SQL Server 2012

Tests whether digitally signed data has been changed since it was signed.

Topic link icon Transact-SQL Syntax Conventions

VerifySignedByCert( Cert_ID , signed_data , signature )


Is the ID of a certificate in the database. Cert_ID is int.


Is a variable of type nvarchar, char, varchar, or nchar that contains data that has been signed with a certificate.


Is the signature that was attached to the signed data. signature is varbinary.


Returns 1 when signed data is unchanged; otherwise 0.

VerifySignedBycert decrypts the signature of the data by using the public key of the specified certificate, and compares the decrypted value to a newly computed MD5 hash of the data. If the values match, the signature is confirmed to be valid.

Requires VIEW DEFINITION permission on the certificate.

A. Verifying that signed data has not been tampered with

The following example tests whether the information in Signed_Data has been changed since it was signed with the certificate called Shipping04. The signature is stored in DataSignature. The certificate, Shipping04, is passed to Cert_ID, which returns the ID of the certificate in the database. If VerifySignedByCert returns 1, the signature is correct. If VerifySignedByCert returns 0, the data in Signed_Data is not the data that was used to generate DataSignature. In this case, either Signed_Data has been changed since it was signed or Signed_Data was signed with a different certificate.

SELECT Data, VerifySignedByCert( Cert_Id( 'Shipping04' ),
    Signed_Data, DataSignature ) AS IsSignatureValid
FROM [AdventureWorks2012].[SignedData04] 
WHERE Description = N'data signed by certificate ''Shipping04''';

B. Returning only records that have a valid signature

This query returns only records that have not been changed since they were signed using certificate Shipping04.

SELECT Data FROM [AdventureWorks2012].[SignedData04] 
WHERE VerifySignedByCert( Cert_Id( 'Shipping04' ), Data, 
    DataSignature ) = 1 
AND Description = N'data signed by certificate ''Shipping04''';