You can use a computer configured as a fax server to centrally manage fax devices and enable users to send and receive faxes. Note that to install the Fax Server role, you also must install the Print Services role.
Looking for Windows Server 2003 content? See
Using Fax in Windows Server 2003 Help.
Fax Server in the Windows Server 2008 Technical Library
Fax Server Role
What you can do with a fax server, the required and optional features of a fax server, and hardware and software used for running fax servers.
Print, Scan, and Fax Server Installation Guide
Learn how to install and configure Print Server, Distributed Scan Server, and Fax Server on a single computer running Windows Server 2008 R2.
Fax Server Step-by-Step Guide
Learn about the tools you can use to administer a fax server in Windows Server 2008: Server Manager and Fax Service Manager. You can use Server Manager to install the Fax Server server role, the fax printer, and the Fax Service Manager.