASE_MIRRORING Options," later in this section.

AUTHENTICATION = <authentication_options>

Specifies the TCP/IP authentication requirements for connections for this endpoint. The default is WINDOWS.

The supported authentication methods include NTLM and or Kerberos or both.

Important note Important

All mirroring connections on a server instance use a single database mirroring endpoint. Any attempt to create an additional database mirroring endpoint will fail.

<authentication_options> ::=

WINDOWS [ { NTLM | KERBEROS | NEGOTIATE } ]

Specifies that the endpoint is to connect using Windows Authentication protocol to authenticate the endpoints. This is the default.

If you specify an authorization method (NTLM or KERBEROS), that method is always used as the authentication protocol. The default value, NEGOTIATE, causes the endpoint to use the Windows negotiation protocol to choose either NTLM or Kerberos.

CERTIFICATE certificate_name

Specifies that the endpoint is to authenticate the connection using the certificate specified by certificate_name to establish identity for authorization. The far endpoint must have a certificate with the public key matching the private key of the specified certificate.

WINDOWS [ { NTLM | KERBEROS | NEGOTIATE } ] CERTIFICATE certificate_name

Specifies that endpoint is to try to connect by using Windows Authentication and, if that attempt fails, to then try using the specified certificate.

CERTIFICATE certificate_name WINDOWS [ { NTLM | KERBEROS | NEGOTIATE } ]

Specifies that endpoint is to try to connect by using the specified certificate and, if that attempt fails, to then try using Windows Authentication.

ENCRYPTION = { DISABLED | SUPPORTED | REQUIRED } [ALGORITHM { RC4 | AES | AES RC4 | RC4 AES } ]

Specifies whether encryption is used in the process. The default is REQUIRED.

DISABLED

Specifies that data sent over a connection is not encrypted.

SUPPORTED

Specifies that the data is encrypted only if the opposite endpoint specifies either SUPPORTED or REQUIRED.

REQUIRED

Specifies that connections to this endpoint must use encryption. Therefore, to connect to this endpoint, another endpoint must have ENCRYPTION set to either SUPPORTED or REQUIRED.

Optionally, you can use the ALGORITHM argument to specify the form of encryption used by the endpoint, as follows:

RC4

Specifies that the endpoint must use the RC4 algorithm. This is the default.

Note Note

The RC4 algorithm is only supported for backward compatibility. New material can only be encrypted using RC4 or RC4_128 when the database is in compatibility level 90 or 100. (Not recommended.) Use a newer algorithm such as one of the AES algorithms instead. In SQL Server 2012 and later versions, material encrypted using RC4 or RC4_128 can be decrypted in any compatibility level.

AES

Specifies that the endpoint must use the AES algorithm.

AES RC4

Specifies that the two endpoints will negotiate for an encryption algorithm with this endpoint giving preference to the AES algorithm.

RC4 AES

Specifies that the two endpoints will negotiate for an encryption algorithm with this endpoint giving preference to the RC4 algorithm.

Note Note

The RC4 algorithm is deprecated. This feature will be removed in a future version of Microsoft SQL Server. Do not use this feature in new development work, and modify applications that currently use this feature as soon as possible. We recommend that you use AES.

If both endpoints specify both algorithms but in different orders, the endpoint accepting the connection wins.

SERVICE_BROKER Options

The following arguments are specific to the SERVICE_BROKER option.

MESSAGE_FORWARDING = { ENABLED | DISABLED }

Determines whether messages received by this endpoint that are for services located elsewhere will be forwarded.

ENABLED

Forwards messages if a forwarding address is available.

DISABLED

Discards messages for services located elsewhere. This is the default.

MESSAGE_FORWARD_SIZE =forward_size

Specifies the maximum amount of storage in megabytes to allocate for the endpoint to use when storing messages that are to be forwarded.

DATABASE_MIRRORING Options

The following argument is specific to the DATABASE_MIRRORING option.

ROLE = { WITNESS | PARTNER | ALL }

Specifies the database mirroring role or roles that the endpoint supports.

WITNESS

Enables the endpoint to perform in the role of a witness in the mirroring process.

Note Note

For SQL Server 2005 Express Edition, WITNESS is the only option available.

PARTNER

Enables the endpoint to perform in the role of a partner in the mirroring process.

ALL

Enables the endpoint to perform in the role of both a witness and a partner in the mirroring process.

For more information about these roles, see Database Mirroring (SQL Server).

Note Note

There is no default port for DATABASE_MIRRORING.

ENDPOINT DDL statements cannot be executed inside a user transaction. ENDPOINT DDL statements do not fail even if an active snapshot isolation level transaction is using the endpoint being altered.

Requests can be executed against an ENDPOINT by the following:

  • Members of sysadmin fixed server role

  • The owner of the endpoint

  • Users or groups that have been granted CONNECT permission on the endpoint

Requires CREATE ENDPOINT permission, or membership in the sysadmin fixed server role. For more information, see GRANT Endpoint Permissions (Transact-SQL).

Creating a database mirroring endpoint

The following example creates a database mirroring endpoint. The endpoint uses port number 7022, although any available port number would work. The endpoint is configured to use Windows Authentication using only Kerberos. The ENCRYPTION option is configured to the nondefault value of SUPPORTED to support encrypted or unencrypted data. The endpoint is being configured to support both the partner and witness roles.

CREATE ENDPOINT endpoint_mirroring
    STATE = STARTED
    AS TCP ( LISTENER_PORT = 7022 )
    FOR DATABASE_MIRRORING (
       AUTHENTICATION = WINDOWS KERBEROS,
       ENCRYPTION = SUPPORTED,
       ROLE=ALL);
GO
Var detta till hjälp?
(1500 tecken kvar)
Tack för dina kommentarer

Gruppinnehåll

Lägg till
Visa:
© 2014 Microsoft